351st Bomb Group

Polebrook, England

Group Mission #89

Credited Mission #83

DATE: 6 March 1944
Target: VKF Ball Bearing, Erkner, Germany
Bombed Last Resort Target - Templin, Germany
Outline for Briefing:
  1. Airplane and Crew Assignment Check.
    C.O.’s Comment: ____
  2. Time Schedule:
     Low Box ______ Box
    Stations – 0755Stations - _____
    Start Engines – 0805Stations - _____
    Taxi - 0815Taxi - _____
    Take Off - 0830Take Off - _____
    Last Take Off - 0930Last Take Off - ____
  3. Targets:
    Primary: VKF Ball Bearing @ Erkner
    Secondary: Main line & underground stations in heart of city
    Last Resort : Any industrial or military area positively in Germany that doesn’t disrupt fighter support.
  4. Loading:
    High Box: 10 x M-17 “IB’s” or Max M-47A1 “IB’s”[Incendiary Bombs]
    Lead Box: 10 X 500# GP 1/10 & 1/100 [Fuses Nose & Tail]
    Low Box: 10 X 500# GP [General Purpose]
    Nickels [Propaganda Leaflets] in Ship # - 994 (T)
  5. Gasoline Loading:
    Tokyos [Planes with extra wing fuel tanks]: 2,780 gals.
  6. Wing Formation94th (A) CBW94th (B) CBWComp. GroupComp. CBW
  7. Division Formation: >
    PositionCBW [Combat Wing]TargetDeparture Time at Coast
    Lead1stZero [Hour] 1000
    2nd guide left94th
    4th guide left40th"A"
    2nd Division3 CBW'sOranienburg (Berlin)1024
    3rd Division6 CBW'sBerlin1012
    Marauders [B-26]
    RAF [Royal Air Force]
    Remarks: CBW’s take interval at 1250E & reform in pairs after bombing. If secondary is attacked, withdraw on 30°.
  8. Fighter Cover:
    • 1 Grp. P-47’s @ 1051, Denver 1-1
      1 Grp. P-47’s @ 1072 [1112], Denver 1-2
      2 Grps. P-47’s @ 1141, Denver 1-3, Denver 1-4
      1 Grp. P-51’s @ 1215, Denver 1-5 11°10E
      1 Grp. P-38’s @ 1317, Denver 1-6 13°00’E
      2 Sqns. RAF P-51’s @ 1345 no call 1040E [10°40’E]
      1 Grp. 47’s @ 1408 Denver 1-7
      1 Grp. 47’s @ 1421 Denver 1-8

  9. Group Assembly is:
  10. Navigator - _____
  11. S-2 - _____
  12. Weather - _____
  13. Special Instructions to Navigators, Bombardiers:
    B'b'dr's [Bombardiers] Salvo on primary. Minimum interval on secondary.
    40th CBW will operate all carpet [Code name for American developed Radar jamming system to counter the German Radar guided antiaircraft guns.]. 1st CBW and all following lead groups will discharge chaff at 1320E. [13°20’E]
    Most fighters will do two sorties.
    3rd B.D.[Bomb Division] will have 4 Grps. 47’s, 1 Grp. P38’s, 1 Grp. P-31’s
    2nd B.D. also.
  14. Squadron Leaders and Group Deputy report to Target Room. All but Pilots Dismissed.
  15. (A) Code Words –
    1. PFF Bombing –“Floor Mat”
    2. Visual Bombing -“Big Wheel”
    3. Authenticator –"Bootlegger"
    4. Recall -____
    5. Division Lead _____

    (B) Call Signs:
    Call SignFlaresTail Letters
    351st AWoodcraft RedRedJ
    351st B
    401st AWoodcraft WhiteRed - WhiteS
    401st B
    457th AWoodcraft BlueGreenU
    457th B
    1st C.B.W.SwordfishR - R [Red Red]A L
    40th C.B.W.FoxholeY - Y [Yellow Yellow]B G H
    41st C.B.W.CowboyG - G [Green Green]C K P
    Composite C.B.W.

    U.S. FightersDenver
    R.A.F. FightersGarlic One
     BombersGoldsmith One-One
    U.S. Grnd. ControlTackline
    R.A.F. Grnd. ControlSpice cake

    Colors of the Day
    0700 – 1300Y-YJO
    1300 – 1900R-RRMCharlie

    (E)Ships To Monitor [Radio Channels A, B, C & D]
    1. - All except:
    2. - Roper, 721-S 032-P
    3. - 560-A, 899-B 5 mins. before First FRV pt. [Fighter rendezvous point] until English coast
    4. - Air/Sea Rescue
  16. Let-Down on Splasher # 4, if overcast.
    351st A 215° Mag. [Magnetic Compass Heading]
    401st A 200° Mag.
    457th A 185° Mag.
  17. Flying Control. –
    1. Taxi Plan.
    2. Emergency Fields.
    3. Landing Aids.
  18. Special Instructions:
    Group lead & 2 “B” boys be on channel “B” from 0948 on….
    Formation will comply with “55-13” & “55-16” from Bomber Command.
    Wing leaders. 55-13 - Bomber strike messages.
    Wing leaders. 55-16 - Fly briefed flight plan but notify (Division) by W/T or VHF if late or early.
    When abandoning mission, notify division by W/T or VHF immediately.
    A/C unable to return to base, land at Horsham or St. Faith if possible.
    Maintain Radio Silence. When light is off (VHF) you are on air !!!
    Contrails likely east of 0500E, stay out by going lower. If you bomb city at lower altitude, make flak withdrawal rapid as possible.
    [VHF Communication: Code Letter to be used as reference points for communicating with fighters.]
    [Letter - Location]
    P - Zwolle
    O - Dümmer Lake
    L - Nienburg
    I - Brunswick
    S - Berlin
    H - Wittenberg

Operations Narrative:
  1. General Narrative. Twenty-one aircraft, including three flying spares, took off at 0830 to 0843 hours, as scheduled, and climbed to 8,500 feet for assembly over the Deenethorpe buncher. The assembly was carried out very well, the combat wing formation being formed and ready to depart on time.
     The route in was as briefed and without incident, except for occasional flak at various points.
     Upon nearing the IP, enemy fighters began to out-number the friendly fighter support to such an extent that the enemy was able to attack in formations of 15 – 20 aircraft. Several B-17’s were lost from this and other combat wings as a result of these attacks before the IP was reached.
     Upon turning on what was to have been the IP, the formation was flying over a complete overcast. The combat wing leader called for PFF bombing, and the low combat box (351st) took its position slightly back and to the right of the lead box in preparation for the announced PFF bombing. At this time a conversation started on VHF between the combat wing leader and his deputy as to whether or not the primary target had been passed. It was assumed by the leader of the low box, after hearing the conversation, that the PFF equipment was inoperative.
     The combat wing leader then announced that the formation would bomb a target of opportunity. Once more the code word for PFF bombing was given by the combat wing leader; and the low box then held its position as indicated above until bombs were away on the chosen target. Reports indicate that it was Templin, Germany.
     The bombing results appeared to be good. After bombs were away, the low box again took its normal place in the combat wing formation.
     Accurate flak and enemy fighter attacks were encountered on the return route, which was followed as briefed.
     Base was reached in group formation and landings were made from 1632 to 1651 hours.
  2. Aircraft Not Attacking. A/C 42-39848, pilot, Lt. Lemley, returned early from Cromer when two crew members suffered extreme air sickness. This aircraft was not dispatched. The remaining twenty aircraft attacked the target and returned safely to base.
  3. Aircraft Lost. No aircraft were lost on the Mission of 6 March, 1944.
No. of A/C Scheduled21
No. of A/C Taking Off21
No. of A/C Dispatched20
No. of A/C Returning Early1
No. of A/C Attacking20
No. of A/C Lost0

[Signed] Clinton F. Ball, Major, Air Corps, Operations Officer

Bombardier’s Data:

Group 351st LOW
Target of Opportunity – ANGERMÜNDE Templin, Germany
Method of Bombing P.F.F.
Altitude 20,300’
Wind Direction 40°
Wind Velocity 46 MPH
Direction of Attack 310° Mag. Heading
Bombardier’s Narrative We didn’t bomb the briefed primary, but bombed on P.F.F. ship as instructed at a heading of 310°. “Bombs Away” took place at 1331 and the bombs hit in the vicinity of the target which is believed to be Angermünde, Germany Templin, Germany.

[Signed:] Allan D. Behrendt, 1st Lt./ Air Corps, Lead Bombardier

Combat Bombing Flight Record:

Bombardier - 1st Lt. Allan D. Behrendt  Pilot - Major L. B. Roper Navigator - 1st Lt. M. E. Manthey
Aircraft B-17G 825-Q  Take-off - 0830 Landed - 1635
Objective - Target of Opportunity – Angermunde, Templin Germany
Aiming Point (MPI)[Mean Point of Impact] - P.F.F.
Initial Point - P.F.F.
Method of Attack - Wing
No. of Attacking A/C in Group: - 20   Composite Group -
Number A/C Dropping Bombs by own Sighting Operation: Deflection and Range Sighting, Group: P.F.F. Composite Group Range Sighting only, Group - P.F.F.    Composite Group -
Bombs, Types and Sizes - 9 x 500 G.P.[General Purpose] AN-M43, 1 Smoke Bomb
Number of Bombs Loaded - 10   Released - 10
Fusing, Nose - 1/10   Tail - 1/100
Synchronization - P.F.F. Fast
Information at Release Point:

Altitude of Target - ___Magnetic Heading Ordered 22° Actual 310°
True Altitude Above Target - ___True Heading 306°
Indicated Altitude - 20,300Drift, Estimated 5°Left - Actual 14°Left
Pressure Altitude of Target -378True Track 292°
Altimeter Setting 29.92Actual Range 7,942'
Calculated Indicated Air Speed - 150 M.P.H.B.S. Type - M-9 Mercury
True Air Speed - 204 M.P.H.Time of Release 1331
Ground Speed Est. 167 Actual 214Length of Bombing Run - P.F.F.
Wind Direction Metro - 40° Actual - 40°Intervalometer Setting - ___
Wind Velocity Metro 40 Actual 46 C-1 Pilot[Autopilot] _____
D.S. - 145.5  Trail - 49   ATF - 36.42A-5 Pilot _____
Tan. D.A, Est. .61 Actual P.F.F. Manual Pilot - X [Used]

Type of Release - Salvo
Point of Impact If Seen - Yes
Mean Temp. Metro -14 Actual -13
Winds - Altitude - 20,300 Ft.  Direction - Metro 40°  Actual 40°  Velocity - Metro 46  Actual 46
Temp C. - Metro -32° C. Actual -29° C.

Preliminary Damage Assessment:
  1. The target was a target of opportunity and can be identified as Templin, Germany (population 6,300), approximately 38 miles NNE of Berlin. Photo coverage was fair and prints were of good quality.
  2. The pattern of this Group is compact, measuring 2,587 feet by 1,552 feet, and is on the eastern edge of the town. This section seems to be residential and there are several bursts in an area that seems to be the village square. There are six bursts on the main road leading out of the town to the north. Several bursts are seen on the railroad tracks running toward the east.
  3. The pattern of the Lead Group can be seen near the center of the town.
[Signed:] Thomas L. Cooper, 1st Lt., Air Corps, Group P.I.

Intelligence S-2 Narrative:
  1. Two boxes of G-29 leaflets were dropped at Bombs Away.
  2. Bombs fell in the SW part of Templin, which is NNE of Berlin.
  3. This Group flew a Low Box of the Combat Wing. It is estimated that approx. 100 to 125 E/A were encountered during the mission, appearing first in the vicinity of Hannover at 1240 hrs. and lasting until shortly after the target was reached at 1330 hrs. ME-110s and 410s seemed to be in strength, flying together in formations stacked up in echelons. A few FW-189s also appeared. Some ME-110s were steel blue, some silver, and some had black and white stripes. E/A seemed to fly mostly in large formations although a few appeared in small numbers of from three to four aircraft; they attacked from all directions and all levels, mostly head-on at the nose, flying through the formation and peeling off to the left. A few came in from the left. Rockets were used from a distance, after which the E/A closed in with cannon. The majority of attacks came in from above, from 11 – to 2 o’clock. Some were made from level at 11 – to 2 o’clock, and a few came from below from anywhere from 2 – to 9 o’clock. A few single-engine E/A attacked from the tail below. Spasmodic attacks were made around 1440 hrs. on the route back. A few JU-88s fired rockets sideways from under the wings. Claims are for 9 E/A destroyed, 4 probables, and 3 damaged.
  4. There was no flak at the target, although an intense barrage was observed over Berlin some distance from our formation. Meager to moderate flak, generally accurate for both height and deflection, was encountered at Lingen, several miles north of Osnabrück, Celle, Brandenburg, Luckenwalde, Strausberg, Fassberg [Faẞberg on maps now], Diepholz, Quakenbrück, and Alkmaar.
  5. Scattered low clouds covered the continent, becoming 2/10 to 4/10 over Berlin and complete overcast over the briefed target. Northeast of Berlin occasional breaks eventually allowed visual bombing.
  6. What looked like a military installation was seen southeast of Eschede at 52°43’North-10°15’East. Enemy aircraft could be seen taking off from the Brunswick/Waggum airfield. Smoke screens were reported at Brunswick and at 52°30’North-11°10’East. There is no town at these coordinates, but the crew reported it pointed out that the smoke screen was seen going in and coming out. One B-17 was seen heading for Sweden at approx. 53°00’North-12°10’East. [61 miles NW of Berlin]
  7. Pathfinder units were not employed and friendly fighter support was good when in evidence. However, there were times when the formation was without it, notably from the IP to the target when fighter attacks were quite strong. One B-17 from the 40th CBW was seen going down after two E/A shot the tail off, at 52°55’North-12°10’East. Just before the IP, E/A successfully knocked down three more B-17s from another CBW to the rear. Two chutes were seen coming from a B-17 at 52°37’North-08°20’East [1 mile West of Diepholz, Germany].

Track Chart and Combat Duplication Check Form:
Click on Chart to Enlarge

Enemy Tactics Report:

1. Two waves of E/A [Enemy Aircraft] attackers hit this CW between 1240 and 1330 hours, from a point near the briefed IP to the target of opportunity at Templin. Attacks were extremely persistent during this time and were made by the enemy pilots with extreme abandon. Principal opposition was provided by ME 410’s and ME 110’s and by ME 109’s and FW 190’s but there were also some JU 88’s, FW 189’s, and ME 210’s attacking during this time. The favorite tactic of the enemy was to attack a given formation with great numbers of fighters at one time in an attempt to “saturate” the defenses. From 10 to 20 E/A approached from head-on usually from level or above. At a point a few hundred yards from the bombers the E/A bank up on their wings with a stepped up formation and flew on through the bomber formation. This pass completed, they either turned around and repeated the same maneuver from the rear or broke around the side and prepared for another frontal attack. As a prelude to the frontal assault, rockets were usually fired from a range above 500 yds.; then the E/A fired their cannon as they closed in. Passes were also made from the left side of the bombers from all levels but in smaller numbers. A favorite tactic of the single engined E/A was to make a feigned attack at the B-17’s to draw the greatly outnumbered P-51’s down while a larger formation of E/A’s then followed through to attack the bombers without molestation. The initial heavy attack by enemy fighters was made in the vicinity of the briefed IP around 1240 hours and a second heavy attack was made around 1300 hours between the briefed target and the target bombed. JU88’s flew along-side the formation firing rockets from relatively close range sideways from under the wings. These A/C took a great deal of punishment without going down. It is believed that the Germans even used a HS 129 ground attack plane in this all-out attack. Around 1440 a few more attacks were made on this Group flying a low box of the CW by single-engined E/A which were attacking stragglers. It is believed that a single E/A usually flew off to one side of the formation to direct attacks.

2. The German trend in colorings also seems to tend toward silver for many of the E/A were unpainted. Some of the FW 190’s were completely white, and some of the ME 110’s were black with white stripes or steel blue. No unusual armament or types of A/C were observed on this mission nor were air to air bombs or cable-carried bombs in evidence.

3. In general fighter support was good. There were a great number of dog-fights, and in the target area the P-51’s were too greatly outnumbered to be able to provide full support for the bombers.

[Signed:] Charles A. Hillway, 1st Lt., Air Corps, E/A Tactics Officer

Flak Report:

1. Target: Assigned - Erkner, Germany Bombed - Templin, Germany
2. Route as Flown. - Alkmaar - Celle - Luckenwalde - Schlepzig - 5 miles north of Angermünde - Templin - Quackenbrück - Alkmaar
3. Weather Conditions - A. at Target. - 1–2/10 low cloud  B. En route - 3–4/10 low cloud
4. Were our A/C "Seen" or "Unseen" targets? (a) At Target - probably seen (b) Enroute - probably seen
Any Condensation Trails? - No
5. Description of Flak, including type of Fire Control: None
6. Flak encountered or observed en route. (In the order experienced) -
 Lingen – moderate to intense, accurate.
 North of Osnabrück – moderate, height good, deflection fair.
 Celle – moderate, accurate.
 Brandenburg – moderate, accurate.
 Luckenwalde – moderate, accurate.
 Strausberg – meager accurate.
 Fassberg [Faẞberg on maps now] – meager, accurate.
 Diepholz – moderate, accurate.
 Quackenbrück – moderate, height good, deflection poor.
 Alkmaar – meager, inaccurate.
 Continuous following flak in the area of Lingen was especially accurate, even though evasive action was taken.
7. Was Chaff carried? - No How discharged? ___
8. Position of Group - Low
9. Group – 351st A/C over enemy terr. – 20 A/C damaged – 11 5 badly A/C lost to flak – 0 Time over Target – ___ Time of bombs away – 1331 Height – 20,300’ Axis of attack – 310° Mag Bomb run – 60 sec.
10. Comments - Phenomena:

Combat Crew Comments:

1. Following is a summary of the crew comments as reported at interrogation of the mission of this date:

510th Squadron:
A/C 038-R: Armament is supposed to load all positions. Several positions on our ship were not loaded today. We had to do it ourselves – and sometimes we don’t have enough time. On our No. 3 engine and part of the wing, we found something that our Crew Chief swears is acid. – Lt. Grunow.
A/C 899-B: Several planes were in trouble, trying to call fighters on VHF – talked too loud and could not be understood. Other pilots should be warned of this. – Lt. Dennis

511th Squadron:
A/C 853-P: Navigation to avoid flak was good. Wasted time “S”-ing to keep up with another wing. – Lt. Knapp.
Too much intermission between fighters. – Lt. Stennett.

[Signed] Robert P. Ramsey, Captain, Air Corps, Group S-2 [Intelligence]

Hot News:

1. Following is a summary of the Hot News as reported by crews flying the mission of this date:
A/C 032-P, 510th Squadron, flying at an altitude of 16,000 feet, reported observing an object which some of the crew believed to be a dinghy and one member thought might be part of the wing of a B-17. This object was seen at 1520 hours at a position of 52°34’North-03°40’East, [approx. 53 miles WNW of Amsterdam] at a GEE fix. This is the only information given by the crew of this plane concerning the object observed.

[Signed:] Robert P. Ramsey, Captain, Air Corps, Group S-2 [Intelligence]

Mission Summary Report – High Group:
  1. Abortives:
    1. Airplane No. 42-39848, 511th Squadron, returned early because two crew members became ill.
  2. Battle Damage:
    1. Airplane No. 42-31955, 508th Squadron. Flak splattered over RH inboard wing panel between #4 and #4 nacelles, hitting #4 oil cooler and causing #4 engine to fail and propeller to vibrate off.
    2. Airplane No. 42-31757, 508th Squadron. Skin damage by flak to leading edge LH wing panel, inboard, near #1 nacelle. Two flak holes in plexiglass nose section.
    3. Airplane No. 42-31879, 508th Squadron. Skin damage by flak left side of fuselage under pilot’s window. One skin hole by flak underside RH inboard wing panel between fuselage and #3 nacelle. RH elevator torn by flak (fabric tear). Plexiglass in ball turret cracked and one flak hole, causing necessity for replacement. Small flak gouge in #2 propeller.
    4. Airplane No. 42-38146, 508th Squadron. One flak hole in ring cowling of #2 nacelle. Two small flak holes in plexiglass nose section.
    5. Airplane No. 42-30994, 508th Squadron. Flak broke glass on landing light LH side. Co-Pilot’s windshield cracked by flak. Two flak holes and numerous cracks in plexiglass nose section. Skin damage by flak to RH wing panel between #3 and #4 nacelle. Skin damage to LH wing panel between #1 and #2 nacelle caused by flak.
    6. Airplane No. 42-38005, 509th Squadron. One flak hole in plexiglass nose. One flak hole through #1 engine necessitating change. One flak hole leading edge LH wing panel inboard. One flak hole leading edge LH wing panel outboard.
    7. Airplane No. 42-38038, 510th Squadron. One flak hole leading edge LH horizontal stabilizer. One flak hole through co-pilot’s window. One flak hole through Pilot’s defroster window. Three flak holes through plexiglass nose section. One flak hole in fuselage forward of Pilot’s window.
    8. Airplane No. 42-39853, 510th Squadron. Three .50 cal. Holes through ball turret.
    9. Airplane No. 42-37825, 511th Squadron. Flak hole in leading edge of left wing, damaging gusset and Tokyo tank lines. Top of left wing damaged by shell case. Shell case hole in top of right inboard battery cover.
    10. Airplane No. 42-31966, 511th Squadron. Left stabilizer and elevator damaged extensively by .50 cal. bullets. Shell case hole in leading edge of left wing. Right stabilizer hit by .303 cal.
    11. Airplane No. 42-39987, 511th Squadron. Left wing tip hit by flak, nicking spar. One flak hole under left wing, near tip.

    1111711 11
[Signed:] Otto R. Vasak, Captain, Air Corps, Group Engineering Officer

Deficiencies and Disabilities:

1. The following deficiencies and disabilities were determined from interrogation:

510th Bombardment Squadron:
A/C 038 - Right glove and left shoe burned out. – Sgt. Snyder.

511th Bombardment Squadron:
A/C 238-A - A10A Mask fits too loose on entire crew, fit bad on nose piece. – Lt. Mears.
A/C 875 - Connection on extension cord to F-3 suit pulled loose, should be soldered, suit worked perfectly. – Sgt. Michel.

[Signed:] Ernest J. Cater, 1st Lt., Air Corps, Group Equipment Officer

Expenditure of Ammunition:

1. The Station Ordnance Officer has reported an expenditure of 48,045 rounds of Caliber .50 ammunition on the Mission of 6 March, 1944.

[Signed:] Robert B. Stratton, Captain, Air Corps, Statistical Officer

Disposition of Bombs:

1. Following is the disposition of bombs on the Mission of 6 March, 1944.

Main BombfallOver TargetBombingNumberSizeTypeFusing
(Templin)2019188500 lb.M-431/10 1/100
2100 lb.SkymarkerBombs
Total Bombs Dropped190
Bombs Brought Back10500 lb.M-431/10 1/100

NOTE: One aircraft over the target dropped two boxes of leaflets.

[Signed:] Robert B. Stratton, Captain, Air Corps, Statistical Officer

Aircraft Returning Early:

Aircraft No. 42-39848 Squadron - 511th  Pilot - 1st Lt. Lemley, C. P.
Time of Abortive - 1000 Location when Aborted - Cromer
Reason - Left waist & tail gunners both air sick.
Disposition of Bombs: ---
Altitude At Time of Aborting: 15,000’  
Enemy Opposition Encountered - None
Remarks: OK’d by Col. Burns. Called to 94th CBW.
[Signed] C. P. Lemley, 1st Lt. AC [Air Corps]

“J” Form:
  1. Call Letter and Last Four numbers of A/C in each Squadron:
    a. 94th C.B.W. [Combat Wing] Low Group
    Sqdn 508th A/C: 1879–Q, 1955–K, 1757–G, 0994–T, 8146–D
    Sqdn 509th A/C: 8032–P, 8005–G, 1725–L*
    Sqdn 510th A/C: 1721–S, 8038–R, 1899–B, 1560–A, 9853–P, 1925–O
    Sqdn 511th A/C: 7825–Q, 1238–A, 1966–X, 1875–P, 9987–D, 9848–C, 8153–F

  2. Target: GZ-2714
  3. W/T and R/T Operational Call Sign of each Squadron:
    Squadron508 [Call Sign]W/T NGR R/T DaisychainSquadron510 [Call Sign]W/T RDT R/T Paramount
    Squadron509 [Call Sign]W/T MVA R/T RidingwhipSquadron511 [Call Sign]W/T UVO R/T Thickfrost
  4. a. Low Box: Taxi–0815; Take-Off –0830; E.T.D. Over Field–0830
    b. None Box: Taxi–___; Take-Off –___; E.T.D. Over Field–___
  5. Time:Height:  Place of crossing English Coast OUT:
    100013,000 Ft Cromer
  6. Time:Height:  Place of Recrossing Enemy Coast:
    145414,000 Ft 52°37'N-04°37'E [Egmond aan Zee, Netherlands 20 miles NW of Amsterdam]
  7. Time:Height:  Place of crossing English Coast IN:
    15314,000 Ft Great Yaymouth
  8. E.T.R.(Estimated Time of Return): 1608 Hours
  9. MF/DF [Medium Frequency/Direction Finder] Section: "G"
  10. Bomb load of Each A/C: "A" Low Box
    508 Squadron: 10x500# GP [General Purpose] 1/10 Nose 1/100 Tail [Fuse]
    509 Squadron: 10x500# GP [General Purpose] 1/10 Nose 1/100 Tail [Fuse]
    510 Squadron: 10x500# GP [General Purpose] 1/10 Nose 1/100 Tail [Fuse]
    511 Squadron: 10x500# GP [General Purpose] 1/10 Nose 1/100 Tail [Fuse]

  11. Fuel Load of each A/C:
    A/C with TOKIO TANKS: 2800 Gallons A/C without TOKIO TANKS: None Gallons
  12. Group Leader:
    a. Low Box: Name: Leonard B. Roper Rank: Maj. A/C: 7825-Q Sqdn. 511th
  13. Passengers, if any: (Full Name, Rank, A/C and Squadron Passenger flying with)
  14. Actual Times Off and Return by Squadrons and A/C Letters:
  15. Low Box
    SquadronA/C No. & LetterA.T.O.A.T.R.SquadronA/C No. & LetterA.T.O.A.T.R.
  16. Report Compiled By Sol Lopatin, S/Sgt.

    Sqdn.A/C LetterDesignationBoxRemarks
    5119848–CAbortiveLowTail and Waist Gunner Sick.

Formation Chart:
Low Group Formation Take–Off
510th Squadron
Roper, L.B.–McCluskey
A/C 42-37825 Q
A/C 42-31721 S
A/C 42-38032 P
A/C 42-38038 R
A/C 42-31560 A
A/C 42-31899 B
508th Squadron511th Squadron
Bartzocas - Wolcott
A/C 42-38005 G
A/C 42-31238 A
Roper, R.J.
A/C 42-31955 K
A/C 42-31879 Q
A/C 42-31966 X
Knapp (Willard's Crew)
A/C 42-39853 P
A/C 42-31757 G
A/C 42-31875 P
A/C 42-38146 D
A/C 42-30994 T (N)
A/C 42-39848 C
A/C 42-39987 D
A/C 42-38153 F (FS)
A/C 42-31725 L (FS)
A/C 42-31975 O (FS)

Low Group Formation Take–Off
510th Squadron
Roper, L.B.–McCluskey
A/C 42-37825 Q
A/C 42-31721 S
A/C 42-38032 P
A/C 42-38038 R
A/C 42-31560 A
A/C 42-31899 B
508th Squadron511th Squadron
Bartzocas - Wolcott
A/C 42-38005 G
A/C 42-31238 A
Roper, R.J.
A/C 42-31955 K
A/C 42-31879 Q
A/C 42-31966 X
Knapp (Willard's Crew)
A/C 42-39853 P
A/C 42-31757 G
A/C 42-31875 P
A/C 42-38146 D
A/C 42-30994 T (N)
A/C 42-31975 O (FS)
A/C 42-39987 D
A/C 42-38153 F (FS)
A/C 42-31725 L (FS)
(N) Nickels [Propaganda Leaflets]
(FS) Flying Spare Aircraft

Time Schedule:
Zero Hour: 1000  Briefing: 0500  Stations: 0755  Start Engines: 0805  Taxi: 0815  Take-off: 0830  Leave Base: 0830 [Breakfast: 0400]

Killed in Action:
  • Sgt. Robert K. Wood Ball Turret Gunner on A/C 42-39853, Killed in Action on 6 March 1944
    Buried: Plot B Row 2 Grave 59, Cambridge American Cemetery, Cambridge, England.
    Awards: Purple Heart.

    Click on Photo to Enlarge.

 [Killed in Action - 1]
The above records were obtained at the National Archives Records Administration and have been declassified by authority NND 745005
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