351st Bomb Group

Polebrook, England

Group Mission #169

Credited Mission #163

 
DATE: 12 July 1944
Target: Munich, Germany
 
Briefing Outline:
  1. Airplane and Crew Assignment Check.

  2. Time Schedule:
     "A" Box "B" Box
    Stations   –0840Stations   –____
    Start Engines –0850Start Engines –____
    Taxi     –00900Taxi     –____
    Take Off   –0915Take Off   –____
    Last Take Off –____Last Take Off –___

  3. Targets:
    Primary: PFF – Munich; Visual - Allach
    Secondary: ____
    Last Resort: Any military objective positively identified in Germany.

  4. Loading:
    351 “A”: 4 x 500# G.P.[General Purpose] 1/10 x 1/100 [Fuses] & 6 x M17 IB [Incendiary Bomb] – 2-6 hr. & 2-24 hr. Delayed Action on F-674 (Guthrey)
    351 “B”: 4 x 500# G.P. 1/10 x 1/100 & 6 x M17 IB – 2-6 hr. & 2-24 hr. Delayed Action on G-949 (Muhleman)
    Composite:
    Nickels [Propaganda Leaflets] in Ship # - None
    Chaff: All – Release 1 min. before IP [Initial Point of Bomb Run] – Continue for 12 min. – Each A/C – 288 units.

  5. Gasoline Loading: 2700 gallons
    Remarks:

  6. Wing Formation94th (A) CBW94th (B) CBWComp. GroupComp. CBW
    Lead401457
    Low401457
    High351351

  7. Division Formation:
    PositionCBW [Combat Wing]TargetDeparture Time at Coast
    Lead41st AMunich1049
    2nd41st BMunich1052
    3rd94th AMunich1055
    4th94th BMunich1058
    5th1st AMunich1101
    6th1st BMunich1104
    7th40thMunich1107
    8th
    2nd Division500 A/C [Aircraft]Munich1106 - Southwold
    3rd Division324 A/CMunich1030 - Cromer
    Marauders
    RAF [Royal Air Force]

    Remarks: Base Reference Alt. – 22,000’.
      Interval between Combat Wings – 3 minutes.

  8. Fighter Cover:
    • [Force][Latitude & Longitude][Call Sign]
      P-47's 5100-0400  Balance 2-1 
      P-51's 4930-0700  Balance 2-2 
      P-51's 4915-0822  Balance 2-3 
      P-38's 4813-0800  Balance 2-4 

  9. Group Assembly:
    Group AssemblyBoxAltitudePlace
    CBW “A”High Box (351)11,500'Cottesmore buncher
    CBW “B”High Box (351)11,500'Glatton buncher

  10. Navigator - _____
  11. S-2 - _____
  12. Weather - _____
  13. Special Instructions to Gunners, Bombardiers, and Radio Operators:
    A. Type of Bombing Formation -
    B. A/C # P-955 (White) Take picture of formation and also Bombing.
    C. A/C #_____ Return early (Camera Ship)

    “A” Box“B” Box
    A-238 - BjoringC-843 - Kennedy
    V-509 - MatreU-216 - Whitaker

  14. Squadron Leaders and Group Deputy report to Target Room. All but Pilots Dismissed.

  15. (A) Code Words –
    PFF Bombing –Big Stoop
    Visual Bombing -____
    Authenticator –Blarney Stone
    Recall -"A" Ship Ahoy; "B" There She Blows
    Weather Code -VITAB
    Release "CHAFF" -Tin Hat

    (B) Call Signs:
    Call SignFlaresRemarks
    351st AWoodcraft Able HighG [Green]
    351st BWoodcraft Baker HighG
    401st AWoodcraft Able LeadRY
    401st BWoodcraft Able LowR
    457th AWoodcraft Baker LeadRY
    457th BWoodcraft Baker LowR
    Composite
    1st C.B.W.
    40th C.B.W.
    41st C.B.W.
    Composite C.B.W.

    (C)
    U.S. FightersBalance Two
    R.A.F. FightersWeather A/C at Target – “Maypole One” – “B” Channel.
     Bombers“A” CBW – Vinegrove 2-3“B” – Vinegrove 2-4
    U.S. Grnd. ControlColgate
    R.A.F. Grnd. Control

    Control Points:Fighter Reference Points:
    C.P. 1 - English Coast______
    C.P. 2 - Enemy Coast______
    C.P. 3 - 5000-0413______
    C.P. 4 - 4820-0708______

    Remarks:

    (D)
    Colors of the Day
    TimeColorLetterChallenge
    0200 – 0800Y-YRYC
    0800 – 1400GYNZ
    1400 – 2000RYOV

    (E) Ships To Monitor [Radio Channels A, B, C & D]
    1. - All Except:
    2. - L-676, T-705, F-124, X-571
    3. - O-595, Z-046, P-875, R-156
    4. - All

  16. Let-Down on ____, if overcast.
    351st A  Cottesmore 015° Mag. [Magnetic Compass Heading]
    351st B  Glatton 060° Mag.
    401st A  Cottesmore 360° Mag.
    Low A  Cottesmore 345° Mag.
    457th B  Glatton 045° Mag.
    Low B  Glatton 030° Mag.

  17. Flying Control. –
    1. Taxi Plan.
    2. Emergency Fields. - Woodbridge
    3. Landing Aids.

  18. Special Instructions:
    1. Lead & Deputy Take-off soon as possible after “Start Eng.” & position themselves in C.B.W. Formation.
    2. No bombs fused with long delay fuses are to be returned to base.
    3. Spares turn back Mid-Channel.
    4. No A/C will request assembly altitude but will wait for C/W leaders broadcast.


Operational Narrative – High Boxes of 94th “A” and “B” CW:
  1. General Narrative. “A” Box Forty aircraft, including four flying spares, took off at 0906 – 0939 hours. Group assembly of the High Box of the “A” Wing was SOP [Standard Operating Procedure] at Cottesmore at 11,500 feet. Twenty aircraft assembled with no difficulty. Flares were fired as prescribed by the lead box and no difficulties were encountered in the wing assembly.
     Bombing was PFF, and wing formation was used. The High Box bombed from the left side and the group formation was good at bombs away. The High Box was out farther to the left than normal in order to clear stragglers in the lead box.
     No enemy aircraft were encountered. Flak at the target was of the heavy barrage type, but very inaccurate. No aircraft were lost and the entire formation returned intact to England, where the camera ships left the formation at the coast to return to base alone.
     No great difficulties were encountered. The Wing Leader did an excellent job, and no unusual troubles were had in staying with him.
  2. General Narrative. “B” Box Twenty aircraft took off from base at 0905 hours. Assembly was at the Glatton buncher, without difficulty except for the fact that the other two groups of the wing were never positively located nor identified. The High Group joined the wing at the English coast.
     The route was flown as briefed. Wing formation was good from the coast out, and PFF navigation was good, as no opposition was encountered until the target was reached.
     At the IP [Initial Point of Bomb Run], the code word for PFF bombing was given over VHF and the Wing Leader also announced that he would climb 1,000’ above the briefed bombing altitude.
     Flak at the target was heavy and accurate. One ship in the group was seen going down in a spin due to flak hits. No enemy fighters were encountered either on the way in or on the way out. Friendly fighter support was good all the way in and out. Bombs were dropped on the Lead Group.
     One aircraft of the 91st Bomb Group joined the formation then when aircraft 42-97843 aborted, filled in ahead of the 351st spares. The spares returned, since the box contained eighteen aircraft.
     The route out was almost as briefed until DR point 50°00’N-04°15’E [Saboterie, Belgium] was reached. Instead of turning right and returning on the course used going in, the formation continued to the left of course approximately thirty miles and departed from the enemy coast at 51°25’N-03°30’E [3/4 mile North of Nieuwesluis, Netherlands] at 1637. No enemy opposition was encountered on the route out.
     Let down was established over the channel and upon reaching the English coast the Wing Leader dispersed the wing, and the High Group returned to base. Landings were made at 1741 – 1830 hours.
  3. Aircraft Not Attacking. “A” Box. The two aircraft scheduled as flying spares returned to base as briefed. No other aircraft returned early, but aircraft 44-6082, pilot Lt. McIntyre, was unable to drop its bombs when the bomb bay doors would not open. Bombs were returned to base. (Sortie)
  4. Aircraft Not Attacking. “B” Box. The two aircraft scheduled as flying spares returned to base as planned.
     Aircraft 42-97843, pilot Lt. Kennedy, returned from 51°58’N-02°40’E [Mid-Channel due East of Felixstowe, England] with the report that there was no turbo boost on the #3 engine. Details are contained in the Report of Abortives and Battle Damage.
     The remaining aircraft attacked the primary target in the formation indicated on the attached diagram.
  5. Aircraft Lost. Aircraft 42-38028, pilot Lt. Irwin, was lost to flak over the target. Observers report that the aircraft dropped its bombs after having been hit by flak, fell out of formation and went down. The pilot recovered control of the ship for a moment, and then it went down out of control and spinning. Two chutes were seen. This aircraft flew in the High Box of the 94th “B” Combat Wing.
  6. Group Leaders: Lt. E.S. Fowler, flying in aircraft 44-6077, led the High Box of the 94th “A” Combat Wing. The High Box of the 94th “B” Combat Wing was led by Lt. J. R. White, in aircraft 42-102955.
  7. PFF Aircraft: PFF aircraft 42-97600 and 42-97601 were dispatched to the 401st Group to lead the 94th “A” Combat Wing. Aircraft 42-97601, flying as deputy lead ship, aborted before the departure from the English Coast.
     PFF aircraft 42-97701 and 42-97687, flying with the 457th Group in the 94th “B” Combat Wing completed the Mission.
     No PFF aircraft flew with either of the 351st Group formations.

[Signed] Clinton F. Ball, Lt. Colonel, Air Corps, Operations Officer






Bombardier’s Narrative – High Box 94th “A” CBW:

Group: 351st
Target: Munich, Germany
Method of Bombing: P.F.F.
Altitude: 25,400’
Direction of Attack: 140° Mag. Heading
Wind Direction: 330°
Wind Velocity: 65 MPH
Bombardier’s Narrative: This Box dropped on the PFF ship flying in the Lead Box. No trouble was encountered on the bombing run. C-1 Pilot [Autopilot] not used on the bombing run. “Bombs Away” took place at 1321½ hours. A normal turn was made at the Initial Point [of Bomb Run].

[Signed:] Louis Palmer, 2nd Lt., Air Corps, Lead Bombardier



Bombardier’s Narrative – High Box 94th “B” CBW:

Group: 351st
Target: Munich, Germany
Method of Bombing: PFF
Altitude: 26,000’
Direction of Attack: 126° Magnetic Heading
Wind Direction: 330°
Wind Velocity: 60 MPH
Bombardier’s Narrative: This Box dropped on the PFF ship flying in the Lead Box. Flak was heavy on the bombing run, but no other trouble was encountered. The C-1 Pilot [Autopilot] was not used on the bombing run. A normal turn was made at the Initial Point [of Bomb Run].

[Signed:] Elmer R. Robinson, 2nd Lt., Air Corps, Lead Bombardier



Combat Bombing Flight Record – High Box 94th “A” CBW:

Bombardier - 2nd Lt. Palmer, Louis  Pilot - 1st Lt. Garcia, Richard Navigator - 1st Lt. Fagan, George J.
Aircraft B-17G   W-077  Take-off - 0905 Landed - 1815
Objective - Munich, Germany
Aiming Point (MPI) [Mean Point of Impact] - Center of city (PFF)
Initial Point - As briefed.
Method of Attack - Wing
No. of Attacking A/C in Group: - 18   Composite Group - ____
Number A/C Dropping Bombs by own Sighting Operation: (PFF)
Deflection and Range Sighting, Group: ____   Composite Group - ____
Range Sighting only, Group - ____   Composite Group - ____
Bombs, Types and Sizes - 4 x 500 LB. G.P.’s [General Purpose] and 6 x 500 LB. I.B.’s [Incendiary Bombs]
Number of Bombs Loaded - 10   Released - Same
Fusing, Nose - 1/10   Tail - 1/100
Synchronization - P.F.F. On
Information at Release Point:   Dropped on Lead PFF ship in Lead Box

Altitude of Target - 1740Magnetic Heading Ordered 150° Actual 140°
True Altitude Above Target - 24,200'True Heading 134°
Indicated Altitude - 25,400Drift, Estimated 9° Left - Actual 3° Right
Pressure Altitude of Target 1740True Track 137°
Altimeter Setting 29.92Actual Range 12,613'
Calculated Indicated Air Speed - 150B.S. Type - M-9
True Air Speed - 231Time of Release 1321½
Ground Speed Est. 260 Actual 310Length of Bombing Run - 11 Min.
Wind Direction Metro - 270° Actual - 330°Intervalometer Setting - 175’
Wind Velocity Metro 55 Actual 65 C-1 Pilot [Autopilot] _____
D.S. - 127  Trail - 61   ATF - 41A-5 Pilot _____
Tan. D.A, Est. .51 Actual P.F.F. Manual Pilot - Yes

Type of Release - Train
Point of Impact If Seen - Not Seen
Mean Temp. Metro -3 Actual -3
Winds - Altitude - 25,400 Ft.  Direction - Metro 270°  Actual 330°  Velocity - Metro 55  Actual 65
Temp C. - Metro -35° C. Actual -30° C.



Combat Bombing Flight Record – High Box 94th “B” CBW:

Bombardier - 2nd Lt. Robinson, Elmer R.   Pilot - 1st Lt. White, John R. Navigator - 1st Lt. Washburn, William F.
Aircraft # P-955  Take-off - 0906½  Landed - 1809
Objective - Munich, Germany
Aiming Point (MPI) [Mean Point of Impact] - Center of City (PFF)
Initial Point - As briefed.
Method of Attack - Wing
Number of Attacking A/C in Group - 18    Composite Group - ____
Number A/C Dropping Bombs by own sighting operation - (PFF)
Deflection and Range sighting, Group - ____   Composite Group - ____
Range Sighting only, Group - ____    Composite Group - ____
Bombs, Types and Sizes - 4 x 500 LB G.P.[General Purpose] and 6 x 500 LB. I.B.[Incendiary Bomb]
Number of Bombs Loaded - 10    Released - Same
Fusing, Nose - 1/10    Tail - 1/100
Synchronization - PFF On
Information at Release Point:   Dropped on Lead PFF ship in Lead Box

Altitude of Target - 1740Magnetic Heading Ordered 150° Actual 126°
True Altitude Above Target - 25,500’True Heading 120°
Indicated Altitude - 26,000'Drift, Estimated 9° Left - Actual ___°
Pressure Altitude of Target 1712True Track 129°
Altimeter Setting 29.92Actual Range 12,613.2’
Calculated Indicated Air Speed - 150B.S. Type - M-9 3690
True Air Speed - 226Time of Release 1331
Ground Speed Est. 260 Actual 266Length of Bombing Run - 11 Min.
Wind Direction Metro - 270° Actual - 330°Intervalometer Setting - 175’
Wind Velocity Metro 55 Actual 60 C-1 Pilot [Autopilot] _____
D.S. - 125.7  Trail - 61   ATF - 41.60A-5 Pilot _____
Tan. D.A., Est. .51 Actual PFF Manual Pilot - Yes

Type of Release - Train
Point of Impact If Seen - Not Seen
Mean Temp. Metro -3 Actual -3
Winds - Altitude - 26,000 Ft.  Direction - Metro 270° Actual 330° Velocity - Metro 55 Actual 60
Temp C. - Metro -35° C. Actual -30° C.



Intelligence S-2 Reports – High Box of 94th “A”:
  1. No leaflets were carried on today’s mission.
  2. Bombing results were unobserved due to 10/10ths cloud coverage at the target, and no bomb strike photographs were obtained.
  3. No enemy aircraft were encountered on this mission, and no claims are being submitted.
  4. Flak at the target was intense and accurate, probably a fixed barrage. Meager to moderate, inaccurate flak was observed at Flushing, Antwerp, Brussels, Soignies, Charleroi, Mannheim, Karlsruhe, Stuttgart, Strasbourg, Florennes, and Ghent.
  5. 6-9/10ths cloud coverage was encountered over the entire route, with 10/10ths at the target.
  6. An A/D [Airdrome] located near 48°42’N-10°45’E [2 miles SW of Donauworth, Germany] was observed, with from 25 to 50 S/E [Single Engine] planes dispersed on the field. Several crews observed these planes and all were of the opinion that they were larger than fighters. At 1708 hours a parachute was seen going down over Felixstowe, and was last seen at an altitude of approximately 6,000 feet. One B-17 from the low box of this C.W. [Combat Wing] was observed going down in the target area, and nine parachutes were seen. At 1416 hours and at approximately 48°15’N-08°55’E [1 mile NW of Burgfelden, Germany] a B-17 was observed to drop a single bomb.
  7. This box did not employ PFF units. There was very good fighter support throughout the mission.
[Signed:] Robert P. Ramsey, Major, Air Corps, Group S-2 [Intelligence]


Intelligence S-2 Reports – High Box of 94th “B”:
  1. No leaflets were carried on today’s mission.
  2. Due to cloud coverage at the target strike photographs and visual observation were not possible.
  3. No enemy aircraft were encountered on this mission, and no claims are being submitted.
  4. Flak at the target was intense and accurate, probably a fixed barrage. Meager to moderate, inaccurate flak was observed at Flushing, Antwerp, Brussels, Soignies, Charleroi, Mannheim, Karlsruhe, Stuttgart, Strasbourg, Florennes, and Ghent.
  5. 6-9/10th cloud coverage was encountered on the routes in and out, with 9/10ths at the target.
  6. Two balloons, similar to metro balloons, were observed, one at 51°48’N-03°13’E [In channel off Burgh-Haamstede, Netherlands] at 1123 hours and the other at 51°55’N-01°14’E [1 mile SW of Harwich, England] at 1103 hours. At 48°47’N-11°23’E [2 miles NW of Ingolstadt, Germany] an A/D [Airdrome] was reported seen, which is possibly the same field as observed by our box flying in the 94th “A”. Between 35 and 50 S/E [Single Engine] aircraft, silver in color, were observed on the aerodrome which was well camouflaged.
  7. This box did not employ PFF units. There was very good fighter support throughout the mission. A/C Q-028 was hit by flak over the target and went down out of control. Three chutes were seen to open from this ship, piloted by Lt. S.F. Irwin of this Group. The following conversation was heard on VHF: “Hello, B-24, are you headed for Switzerland?” The reply was, “Yes, I am”, B-17 replied, “Let’s go together.” This conversation was corroborated by several crews, and both the B-24 and B-17 were seen turning off toward Switzerland.


Track Chart and Combat Duplication Check Form:
Click on Chart to Enlarge



A.A. Gunfire (Flak) Report:

1. Target: Assigned - Munich. Germany Bombed - Munich. Germany
2. Route as Flown. - As briefed.
3. Weather Conditions - A. at Target. - 10/10ths cloud  B. En route - 7-10/10ths cloud
4. Were our A/C "Seen" or "Unseen" targets? (a) At Target - Unseen (b) Enroute - Unseen
 Any Condensation Trails? - No
5. Description of Flak, including type of Fire Control: 5. Intense and accurate – probably a fixed barrage. Bursts appeared to be concentrated in a smaller area than they were at this target yesterday. Black bursts and a few white bursts were observed. One ship was shot down by flak in this area.
6. Flak encountered or observed en route. (In the order experienced) -
 Flushing, 1127, 21,000’ – meager, inaccurate.
 Antwerp, 1135, 21,000’ – moderate, observed.
 Brussels, 1140, 21,000’ – moderate, observed.
 Soignies, 1147, 22,000’ – moderate, inaccurate.
 Charleroi, 1150, 22,000’ – meager, inaccurate.
 Mannheim, 1220, 25,000’ – moderate, observed.
 Karlsruhe, 1220, 25,000’ – moderate, observed.
 Stuttgart, 1225, 26,000’ – moderate, observed.
 Strasbourg, 1450, 26,000’ – moderate, observed.
 Florennes, 1604, 21,500’ – meager, inaccurate.
 Ghent, 1613, 21,000’ – moderate, observed.
7. Was Chaff carried? - Yes How discharged? As briefed.
8. Position of Group - High Boxes of A & B CBW.
9. Group – "A" High A/C over enemy terr. – 18, A/C damaged – 3, A/C lost to flak – 0, Time over Target – 1321½, 
Time of bombs away – 1321½, Height – 25,400’, Axis of attack – 140° Mag. Bomb run – 11 min.
Group – "B" High A/C over enemy terr. – 18, A/C damaged – 8, A/C lost to flak – 1, Time over Target – 1331, 
Time of bombs away – 1331, Height – 27,100’, Axis of attack – 126° Mag. Bomb run – 11 min.
10. Comments - Phenomena: Three black bursts which expanded slowly in a whirling motion were observed by two crews over the target. The wing of one ship passed through one of these bursts; the effect was like strong prop-wash, exerting a downward pull on the wing.



Combat Crew Comments:

    509th Squadron
A/C 595-O: Very good lead. – Lt. Sutton.
A/C 078-G: We had to wait a half hour for truck on last 3 missions to bring us in. – Lt. Trombley.
A/C 216-U: Leader was flying too slow; he was flying 140. – Lt. Whitaker.
A/C 696-Z: Too much bull on the VHF. – Lt. Podoske.
A/C 156-R: Crews still lax after briefing; I was able to hear very plainly in and around drying room various members of crews discussing the mission, mentioning target, and force to be used. – Lt. Troiano.
In our Box no attempt to fly designated bombing formation. – Lt. Dawson.

    510th Squadron
A/C 780-G: [Should be 42-38038-R] We would like to know how much ammunition we are supposed to carry; we took a ground spare with only 400 rounds in tail. – Lt. Fischer and Crew.
Our Nose Gunner was on guard duty from 12 to 6 and then was called for the mission; can’t this be stopped? – Lt. Fischer.
A/C 509-V: No guns cleaned; crew had to clean them before take-off – had not been fired. – Lt. Matre.
A/C 124-F: A group of P-51’s came into formation head on, too close, might have been mistaken for enemy A/C. – Lt. Ford.

    511th Squadron
A.C 952-H: Would like to have better and faster transportation after landing from the mission; we waited about an hour at our ship today. – Lt. Myl.
A/C 524-D: S/Sgt. Cameron has been S/Sgt. over two years with 5 years in Army and it seems to me he certainly deserves a higher rating. – Lt. Consoli.
A/C 238-A: Group Leader forced us into prop-wash, nearly dumping us into the wash. – Lt. Bjoring.

[Signed] Robert P. Ramsey, Major, Air Corps, Group S-2 [Intelligence]



Hot News:

1. Following is a summary of the Hot News reported by combat crew members following today’s mission:

A/C 524-D, 511th Squadron, flying at 10,000 feet, sighted one parachute at 1708 hours above a cloud at 6,000 feet, with a B-17 circling south of it. It was observed near Felixstowe.

[Signed:] Robert P. Ramsey, Major, Air Corps, Group S-2 [Intelligence]


Mission Summary Report – High Box 94th “A” CBW:
  1. Abortives and Flying Spares:
    1. Airplane No. 42-31702, 508th Bomb. Squadron, returned early as planned. (Reason: Flying Spare).
    2. Airplane No. 42-31711, 508th Bomb. Squadron, returned early as planned. (Reason: Flying Spare).
  2. Battle Damage:
    1. Airplane No. 42-37780, 511th Bomb. Squadron. Flak hole on underside of left outer wing panel damaging skin and fabric. Flak hole on underside of right outer wing panel causing skin damage. Flak hole in left side of nose compartment damaging skin, stringer, and electrical wiring.
    2. Airplane No. 42-31748, 511th Bomb. Squadron. Flak hole through RH stabilizer damaging skin and corrugation. Flak hole in right side of radio compartment causing skin damage. Flak hole in right side of vertical stabilizer damaging skin. Flak hole on underside of #4 nacelle damaging ring cowling and #4 cylinder.
    3. Airplane No. 42-107046, 511th Bomb. Squadron. Flak hole on top of left outer wing panel causing skin damage.

    TOTAL A/C DAMAGEDMINOR DAMAGEBY FLAK
    333
[Signed:] Carl A. Ekblad, Captain, Air Corps, Group Engineering Officer


Mission Summary Report – High Box 94th “B” CBW:
  1. Abortives:
    1. Airplane No. 42-97843, 508th Bomb. Squadron, returned early. The Pilot stated there was no boost on the #3 Engine. Investigation revealed that there was a broken exhaust stack, #1 cylinder, #3 engine. (Reason: Mechanical Failure).
    2. Airplane No. 42-31192, 508th Bomb. Squadron, returned early as planned. (Reason: Flying Spare).
    3. Airplane No. 42-97169, 509th Bomb. Squadron, returned early as planned. (Reason: Flying Spare).
  2. Battle Damage:
    1. Airplane No. 44-6156, 509th Bomb. Squadron. Flak hole on underside of left inner wing panel damaging #2 fuel tank. Flak hole on underside of fuselage, near ball turret, causing skin damage.
    2. Airplane No. 42-97196, 510th Bomb. Squadron. Two flak holes through right aileron damaging aileron, skin, corrugation, and trailing edge of wing. Flak hole in top of nose compartment damaging skin.
    3. Airplane No. 42-102955, 510th Bomb. Squadron. Flak hole through right inner wing panel damaging skin, corrugation, two suppression members and channel. Flak hole on underside of right outer wing panel causing skin damage. Flak hole through left wing tip damaging skin and spar. Flak hole through leading edge of LH stabilizer damaging skin, corrugation, bulkheads and channels.
    4. Airplane No. 42-97252, 510th Bomb. Squadron. Flak hole on underside of left outer wing panel damaging skin, corrugation, spar and Tokyo tank.
    5. Airplane No. 42-107216, 511th Bomb. Squadron. Three small flak holes in right bomb-bay door causing skin damage. Flak hole through left side of nose compartment causing skin and corrugation damage.
    6. Airplane No. 43-37571, 511th Bomb. Squadron. Flak hole in leading edge of left wing damaging skin and hydraulic line. Flak hole on underside of #2 nacelle causing skin damage. Flak hole on underside of #3 nacelle damaging skin and corrugation.
    7. Airplane No. 42-31875, 511th Bomb. Squadron. Four small flak holes through right outer wing panel causing damage to skin, corrugation and stringer. Flak hole in top right inner wing panel causing skin and corrugation damage. Flak hole in top of #3 nacelle damaging skin and former. Three flak holes in top of #4 nacelle damaging engine and oil lines. Three flak holes through LH stabilizer causing damage to skin, corrugation and formers. Two flak holes in top of left inner wing panel causing skin and corrugation damage. Three flak holes on underside of right outer wing panel causing damage to skin, corrugation and Tokyo tank. Flak hole on underside of right inner wing panel damaging skin, corrugation and #4 tank.
    8. Airplane No. 42-107005 [Changed to 42-102576], 511th Bomb. Squadron. Three flak holes on underside of left inner wing panel damaging skin, corrugation, and stringer. Three flak holes on underside of left outer wing panel causing damage to skin, former and corrugation. Flak hole on underside of LH stabilizer damaging skin. Flak hole in in right side of nose compartment damaging skin and electrical wiring. Three flak holes in top of left outer wing panel damaging skin and corrugation. Four flak holes in top of left inner wing panel damaging skin and corrugation.

    TOTAL A/C DAMAGEDMINOR DAMAGEBY FLAK
    888
[Signed:] Carl A. Ekblad, Captain, Air Corps, Group Engineering Officer


Mission Summary Report – PFF:
  1. Abortives and Flying Spares:
    1. Airplane No. 42-97601, flying with 401st Bomb Group (H), returned early. Pilot stated that #3 engine caught fire, and smoke came out of cowl flaps, cylinder head temperature dropped, and oil began gushing out of engine. Engine was run up on ground and cylinder head temperature dropped, oil came out breather and exhaust stack, and engine had to be feathered. Investigation revealed failure of #1 piston and rings in the #3 engine. (Reason: Mechanical Failure).
  2. Battle Damage:
    1. None
[Signed:] Carl A. Ekblad, Captain, Air Corps, Group Engineering Officer


Armament Report:
  1. The following armament malfunctions were reported on the Mission of 12 July, 1944.
    1. A/C 44-6082 – the bombardier could not open doors electrically, and the engineer could not crank the doors down because the crank would not clear the bombs. All bombs were returned to base. The ship was unloaded and test flown at altitude. Doors worked OK. One crank was shortened so that it will clear bombs regardless of bomb load.
[Signed:] Michael Steele, CWO, USA, Group Armament Officer


Aircraft Returning Early:

Aircraft No. 42-31702 Squadron - 508   Pilot - Van Sandt
Time of Abortive - 1117  Location when Aborted - 51°59’30”N-03°00’E [55.5 miles W of The Hague, Netherlands]
Reason For Abortive - Spare
Disposition of Bombs: ____
Altitude At Time of Aborting: ____
Enemy Opposition Encountered - ____
Remarks: ____
[Signed] James L. Van Sandt



Aircraft No. 31711 Squadron - 508   Pilot - Ballard
Time of Abortive - 1217  Location when Aborted - Mid-Channel
Reason For Abortive - Spare
Disposition of Bombs: ____
Altitude At Time of Aborting: ____
Enemy Opposition Encountered - ____
Remarks: F/S [Flying Spare]
[Signed] [No Signature]



Aircraft No. 42-97843 Squadron - 508   Pilot - Kennedy
Time of Abortive - 1116  Location when Aborted - 51°57.5’N-02°40’E [Mid-Channel midway between The Hague, Netherlands and Ipswich, England]
Reason For Abortive - No turbo boost on #3 engine. Examination showed stack (exhaust) on #1 cylinder to collector ring broken.
Disposition of Bombs: Brought back
Altitude At Time of Aborting: 17,000’
Enemy Opposition Encountered - None
Remarks:
[Signed] F.T. Kennedy



Aircraft No. 97169 Squadron - 509   Pilot - Downing
Time of Abortive - ____  Location when Aborted - ____
Reason For Abortive - SPARE
Disposition of Bombs: ____
Altitude At Time of Aborting: ____
Enemy Opposition Encountered - ____
Remarks: Scheduled as Spare.
[Signed] [No Signature]



Aircraft No. 42-31192 Squadron - 511   Pilot - Woodrum
Time of Abortive - ____  Location when Aborted - ____
Reason For Abortive - SPARE
Disposition of Bombs: ____
Altitude At Time of Aborting: ____
Enemy Opposition Encountered - ____
Remarks: ____
[Signed] [No Signature]



“J” Form:
  1. Last Four numbers and Call Letter of A/C in each Squadron:
    a. 94th "A" Combat Wing   High Group
    Sqdn 508th A/C: (A–1702, F–1711 Spares)
    Sqdn 509th A/C: W–6077, G–6078, X–7926, O–7595, F–7674, L–7676
    Sqdn 510th A/C: B–6082, L–7515, T–7705, D–7077, V–1509
    Sqdn 511th A/C: D–7524, Z–7046, V–1748, H–2952, K–6139, A–1238
    P.F.F. Sqdn ___ A/C: G–7780

    b. 94th "B" Combat Wing   High Group
    Sqdn 508th A/C: K–7557, G–2949, O–7780, C–7843, (R–1192 Spare)
    Sqdn 509th A/C: R–6156, U–7216, Z–7696, P–7193, (N–7169 Spare)
    Sqdn 510th A/C: P–2955, K–7252, F–7124, M–7196, Q–8028
    Sqdn 511th A/C: F–8153, X–7571, Y–7216, P–1875, Q–7005
  2. Target: GH 606
  3. W/T and R/T Operational Call Sign of each Squadron:
    Squadron508 [Call Sign]W/T JFZ R/T CARLTONSquadron510 [Call Sign]W/T RYJ R/T TIPSTAFF
    Squadron509 [Call Sign]W/T PBQ R/T HOTMINTSquadron511 [Call Sign]W/T KDA R/T PARTNERSHIP
  4. a. "A" High Box: Taxi – 0900; Take-Off – 0915; E.T.D. Field – At Takeoff
    b. "B" High Box: Taxi – ____; Take-Off – ____; E.T.D. Field – ____
  5. Time:Height:  Place of Crossing English Coast: (OUT)
    105516,000 Ft Felixstowe
  6. Time:Height:  Place of Crossing Enemy Coast: (IN)
    112421,000 Ft 51°42'N-03°53'E [Kerkwerve, Netherlands]
  7. Time:Height:  Place of Crossing Enemy Coast: (Out)
    164421,000 Ft 51°42'N-03°53'E [Kerkwerve, Netherlands]
  8. Time:Height:  Place of Crossing English Coast: (IN)
    17256,000 Ft Felixstowe
  9. E.T.R.(Estimated Time of Return) Base: 1758 Hours
  10. MF/DF [Medium Frequency/Direction Finder] Section: "N"
  11. Bomb load of Each A/C: "A" High Box
    508 Squadron: 4 x 500 GP [General Purpose] 1/10 x 1/100 [Fuses] & 6 M17 IB's [Incendiary Bomb]
    509 Squadron: Same   (A/C F-7674 Delayed Action 2 - 6 Hr. 2 - 24 Hr.)
    510 Squadron: Same
    511 Squadron: Same


    Bomb load of Each A/C: "B" High Box
    508 Squadron: 4 x 500 GP [General Purpose] 1/10 x 1/100 [Fuses] & 6 M17 IB's [Incendiary Bomb] (G-2949 Delayed Action 2 - 6 Hr. 2 - 24 Hr.)
    509 Squadron: Same
    510 Squadron: Same
    511 Squadron: Same
  12. Fuel Load of each A/C: 2700 Gallons
  13. Group Leader:
    a. "A" High Box: Name: R. Garcia Rank: 1st Lt. A/C: W-6077  Sqdn. 509th
    b. "B" High Box: Name: J.R. White Rank: 1st Lt. A/C: P-2955 Sqdn. 510th
  14. Passengers, if any: (Full Name, Rank, A/C and Squadron Passenger flying with)
    None
  15. PFF A/C: Y-7600, Z-7601 - 508th Sqdn. - Flying with 401st Group.
      B-7701, A-7687 - 509th Sqdn. - Flying with 457th Group.

Report Compiled By Batomchok, Cpl.



Formation Chart:
94th "A" High Box Formation at Take–Off and Over Target
509th Squadron
Garcia–Fowler
A/C 44-6077 W
Underhill
A/C 42-97926 X
Trombley
A/C 44-6078 G
Sutton
A/C 43-37595 O
McCall
A/C 43-37676 L
Guthrey
A/C 43-37674 F
511th Squadron510th Squadron
D.W. Smith
A/C 43-37524 D
McIntyre
A/C 44-6082 B
Aldredge
A/C 42-31748 V
Long
A/C 42-107046 Z
Chapman
A/C 43-37515 L
Fischer
A/C 42-37780 G
Myl
A/C 42-102952 H
Hillebrand
A/C 43-37705 T
Bjoring
A/C 42-31238 A
Strange
A/C 44-6139 K
Keller
A/C 42-107077 D
Matre
A/C 42-31509 V
Van Sandt
A/C 42-31702 A Flying Spare
Ballard
A/C 42-31711 F Flying Spare
[Flying Spares Returned Mid-Channel]

94th "B" High Box Formation at Take–Off
510th Squadron
White
A/C 42-102955 P
Whitten
A/C 42-97252 K
Nuoffer
A/C 42-102955 P
Caughlan
A/C 42-107124 F
Irwin
A/C 42-38028 Q
Konecheck
A/C 42-97196 M
508th Squadron511th Squadron
Condon
A/C 42-38153 F
Power
A/C 42-37571 X
Jizmejian
A/C 43-37557 K
Miller
A/C 42-97193 P
Lawsen
A/C 42-31875 P
Uttley
A/C 42-107216 Y
Muhleman
A/C 42-102949 G
Dawson
A/C 44-6156 R
Kennedy
A/C 42-97843 C
Wright
A/C 43-37780 O
Johnston
A/C 43-37696 Z
Whitaker
A/C 42-97216 U
Downing
A/C 42-97169 N Flying Spare
Woodrum
A/C 42-31192 R Flying Spare


94th "B" High Box Formation Over Target
510th Squadron
White
A/C 42-102955 P
Whitten
A/C 42-97252 K
Nuoffer
A/C 42-102955 P
Caughlan
A/C 42-107124 F
Irwin
A/C 42-38028 Q
Konecheck
A/C 42-97196 M
508th Squadron511th Squadron
Condon
A/C 42-38153 F
Power
A/C 42-37571 X
Jizmejian
A/C 43-37557 K
Miller
A/C 42-97193 P
Lawsen
A/C 42-31875 P
Uttley
A/C 42-107216 Y
Muhleman
A/C 42-102949 G
Dawson
A/C 44-6156 R
Wright
A/C 43-37780 O
Johnston
A/C 43-37696 Z
Whitaker
A/C 42-97216 U


Time Schedule:
Zero Hour: 1030 DBST [Double British Standard Time]  Briefing: 0615  Stations: 0840  Start Engines: 0850  Taxi: 0900
Take-Off: 0915 Leave Base: 0915 [Breakfast: Enlisted Men 0445; Officers 0515]


Missing Air Crew Report (MACR):
  • A/C# 42-38028   TU-Q  "Pappy's Pride"  Pilot: Irwin     A/C's 36th Mission   MACR # 7505

    Aircraft Loss Circumstances:

    Eyewitness Account
    I, Max S. Hainert, 39232197, was flying as Tail Gunner on Aircraft No. 42-97196 which was in No. 5 Position, Lead Squadron, (510th Bomb Sq) High Box, on a mission to Munich, Germany on 12 July 1944. Just before bombs away I noticed smoke coming from one of Lt. Irwin's engines. He fell behind formation some, and then a few minutes later I saw him peel off to the right under control. A few minutes later I saw a B-17 dive and come out of a dive, dive again and come out of a dive, and then disappear into the clouds. However, I am not sure whether this was Lt. Irwin's plane or not. I saw no parachutes at any time and I heard nothing on VHF [Radio].
    [Signed] Max S. Hainert, S/Sgt.

    According to a questionnaire in the MACR a crewman stated, "Entire plane exploded into flames approx. 40-50 seconds after bail out order. It is possible [ball turret gunner] did not have time to get from ball turret into waist and get chute on and bail out. Also our oxygen was shot out. Could have passed out from Anoxia."

    On another questionaire a crew member stated, "I received interphone message from bombardier, immediately after plane was hit, that we were on fire in rear nose section and runway. Turned to tell Torok, and saw him out of top turret getting fire extinguisher and going into runway. Was told by German intelligence that he was killed in the plane crash."

    According to a document in the MACR the plane crashed near a forester's house Ober-Dill on the Landstrasse [Highway between] Muenchen-Starnberg on July 12th 1944 about 13.32 hour. Ober-Dill, Perscha, Mühltal, South of Munich.

    Individual Accounts of Crewmen Fates:
    • Pilot - 2nd Lt. Irwin, Samuel F. was captured at Ober-Dill on 12 July about 1430. POW and was Returned to Military Control, Liberated or Repatriated.
    • Co-pilot - 2nd Lt. DeVan, Brian L. was captured, wounded. POW at Stalag Luft 1 Barth-Vogelsang Prussia 54-12, Returned to Military Control, Liberated or Repatriated.
    • Navigator - F/O Pulliam, Eugene T. - KIA
    • Bombardier - 2nd Lt. Herman, Samuel W. - KIA
    • Top Turret Gunner - S/Sgt. Torok, Zolton P. - KIA
    • Radio Operator - S/Sgt. Hughes, Ira W. was captured near Hadorf/Starnberg on 14 July about 0830. POW at Stalag 357 Oerbke (Near Fallingbostel) Prussia 53-09, Returned to Military Control, Liberated or Repatriated.
    • Left Waist Gunner - S/Sgt. Strawn, David R. - KIA
    • Right Waist Gunner - Position Not Manned
    • Ball Turret Gunner - S/Sgt. Miller, Charles R. - KIA
    • Tail Gunner - S/Sgt. Franklin, Dick L. was captured at Ober-Dill on 12 July about 1430. POW at Stalag Luft 4 Gross-Tychow (formerly Heydekrug) Pomerania, Prussia (moved to Wobbelin Bei Ludwigslust) (To Usedom Bei Savenmunde) 54-16, Returned to Military Control, Liberated or Repatriated.
    Burial Records:

    The burial records below courtesy of the American Battle Monuments Commission. http://www.abmc.gov and findagrave.com

    • Eugene T. Pulliam, Burial: Englewood Cemetery, Christopher, Perry County, Kentucky
    • Samuel W. Herman, Status: Missing In Action, Memorialized on Tablets of the Missing, Epinal American Cemetery, Dinozé, France
    • Zolton P. Torok, Burial: Calvary Cemetery, Youngstown, Mahoning County, Ohio
    • David R. Strawn, Burial: Waverly East Cemetery, Waverly, Morgan County, Illinois, Plot: W1/2 794
    • Miller, Charles R., Burial: Plot K Row 40 Grave 23, Lorraine American Cemetery and Memorial, Saint-Avold, Departement de la Moselle, Lorraine, France


    Click on Photo to Enlarge



 [Killed in Action - 5]
 [Prisoner of War - 4]

The above records were obtained at the National Archives Records Administration and have been declassified by authority NND 745005
Please contact us with your comments and corrections.