351st Bomb Group

Polebrook, England

Group Mission #163

Credited Mission #157

 
DATE: 6 July 1944
Target: NOBALL (Z-3262) near Bertreville St. Ouen, France
 
Operational Narrative – 94th “C” Combat Wing:
  1. General Narrative. Thirty-nine aircraft of the 351st Group took off at 0638 – 0723 hours to form the 94th “C” Combat Wing. Two PFF aircraft and three flying spares were included in those aircraft starting the mission. Assembly of the three groups and the combat wing formation was made good over Buncher W at 16,000 feet. Some difficulty was encountered in forming as usual due to a misunderstanding as to the assembly altitude. The departure from the assembly point was made on time and in fair formation.
     The route over England was flown as briefed, but due to upper winds being lighter than had been predicted, the combat wing arrived at Selsey Bill. A 360° turn was made at Selsey Bill and the departure from England was made on course and one minute late.
     The route to the target was flown as briefed and without incident. Bombing was done visually and the observed results were considered fair with most of the concentration slightly to the right of the MPI [Mean Point of Impact]. A turn to the right was made immediately after the bomb strike as per the flight plan, and the let down from the bombing altitude of 25,000 feet was begun.
     The route back to base was a continual let down and only a slight deviation from the briefed course was made to bypass London.
     Flak was encountered just after bombing, coming from Dieppe. It was moderate and inaccurate. Little damage was sustained by the aircraft of the combat wing and no further opposition was encountered.
     One aircraft was forced to leave the formation and land at Tangmere due to battle damage, and another was sent to Wittering to land because the hydraulic system had been shot out by flak. All other aircraft returned to base, landing at 1108 – 1153 hours.
     The lead and low boxes bombed on the first run, but the high box was forced to make a 360° turn and bomb on a second run when the target was obscured by the smoke of the bombs from the preceding groups. The lead and low boxes proceeded to base without waiting for the high box.
  2. Aircraft Not Attacking. (Lead). Aircraft 42-31702, Pilot Lt. Wright, returned to base from a point about thirty miles off Beachy Head when he was unable to contact the formation. Aircraft 42-97843, pilot Lt. Van Sandt, returned from a point ten minutes within enemy territory when he could not catch the formation. (Sortie.)  Low Box. Aircraft 42-107077, pilot Lt. Matre, was unable to bomb when over the target. Details are contained in the armament report. (Sortie.) Aircraft 43-37524, Pilot Lt. Aldredge, returned as planned. This aircraft was scheduled as a flying spare. The flying spares scheduled to fly with the Lead and High boxes filled the positions vacated by the two abortives in the Lead box.
  3. Aircraft Lost. No aircraft were lost on the first mission of 6 July, 1944.
  4. Combat Wing Air Commander. Lt. L. H. Dennis, flying in PFF aircraft 42-97651, led the 94th “C” Combat Wing. Group Leaders. Captain H. B. Holsapple, flying in aircraft 42-102955, and Lt. E S. Fowler, flying in aircraft 44-6078, led the low and high boxes respectively of the 94th “C” Combat Wing.
  5. PFF A/C. Besides the two PFF aircraft used by the 351st Group, five others were furnished. The 401st Group used two, but did not attack the target. The 457th Group also used two, and attacked the target. One PFF aircraft was furnished to the 1st Combat Wing, but it was not used.

[Signed] Clinton F. Ball, Lt. Colonel, Air Corps, Operations Officer


Statistical Summary:

Lead BoxHigh BoxLow BoxPFF A/C withPFF A/C withPFF A/C with
94th “C” CBW94th “C” CBW94th “C” CBW351st Lead401st Group457th GroupTOTAL
No. of A/C Scheduled11131322243
No. of A/C Failed to Take Off0000000
No. of A/C Taking Off11131322243
No. of A/C Taking Off Less Unused Spares11131222242
No. of A/C Attacking913*1120237
No. of A/C Not Attacking2010205
Name of Primary TargetNOBALL–Z 3262NOBALL–Z 3262NOBALL–Z 3262NOBALL–Z 3262NOBALL–Z 3262NOBALL–Z 3262
No. of A/C Attacking Primary9131120237
No., Size & Type Of Bombs107 x 500 GP144 x 500 GP132 x 500 GP23 x 500 GP
2 Skymarkers
024 x 500 GP430 x 500 GP
Bombs Brought Back:24 x 500 GP12 x 500 GP24 x 500 GP024 x 500 GP084 x 500 GP
Bombs Jettisoned in Channel1 x 500 GP000001 x 500 GP
Total Bombs Loaded132 x 500 GP156 x 500 GP156 x 500 GP23 x 500 GP
Skymarkers
24 x 500 GP24 x 500 GP515 x 500 GP
No. of A/C Lost0000000
No. of A/C Sorties10131122240
*The flying Spare assigned to the High Box filled a vacated position in the Lead Box


Bombardier’s Narrative – Lead Box 94th “C” CBW:

1. No difficulties encountered on the bombing run.
2. C-1 Pilot [Autopilot] was used without any trouble.
3. The target was picked up 240 seconds before “bombs away”.
4. A normal turn was made at initial point.

[Signed:] Elmer R. Robinson, 2nd Lt., Air Corps, Lead Bombardier



Bombardier’s Narrative – High Box 94th “C” CBW:

1. No difficulties were encountered on the bombing run.
2. C-1 Pilot [Autopilot] was used.
3. Target could not be picked up on first run. A 360° turn was made and target was easy to pick upon the second run.
4. The briefed aiming point was used.
5. A normal turn was made at the initial point.

[Signed:] Louis Palmer, 2nd Lt., Air Corps, Lead Bombardier



Bombardier’s Narrative – Low Box 94th “C” CBW:

1. No difficulties were encountered on the bombing run.
2. C-1 Pilot was used with good results.
3. Picked up aiming point 120 seconds before “bombs away”.
4. The briefed aiming point was used.
5. A normal turn was made at the initial point.

[Signed:] Manuel J. Giswein, 1st Lt., Air Corps, Lead Bombardier



Combat Bombing Flight Record – Lead Box 94th “C” CBW:

Bombardier - 2nd Lt. Robinson, Elmer R.  Pilot - 1st Lt. Dennis, Lee H. Navigator - 1st Lt. Sullivan, E.L
Aircraft B-17G   651-Y  Take-off - 0636 Landed - 1100
Objective - NOBALL (Z-3262) near Bertreville St. Ouen, France
Aiming Point (MPI) [Mean Point of Impact] - As briefed
Initial Point - As briefed
Method of Attack - Group
No. of Attacking A/C in Group: - 12   Composite Group - ____
Number A/C Dropping Bombs by own Sighting Operation: ONE
Deflection and Range Sighting, Group: ____   Composite Group - ____
Range Sighting only, Group - ____   Composite Group - ____
Bombs, Types and Sizes - 500 LB. G.P. AN M43
Number of Bombs Loaded - 11 X 500 LB & Marker   Released - Same
Fusing, Nose - 1/10   Tail - 1/100
Synchronization - ON
Information at Release Point:

Altitude of Target - 360'Magnetic Heading Ordered 026° Actual 015°
True Altitude Above Target - 25,150’True Heading 007°
Indicated Altitude - 25,000’Drift, Estimated 2° Left - Actual 7° Right
Pressure Altitude of Target +367True Track 14°
Altimeter Setting 29.92Actual Range 16,971'
Calculated Indicated Air Speed - 150 M.P.H.B.S. Type - Mercury
True Air Speed - 200 M.P.H.Time of Release 0954
Ground Speed Est. 300 Actual 218Length of Bombing Run - 240 seconds
Wind Direction Metro - 190° Actual - 190°Intervalometer Setting - Min.
Wind Velocity Metro 75 Actual 69 C-1 Pilot [Autopilot] X use
D.S. - 126.3  Trail - 59   ATF - 41.9A-5 Pilot _____
Tan. D.A, Est. .68 Actual .54Manual Pilot - ____

Type of Release - Train
Point of Impact If Seen - Right of briefed M.P.I.
Mean Temp. Metro -5.5 Actual -5
Winds - Altitude - 25,000 Ft.  Direction - Metro 190°  Actual 190°  Velocity - Metro 75  Actual 69
Temp C. - Metro -32° C. Actual -32° C.



Combat Bombing Flight Record – High Box 94th “C” CBW:

Bombardier - 2nd Lt. Palmer, Louis   Pilot - 1st Lt. Fowler, Eli S. Navigator - 2nd Lt. Fagan, George J.
Aircraft # 078-G  Take-off - 0640  Landed - 1130
Objective - NOBALL (Z3262) near Bertreville St. Ouen, France
Aiming Point (MPI) [Mean Point of Impact] - As briefed
Initial Point - As briefed
Method of Attack - Group
Number of Attacking A/C in Group - 12    Composite Group - ____
Number A/C Dropping Bombs by own sighting operation - ONE
Deflection and Range sighting, Group - ____   Composite Group - ____
Range Sighting only, Group - ____    Composite Group - ____
Bombs, Types and Sizes - 500 LB. G.P. AN M43
Number of Bombs Loaded - 12    Released - Same
Fusing, Nose - 1/10    Tail - 1/40
Synchronization - On
Information at Release Point:

Altitude of Target - 350'Magnetic Heading Ordered 26° Actual 11°
True Altitude Above Target - 25,400'True Heading 009°
Indicated Altitude - 25,200Drift, Estimated 2° Left - Actual 1° Left
Pressure Altitude of Target +357True Track 008°
Altimeter Setting 29.92Actual Range 17,466’
Calculated Indicated Air Speed - 150 KB.S. Type - M-9
True Air Speed - 218 KTime of Release 1009
Ground Speed Est. 304 Actual 280Length of Bombing Run - 4 Min.
Wind Direction Metro -190° Actual - 203°Intervalometer Setting - Salvo
Wind Velocity Metro 75 Actual 56 C-1 Pilot [Autopilot] X [Used]
D.S. - 124.8  Trail - 61   ATF - 42.47A-5 Pilot _____
Tan. D.A, Est. .68 Actual .61 Manual Pilot _____

Type of Release - Salvo
Point of Impact If Seen - On briefed M.P.I. [Mean Point of Impact]
Mean Temp. Metro -5.5 Actual -5.5
Winds - Altitude - 25,200 Ft.  Direction - Metro 190° Actual 203° Velocity - Metro 75 Actual 56 K
Temp C. - Metro -32° C. Actual -32° C.



Combat Bombing Flight Record – Low Box 94th “C” CBW:

Bombardier - 1st Lt. Giswein, Manuel J.   Pilot - Captain Holsapple, Harry B. Navigator - 1st Lt. Gwyn, Billy V.
Aircraft # 955-P  Take-off - 0645  Landed - 1120
Objective - NOBALL (Z-3262) near Bertreville St. Ouen, France
Aiming Point (MPI) [Mean Point of Impact] - As briefed
Initial Point - As briefed
Method of Attack - Group
Number of Attacking A/C in Group - 12    Composite Group - ____
Number A/C Dropping Bombs by own sighting operation - ONE
Deflection and Range sighting, Group - ____   Composite Group - ____
Range Sighting only, Group - ____    Composite Group - ____
Bombs, Types and Sizes - 500 LB. G.P. AN M43
Number of Bombs Loaded - 12    Released - Same
Fusing, Nose - 1/10   Tail - 1/40
Synchronization - On
Information at Release Point:

Altitude of Target - 360'Magnetic Heading Ordered 26° Actual 22°
True Altitude Above Target - 24,480’True Heading 13°
Indicated Altitude - 24,400’Drift, Estimated 2° Left - Actual 2° Left
Pressure Altitude of Target +357True Track 15°
Altimeter Setting 29.92Actual Range 16,686.62’
Calculated Indicated Air Speed - 150B.S. Type - M-9
True Air Speed - 224Time of Release 0956
Ground Speed Est. 299 Actual 236Length of Bombing Run - 3 Minutes
Wind Direction Metro - 190° Actual - ___°Intervalometer Setting - Salvo
Wind Velocity Metro 65 Actual ___ C-1 Pilot [Autopilot] X [Used]
D.S. - 128.4  Trail - 59   ATF - 41.24A-5 Pilot _____
Tan. D.A, Est. .69 Actual .55 Manual Pilot _____

Type of Release - Salvo
Point of Impact If Seen - As briefed
Mean Temp. Metro -5.5 Actual -5.5
Winds - Altitude - 24,400 Ft.  Direction - Metro 190° Actual ___° Velocity - Metro 65K Actual 75 MPH
Temp C. - Metro -32° C. Actual -32° C.



Preliminary Damage Assessment:
  1. The target for the three boxes of this Group was the Noball construction at Bertreville St. Ouen, France. Photo cover was complete for all boxes.
  2. The bombs of the lead box fell to the right of the target area. One burst is seen approximately 300 feet from the ski building. The pattern is 2,439 feet by 1,926 feet, with the MPI [Mean Point of Impact] 1,155 feet to the right of the briefed MPI.
  3. The main concentration of the low box fell short of the target, with some bombs in the target area. There is a possible hit on the rectangular building. The pattern is 3,411 feet by 1,849 feet and the MPI is 1,027 feet short.
  4. The main concentration of the high box fell to the left of the target, with approximately five bursts in the target area. There is a possible hit on the south end of the ski building and a near miss on the same building. There are two hits on, or very near, the small building. The pattern measures 3,270 feet by 1.335 feet, and the MPI is 890 feet short and to the left. The pattern of the Lead Group can be seen near the center of the town.
[Signed:] Thomas L. Cooper, Captain, Air Corps, Group P.I. [Photo Intelligence] Officer

Lead BoxHigh BoxLow Box
Pilot - Lt. Dennis Captain Holsapple Lt. Fowler 
Bombardier -Lt. RobinsonLt. GisweinLt. Palmer
Navigator -Lt. WashburnLt. GwynLt. Fagan
Heading -15°22°11°
Bombs Away -095409561009


Track Chart:
Click on Chart to Enlarge



Combat Crew Comments:

    508th Squadron
A/C 727-N: Chaff released too late. – Lt. Miller.

    509th Squadron
A/C 674-F: A/C 169-N, leader of High Squadron, S’ed over formation before leaving England endangering the entire formation. – F/O Robinson.
  Too many dry runs over targets on recent missions. – Lt. McCall and F/O Robinson.

    510th Squadron
A/C 252-K: Rather have cookies than candy in rations. – Entire Crew.
  Have photo section check camera for malfunctions. – Lt. Auten.

[Signed] Robert P. Ramsey, Major, Air Corps, Group S-2 [Intelligence]



Mission Summary Report:
  1. Abortives and Flying Spares:
    1. Airplane No. 42-31702, 508th Squadron, returned early because the Pilot was unable to locate the formation. (Personnel)
    2. Airplane No. 42-97843, 508th Squadron, returned early because the Pilot was unable to locate the formation. (Personnel)
    3. Airplane No. 43-37524, 511th Squadron, returned early as planned.
  2. Battle Damage:
    1. Airplane No. 42-31711, 508th Squadron. Flak damage to edge of top right wing and aileron at connection. Two shell case holes leading edge of right wing. One flak hole leading edge right wing. Flak damage to right elevator and trim tab. Flak damage to underside of left inboard wing panel and #2 main gas tank.
    2. Airplane No. 42-97638, 510th Squadron. Two flak holes through right outboard wing panel. One flak hole through left flap. [Believe this ship was one of the PFF planes flying with another Group.]
    3. Airplane No. 42-107216, 511th Squadron. Six flak holes bottom of right wing, causing skin and corrugation damage. One flak hole through right aileron at hinge. Flak hole #3 nacelle damaging cowl flap. Flak damage to right bomb bay door. Flak entered bottom of fuselage between ball turret and bomb bay doors and emerged just aft of life raft. Flak hole through vertical stabilizer, skin and stringer damage. Skin damage to bottom of fuselage forward of fuselage. Flak skin damage to #4 ring cowl. Four flak holes top of right wing (from below) skin and corrugation damaged.
    4. Airplane No. 42-97318, 511th Squadron. Flak entered leading edge of vertical stabilizer right side and emerged through rudder.

    TOTAL A/C DAMAGEDMINOR DAMAGE BY FLAK
    44
[Signed:] Carl A. Ekblad, Captain, Air Corps, Group Engineering Officer


Armament Report:
  1. The following armament malfunctions were reported on the Mission of 6 July, 1944.
    1. A/C 43-37557 – Jettisoned one bomb. A-4 release replaced.
    2. A/C 42-107077 – Flak severed rod aft of emergency release dog leg, thus making it impossible to release bombs. Bombs were returned to base.
    3. A/C 43-37696 – Bombs on left rack returned to base. Ship checks out OK.
    4. A/C 42-97318 – Bombs on right rack returned to base. Salvo-micro switch will be replaced.
[Signed:] Michael Steele, CWO, USA, Group Armament Officer


Aircraft Returning Early:

Aircraft No. 31702 Squadron - 508   Pilot - Lt. Wright
Time of Abortive - 0930  Location when Aborted - 30 miles S.E. Beachy Head.
Reason - Were unable to contact formation.
Disposition of Bombs: Returned.
Altitude At Time of Aborting: 24,000’
Enemy Opposition Encountered - None
Remarks:
[Signed] William G. Wright



“J” Form:
  1. Last Four numbers and Call Letter of A/C in each Squadron:
    a. 94th "C" Combat Wing   Lead Group
    Sqdn 508th A/C: 7557–K, 7601–Z, 2949–G, 7349–B, 7258–P, 7843–C, 7780–O, 2971–J, 1711–F, 1702–A, 7727–N
    Sqdn 509th A/C: None
    Sqdn 510th A/C: 7651–Y
    Sqdn 511th A/C: (7216–Y Spare)
    P.F.F. Sqdn ___ A/C: ____

    b. 94th "C" Combat Wing   High Group
    Sqdn 508th A/C: None
    Sqdn 509th A/C: 6078–G, 7216–U, 1384–T, 7169–N, 6156–R, 7696–Z, 7595–O, 7674–F, 6108–Y,
    Sqdn 510th A/C: None
    Sqdn 511th A/C: 8153–F, 7046–Z, 7571–X, (7318–S Spare)

    b. 94th "C" Combat Wing   Low Group
    Sqdn 508th A/C: None
    Sqdn 509th A/C: None
    Sqdn 510th A/C: 2955–P, 7665–N, 7124–F, 2576–C, 7252–K, 8028–Q, 7077–D, 7705–T, 6082–B, 8038–R, 7515–L
    Sqdn 511th A/C: 6139–K, (7524–D Spare)
  2. Target: Z-3262
  3. W/T and R/T Operational Call Sign of each Squadron:
    Squadron508 [Call Sign]W/T NKG R/T CARLTONSquadron510 [Call Sign]W/T SYY R/T TIPSTAFF
    Squadron509 [Call Sign]W/T RZH R/T HOTMINTSquadron511 [Call Sign]W/T UQR R/T PARTNERSHIP
  4. a. ____ Box: Taxi – 0625; Take-Off – 0640; E.T.D. Field – 0640
    b. ____ Box: Taxi – ____; Take-Off – ____; E.T.D. Field – ____
  5. Time:Height:  Place of Crossing English Coast: (OUT)
    091225,000 Ft Selsey Bill
  6. Time:Height:  Place of Crossing Enemy Coast: (IN)
    094225,000 Ft 49°50'N-00°32'E [At the coast 8 miles NE of Fecamp, France]
  7. Time:Height:  Place of Crossing Enemy Coast: (Out)
    100325,000 Ft 49°54'N-00°53'E [At the coast 8.5 miles WSW of Dieppe, France]
  8. Time:Height:  Place of Crossing English Coast: (IN)
    101718,000 Ft Beachy Head
  9. E.T.R.(Estimated Time of Return) Base: 1100 Hours
  10. MF/DF [Medium Frequency/Direction Finder] Section: "N"
  11. Bomb load of Each A/C: ____ Box
    508 Squadron: 12 x 500# 1/10 x 1/40
    509 Squadron: 12 x 500# 1/10 x 1/40
    510 Squadron: 12 x 500# 1/10 x 1/40
    511 Squadron: 12 x 500# 1/10 x 1/40
  12. Fuel Load of each A/C: 2400 Gallons
  13. Group Leader:
    a. Lead Box: Name: L.H. Dennis Rank: 1st Lt. A/C: 7651-Y  Sqdn. 510th
    b. High Box: Name: F.S. Fowler Rank: 1st Lt. A/C: 6078-G Sqdn. 509th
    c. Low Box: Name: H.B. Holsapple Rank: Capt. A/C: 2955-P Sqdn. 510th
  14. Passengers, if any: (Full Name, Rank, A/C and Squadron Passenger flying with)
    None

Report Compiled By _______



Formation Chart:
94th "C" Lead Box Formation at Take–Off
508th Squadron
Dennis
A/C 42-97651 Y PFF
Edwards
A/C 43-37557 K
Roehlk
A/C 42-97601 Z PFF
Muhleman
A/C 42-102949 G
508th Squadron508th Squadron
Condon
A/C 42-102971 J
Leland
A/C 42-97349 B
Wright
A/C 42-31702 A
Wishnewsky
A/C 42-31711 F
Van Sandt
A/C 42-97843 C
Ballard
A/C 42-97258 P
Miller
A/C 43-37727 N
Lord
A/C 43-37780 O
Strange
A/C 42-107216 Y Spare


94th "C" Lead Box Formation Over–Target
508th Squadron
Dennis
A/C 42-97651 Y PFF
Edwards
A/C 43-37557 K
Roehlk
A/C 42-97601 Z PFF
Muhleman
A/C 42-102949 G
508th Squadron508th Squadron
Condon
A/C 42-102971 J
Leland
A/C 42-97349 B
Strange
A/C 42-107216 Y
Wishnewsky
A/C 42-31711 F
Dingle
A/C 42-97318 S
Ballard
A/C 42-97258 P
Miller
A/C 43-37727 N
Lord
A/C 43-37780 O


94th "C" High Box Formation at Take–Off
509th Squadron
Fowler–Garcia
A/C 44-6078 G
Walker–Cunningham
A/C 42-38153 F
Trombley
A/C 42-97216 U
Sutton
A/C 42-31384 T
509th Squadron509th Squadron
McAfee
A/C 43-37595 O
Downing–Crabb
A/C 42-97169 N
McCall
A/C 43-37674 F
Whitaker–Newby
A/C 43-37571 X
Hibbard
A/C 44-6156 R
Jizmejian
A/C 42-107046 Z
Dawson
A/C 44-6108 Y
Johnston
A/C 43-37696 Z
Dingle
A/C 42-97318 S Spare
[Lt Dingle filled a spot in the Lead Box Formation.]

94th "C" High Box Formation Over–Target
509th Squadron
Fowler–Garcia
A/C 44-6078 G
Walker–Cunningham
A/C 42-38153 F
Trombley
A/C 42-97216 U
Sutton
A/C 42-31384 T
509th Squadron509th Squadron
McAfee
A/C 43-37595 O
Downing–Crabb
A/C 42-97169 N
McCall
A/C 43-37674 F
Whitaker–Newby
A/C 43-37571 X
Hibbard
A/C 44-6156 R
Jizmejian
A/C 42-107046 Z
Dawson
A/C 44-6108 Y
Johnston
A/C 43-37696 Z


94th "C" Low Box Formation at Take–Off
510th Squadron
Holsapple
A/C 42-102955 P
Whitten
A/C 42-107124 F
White
A/C 43-37665 N
Caughlan
A/C 42-102576 C
510th Squadron510th Squadron
Auten
A/C 42-97252 K
Leland
A/C 42-97349 B
Matre
A/C 42-107077 D
Keller
A/C 42-38028 Q
Van Sandt
A/C 42-97843 C
Ballard
A/C 42-97258 P
Hillebrand
A/C 43-37705 T
Lord
A/C 43-37780 O
Aldredge
A/C 43-37524 D Spare


94th "C" Low Box Formation Over–Target
510th Squadron
Holsapple
A/C 42-102955 P
Whitten
A/C 42-107124 F
White
A/C 43-37665 N
Caughlan
A/C 42-102576 C
510th Squadron510th Squadron
Auten
A/C 42-97252 K
Leland
A/C 42-97349 B
Matre
A/C 42-107077 D
Keller
A/C 42-38028 Q
Ballard
A/C 42-97258 P
Hillebrand
A/C 43-37705 T
Lord
A/C 43-37780 O


Time Schedule:
Zero Hour: ____ DBST [Double British Standard Time]Briefing: ____  Stations: 0605  Start Engines: 0615  Taxi: 0625
Take-Off: 0640 Leave Base: 0640 [Breakfast: ____]

 [Wounded - 0]
The above records were obtained at the National Archives Records Administration and have been declassified by authority NND 745005
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