351st Bomb Group

Polebrook, England

Group Mission #147

Credited Mission #141

 
DATE: 12 Jun. 1944
Target: Airdrome, Cambrai, France
 
Briefing Outline:
  1. Airplane and Crew Assignment Check.
  2. Time Schedule:
     High Box Lead Box Low Box
    Stations   –0515 0600Stations   –0605Stations   –0610
    Start Engines –0525 0610Start Engines –0615Start Engines –0620
    Taxi     –0535 0620Taxi     –0625Taxi     –0630
    Take Off   –0550 0635Take Off   –0640Take Off   –0645
    Last Take Off –0700 0745Last Take Off –0750Last Take Off –0755

    Lead & deputy leaders start eng., taxi, & take-off 5 min. before rest of Group.
  3. Targets:
    Primary: Cambrai A/D [Airdrome]
    Secondary: Any primary target of other C.W.
    Last Resort: Military columns, convoys on roads, railroads, bridges, concentrations of equipment. Any target attack must be clear of any built up areas.

  4. Loading:
    351 “A”: Lead – 18 x 250# G.P. 1/10 x 1/40 -- 2 A/C Delay Action. Delay Action – C-843-Leland and L-534-Lord
    351 “B”: High – Max. Fragmentation Clusters.
    Composite351: Low - 38 x 100# 1/10 x 1/100
    Nickels [Propaganda Leaflets] in Ship # - R-144 Fowler
    Chaff: 288 [units] Lead Grp. – one minute before I.P. [Initial Point of Bomb Run] for 12 minutes.

  5. Gasoline Loading: 1900 gallons
    Remarks: Base Reference Alt. – 18,000’

  6. Wing Formation94th (A) CBW94th (B) CBW94th (C) CBWComp. CBW
    Lead457th401st351st
    Low457th401st351st
    High457th401st351st

  7. Division Formation:
    PositionCBW [Combat Wing]TargetDeparture Time at Coast
    Lead1st "A"Lille
    2nd40th "A"Lille
    3rd94th "A"Vitry
    4th41st "A"Cambrai North
    5th1st "C"Cambrai South
    6th1st "B"Lille
    7th40th "B"Lille
    8th94th "B"Vitry
    9th40th "C"Cambrai North
    10th94th "C"Cambrai SouthUs
    2nd DivisionWest of Paris
    3rd DivisionJust South of 1st Division’s targets.
    Marauders
    RAF [Royal Air Force]Mosquitos in area.

    Remarks: ____

  8. Fighter Cover:
    • [Force][Latitude & Longitude][Call Sign]
      6 Groups P-51's Area Support  Balance 1-1 to 3-1 
      1 Group P-47's Area Support  Balance 2-3 
      1 Group P-38's Area Support  Balance 4-1 

  9. Group Assembly:
    BoxAltitudePlace
    Lead11,000'Splasher #16
    Low10,000'Splasher #16
    High12,000'Splasher #16

  10. Navigator - _____
  11. S-2 - _____
  12. Weather - _____
  13. Special Instructions to Navigators, Bombardiers and Radio Operators:
    Fair warning to all bombardiers – premature releases will cause that bombardier to forfeit credit for that particular mission and grounding for an indefinite period of time.
    Bomb line noted & complied with on T. of O. [Target of Opportunity]
    High Groups (Frags.) will attempt to fly elements abreast of Grp. Leader.
    Wx. [Weather] Mossie [Mosquito] On Ch. “B”.
  14. Squadron Leaders and Group Deputy report to Target Room. All but Pilots Dismissed.
  15. (A) Code Words –
    PFF Bombing –____
    Visual Bombing -____
    Authenticator –“Black Label”
    Recall -____
    Weather Code -BITVA
    Release "CHAFF" -Tin Hat
    Abandon Ops -Slow Down Joe
    Weather Ship -Eclipse J – Jig 457

    (B) Call Signs:
    Call SignFlaresRemarks
    351st LeadWoodcraft RedYY
    351st LowWoodcraft BrownGY
    351st HighWoodcraft PinkRG
    401st B
    457th A
    457th B
    Composite
    1st C.B.W.
    40th C.B.W.
    41st C.B.W.
    Composite C.B.W.

    (C)
    U.S. FightersBalance 3
    R.A.F. Fighters
     BombersVinegrove 3 - 10
    U.S. Grnd. ControlColgate
    R.A.F. Grnd. Control

    Control Points:Fighter Reference Points:
    X - Deenethorpe BuncherL - Argentan
    Y - Splasher 16I - Paris
    A - PeterboroughS - St Quentin
    B - Downham MarketT - Lille
    C - Splasher 7E - Rouen
    R - NewmarketN - Rennes
    Z - Clacton______
    Remarks: ____

    (D)
    Colors of the Day
    TimeColorLetterChallenge
    0200 – 0800R-RRZY
    0800 – 1400RRIJ

    (E) Ships To Monitor [Radio Channels A, B, C & D]
    1. - All except Following:
    2. - A-702, A-560, N-169
    3. - J-971, B-082, L-676
    4. - All Available
  16. Let-Down on Splasher # 16, if overcast.
    351st A Lead  50° Mag. [Magnetic Compass Heading]
    351st A Low   35° Mag.
    351st A High   65° Mag.
  17. Flying Control. –
    1. Taxi Plan.
    2. Emergency Fields. - Woodbridge
    3. Landing Aids.

  18. Special Instructions:
    Lead & Deputy of each box will take-off five minutes before T.O.time to position themselves in CBW formation.
    Spares turn back just after mid-Channel at enemy coast.
    Weather ship will give weather over points. Care will be taken not to confuse recommendations & leaders.
    Strict compliance – Radio silence except for CBW Leaders.
    Strike message also on Channel B to Cycle Relay.
    Target weather on Channel B at Zero plus 80 minutes.


Operational Narrative – 94th “C” Combat Wing:
  1. General Narrative. Thirty-six aircraft were furnished by this Group for the mission of 12 June, 1944. Assembly was made by groups with [without] incident at the Deenethorpe Buncher. The CBW assembly was made at the Buncher also and departure was made on time.
     The route to the target was flown as briefed with only slight variance. Any differences in route are indicated on the Track Chart.
     The lead and low boxes were forced to make a second bombing run, while the high box was able to bomb on the first approach. The CBW lead aircraft had a C-1 [Autopilot] malfunction which necessitated a 360° turn, and which in turn forced the low box out of position. The formation of all three boxes was good while bombing.
     Because the high box bombed first, it was necessary for it to wait outside of the target area for the lead and low boxes. The lead and low boxes bombed in turn and rallied without difficulty. The high box took an interception course after the lead box had bombed. Because of flak installations, the high box was unable to hold this course and the leader elected to come out as a unit without affecting a CBW rally.
     Fighter opposition was nil and flak was meager to moderate. Meager flak was encountered at several points on the route in, and moderate amounts were encountered by the high box on the route out, especially at the coast.
     One aircraft from the high group was lost because of flak on the French Coast on the route out. It was last seen turning south toward the beach head. This aircraft later ditched, all but two (2) crew members being rescued.  No difficulties were encountered on the return route. Weather was good and landings at base were made without difficulty. The route taken by the High box in returning to base is indicated on the track chart.
     The mission was carried out as briefed with the exception of the C-1 malfunction and the failure to rally the CBW after bombing. High winds made navigation difficult, but all points were reached on time.
  2. Aircraft Not Attacking. All thirty-six aircraft passed over the target, as indicated on the following formation diagrams. One (1) aircraft (42-31560, Pilot Lt. Konecheck) was unable to drop its bombs on the target due to damage to the racks received when the aircraft was caught in prop wash. Bombs were later jettisoned in the channel.
  3. Aircraft Lost. Aircraft 42-37845, Pilot Lt. Guthrey, was hit by flak at the French Coast. Observers indicated that it had turned south. A later report indicated that it had ditched. Two men were killed, three wounded, and four were unhurt. All were picked up by Air-Sea Rescue.
  4. Combat Wing Air Commander. Major Paul L. Fishburne, flying in aircraft 42-97381, led the 94th “C” Combat Bomb Wing formation.

STATISTICAL SUMMARY
No. of A/C Scheduled36
No. of A/C Taking Off36
No. of A/C Attacking35
No. of A/C Not Attacking1
No. of Sorties36
No. of A/C Lost to Flak (Ditched) 1

[Signed] Clinton F. Ball, Lt. Colonel, Air Corps, Operations Officer


Bombardier’s Narrative – 94th “A” Box:

Group: 351st
Target: Cambrai, France
Method of Bombing: Visual
Altitude: 21,000’
Direction of Attack: 275° Mag. Heading
Wind Direction: 260°
Wind Velocity: 92 K
Bombardier’s Narrative: Due to a C-1 [Autopilot] malfunction, a second bomb run had to be made on the target. “Bombs Away” took place at 0954 on a magnetic heading of 275°. Bombs fell short of briefed M.P.I. [Mean Point of Impact]

[Signed:] Harry Fireman, 1st Lt., Air Corps, Lead Bombardier



Bombardier’s Narrative – 94th “B” Box:

Group: 351st
Target: Cambrai, France
Method of Bombing: Visual
Altitude: 20,400’
Direction of Attack: 285° Mag. Heading
Wind Direction: 260°
Wind Velocity: 92 K
Bombardier’s Narrative: Course to target was as briefed. Started the bomb run on the briefed I.P., but one minute before time for “Bombs Away” Pilot had to turn to avoid collision with Lead Group. A new bomb run was started with a new I.P. Bombs were away at 0958 on a Magnetic heading of 285° with good results.

[Signed:] Manuel J. Giswein, 1st Lt., Air Corps, Lead Bombardier



Bombardier’s Narrative – 94th “C” Box:

Group: 351st
Target: Cambrai, France
Method of Bombing: Visual
Altitude: 21,000’
Direction of Attack: 285° Mag. Heading
Wind Direction: 260°
Wind Velocity: 92 K
Bombardier’s Narrative: Target was picked up with fair visibility. Started bomb run on briefed I.P. behind Lead and Low Groups. Bombs were away at 0923½ on a magnetic heading of 285°. Results were observed to be good.

[Signed:] Clay J. Pinner, 1st Lt., Air Corps, Lead Bombardier



Combat Bombing Flight Record – Lead Box:

Bombardier - 1st Lt. Fireman, Harry  Pilot - Major Fishburne, Paul L. Navigator - 1st Lt. Simmons, Max G.
Aircraft B-17G   381-U  Take-off - 0639 Landed - 1144
Objective - Cambrai, France (Airfield)
Aiming Point (MPI) [Mean Point of Impact] - As briefed
Initial Point - As briefed
Method of Attack - Group
No. of Attacking A/C in Group: - 12   Composite Group - ____
Number A/C Dropping Bombs by own Sighting Operation: One
Deflection and Range Sighting, Group: ____   Composite Group - ____
Range Sighting only, Group - ____   Composite Group - ____
Bombs, Types and Sizes - 250 LB. G.P. [General Purpose]
Number of Bombs Loaded - 18   Released - Same
Fusing, Nose - 1/10   Tail - 1/40
Synchronization - On
Information at Release Point:

Altitude of Target - 312'Magnetic Heading Ordered 269° Actual 275°
True Altitude Above Target - 20,900'True Heading ___°
Indicated Altitude - 21,000Drift, Estimated 2° Right - Actual 0°
Pressure Altitude of Target +360True Track ___°
Altimeter Setting 29.92Actual Range 5,241'
Calculated Indicated Air Speed - 150 M.P.H.B.S. Type - M-9
True Air Speed - 210 M.P.H.Time of Release 0954
Ground Speed Est. 124 Actual 99Length of Bombing Run - 2 min.
Wind Direction Metro - 260° Actual - 260°Intervalometer Setting - Train
Wind Velocity Metro 83 Actual 92K C-1 Pilot [Autopilot] _____
D.S. - 137.6  Trail - 85 +5   ATF - 38.51A-5 Pilot _____
Tan. D.A, Est. .25 Actual .91 Manual Pilot - X [Used]

Type of Release - Train
Point of Impact If Seen - ___
Mean Temp. Metro +4 Actual +4
Winds - Altitude - 21,000 Ft.  Direction - Metro 260°  Actual 260°  Velocity - Metro 83  Actual 92K
Temp C. - Metro -22° C. Actual -22° C.



Combat Bombing Flight Record – Low Box:

Bombardier - 1st Lt. Giswein, Manuel J., Jr.  Pilot - Captain McClusky, Sterling L. Navigator - 1st Lt. Volotta, Alexander
Aircraft # 955-P  Take-off - 0646  Landed - 1206
Objective - Cambrai, France (Airfield)
Aiming Point (MPI) [Mean Point of Impact] - Hanger
Initial Point - 50°05’N-03°42’E [24 miles NE of Saint Quentin, France]
Method of Attack - Group
No. of Attacking A/C in Group: - 12   Composite Group - ____
Number A/C Dropping Bombs by own Sighting Operation: One
Deflection and Range Sighting, Group: ____   Composite Group - ____
Range Sighting only, Group - ____   Composite Group - ____
Bombs, Types and Sizes - 100 LB. G.P. [General Purpose]
Number of Bombs Loaded - 37   Released - Same
Fusing, Nose - 1/10   Tail - 1/100
Synchronization - On
Information at Release Point:

Altitude of Target - 312'Magnetic Heading Ordered 269° Actual 285°
True Altitude Above Target - 20,250'True Heading 277°
Indicated Altitude - 20,400Drift, Estimated 2° Left - Actual 2° Right
Pressure Altitude of Target +360True Track 275°
Altimeter Setting 29.92Actual Range 4,817'
Calculated Indicated Air Speed - 150 M.P.H.B.S. Type - M-9
True Air Speed - 208 M.P.H.Time of Release 0958
Ground Speed Est. 122 Actual 114Length of Bombing Run - 1 min.
Wind Direction Metro - 260° Actual - 260°Intervalometer Setting - 50'
Wind Velocity Metro 70 Actual 92K C-1 Pilot [Autopilot] X [Used]
D.S. - 136.4  Trail - 106 +5   ATF - 38.83A-5 Pilot _____
Tan. D.A, Est. .23 Actual .27 Manual Pilot - ____

Type of Release - Train
Point of Impact If Seen - Good
Mean Temp. Metro +4 Actual +4
Winds - Altitude - 20,400 Ft.  Direction - Metro 260°  Actual 260°  Velocity - Metro 70  Actual 92K
Temp C. - Metro -22° C. Actual -22° C.



Combat Bombing Flight Record – 94th High Box:

Bombardier - 1st Lt. Pinner, Clay J.   Pilot - 1st Lt. Viste, Gerald D. Navigator - 2nd Lt. Gallagher, Thomas J.
Aircraft # 077-W  Take-off - 0630  Landed - 1154
Objective - Cambrai, France (Airfield)
Aiming Point (MPI) [Mean Point of Impact] - Barracks Area
Initial Point - As briefed
Method of Attack - Group
No. of Attacking A/C in Group: - 12   Composite Group - ____
Number A/C Dropping Bombs by own Sighting Operation: One
Deflection and Range Sighting, Group: ____   Composite Group - ____
Range Sighting only, Group - ____   Composite Group - ____
Bombs, Types and Sizes - 100 LB. M1 Cluster Frags.
Number of Bombs Loaded - 30   Released - Same
Fusing, Nose - ___   Tail - ___
Synchronization - On
Information at Release Point:

Altitude of Target - 312'Magnetic Heading Ordered 269° Actual 285°
True Altitude Above Target - 21,450'True Heading ___°
Indicated Altitude - 21,500Drift, Estimated 2° Right - Actual 2° Left
Pressure Altitude of Target +360True Track ___°
Altimeter Setting 29.92Actual Range 2,456'
Calculated Indicated Air Speed - 150 M.P.H.B.S. Type - M-9
True Air Speed - 212 M.P.H.Time of Release 0923½
Ground Speed Est. 124 Actual 130Length of Bombing Run - 130 sec.
Wind Direction Metro - 260° Actual - 260°Intervalometer Setting - 200’
Wind Velocity Metro 83 Actual 92K C-1 Pilot [Autopilot] X [Used]
D.S. - 195.1  Trail - 150   ATF - 45.25A-5 Pilot _____
Tan. D.A, Est. .12 Actual .13 Manual Pilot - ____

Type of Release - Train
Point of Impact If Seen - On M.P.I.
Mean Temp. Metro +4 Actual +4
Winds - Altitude - 21,000 Ft.  Direction - Metro 260°  Actual 260°  Velocity - Metro 83  Actual 92K
Temp C. - Metro -22° C. Actual -22° C.



Preliminary Damage Assessment:
  1. The target for the three boxes of this Group was the aerodrome hangar and facilities at Cambrai/Niergnies, France. Photo coverage for all boxes was good.
  2. The bombs of the lead box fell in open fields 5,560 feet short of the target. No damage was done. The pattern is 3,420’ by 900’.
  3. The bombs of the low box fell into the target area. The heaviest concentration fell on the single hangar and damage should result to the hangar and to two dispersal sheds. The double hangar was destroyed before the bombs of this Group fell. The pattern is 2,448’ by 1,428’, and the actual MPI is 1,020’ over the briefed MPI.
  4. The fragmentation bombs of the high box fell 1,800’ over and to the right of the target area. The main concentration fell into the small village of Niergnies, which is probably used for barracks. Damage will be moderate. Some of the bombs fell near dispersal sheds, and there is a direct hit on the main hangar. Later photos show fire from the village. The pattern covers an area 2,320’ X 1,000’.
[Signed:] Thomas L. Cooper, Captain, Air Corps, Group P.I. [Photo Intelligence] Officer


Track Chart:
Click on Chart to Enlarge



Combat Crew Comments:

    508th Sqdn.
A/C 702-A Why English rations? -- Lt. McLott.

    510th Sqdn.
A/C 028-Q Lead group flew a collision course at target, forcing the low group to make a 360° and come in again. The lead group did a lot of S-ing and almost caused a collision between No. 3 in lead element and No. 3 in low squadron. – Whole Crew.
A/C 038-R Ship was not loaded with ammunition; guns were assembled wrong and were dirty; tail guns almost burned out. – Gunners.
A/C 252-K Transportation should be out to meet us upon landing. We waited 20 minutes before truck arrived to take us back for interrogation. – Lt. Auten
A/C 124-F We don’t see any reason for making 360° turns over the target. – Whole Crew.

[Signed] Elmore E. Leppert, 1st Lt., Air Corps, Ass’t S-2 [Intelligence]



Armament Report:
  1. The following malfunctions were reported on the Mission of 12 June, 1944:
    1. A/C 42-97169 – (Mesh – Salvo) Intervalometer failed to release in train. Bombardier was ready with salvo lever in case of malfunction and released bombs on time. Intervalometer checks satisfactorily on ground.
    2. A/C 43-37676 (Kles Salvo) Intervalometer released only four (4) bombs in train. Bombardier was ready for malfunction and salvoed remaining bombs instantly. Racks check out on ground.
    3. A/C 42-102971 – Premature release of bombs. Bombardier:
      1. Opened doors
      2. Turned on Intervalometer.
      3. Closed rack selector switches and bombs dropped without toggling.
      Racks check normally on ground. This office requests information as to whether the procedure as outlined above does not have the same results as turning on the Intervalometer before the doors are opened; i.e., feed-back causing accidental electrical release of bombs.
    4. A/C 42-31560 – Bombs failed to release electrically or by pilot’s emergency release (mechanical). Later bombs were jettisoned by Bombardier’s salvo lever. This ship went into violent dive followed by severe upward lurch. Bombs were lifted violently in the racks, causing the top ones to hit roof of Bomb-Bay. The rear cables supporting five (5) bombs were broken during this procedure. Electrical release checks normally on ground. Emergency release inoperative at time of return but has been repaired.
  2. No gun malfunction and no turret malfunction.
[Signed:] Clement E. Hayes, Captain, Air Corps, Acting Group Armament Officer


Disposition of Bombs:

1. Following is the disposition of bombs on the Mission of 12 June, 1944.

AIRCRAFTBOMBS
Main BombfallOver TargetBombingNumberSizeTypeFusing: NoseTail
(Cambrai)1212180250 lb.GP1/101/40
Lead Box15250 lb.GP12 HourDelay
12250 lb.GP24 HourDelay
8250 lb.GP72 HourDelay
Total Bombs Dropped and Loaded215250 lb.GP
High Box1212412100 lb.Fragmentation ClustersInstantaneous
8Nickels
Total Bombs Dropped and Loaded412100 lb.Fragmentation ClustersInstantaneous
Low Box1211378100 lb.GP1/101/100
38100 #Fragmentation ClustersInstantaneous
Total Bombs Dropped378100 lb.GP1/101/100
38100 #Fragmentation ClustersInstantaneous
Jettisoned in Channel after Rack Malfunction38100 lb.GP1/101/100
Total Bombs Loaded446100 lb.GP1/101/100
38100 #Fragmentation ClustersInstantaneous
94th “C” Combat Wing: TOTAL BOMBS DROPPED3635215250 lb.GP
450100 lb.Fragmentation Clusters
378100 lb.GP
8Nickels

[Signed:] Robert B. Stratton, Captain, Air Corps, Statistical Officer



Deficiencies and Disabilities:

1. Following interrogation, a negative report is hereby submitted for operational mission of the above date.

[Signed:] Ernest J. Cater, 1st Lt., Air Corps, Group Equipment Officer


“J” Form:
  1. Call Letter and Last Four numbers of A/C in each Squadron:
    a. 94th "C" Combat Wing   Lead Group
    Sqdn 508th A/C: 31879–Q, 31702–A, 31711–F, 7349–B, 7557–K, 7727–N
    Sqdn 508th A/C: 7534–L (D.A.-Delayed Action), 7066–O, 7798–H, 2971–J, 7843–C (D.A.-Delayed Action)
    Sqdn 511th A/C: 7381–U
    P.F.F. Sqdn ___ A/C:

    b. 94th "C" Combat Wing   High Group
    Sqdn 509th A/C: 6077–W, 6078–G, 7169–N, 7202–Z, 7216–U, 7845–F, 6108–Y
    Sqdn 509th A/C: 7193–P, 7926–X, 7676–L, 7144–R (Nickels)
    Sqdn 511 A/C: 1238–A

    b. 94th "C" Combat Wing   Low Group
    Sqdn 510th A/C: 2955–P, 2576–C, 1560–A, 7077–D, 7512–S, 7124–F, 7515–L
    Sqdn 510th A/C: 7252–K, 8028–Q, 8038–R
    Sqdn 511th A/C: 1748–V, 1714–R
  2. Target: Z-151
  3. W/T and R/T Operational Call Sign of each Squadron:
    Squadron508 [Call Sign]W/T LXG R/T CARLTONSquadron510 [Call Sign]W/T WWR R/T TIPSTAFF
    Squadron509 [Call Sign]W/T MOZ R/T HOTMINTSquadron511 [Call Sign]W/T RJB R/T PARTNERSHIP
  4. a. Lead Box: Taxi – 0625; Take-Off – 0640; E.T.D. Field – 0640
    b. High Box: Taxi – 0620; Take-Off – 0635; E.T.D. Field – 0635
    c. Low Box: Taxi – 0630; Take-Off – 0645; E.T.D. Field – 0645
  5. Time:Height:  Place of Crossing English Coast: (OUT)
    082316,000 Ft Clacton
  6. Time:Height:  Place of Crossing Enemy Coast: (IN)
    084721,000 Ft 51°42'N-03°42'E [Nieuw-Haamstede, Netherlands]
  7. Time:Height:  Place of Crossing Enemy Coast: (Out)
    100321,000 Ft 51°08'N-02°40'E [On the coast at Witte-burg, Belgium]
  8. Time:Height:  Place of Crossing English Coast: (IN)
    10317,000 Ft Clacton
  9. E.T.R.(Estimated Time of Return) Base: 1105 Hours
  10. MF/DF [Medium Frequency/Direction Finder] Section: "N"
  11. Bomb load of Each A/C: Lead Box
    508 Squadron: 18 x 250# G.P. [General Purpose] 1/10 x 1/40 [Fuses] - 7534-L & 7843-C - Delayed Action
    509 Squadron: None
    510 Squadron: None
    511 Squadron: 18 x 250# G.P. [General Purpose] 1/10 x 1/40 [Fuses]


    Bomb load of Each A/C: High Box
    508 Squadron: None
    509 Squadron: Maximum [Number of] Fragmentation Clusters - 7144-R Nickels
    510 Squadron: None
    511 Squadron: Maximum [Number of] Fragmentation Clusters

    Bomb load of Each A/C: Low Box
    508 Squadron: None
    509 Squadron: None
    510 Squadron: 38 x 100 # G.P. [General Purpose] 1/10 x 1/100 [Fuses]
    511 Squadron: None
  12. Fuel Load of each A/C: 1800 Gallons
  13. Group Leader:
    a. Lead Box: Name: P.L. Fishburne Rank: Major A/C: 7381-U  Sqdn. 511th
    b. High Box: Name: G.D. Viste Rank: 1st Lt. A/C: 6077-W Sqdn. 509th c. Low Box: Name: S.L. Mc Cluskey Rank: Capt. A/C: 2955-P Sqdn. 510th
  14. Passengers, if any: (Full Name, Rank, A/C and Squadron Passenger flying with)
    None

Report Compiled By C.A. Blanchard, M/Sgt.



Formation Chart:
Lead Box Formation at Take–Off and Over Target
508th Squadron
Fishburne–Gaylord
A/C 42-97381 U
McLott
A/C 42-31702 A
Floden
A/C 42-31879 Q
Taylor
A/C 42-31711 F
Hales–Lowery
A/C 42-97066 O
Overholt
A/C 42-97349 B
Edwards
A/C 42-102971 J
Pattison
A/C 42-97798 H
Muhleman
A/C 43-37727 N
Miller
A/C 43-37557 K
Leland
A/C 42-97843 C
Lord
A/C 43-37534 L


High Box Formation at Take–Off and Over Target
509th Squadron
Viste–Davey
A/C 44-6077 W
Overmeyer
A/C 42-97169 N
Garcia
A/C 44-6078 G
Watkins
A/C 42-97202 Z
Trombley
A/C 42-97193 P
Roehlk–Redmond
A/C 42-97216 U
McCall
A/C 43-37676 L
McAfee
A/C 42-97926 X
Guthery
A/C 42-37845 F
Sutton
A/C 42-31238 A
Fowler
A/C 42-97144 R
Dawson
A/C 44-6108 Y


Low Box Formation at Take–Off and Over Target
510th Squadron
McCluskey
A/C 42-102955 P
Konecheck
A/C 42-31560 A
Olson
A/C 42-102576 C
Crockett
A/C 42-107077 D
McIntyre
A/C 42-38028 Q
Caughlan
A/C 43-37512 S
Gibbons
A/C 42-31714 R
Cesarini–Williamson
A/C 42-31748 V
Fultz
A/C 43-37515 L
Neal
A/C 42-107124 F
Walker
A/C 42-38038 R
Auten
A/C 43-97252 K


Time Schedule:
Zero Hour: 0745  Briefing: 0300  Stations: 0600  Start Engines: 06100  Taxi: 0620  Take-off: 0635  Leave Base: 0635 [Breakfast: Officers - 0200, Gunners 0150]


Missing Air Crew Report (MACR):
  • A/C# 42-37845   RQ-F  "Wildfire"  Pilot: Guthrey     A/C's 55th Mission   No MACR

    Aircraft Loss Circumstances:

    The 351st Bomb Group book report on the mission described it in this manner. There were no enemy fighters and only light flak. This, however, was enough to damage 42-37845, piloted by Lt. Guthrey, who was forced to ditch in the Channel on the way back. Two of the crew, Sgt. Leo C. Hamilton, radio operator and Sgt. Norbert E. Berendsen, top turret, died of exposure and drowning. The other crewmembers were picked up safely by Air Sea Rescue.
    The web site http://www.americanairmuseum.com reports that the plane ditched in the Channel 25 miles off Dungeness, Kent, UK.

    Individual Accounts of Crewmen Fates:
    • Pilot - 2nd Lt Guthrey, Varner B., rescued by Air/Sea Rescue.
    • Co-pilot - 2nd Lt Seidell, Robert E., rescued by Air/Sea Rescue.
    • Navigator - 2nd Lt Peters, Edmund P., rescued by Air/Sea Rescue.
    • Bombardier - F/O Humphrey, Lewis H., rescued by Air/Sea Rescue.
    • Top Turret Gunner - Sgt Berendsen, Norbert E., Killed in Action
    • Radio Operator - Sgt Hamilton, Leo C., Killed in Action
    • Waist Gunner - Sgt Fisher, Lamont C., rescued by Air/Sea Rescue.
    • Ball Turret Gunner - Sgt Roper, Atison S., rescued by Air/Sea Rescue.
    • Tail Gunner - Sgt Babin, Lloyd D., rescued by Air/Sea Rescue.
    Burial Records:

    The burial records below courtesy of the American Battle Monuments Commission. http://www.abmc.gov and findagrave.com

    • Sgt Berendsen, Norbert E., West Park Cemetery, Cleveland, Cuyahoga County, Ohio
    • Sgt Hamilton, Leo C., buried Moravian Cemetery, De Forest, Dane County, Wisconsin


    Click on Photo to Enlarge

     [Killed in Action - 2]
     [Rescued From The Sea - 7]
The above records were obtained at the National Archives Records Administration and have been declassified by authority NND 745005
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