351st Bomb Group

Polebrook, England

Group Mission #122

Credited Mission #116

 
DATE: 8 May 1944
Target: Railroad Marshalling Yards, Ehrang, Germany
 
Briefing Outline:
  1. Airplane and Crew Assignment Check.

  2. Time Schedule:
     Lead Box Low Box
    Stations   –0545Stations   –0545
    Start Engines –0555 0620Start Engines –0605
    Taxi     –0605 0630Taxi     –0615
    Take Off   –0620 0645Take Off   –0630
    Last Take Off –___Last Take Off –___

  3. Targets:
    Primary: Ehrang [Germany, Railroad] Marshalling Yards
    Secondary: Any Military Installation
    Last Resort: in Germany or A/D [Airdrome] etc. -----

  4. Loading:
    351 “A” 6 x 1,000 GP’s [General Purpose]– 1/10 – 1/40 [Fuse]
    351 “B” 6 x 1,000 GP’s – 1/10 – 1/40
    Composite Box:
    Nickels [Propaganda Leaflets] in Ship # - Low Box – 149-X, 384-T
    Chaff:
  5. Gasoline Loading: 2,600 Gal.
    Remarks: ____

  6. 351st305th
    Wing Formation94th (A) CBW94th (B) CBWComp. GroupComp. CBW
    Lead351st
    Low
    High

  7. Division Formation:
    PositionCBW [Combat Wing]TargetDeparture Time at Coast
    Lead40thThionville0745
    2nd1stLuxembourg0748
    3rd41stThionville0751
    4th94th AKonz Karthaus0754
    5th94th BEhrang0757
    6th
    7th
    8th
    2nd Division4 CBWMünster0800
    3rd Division4A CBWQuackenbrück0816
    Marauders
    RAF [Royal Air Force]

    Remarks: ____

  8. Fighter Cover:
    • [Force][Latitude & Longitude][Call Sign]
       _______  ____  ____ 

  9. Group Assembly:
    BoxAltitudePlace
    Lead9,000'Splasher 16
    Low7,500'Splasher 16
    ___

  10. Navigator - _____
  11. S-2 - _____
  12. Weather - _____
  13. Special Instructions to Navigators, Bombardiers and Radio Operators:
    Spares back at Mid-Channel.
  14. Squadron Leaders and Group Deputy report to Target Room. All but Pilots Dismissed.
  15. (A) Code Words –
    PFF Bombing –____
    Visual Bombing -Mickey Finn
    Authenticator –Red Fox
    Recall -Man O Man
    Weather Code -ABITV
    Release "CHAFF"Paper Doll

    (B) Call Signs:
    Call SignFlaresRemarks
    351st ASmokestack RedRY [Red Yellow]
    351st BSmokestack BrownR [Red]
    305th ASmokestack PinkG [Green]
    305th B
    457th A
    457th B
    Composite
    1st C.B.W.SwordfishR - R [Red Red]A L
    40th C.B.W.FoxholeY - Y [Yellow Yellow]B G H
    41st C.B.W.CowboyG - G [Green Green]C K P
    Composite C.B.W.

    (C)
    U.S. FightersBalance Three
    R.A.F. Fighters
     BombersVinegrove Three Five
    U.S. Grnd. ControlColgate
    R.A.F. Grnd. Control

    Control Points:Fighter Reference Points:
     _____  _____ 
     ___________
    Remarks: ____

    (D)
    Colors of the Day
    TimeColorLetterChallenge
    0200 - 0800RRMO
    0800 - 1400GYZV
    1400 - 2000Y-YRXF

    (E) Ships To Monitor [Radio Channels A, B, C & D]
    1. - _____
    2. - _____
    3. - 721-S, 975-O, 349-B, 038-R, 149-X, 381-U, 153-F, 492-B
    4. - _____

  16. Let-Down on Splasher # 16, if overcast.
    351st A   345° Mag. [Magnetic Compass Heading]
    351st B   325° Mag. [Magnetic Compass Heading]
    401st A   ° Mag.
    457th A   ° Mag.

  17. Flying Control. –
    1. Taxi Plan.
    2. Emergency Fields.
    3. Landing Aids.

  18. Special Instructions: _____


Operations Narrative – Lead and Low Combat Box:
  1. General Narrative Narrative – Lead Box. Eighteen aircraft of the 351st Group, led by two PFF ships, took off at 0645 – 0656 hours and assembled at 9,000 feet over Splasher 16. The Splasher was departed one minute late, and Peterborough was reached one minute early. The first point of the Division assembly was made on time, but due to congestion and close timing of combat wings, the 94th “B” Wing was forced to depart north of the briefed point, two minutes early, and abreast of two other wings. Proper position in the Division column was gained by essing and spacing.
     The route was flown as briefed, except for gaining an additional 1,000 feet on the climb to bombing altitude, due to contrails of preceding wings. The turn at the IP [Initial Point of Bomb Run] was governed by the Mickey [Radar] Operator and formation interval. This combat wing bombed in the fourth position, but was cut off by the last wing after bombing.
     The let down to 22,000 feet began as soon as possible after the turn on the withdrawal. The 94th “B” Wing was fifth in the Division on the route out. The withdrawal was flown as briefed except for a right jog to avoid Zwolle [Netherlands]. A gradual let down after crossing the Zuider Zee brought the wing over the Dutch coast at 19,000 feet, on course, ten minutes late. One Third Division combat wing at a lower altitude was overtaken and passed near Lingen.
     Enemy fighter opposition was nil, only eight being sighted during the mission. Those attacked a flight of B-17’s ahead of the 94th “B” Wing and shot down two, the third is believed to have made a 360° turn and joined the Low Box of the 94th “B” Wing.
     Flak was always avoided except at the target where it was moderate and inaccurate for deflection but accurate for altitude.
     All aircraft succeeded in returning to base, only two suffering very minor battle damage.
  2. General Narrative – Low Box. Twenty aircraft of the low box took off and assembled without difficulty. The combat wing was in formation before leaving Splasher 16. The route in to the target and return was almost exactly identical to that indicated in the Lead Box General Narrative.
     The low box moved into right echelon over the target and dropped on the lead group’s bombs. Thirteen ships, including two which carried leaflets, attacked the target in the low box.
     Flak over the target was heavy but very ineffective. Fighter opposition was negligible.
  3. Aircraft Not Attacking – Lead Box. Eighteen aircraft, plus two PFF ships, formed the Lead Combat Box as indicated in the diagram of the Formation at Take-Off. One of these, aircraft 42-39853, pilot Lt. Adamiak, was scheduled as a flying spare and returned as planned. This aircraft was not dispatched.
     Aircraft 42-102470, pilot Lt. Overholt, returned from 52°40’N-03°49’E [39 miles W of Alkmaar, Netherlands], with a report of excessive gasoline consumption. Aircraft 42-37780, pilot Lt. Zotollo, returned from Splasher 16 because of engine trouble. Investigation revealed that the #9 exhaust stack on the #2 engine was cracked. Aircraft 42-97318, pilot Lt. Lemley, returned early from a point twelve miles south of Cromer because the pilot became ill. Aircraft 42-102470 was the only abortive of the Lead Box that is considered dispatched.
  4. Aircraft Not Attacking – Low Box. Twenty aircraft took off and formed the Low Box as indicated in the diagram of the Formation at Take-Off. Aircraft 42-31192, pilot Lt. Roper, returned from 52°47’N-02°20’W [should be East] [28 miles NE of Great Yarmouth, England] because of high fuel pressure. This aircraft did not become dispatched.
     Aircraft 42-31711, pilot Lt. Crabb, returned from a point ten miles before the enemy coast because of a leak in the Navigator’s oxygen indicator. Aircraft 42-97144, pilot Lt. Fowler, turned back when approximately two minutes from the enemy coast because the ship had stalled out on a turn and the pilot was unable to rejoin the formation. Aircraft 42-3120, pilot Lt. Auten, returned from Yarmouth because it was impossible to catch the formation after a delayed take-off. Aircraft 42-30499, pilot Lt. Crockett, returned from a point forty miles from the enemy coast when the navigator became ill and passed out. Aircraft 42-38028, pilot Lt. Rogers, returned from 52°28’N-00°15’W [7 miles S. of Peterborough] because the left landing gear could not be retracted. Aircraft 42-31238, pilot Lt. Miller, returned from 52°40’N-03°36’E [mid channel 47 miles West of Alkmaar, Netherlands] because the #2 engine was rough at altitude.
     Three aircraft of the Low Box, 42-31192, 42-3120, and 42-38028, were not dispatched. Of the seventeen ships which were dispatched, four returned before reaching the enemy coast, and the remaining thirteen attacked the target as indicated in the diagram of the Formation Over Target.
  5. Combat Wing Commander. Lt. Col. Clinton F. Ball, flying in a PFF ship, led the Lead Box and acted as Combat Wing Air Commander.
  6. Low Combat Box Leader. Captain Donald A. Gaylord, flying in aircraft 42-107005, led the Low Combat Box.

STATISTICAL SUMMARY
LEADLOWTOTAL
Aircraft Taking Off182038
Aircraft Taking Off - Less Unused Spares172037
No. of Aircraft Dispatched161733
No. of Sorties141327
No. of Aircraft Attacking141327
No. of Aircraft Not Attacking - Less Flying Spares3710
No. of Aircraft Lost000
The above summary does not include the two PFF aircraft.
[Signed] Clinton F. Ball, Lt. Colonel, Air Corps, Operations Officer






Bombardier’s Narrative – Lead Box:

Group: 351st Low Group
Target: Berlin, Germany
Method of Bombing: P.F.F.
Altitude: 26,800’
Direction of Attack: 187° Mag. Heading
Wind Direction: 27°
Wind Velocity: 30 MPH
Bombardier’s Narrative: Bombing was PFF bombing. No trouble was encountered.

[Signed:] Allan D. Behrendt, 1st Lt., Air Corps, Lead Bombardier



Bombardier’s Narrative – Low Box:

Group: 351st (Low)
Target: Berlin, Germany
Method of Bombing: PFF
Altitude: 26,100’
Direction of Attack: 180° Magnetic Heading
Wind Direction: 360°
Wind Velocity: 40 KPH
Bombardier’s Narrative: Smoke bombs in PFF ship did not go off and it was hard to tell when bombs were to be released. No other trouble was encountered.

[Signed:] Harry Fireman, 1st Lt., Air Corps, Lead Bombardier



Combat Bombing Flight Record – Lead Box:

Bombardier - 1st Lt. Allan D. Behrendt  Pilot - Lt. Col. Ball, Clinton F. Navigator - Capt. Matthews, Nelson E.
Aircraft - PFF   -  Take-off - 0645 Landed - 1423
Objective - Berlin, Germany
Aiming Point (MPI) [Mean Point of Impact] - P.F.F.
Initial Point - P.F.F.
Method of Attack - Wing
No. of Attacking A/C in Group: - 16   Composite Group -
Number A/C Dropping Bombs by own Sighting Operation:
Deflection and Range Sighting, Group: P.F.F.   Composite Group -
Range Sighting only, Group - P.F.F.    Composite Group -
Bombs, Types and Sizes - 5 x 1,000 LB. G.P. [General Purpose] AN M44 & 1 Smoke Bomb
Number of Bombs Loaded - 6   Released - 6
Fusing, Nose - 1/10   Tail - 1/40
Synchronization - P.F.F. On
Information at Release Point:

Altitude of Target - 115Magnetic Heading Ordered 215° Actual 187°
True Altitude Above Target - 26,800'True Heading 190°
Indicated Altitude - 27,000'Drift, Estimated 1.5° Right - Actual 3° Right
Pressure Altitude of Target -178True Track 187°
Altimeter Setting 29.92Actual Range ____'
Calculated Indicated Air Speed - 150 M.P.H.B.S. Type - M-9 Mercury
True Air Speed - 230 M.P.H.Time of Release 1119½
Ground Speed Est. 254 Actual 256Length of Bombing Run - 7½ min.
Wind Direction Metro - 40° Actual - 27°Intervalometer Setting - Salvo
Wind Velocity Metro 46 Actual 30 C-1 Pilot [Autopilot] _X [Used]
D.S. - 123.7  Trail - 46   ATF - 42.84A-5 Pilot _____
Tan. D.A, Est. .55 Actual P.F.F. Manual Pilot - _____

Type of Release - Salvo
Point of Impact If Seen - No
Mean Temp. Metro ____ Actual ____
Winds - Altitude - 27,000 Ft.  Direction - Metro 40°  Actual 27°  Wind Velocity - Metro 46  Actual 30
Temp C. - Metro -37° C. Actual -42° C.



Combat Bombing Flight Record – Low Box:

Bombardier - 1st Lt. Fireman, Harry   Pilot - Capt. Gaylord, Donald A. Navigator - 1st Lt. Simmons, Max G.
Aircraft # 005-Q  Take-off - 0659  Landed - 1449
Objective - Berlin, Germany
Aiming Point (MPI) [Mean Point of Impact] - P.F.F.
Initial Point - P.F.F.
Method of Attack - Wing
Number of Attacking A/C in Group - P.F.F.   Composite Group -
Number A/C Dropping Bombs by own sighting operation -
Deflection and Range sighting, Group - P.F.F.   Composite Group -
Range Sighting only, Group - P.F.F.   Composite Group -
Bombs, Types and Sizes - 5 x 1,000 LB. G.P. [General Purpose] AN M44
Number of Bombs Loaded - 5    Released - 5
Fusing, Nose - 1/10    Tail - 1/40
Synchronization - P.F.F.
Information at Release Point:

Altitude of Target - 115Magnetic Heading Ordered 215° Actual 180°
True Altitude Above Target - 26,000'True Heading 176°
Indicated Altitude - 26,100'Drift, Estimated 1½° Right - Actual 4° Left
Pressure Altitude of Target -178True Track ___°
Altimeter Setting 29.92Actual Range _____
Calculated Indicated Air Speed - 150 M.P.H.B.S. Type - M-9
True Air Speed - 225 M.P.H.Time of Release 1119½
Ground Speed Est. 251 Actual 233Length of Bombing Run - PFF
Wind Direction Metro - 40° Actual - 360°Intervalometer Setting - Salvo
Wind Velocity Metro 46 Actual 40 C-1 Pilot [Autopilot] _____
D.S. - 128.2  Trail - 50   ATF - 41.35A-5 Pilot _____
Tan. D.A, Est. ____ Actual - P.F.F. Manual Pilot _____

Type of Release - Salvo
Point of Impact If Seen - No
Mean Temp. Metro _____ Actual _____
Winds - Altitude - 26,000 Ft.  Direction - Metro 40° Actual 360° Velocity - Metro 46 Actual 40
Temp C. - Metro -37° C. Actual -42° C.



Intelligence S-2 Reports:
  1. Sixteen (16) leaflet bombs of G-37 were dropped on the primary.
  2. Because of 10/10ths clouds, bomb results are unobserved and unphotographed.
  3. Several enemy aircraft were seen. Some in the vicinity of Hannover, some in the vicinity of Dümmer Lake.
  4. Meager, inaccurate flak was observed over Ijmuiden on the way in. There was moderate, inaccurate flak at Osnabrück and in the Dümmer Lake area, both on the way in and on the way out. At the target flak was intense but widely scattered and generally inaccurate for our formation. Flak was also observed out of range over Hannover, Brunswick and Quackenbrück.
  5. 10/10 clouds over the target prevented visual bombing.
  6. Several crews reported seeing a convoy of six small ships and one large one in Zuider Zee.
  7. PFF units were employed. Fighter support was very effective. Two unidentified B-17’s were seen shot down by E/A; one was seen to explode and the other went into a flat spin. This occurred in the vicinity of Hannover and reports on parachutes seen vary from one to seven from each A/C.


Track Chart:
Click on Chart to Enlarge



A.A. Gunfire (Flak) Report:

1. Target: Assigned - Berlin  Bombed - Berlin
2. Route as Flown. - As briefed
3. Weather Conditions - A. at Target. - 10/10 cloud   B. En route - 8–10/10 cloud on route in; 5–6/10 on route out, from 10° East to Coast.
4. Were our A/C "Seen" or "Unseen" targets? (a) At Target - Unseen  (b) Enroute - Unseen most of the time.
 Any Condensation Trails? - Yes
5. Description of Flak, including type of Fire Control: Intense, widely scattered, inaccurate; some bursts were at our altitude, but most of them were low. It is not known whether this was a barrage or unseen continuous following. Black and white bursts were observed.
6. Flak encountered or observed en route. (In the order experienced) -
 IJmuiden, 0830, 21,000’ – meager, inaccurate.
 Osnabrück, 0857, 21,000’ – moderate, inaccurate (Observed)
 Quackenbrück, 0935, 21,000’ – 20 inaccurate bursts.
 Dümmer Lake Area, 0955, 22,000’ – about 50 inaccurate bursts.
 Dümmer Lake Area, 1250, 23,000’ – moderate inaccurate.
 Osnabrück, 1257, 21,000’ – moderate, inaccurate.
 All flak was probably continuous following.
7. Was Chaff carried? - Yes  How discharged? In target area.
8. Position of Group - Lead and Low
9. Group – 351st Lead  A/C over enemy terr. – 13 A/C damaged – 0  A/C lost to flak – 0  Time over Target – 1120  
Time of bombs away – 1120  Height – 26,800’ Axis of attack – 170° Mag.  Bomb run – 7½ Min.
Group – 351st Low  A/C over enemy terr. – 14 A/C damaged – 2  A/C lost to flak – 0  Time over Target – 1121  
Time of bombs away – 1121  Height – 26,100’  Axis of attack – 180° Mag.  Bomb run – 7½ Min.
10. Comments - Phenomena: 10. In Dümmer Lake area, several crews observed a very large black burst, with burning pieces falling from it.



Combat Crew Comments:


    508th Squadron
A/C 702-A: Relief cans not always in planes and request one for this ship. – Entire Crew.
A/C 613-C: Mount camera flat against roof to prevent hitting head on it. – Lt. Dietrich.
 Give us Mars bars or Hersheys and not so much English candy. – Entire Crew.
A/C 994-T: Let’s have some Hershey and Mars bars and cookies and not so much English candy. – Entire Crew.
 Don’t put men in the worst ship on the field on their last mission. – Lt. McNeeley, S/Sgt. Hamilton.

    509th Squadron
A/C 202-Z: Formation was very poor; if we had been attacked by fighters, it would have been just too bad for us. – Lt. Mertzlufft.

    511th Squadron
A/C 472-H: Group lead very good. – Lt. Hord.
A/C 492-B: We were the first to land, and the last to be brought in; it took us 1 hr. 35 min. to get in after landing.
A/C 153-F: Wouldn’t it be a good idea to throw out chaff nearer the target than the IP [Initial Point of Bomb Run]? - Lt. Rowan.
 Have tanks filled to capacity on hauls like this. – Lt. Karagiannis.
A/C 714-R: We would like to be briefed. – All gunners.

[Signed] Robert P. Ramsey, Captain, Air Corps, Group S-2 [Intelligence]



Mission Summary Report Report – Lead Box:
  1. Abortives:
    1. Airplane No. 42-102470, 508th Squadron, returned early because of excessive fuel consumption, according to the Pilot. Investigation disclosed that #1 engine used 252 gallons total, or 72 gallons per hour; #4 engine used 218 gallons total, or 62 gallons per hour. Total consumption was 869 gallons for 3 ½ hours flying time, or 248 gallons per hour. With a load of 2600 gallons, aircraft could have flown at least 10 ½ hours.
    2. Airplane No. 42-39853, 510th Squadron, returned early as planned.
    3. Airplane No. 42-37780, 511th Squadron, returned early because of the #9 cracked exhaust stack on #2 engine.
    4. Airplane No. 42-97318, 511th Squadron, returned early because the Pilot became ill.
  2. Battle Damage: None
[Signed:] Carl A. Ekblad, Captain, Air Corps, Group Engineering Officer


Mission Summary Report – Low Box:
  1. Abortives:
    1. Airplane No. 42-31192, 508th Squadron, returned early because #4 fuel pressure was high, according to the Pilot. Investigation disclosed broken balance line to fuel pump. Pilot could have continued mission, because high fuel pressure of this type has no dangerous tendencies.
    2. Airplane No. 42-31711, 508th Squadron, returned early because of a leak in the Navigator’s Oxygen Indicator.
    3. Airplane No. 42-97144, 509th Squadron, returned early because the Pilot was unable to locate the formation.
    4. Airplane No. 42-3120, 509th Squadron, returned early because the Pilot was unable to locate the formation.
    5. Airplane No. 42-30499, 509th Squadron, returned early because the Navigator became ill and unconscious.
    6. Airplane No. 42-38028, 510th Squadron, returned early because the left landing gear would not retract. Investigation disclosed a slipping clutch, which prevented the landing gear from being retracted manually or electrically.
    7. Airplane No. 42-31238, 511th Squadron, returned early because #2 engine ran rough, according to the Pilot. Ground check revealed no defects.
  2. Battle Damage:
    1. Airplane No. 42-38153, 511th Squadron. One flak hole leading edge of left horizontal stabilizer, near fuselage.
    2. Airplane No. 42-97492, 511th Squadron. Two flak holes left side of vertical stabilizer, and one flak hole left side of dorsal fin.

    TOTAL A/C DAMAGEDMINOR DAMAGEBY FLAK
    222
[Signed:] Carl A. Ekblad, Captain, Air Corps, Group Engineering Officer


Armament Report – Lead Combat Box:
  1. The following armament malfunctions and failures were reported on the Mission of 8 May, 1944, by the Lead Box.
    1. A/C 42-97472 – The ball turret electric motor burned out. The unit is being replaced.
    2. A/C 42-38038 – Bombs had to be salvoed after they failed to release electrically. The bombardier reports that all switches were on and that the intervalometer was warm. Ground check failed to reveal any defects.
    3. A/C 42-97349 – (All electrical) The left ball turret gun recoiling parts would not go into position because of tight headspace. Crew reported to ship about fifteen minutes before engine time, and armorer did not have sufficient time to readjust gun.
    4. A/C 42-31757 – Bomb bay doors stayed about 3” to 6” open, it was reported. The Up limit switch has been reset.
    5. A/C 42-31975 – Bomb bay doors would not open electrically. Doors were cranked down by hand and the bombs were released electrically. The doors worked satisfactorily on the ground. As a precautionary measure, the bomb door screw was washed with gasoline and re-oiled with 777.
    6. A/C 42-102613 – Bomb door motor burned out after closing the doors. The flame had to be extinguished with a fire extinguisher; and the motor is being replaced.
  2. A total of four (4) all electrical ships participated in the Mission in the Lead Combat Box.
  3. The Station Ordnance Officer reported that the Lead Combat Box expended 4,175 rounds of caliber .50 ammunition.
[Signed:] Michael Steele, CWO, USA, Group Armament Officer


Armament Report:
  1. The following armament malfunctions and failures were reported on the Mission of 8 May, 1944, by the Low Box.
    1. A/C 42-38153 – Bombs were salvoed after they had failed to release in train. The bombardier reported that the intervalometer was set for train release and had warmed for about fifteen minutes. The system checked out satisfactorily on the ground after the Mission.
    2. A/C 42-39760 – Only the first station dropped when release energized. The counter on the intervalometer did not return to zero. The rest of the bombs were salvoed on the target. Ground check after the Mission failed to disclose any defects.
    3. A/C 42-97149 – The bombardier reported that the intervalometer did not work and that he had to switch to Select and dropped electrically. Investigation revealed a faulty intervalometer which is being replaced.
    4. A/C 42-97381 – After the doors had opened, none of the bombs in the left bay could be released electrically. All switches were turned on and bombardier tried to drop both with normal release and with each of the salvo switches. After leaving the target all the switches were turned off and then on again, and the bombardier again tried to drop the bombs without success. The three bombs in the left bay were returned to base. After the bombs were unloaded, the racks ran through perfectly. (All electrical system).
  2. A total of two (2) all electrical ships participated in the Mission in the Low Combat Box.
  3. The Station Ordnance Officer reported that the Low Combat Box expended 6,425 rounds of caliber .50 ammunition.
[Signed:] Michael Steele, CWO, AUS, Group Armament Officer


Disposition of Bombs – Lead Combat Box:

1. Following is the disposition of bombs carried by the Lead Combat Box on the Mission of 8 May, 1944.

AIRCRAFTBOMBS
Main BombfallOver TargetBombingNumberSizeTypeFusing: NoseTail
(Berlin)1414701000 lb.GP1/101/40
Total Bombs Dropped701000 lb.GP1/101/40
Bombs Brought Back201000 lb.GP1/101/40
TOTAL BOMBS LOADED901000 lb.GP1/101/40
NOTE:  This report does not include the two PFF aircraft or the bombs dropped by them.
[Signed:] Robert B. Stratton, Captain, Air Corps, Statistical Officer



Disposition of Bombs:

1. Following is the disposition of bombs carried by the Low Combat Box on the Mission of 8 May, 1944.

AIRCRAFTBOMBS
Main BombfallOver TargetBombingNumberSizeTypeFusing: NoseTail
(Berlin)1311521000 lb.GP1/101/40
Total Bombs Dropped521000 lb.GP1/101/40
 Bombs Brought Back 381000 lb.GP1/101/40
TOTAL BOMBS LOADED901000 lb.GP1/101/40
NOTE: Two aircraft over target but not bombing carried leaflets. One skymarker bomb also released over the Primary. One aircraft of the Low Box (included in this report) flew in the Lead Box formation.

[Signed:] Robert B. Stratton, Captain, Air Corps, Statistical Officer



Deficiencies and Disabilities:

1. The following deficiencies and disabilities were determined through interrogation:

   508th Bomb Sq.
A/C 066 Suit burned out. – Lt. Jancaitis.

   509th Bomb Sq.
A/C 542 O2 pressure gauge in nose leaked. – Lt. Palmer.

   510th Bomb Sq.
A/C 560 Right glove of F-2 suit too hot. – S/Sgt. Lamb.
A/C 975 Frost bite of both feet, exact cause undetermined. – Sgt. Meiselman.

[Signed:] Ernest J. Cater, 1st Lt., Air Corps, Group Equipment Officer



Aircraft Returning Early:

Aircraft No. 7144  Squadron - 509th   Pilot - Fowler
Time of Abortive - 0858   Location when Aborted - 2 minutes from enemy coast.
Reason - Stalled out on turn and was unable to rejoin formation.
Disposition of Bombs: Brought back.
Altitude At Time of Aborting: 18,600’
Enemy Opposition Encountered - None
Remarks:
[Signed] Eli S. Fowler



Aircraft No. 1711  Squadron - 508th   Pilot - Crabb
Time of Abortive - 1000   Location when Aborted - 10 miles from French Coast on course.
Reason - Loss of oxygen system on Pilot side traced to broken gauge in nose section.
Disposition of Bombs: Brought home.
Altitude At Time of Aborting: 20,000’
Enemy Opposition Encountered - None
Remarks: Tough luck.
[Signed] Kenneth M. Crabb, 1st Lt., A.C.[Air Corps]



Aircraft No. 2470  Squadron - 508th   Pilot - Overholt
Time of Abortive - 0851   Location when Aborted - 52°40’N-03°49’E [Off Dutch coast near Alkmaar, Netherlands]
Reason - Excessive fuel consumption – 869 gals. – 3:30 hrs.
Engineering Statement: 869 gals. used for 3½ hrs. flying time - Enough left for 7 hrs. more. Disposition of Bombs:
Altitude At Time of Aborting: 20,700’
Enemy Opposition Encountered - None
Remarks: Excessive fuel consumption
[Signed] Orval O. Overholt



Aircraft No. 1238  Squadron - 511th   Pilot - Miller
Time of Abortive - 0847   Location when Aborted - 52°40’N-03°36’E [Off Dutch coast near Alkmaar, Netherlands]
Reason - #2 Eng. Rough at altitude. Engine vibrated.
Disposition of Bombs: Return
Altitude At Time of Aborting: 17,000’
Enemy Opposition Encountered - None
Remarks:
[Signed] Carl E. Miller



Aircraft No. 1192  Squadron - 508th   Pilot - Roper
Time of Abortive - 0835   Location when Aborted - 52°47’N-02°20’E [20 miles ENE of Great Yarmouth, England]
Reason - Fuel pressure on #4 Engine was too high – up to 22#.
Disposition of Bombs: Returned
Altitude At Time of Aborting: 16,000’
Enemy Opposition Encountered - None
Remarks:
[Signed] Richard J. Roper, 1st Lt.



Aircraft No. 7318  Squadron - 511   Pilot - Lemley
Time of Abortive - 0815   Location when Aborted - 12 miles south of Cromer.
Reason - Pilot sick.
Disposition of Bombs: ____
Altitude At Time of Aborting: 12,000’
Enemy Opposition Encountered - None
Remarks:
[Signed] C.P. Lemley, 1st Lt., AC [Air Corps]



Aircraft No. 3120  Squadron - 510th   Pilot - Auten
Time of Abortive - 0840   Location when Aborted - Yarmouth
Reason - Due to oxygen system leak and repair. Take-off was delayed until 0737 & as a result it was impossible [to] make contact with the formation before it’s departure from the English Coast.
Disposition of Bombs: Returned to base.
Altitude At Time of Aborting: 17,000’
Enemy Opposition Encountered - None
Remarks:
[Signed] Charles H. Auten Jr.



Aircraft No. 0499  Squadron - 510th   Pilot - Crockett
Time of Abortive - 0900   Location when Aborted - 43 mi. from enemy coast.
Reason - Navigator passed out. (Note) Pulling excess manifold pressure (24’ – 43’). Not reason for abortive.
Disposition of Bombs: Brought Back.
Altitude At Time of Aborting: 19,000’
Enemy Opposition Encountered - None
Remarks:
[Signed] Wm. Crockett Jr., 1st Lt.



Aircraft No. 8028  Squadron - 511th   Pilot - Rogers
Time of Abortive - 0849   Location when Aborted - 52°28’N-00°15’W [Just south of Holme, England]
Reason - Left landing gear would not retract. – Could not keep up straight and level Flight without excessive R.P.M.
Disposition of Bombs: Brought Back.
Altitude At Time of Aborting: 7,500 feet
Enemy Opposition Encountered - None
Remarks:
[Signed] James G. Rogers, 1st Lt., A.C.[Air Corps]



Aircraft No. 7780  Squadron - 511th   Pilot - Zotollo
Time of Abortive - 0730   Location when Aborted - Splasher 16 – circling in formation.
Reason - #2 Engine sounded like it had a cracked cylinder head. We began to lose M.P. [manifold pressure] & the cowling got hot & paint burnt off. I feathered the engine. After Landing we found out the exhaust stack had blown a hole in the cowling and the #8 cylinder head was burnt up. [Handwritten in on side – 2’ back exhaust port ign.[Ignition] Lead burnt.]
Disposition of Bombs: Returned to Base.
Altitude At Time of Aborting: 9,200’
Enemy Opposition Encountered - None
Remarks:
[Signed] J. Zotollo, 2nd Lt., A.C.



Aircraft No. 9853  Squadron - 510th   Pilot - Adamiak
Time of Abortive - 0854  Location when Aborted - 52°34’N-04°10’E [Off Dutch Coast near Alkmaar, Netherlands]
Reason - Unable to catch formation.
Disposition of Bombs: Brought back
Altitude At Time of Aborting: 19,000’
Enemy Opposition Encountered - None
Remarks:
[Signed] J. R. Adamiak, 1st Lt., AC [Air Corps]



“J” Form:
  1. Call Letter and Last Four numbers of A/C in each Squadron:
    a. 94th "B" Combat Wing   Lead Group
    Sqdn 508th A/C: 7066–O, 7349–B, 2613–C, 2470–J, 7157–N, 1757–G, (1702–A Spare)
    Sqdn 509th A/C: 3542–V
    Sqdn 510th A/C: 1721–S, 1560–A, 1975–O, 8038–R, (9853–P Spare)
    Sqdn 511th A/C: 7318–S, 7780–G, 7472–H, 1714–R, 9848–C
    P.F.F. Sqdn 324 A/C: 7651–C, 7636–P

    b. 94th "B"Combat Wing   Low Group
    Sqdn 508th A/C: 7325–H, 1192–R, 0994–T, 1711–F
    Sqdn 509th A/C: 9914–S, 7144–R, 7202–Z, 1725–L, 7149–X, 1384–T, (7169–N Spare), 3120–O, 0499–Q, (9760–M Spare)
    Sqdn 510th A/C: 8028–Q
    Sqdn 511th A/C: 7005–Q, 7381–U, 1238–A, 8153–F, 7492–B
  2. Target: GH-599
  3. W/T and R/T Operational Call Sign of each Squadron:
    Squadron508 [Call Sign]W/T UMJ  R/T CARLTONSquadron510 [Call Sign]W/T JHA  R/T TIPSTAFF
    Squadron509 [Call Sign]W/T TYY  R/T HOTMINTSquadron511 [Call Sign]W/T KNR  R/T PARTNERSHIP
  4. a. Lead Box: Taxi–0635; Take-Off –0645; E.T.D. Field–--
    b. Low Box: Taxi–0645; Take-Off –0655; E.T.D. Field–--
  5. Time:Height:––Place of Crossing English Coast: (OUT)
    082416,000 Ft–Great Yarmouth
  6. Time:Height:––Place of Crossing Enemy Coast: (IN)
    090022,000 Ft–52°37'N-04°37'E [10 miles NE of Dunkirk, France]
  7. Time:Height:––Place of Crossing Enemy Coast: (Out)
    130722,000 Ft–52°37'N-04°37'E [10 miles NE of Dunkirk, France]
  8. Time:Height:––Place of Crossing English Coast: (IN)
    134410,000 Ft–Great Yarmouth
  9. E.T.R.(Estimated Time of Return) Base: 1407 Hours
  10. MF/DF [Medium Frequency/Direction Finder] Section: "H"
  11. Bomb load of Each A/C: Lead Box
    508 Squadron: 5 x 1000 lb. GP [General Purpose] 1/10 - 1/40 [Fuse]
    509 Squadron: 5 x 1000 lb. GP [General Purpose] 1/10 - 1/40 [Fuse]
    510 Squadron: 5 x 1000 lb. GP [General Purpose] 1/10 - 1/40 [Fuse]
    511 Squadron: 5 x 1000 lb. GP [General Purpose] 1/10 - 1/40 [Fuse]


    Bomb load of Each A/C: Low Box
    508 Squadron: 5 x 1000 lb. GP [General Purpose] 1/10 - 1/40 [Fuse]
    509 Squadron: 5 x 1000 lb. GP [General Purpose] 1/10 - 1/40 [Fuse]
    510 Squadron: 5 x 1000 lb. GP [General Purpose] 1/10 - 1/40 [Fuse]
    511 Squadron: 5 x 1000 lb. GP [General Purpose] 1/10 - 1/40 [Fuse]
  12. Fuel Load of each A/C: 2600 Gallons
  13. Group Leader:
    a. Lead Box: Name: Clinton F. Ball Rank: Lt. Col. A/C: 7651-C  Sqdn. 324th
    b. Low Box: Name: Donald Gaylord Rank: Capt. A/C: 7005-Q Sqdn. 511th
  14. Passengers, if any: (Full Name, Rank, A/C and Squadron Passenger flying with)
    None

Report Compiled By Civizzio, Rocky, T/Sgt.



Formation Chart:
Lead Group Formation Take–Off
510th Squadron
Ball–Grunow
A/C 42-97651 C PFF
Chalmers
A/C 42-31721 S
Kelly–Christianson
A/C 42-97636 P PFF
Raser
A/C 42-31560 A
Hopkins
A/C 42-31975 O
Walker
A/C 42-38038 R
508th Squadron511th Squadron
Rhode
A/C 42-97066 O
Lemley
A/C 42-97318 S
Evans
A/C 42-97349 B
Johnson
A/C 42-102613 C
Zotollo
A/C 42-37780 G
Power
A/C 42-97472 H
Overholt
A/C 42-102470 J
Crews
A/C 42-31714 R
Nall
A/C 42-97157 N
McLott
A/C 42-31757 C
Garcia
A/C 42-3542 V
Turbyne
A/C 42-39848 C
Crowe
A/C 42-31702 A Spare
Adamaik
A/C 42-39853 P Spare


Lead Group Formation Over–Target
510th Squadron
Ball–Grunow
A/C 42-97651 C PFF
Chalmers
A/C 42-31721 S
Kelly–Christianson
A/C 42-97636 P PFF
Raser
A/C 42-31560 A
Hopkins
A/C 42-31975 O
Walker
A/C 42-38038 R
508th Squadron511th Squadron
Rhode
A/C 42-97066 O
Crews
A/C 42-31714 R
Evans
A/C 42-97349 B
Johnson
A/C 42-102613 C
Garcia
A/C 42-3542 V
Power
A/C 42-97472 H
McLott
A/C 42-31757 C
Turbyne
A/C 42-39848 C
Emerson-Trombley
A/C 42-39760 M
Nall
A/C 42-97157 N
Crowe
A/C 42-31702 A

Note: 42-39760 had been briefed to fly in the Low Box.

Time Schedule:
Zero Hour: 0800  Briefing: ____  Stations: 0610  Start Engines: 0620  Taxi: 0630  Take-off: 0645  Leave Base: 0645 

Low Group Formation Take–Off
511th Squadron
Gaylord–Brooks
A/C 42-107005 Q
Rogers
A/C 42-38028 Q
Heller
A/C 42-97381 U
Miller
A/C 42-31238 A
Karagianis
A/C 42-38153 F
Richardson
A/C 42-97492 B
509th Squadron508th Squadron
Whalen
A/C 42-39914 S
Kogelman
A/C 42-97325 H
Fowler
A/C 42-39144 R
Viste
A/C 42-97202 Z
Roper
A/C 42-31192 R
Carson
A/C 42-30994 T
Berardi
A/C 42-31725 L
Crabb
A/C 42-31711 F
Myers
A/C 42-97149 X
Watkins
A/C 42-31384 T
Auton
A/C 42-3120 O
Crockett
A/C 42-30499 Q
Hicks
A/C 42-97169 N Spare
Emerson-Trombley
A/C 42-39760 M Spare

Note: A/C 42-39760 [Emerson-Trombley] flew in the Lead Box

Group Formation Over–Target
511th Squadron
Gaylord–Brooks
A/C 42-107005 Q
Richardson
A/C 42-97492 B
Heller
A/C 42-97381 U
Karagianis
A/C 42-38153 F
509th Squadron508th Squadron
Whalen
A/C 42-39914 S
Kogelman
A/C 42-97325 H
Watkins
A/C 42-31384 T
Viste
A/C 42-97202 Z
Carson
A/C 42-30994 T
Berardi
A/C 42-31725 L
Myers
A/C 42-97149 X
Hicks
A/C 42-97169 N

 [Wounded - 0]
The above records were obtained at the National Archives Records Administration and have been declassified by authority NND 745005
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