351st Bomb Group

Polebrook, England

Group Mission #144

Credited Mission #138

 
DATE: 8 Jun. 1944
Target: Étempes, France
 
Briefing Outline:
  1. Airplane and Crew Assignment Check.
  2. Time Schedule:
     ___ Box
    Stations   –0405
    Start Engines –0415
    Taxi     –0425
    Take Off   –0440
    Last Take Off –____

  3. Targets:
    Primary: Etempes [France]
    Secondary:
    Last Resort:

  4. Loading:
    351 “A”: 12 x 500#
    351 “B”:
    Composite:
    Nickels [Propaganda Leaflets] in Ship # - Y-108 – 500 Gps.
    Chaff: None – except Emergency.
  5. Gasoline Loading: 1900 gallons
    Remarks: ____

  6. Wing Formation94th (A) CBW94th (B) CBWComp. GroupComp. CBW
    Lead351st
    Low351st
    High351st

  7. Division Formation:
    PositionCBW [Combat Wing]TargetDeparture Time at Coast
    Lead1st A
    2nd1st B
    3rd41st A
    4th41st B
    5th41st C
    6th94th A
    7th94th B
    8th94th C
    2nd Division
    3rd Division
    Marauders
    RAF [Royal Air Force]

    Remarks: ____
  8. Fighter Cover:
    • [Force][Latitude & Longitude][Call Sign]
      _________ Area Cover   

  9. Group Assembly:
    BoxAltitudePlace
    Lead15,000'Splasher #16
    High15,500'Splasher #16
    Low14,500'Splasher #16

  10. Navigator - _____
  11. S-2 - _____
  12. Weather - _____
  13. Special Instructions to Navigators, Bombardiers and Radio Operators:
    Aldis lamp [Signal] from tail – J every 10 sec – High = Green; Lead = Amber; Low = Red
  14. Squadron Leaders and Group Deputy report to Target Room. All but Pilots Dismissed.
  15. (A) Code Words –
    PFF Bombing –____
    Visual Bombing -____
    Authenticator –Milky Way
    Recall -Tare X-Ray Peter Zebra
    Weather Code -ABVIT
    Release "CHAFF" -Tin Hat

    (B) Call Signs:
    Call SignFlaresRemarks
    351st LeadWoodcraft RedRY [Red Yellow]
    351st LowWoodcraft BrownG [Green]
    351st HighWoodcraft PinkR [Red]
    401st A
    401st B
    457th A
    457th B
    Composite
    1st C.B.W.
    40th C.B.W.
    41st C.B.W.
    Composite C.B.W.

    (C)
    U.S. FightersBalance
    R.A.F. Fighters
     BombersVinegrove One
    U.S. Grnd. ControlColgate
    R.A.F. Grnd. Control

    Control Points:Fighter Reference Points:
    No. 1 - English Coast______
    No. 2 - Enemy Coast______
    Remarks: ____

    (D)
    Colors of the Day
    TimeColorLetterChallenge
    0200 – 0800RGJY
    0800 – 1400GGGB
    1400 – 2000GYPX

    (E) Ships To Monitor [Radio Channels A, B, C & D]
    1. - All except
    2. - N-169, D-524, L-515
    3. - T-384, U-216, H-798
    4. -
  16. Let-Down on _____, if overcast.
    351st A   __° Mag. [Magnetic Compass Heading]
    351st B   __° Mag. [Magnetic Compass Heading]
    401st A   __° Mag.
    457th A   __° Mag.
  17. Flying Control. –
    1. Taxi Plan.
    2. Emergency Fields.
    3. Landing Aids.

  18. Special Instructions:
    If you need fighter support – give heading, altitude, geographic location -- no. of enemy A/C & direction from you.
    Camera ships break formation at mid-channel & return individually. B-349, R-038, D-146
    Taxi slowly.
    T/O will be on green Aldis signal from caravan. High Box first.
    All A/C will have Aldis Lamps flashing a J from tail from T/O until assembly – every 10 seconds – High Box use Green; Lead Box use Amber; Low Box use Red
    Element Leaders turn on corresponding downward Recognition Lights & Top white recognition light until squadron is formed.
    Brooksby, Overholt, Garcia - Amber; Nesmith, Lowery, Heller - Green; Holsapple, Olson, Caughlin - Red.
    Pilots check on tail gunners.
    2 min. between C.B.W.


Operational Narrative – “A” Box of 94th CBW:
  1. General Narrative. Thirty-six aircraft took off at 0440 – 0506 hours as scheduled. The 351st Group was scheduled to fly as a Combat Wing of three – twelve ship Groups. Each Squadron consisted of four aircraft flying a Diamond formation.
     The take-off was normal, and on time. The CBW was formed on Splasher 16 between two layers of clouds at 10,000 feet and 14,500 feet. The CBW was well formed before departing from Splasher 16 at 13,000 feet.
     Splashers 7 and 9 were reached one minute early and one minute late respectively. The climb was begun at Point C and was continued until just before the departure from the English coast. Up to this point, the briefed course had been closely followed.
     The departure from the English coast was made about twenty miles left of the Briefed Point in order to avoid a cloud layer. About five minutes was lost in executing this maneuver. As a result of this move, the Enemy coast was crossed 4 minutes late and slightly East of course.
     It was apparent that the target was completely obscured and the CBW Leader endeavored to find a target of opportunity without success. As evidenced by the Track Chart, the Briefed Course was not followed over the Continent in the search for a target. Bombs were returned to Base.
     No enemy fighters or flak was encountered throughout the mission. The friendly fighter escort was seen only on the route out.
     A great amount of Naval activity in the Channel was reported. Many landing vessels were observed near the French coast.
     Departure from the French coast was made at the briefed point 9 minutes early. The briefed route was followed with little variance on the return to Base.
     All aircraft returned to Base without further incident. Landings were made at 1022 – 1059 hours.
  2. Aircraft Not Attacking. Aircraft 42-97216, pilot Lt. Power, returned to Base from Selsey Bill. The pilot reported that he was unable to locate the formation at the assembly point, could not intercept the formation at any of the control points, and saw no other 1st Division formations with openings.
     The remaining 35 aircraft continued on the mission as indicated in the General Narrative. The target was completely overcast and so could not be attacked. A target of opportunity could not be found. Bombs were brought back to Base.
  3. Aircraft Lost. No aircraft were lost on the Mission of 8 June, 1944.
  4. Combat Wing Commander. Lt. Colonel Ledoux led the 94th CBW formation composed of three boxes from the 351st Group.

STATISTICAL SUMMARY
No. of A/C Scheduled 36
No. of A/C Taking Off 36
No. of A/C Attacking0
No. of A/C Not Attacking 36
No. of Sorties35
No. of A/C Lost0

[Signed] Clinton F. Ball, Lt. Colonel, Air Corps, Operations Officer


Bombardier’s Narrative:

1. No bombs were dropped on Mission of 8 June, 1944.
2. The following reports will not be submitted:
   A. Combat Bombing Flight Record
   B. Group Bombing Plot Report
   C. Bombardier’s Narrative

[Signed:] William B. Lyttle, Captain, Air Corps, Group Bombardier



Track Chart and Combat Duplication Check Form:
Click on Chart to Enlarge



Combat Crew Comments:

       508th Squadron
A/C 557-K: Instructions came “Briefed altitude plus 2”, “Briefed altitude minus 3”, “Briefed altitude minus 2”, and it’s a good thing we had more gasoline than we were supposed to have; changing altitude in forming used a lot of gas. – Lt. Pattison.
A/C 146-D: #4 position impossible to fly if wing men in 1st flight won’t stay in proper position. It’s also dangerous because you can’t see under the circumstances. – Lt. Jones.

       511th Squadron
A/C 571-X: At mid-channel on way to target triangle K ship, #C238183 flew into the formation on my wing. He tried to fly close formation but was such a poor pilot he endangered us. He tried to get our position in the formation and gave us prop-wash while doing it. – Lt. Belote.

[Signed:] Robert P. Ramsey, Captain, Air Corps, Group S-2 [Intelligence]


Aircraft Returning Early:

Aircraft No.216  Squadron - 511   Pilot - Power, W.M.
Time of Abortive - 0720   Location when Aborted - Selsey Bill
Reason - Formation not found at assembly and not intercepted at Splasher 7 or 9 or Selsey Bill and no other formation found with openings in 1st Division.
Disposition of Bombs: Brought Back
Altitude At Time of Aborting: 20,000’
Enemy Opposition Encountered - None
Remarks:
[Signed] W.M. Power



“J” Form:
  1. Call Letter and Last Four numbers of A/C in each Squadron:
    a. 94th Combat Wing   Lead Group
    Sqdn 508th A/C: 7349–B, 7557–K, 7843–C, 7534–L
    Sqdn 509th A/C: 6078–G, 6077–W, 7169–N, 7193–P, 9914–S, 7845–F, 1384–T, 7202–Z
    Sqdn 510th A/C: None
    Sqdn 511th A/C: None
    P.F.F. Sqdn ___ A/C: _–A, _–U

    b. 94th Combat Wing   High Group
    Sqdn 508th A/C: 7066–O, 2971–J, 1711–F, 8146–D
    Sqdn 509th A/C: 7216–U, 7926–X
    Sqdn 510th A/C: None
    Sqdn 511th A/C: 7381–U, 2952–H, 7524–D, 7571–X, 1714–R, 9848–C

    b. 94th Combat Wing   Low Group
    Sqdn 508th A/C: 7798–H, 0994–T
    Sqdn 509th A/C: 6108–Y
    Sqdn 510th A/C: 1560–A, 8038–R, 2955–P, 1509–V, 7077–D, 2576–C, 7512–S, 7124–F
    Sqdn 511th A/C: 1748–V
  2. Target: 24/C/29
  3. W/T and R/T Operational Call Sign of each Squadron:
    Squadron508 [Call Sign]W/T KCR R/T CARLTONSquadron510 [Call Sign]W/T NVQ R/T TIPSTAFF
    Squadron509 [Call Sign]W/T LKK R/T HOTMINTSquadron511 [Call Sign]W/T MGA R/T PARTNERSHIP
  4. a. Lead Box: Taxi – 0425; Take-Off – 0440; E.T.D. Field – 0440
    b. ____ Box: Taxi – ____; Take-Off – ____; E.T.D. Field – ____
  5. Time:Height:  Place of Crossing English Coast: (OUT)
    065620,000 Ft Selsey Bill
  6. Time:Height:  Place of Crossing Enemy Coast: (IN)
    071920,000 Ft 49°18'N-00°20'W [8 miles N of Caen, France]
  7. Time:Height:  Place of Crossing Enemy Coast: (Out)
    085915,000 Ft 49°18'N-00°20'W [8 miles N of Caen, France]
  8. Time:Height:  Place of Crossing English Coast: (IN)
    09358,000 Ft Selsey Bill
  9. E.T.R.(Estimated Time of Return) Base: 1021 Hours
  10. MF/DF [Medium Frequency/Direction Finder] Section: "N"
  11. Bomb load of Each A/C: Lead Box
    508 Squadron: 12 x 500 GP [General Purpose] 1/10 x 1/40 [Fuses]
    509 Squadron: 12 x 500 GP [General Purpose] 1/10 x 1/40 [Fuses]
    510 Squadron: 12 x 500 GP [General Purpose] 1/10 x 1/40 [Fuses]
    511 Squadron: 12 x 500 GP [General Purpose] 1/10 x 1/40 [Fuses]

    Bomb load of Each A/C: High Box
    508 Squadron: 12 x 500 GP [General Purpose] 1/10 x 1/40 [Fuses]
    509 Squadron: 12 x 500 GP [General Purpose] 1/10 x 1/40 [Fuses]
    510 Squadron: 12 x 500 GP [General Purpose] 1/10 x 1/40 [Fuses]
    511 Squadron: 12 x 500 GP [General Purpose] 1/10 x 1/40 [Fuses]

    Bomb load of Each A/C: Low Box
    508 Squadron: 12 x 500 GP [General Purpose] 1/10 x 1/40 [Fuses]
    509 Squadron: 12 x 500 GP [General Purpose] 1/10 x 1/40 [Fuses]
    510 Squadron: 12 x 500 GP [General Purpose] 1/10 x 1/40 [Fuses]
    511 Squadron: 12 x 500 GP [General Purpose] 1/10 x 1/40 [Fuses]
  12. Fuel Load of each A/C: 1900 Gallons
  13. Group Leader:
    a. Lead Box: Name: Elzia Ledoux Rank: Lt. Col. A/C: 6078-G  Sqdn. 509th
    b. High Box: Name: Joseph F, Nesmith Rank: Captain A/C: 7381-U Sqdn. 511th
    c. Low Box: Name: Harry B. Holsapple Rank: Captain A/C: 2455-P Sqdn. 510th
  14. Passengers, if any: (Full Name, Rank, A/C and Squadron Passenger flying with)
    None
  15. Actual Times Off and Return by Squadrons and A/C Letters:
  16. Lead Box
    SquadronA/C No. & LetterA.T.O.A.T.R.SquadronA/C No. & LetterA.T.O.A.T.R.
    508349–B________509078–G________
    557–K________077–W________
    843–C________169–N________
    534–L________193–P________
    914–S________
    845–F________
    384–T________
    202–Z________
  17. High Box
    SquadronA/C No. & LetterA.T.O.A.T.R.SquadronA/C No. & LetterA.T.O.A.T.R.
    508066–O________509216–U________
    971–J________926–X________
    711–F________
    146–D________
    510511381–U________
    952–H________
    524–D________
    571–X________
    714–R________
    216–Y________
  18. Low Box
    SquadronA/C No. & LetterA.T.O.A.T.R.SquadronA/C No. & LetterA.T.O.A.T.R.
    508798–H________509108–Y________
    510955–P________511748–V________
    509–V________
    515–L________
    077–D________
    576–C________
    512–S________
    124–F________
    560–A________
    038–R________

    Report Compiled By John Maksimik, S/Sgt.



Formation Chart:
Lead Combat Box Formation at Take–Off and Over Target
509th Squadron
Ledoux–Brooksby
A/C 44-6078 G
Overmeyer
A/C 42-97169 N
Viste
A/C 44-6077 W
Trombley
A/C 42-97193 P
509th Squadron508th Squadron
Garcia
A/C 42-39914 S
Overholt
A/C 42-97349 B
Sutton
A/C 42-31384 T
Guthrey
A/C 42-37845 F
McLott
A/C 42-97843 C
Pattison
A/C 42-37557 K
Watkins
A/C 42-97202 Z
Lord
A/C 43-37534 L


High Combat Box Formation at Take–Off
511th Squadron
Nesmith
A/C 42-97381 U
Bland
A/C 43-37524 D
Nay
A/C 42-102952 H
Belote
A/C 43-37571 X
511th Squadron508th Squadron
Heller
A/C 42-31714 R
Lowery
A/C 42-97066 O
Power
A/C 42-97216 U
Burks
A/C 42-39848 C
Hales
A/C 42-31711 F
Muhelman
A/C 42-102971 J
Willard
A/C 42-97926 X
Nall
A/C 42-38146 D
High Combat Box Formation Over–Target
511th Squadron
Nesmith
A/C 42-97381 U
Bland
A/C 43-37524 D
Nay
A/C 42-102952 H
Belote
A/C 43-37571 X
511th Squadron508th Squadron
Heller
A/C 42-31714 R
Lowery
A/C 42-97066 O
Willard
A/C 42-97926 X
Burks
A/C 42-39848 C
Hales
A/C 42-31711 F
Muhelman
A/C 42-102971 J
Nall
A/C 42-38146 D
Low Combat Box Formation at Take–Off and Over Target
510th Squadron
Holsapple
A/C 42-102955 P
Cesarini
A/C 42-30994 T
McIntyre
A/C 42-31509 V
Crockett
A/C 42-107077 D
510th Squadron510th Squadron
Caughlan
A/C 43-37512 S
Olson
A/C 42-102576 C
Taylor-Edwards
A/C 42-97798 H
Turbyne
A/C 42-31748 V
Neal
A/C 42-107124 F
Konecheck
A/C 42-31560 A
Dawson
A/C 44-6108 Y
Walker
A/C 42-38038 R


Time Schedule:
Zero Hour: 0800  Briefing: ____  Stations: 0405  Start Engines: 0415  Taxi: 0425  Take-off: 0440  Leave Base: 0440

 [Wounded - 0]
The above records were obtained at the National Archives Records Administration and have been declassified by authority NND 745005
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