351st Bomb Group

Polebrook, England

Group Mission #171

Credited Mission #165

 
DATE: 16 July 1944
Target of Opportunity: Stuttgart, Germany
 
Briefing Outline:
  1. Airplane and Crew Assignment Check.

  2. Time Schedule:
     Lead Box Low Box
    Stations   –0445Stations   –0455
    Start Engines –0455Start Engines –0505
    Taxi     –0505Taxi     –0515_
    Take Off   –0520Take Off   –0530
    Last Take Off –0625Last Take Off –0635

  3. Targets:
    Primary: Visual – Munich, PFF - Munich
    Secondary: ____
    Last Resort: Any military objective in Germany that can be bombed visually.

  4. Loading:
    351 “A”: ____
    351 “B”: 10 x 500 GP 1/10 – 1/100
    Composite:
    Nickels [Propaganda Leaflets] in Ship # - None
    Chaff: Begin release 2 min. after IP [Initial Point of Bomb Run] and continue for 12 mins. Each A/C = 288 units.

  5. Gasoline Loading: 2700 gallons
    Remarks:

  6. Wing Formation94th (A) CBW94th (B) CBWComp. GroupComp. CBW
    Lead457351
    Low457351
    High401401

  7. Division Formation:
    PositionCBW [Combat Wing]TargetDeparture Time at Coast
    Lead1st "A" CBWMunich0701
    2nd1st "B" CBWMunich0704
    3rd40th "A" CBWMunich0707
    4th40th "B" CBWMunich0710
    5th41st CBWMunich0713
    6th94th "A" CBWMunich0716
    7th94th "B" CBWMunich0719
    8th
    2nd Division____Belfort, France & Saarbrücken
    3rd Division4 CBW’s B-17’sMunich
    3rd Division4 CBW’s B-24’sAuxerre
    Marauders
    RAF [Royal Air Force]

    Remarks: Base Reference Altitude – 22,000’
    Interval between Combat Wings – 3 minutes.

  8. Fighter Cover:
    • [Force][Latitude & Longitude][Call Sign]
      P-51 5100-0400  Balance 1-1 
      P-51 4930-0700  Balance 1-2 (Front) 
      P-51 4930-0700  Balance 1-3 (Rear) 
      P-51 4841-1050  Balance 1-4 
      P-38 4818-0800  Balance 1-5 

  9. Group Assembly:
    BoxAltitudePlace
    94th B Lead (351st)16,000'Cottesmore
    94th B Low (351st)14,500'Cottesmore
    94th B High (401st)17,500'Cottesmore

  10. Navigator - _____
  11. S-2 - _____
  12. Weather - _____
  13. Special Instructions to Gunners, Bombardiers, and Radio Operators:
    A. Type of Bombing Formation -
    B. A/C # A-687 Dennis Take picture of formation and also Bombing.
    C. A/C # (Lead Box) D-077 - Matre & F-153 - Whitaker (Low Box) C-843 - Jizmejian & B-492 - Brackens, Return early (Camera Ships)

  14. Squadron Leaders and Group Deputy report to Target Room. All but Pilots Dismissed.

  15. (A) Code Words –
    PFF Bombing –Jug Haid
    Visual Bombing -____
    Authenticator –Fast Freight
    Recall -“B” Land of Cotton
    Weather Code -BAVIT
    Release "CHAFF" -Tin Hat

    (B) Call Signs:
    Call SignFlaresRemarks
    351st LeadWoodcraft Baker LeadRY [Red Yellow]
    351st BWoodcraft Baker LowR [Red]
    401st AWoodcraft Baker HighG
    401st B
    457th A
    457th B
    Composite
    1st C.B.W.
    40th C.B.W.
    41st C.B.W.
    Composite C.B.W.

    (C)
    U.S. FightersBalance One
    R.A.F. Fighters
     Bombers94th “B” CBW - Vinegrove 1-7
    U.S. Grnd. ControlColgate
    R.A.F. Grnd. Control

    Control Points:Fighter Reference Points:
    1 - English CoastF - Brussels
    2 - 5142-0350O - Saarbruchen
    3 - 5000-0413R - Munich
    4 - 4904-0830G - Strasbourg
    5 - 4818-0800I - Nancy
    _____V - Mulhouse
    _____E - Auxerre
    _____N - Reims

    Remarks: ____

    (D)
    Colors of the Day
    TimeColorLetterChallenge
    0200 – 0800GYWF
    0800 – 1400RGVB
    1400 – 2000RYOX

    (E) Ships To Monitor [Radio Channels A, B, C & D]
    1. - All except:
    2. - Lead - K-557, B-349  Low - X-926, P-193
    3. - Lead - Z-696, T-705  Low - Z-046, H-252 (42-102952 H)
    4. - All

  16. Let-Down on Kings Cliffe, if overcast.
    351st B Lead  360° Mag. [Magnetic Compass Heading]
    351st B Low   345° Mag. [Magnetic Compass Heading]
    401st B High  015° Mag.
    457th A      ___° Mag.

  17. Flying Control. –
    1. Taxi Plan.
    2. Emergency Fields. - Woodbridge - 52°05’N-01°24’E.
    3. Landing Aids.

  18. Special Instructions:
    A. Spares turn back at Mid-Channel.
    B. No A/C will request assembly alt. but will wait for C/W Leaders broadcast – If assembly altitudes are changed by C/W Leader, they will announce changes for “B” Wing on odd minutes and continue as long as necessary.
    C. Radio Operators will not abandon post to man a gun unless separated from the formation and under fighter attack.
    D. Bombs with long delay fuses will not be returned to base. Lead – Sutton – L-676 Low – Uttley – D-524
    E. Crews will be on oxygen for 0700 hours.


Operational Narrative – Lead & Low Boxes of 94th “B” CBW:
  1. General Narrative. Forty (40) aircraft, including two (2) PFF and four (4) flying spares, scheduled to fly as the lead and low boxes of the 94th “B” CBW [Combat Wing] took off at 0520 – 0548 hours. The lead ship took off at 0620 hours after having been held up to replenish the oxygen system. The assembly of the combat wing formation was carried out under the supervision of the deputy leader, and by the time the lead ship reached the assembly point and altitude (Cottesmore), the wing was almost completely formed. The formation was well to the south of the assembly area when the combat wing lead aircraft took over.
     The lead ship took its position in the formation without difficulty and returned to the buncher. Departure was made on course and three (3) minutes late. The briefed route over England was not followed to the Division Assembly Line in order to gain the time lost. The Division Assembly Line was reached on time and on course.
     The Division assembly was very good and the departure from the English coast was made with combat wings in the proper formation except one (1) CW of the 40th CBW which came in last, on course and one (1) minute early. On the route to the enemy coast, the wing was in fair formation, flying to the left of and slightly behind the 94th A CBW. At Control Point 1, interval was taken behind the “A” wing on the right turn and was held until the IP [Initial Point of Bomb Run] was reached. At 0909, at a point between Mannheim and Karlsruhe, a departure from the briefed route was required in order to stay to the left and climb to an altitude that would take the formation over the weather between the IP and the target. At 0931, three (3) wings ahead were observed entering the clouds and contrails in a penetration effort. They were seen trying to turn around and come out again. In order to avoid confusion, it was decided to make a 360° turn in clear air and wait for the preceding wings to break clear of the clouds before rejoining them. A wide circle was made around Nurnberg [Nuremberg, Germany] and a southwest heading taken. The division formation was joined on this new route.
     Because it could be hit with the least deviation from course, Stuttgart was decided upon as the target to attack. Bombing was done by PFF methods at 1016. Results were not observed. The bombing altitude was 26,800 feet after the let-down from 28,200 feet near Nurnberg [Nuremberg, Germany]. From the target, the briefed course was followed as closely as flak areas and weather would allow. The briefed course was picked up at 1103 near Nancy, France. The remainder of the trip was on course and well ahead of time. No further difficulties were encountered. Landings were made at base after a normal return at 1326 – 1419 hours.
     Opposition consisted of flak at the target and at various points enroute, but for the most part was light and inaccurate. No enemy aircraft were sighted and no ships in the lead and low boxes were lost.
     No contact was made with the weather scouting ship, but information on the weather ahead was obtained from the Division Leader on VHF.
     Friendly fighter support was generally good.
  2. Aircraft Not Attacking. Aircraft 42-31702, pilot Lt. Ballard, returned from over Kings Cliffe when the pilot became ill. Aircraft 43-37705, pilot Lt. Longa, failed to drop its bombs when over the target. Details are contained in the Armament Report. Both aircraft flew in the lead box, and the 1 latter receives credit for a sortie.
     Aircraft 42-31192, pilot Lt. Wright, returned from 49°33’N-06°04’E [Luxembourg City, Luxembourg] after the internal failure of #3 engine. Bombs were jettisoned at the point of turn-back. (Sortie) Aircraft 42-97492, pilot Lt. Brackens, returned from a point thirty-five (35) miles within enemy territory after having been unable to locate the formation or find a position in any other group. This aircraft took off late. One (1) aircraft scheduled as a flying spare returned as planned from mid-channel. These three (3) aircraft were assigned to the low box.
  3. Aircraft Lost. No aircraft were lost on the mission of 16 July, 1944.
  4. B” Combat Wing Leader: Lt. Colonel B.K. Voorhees, flying in PFF aircraft 42-97687, led the 94th “B” CBW. Lt. E.S. Fowler, flying in aircraft 44-6078, led the low group of the 94th “B” CBW.
  5. PFF Aircraft: Two (2) PFF aircraft were assigned to the 457th Group to lead the 94th “A” CBW. They attacked the primary target at Munich, Germany. Two (2) PFF aircraft flew with the 351st Group, leading the 94th “B” CBW. Both attacked a Target of Opportunity at Stuttgart, Germany.

[Signed] Clinton F. Ball, Lt. Colonel, Air Corps, Operations Officer




Bombardier’s Narrative – Lead Box 94th “B” Wing:

Group: 351st
Target: Stuttgart, Germany
Method of Bombing: P.F.F.
Altitude: 26,800’
Direction of Attack: 255° Mag. Heading
Wind Direction: 300°
Wind Velocity: 35 K
Bombardier’s Narrative: A Target of Opportunity, Stuttgart, Germany, was bombed. The primary had a 30,000’ cloud cover. A friendly formation interfered on the bomb run so a second run was made. Bombs were dropped on the smoke bomb of another group. C-1 Pilot was used with good results. No I.P. was used.

[Signed:] Elmer R. Robinson, 1st Lt., Air Corps, Lead Bombardier, Lead Box 94th “B” Wing



Bombardier’s Narrative – Low Box 94th “B” Wing:

Group: 351st
Target – Stuttgart, Germany
Method of Bombing: PFF
Altitude: 23,800’
Direction of Attack: 267° Magnetic Heading
Wind Direction: 300°
Wind Velocity: 35 K
Bombardier’s Narrative: Due to a 30,000’ cloud cover over the primary, a Target of Opportunity, Stuttgart, Germany, was bombed. No difficulties encountered on bombing run. C-1 Pilot [Autopilot] was not used. No Initial Point was used. Bombs were dropped on the Wing Lead.

[Signed:] Louis Palmer, 2nd Lt., Air Corps, Lead Bombardier, Low Box 94th “B” Wing



Combat Bombing Flight Record – Lead Box 94th “B” Wing:

Bombardier - 1st Lt. Robinson, Elmer R.  Pilot - Captain Dennis, Lee H. Navigator - 1st Lt. Washburn, William F.
Aircraft B-17G   A-687  Take-off - 0549 Landed - 1347
Objective - Target of Opportunity – Stuttgart, Germany
Aiming Point (MPI) [Mean Point of Impact] - P.F.F.
Initial Point - None Used
Method of Attack - Wing
No. of Attacking A/C in Group: - 18   Composite Group - ____
Number A/C Dropping Bombs by own Sighting Operation: ____
Deflection and Range Sighting, Group: ____   Composite Group - ____
Range Sighting only, Group - ____    Composite Group - ____
Bombs, Types and Sizes - 500 Lb AN M43 G.P.’s [General Purpose] & Sky Marker
Number of Bombs Loaded - 10 and Marker   Released - Same
Fusing, Nose - 1/10   Tail - 1/100
Synchronization - P.F.F. On
Information at Release Point:   Dropped on another Wing.

Altitude of Target - 1,600’Magnetic Heading Ordered 152° Actual 255°
True Altitude Above Target - 26,800’True Heading 250°
Indicated Altitude - 25,000’Drift, Estimated 8° Left - Actual __°
Pressure Altitude of Target ___True Track 250°
Altimeter Setting 29.92Actual Range 16,857.2’
Calculated Indicated Air Speed - 150 M.P.H.B.S. Type - M-9 7901
True Air Speed - 236 M.P.H.Time of Release 1016
Ground Speed Est. 254 Actual 220Length of Bombing Run - 5 min.
Wind Direction Metro - 270° Actual - 300°Intervalometer Setting - 100'
Wind Velocity Metro 40K Actual 35K C-1 Pilot [Autopilot] X [Used]
D.S. - 123.5  Trail - 63   ATF - 41A-5 Pilot _____
Tan. D.A, Est. .57 Actual .52 Manual Pilot - ____

Type of Release - Train
Point of Impact If Seen - Not Seen
Mean Temp. Metro -3 Actual -5
Winds - Altitude - 26,000 Ft.  Direction - Metro 270°  Actual 300°  Velocity - Metro 40K  Actual 35K
Temp C. - Metro -26° C. Actual -26° C.



Combat Bombing Flight Record – Low Box 94th “B” Wing:

Bombardier - 2nd Lt. Palmer, Louis   Pilot - 1st Lt. Garcia, Richard Navigator - 1st Lt. Fagan, George J.
Aircraft # G-078  Take-off - 0515½  Landed - 1402
Objective - Stuttgart, Germany (Target of Opportunity)
Aiming Point (MPI) [Mean Point of Impact] - Dropped on Lead Box
Initial Point - None used.
Method of Attack - Wing
Number of Attacking A/C in Group - 18    Composite Group - ____
Number A/C Dropping Bombs by own sighting operation - ____
Deflection and Range sighting, Group -____    Composite Group - ____
Range Sighting only, Group - ____    Composite Group - ____
Bombs, Types and Sizes - 500 Lb AN M43 G.P.’s
Number of Bombs Loaded - 10   Released - Same
Fusing, Nose - 1/10    Tail - 1/100
Synchronization - P.F.F. On
Information at Release Point:   Dropped on Lead PFF A/C in Lead Box.

Altitude of Target - 1,600’Magnetic Heading Ordered 151° Actual 267°
True Altitude Above Target - 23,800'True Heading 262°
Indicated Altitude - 24,600Drift, Estimated 8° Left - Actual ___°
Pressure Altitude of Target - 1,500True Track 256°
Altimeter Setting 29.92Actual Range 13,581.44’
Calculated Indicated Air Speed - 150B.S. Type - M-9
True Air Speed - 226Time of Release 1017
Ground Speed Est. 254 Actual 212Length of Bombing Run - 12 min.
Wind Direction Metro - 270° Actual - 300°Intervalometer Setting - 175’
Wind Velocity Metro 35K Actual 35K C-1 Pilot [Autopilot] _____
D.S. - 132.5  Trail - 55   ATF - 40.1A-5 Pilot _____
Tan. D.A, Est. .52 Actual _____ Manual Pilot Yes

Type of Release - Train
Point of Impact If Seen - Not seen.
Mean Temp. Metro -2 Actual -4
Winds - Altitude - 23,800 Ft.  Direction - Metro 270° Actual 276° Velocity - Metro 35K Actual 35K
Temp C. - Metro -24° C. Actual -25° C.



Intelligence S-2 Reports:
  1. No leaflets dropped
  2. 10/10ths clouds prevented observation of bombing results and the obtaining of photographs.
  3. No enemy aircraft were seen on this mission. No claims are being submitted.
  4. Flak at the target was moderate and accurate for height, fairly accurate for deflection. Evidently a fixed barrage was employed, as many bursts were observed below our formation and far off in deflection. Meager to moderate flak, all inaccurate, was encountered at Flushing, Antwerp, Brussels, Kaiserslautern, Mannheim, Karlsruhe, and Strasbourg.
  5. 10/10ths clouds covered the Munich area as well as the area at the target of opportunity. Dense and persistent contrails and very high clouds made flying conditions difficult. These conditions prevented bombing of primary.
  6. Three crews observed around 10 barges or merchant vessels on the Rhine River at 0907 hours heading South near 49°08’N-08°21’E [Just North of Karlsruhe, Germany].
  7. The cloud formation over the target of opportunity, Stuttgart, necessitated bombing entirely by Pathfinder method. Bomb release, however, was made on the smoke marker of a Wing from 3rd Division because of interference from them on the bomb run interfering with a sighting from our own Mickey equipment. Fighter support was generally good and there were no observations of friendly aircraft in distress.


Track Chart:
Click on Chart to Enlarge



A.A. Gunfire (Flak) Report:

1. Target: Assigned - Munich, Germany Bombed - Stuttgart, Germany
2. Route as Flown. - As briefed to 10 miles NE of Stuttgart; then a wide circle was made to the left around Nurnberg [Nuremberg, Germany]; after the bombing run on Stuttgart, a right turn was made and a due East course flown, resuming the briefed route out North of Nancy [France].
3. Weather Conditions - A. at Target. - 9-10/10 cloud  B. En route - Generally 10/10, with a few breaks.
4. Were our A/C "Seen" or "Unseen" targets? (a) At Target - Unseen (b) Enroute - Unseen
 Any Condensation Trails? - Dense, persistent
5. Description of Flak, including type of Fire Control: Moderate, good for altitude, fairly good for deflection. Evidently there was a widely-scattered fixed barrage; many bursts were observed below our altitude and far off in deflection.
6. Flak encountered or observed en route. (In the order experienced) -
 Flushing, 0748, 20,000’ - meager, height good, deflection poor.
 Antwerp, 0757, 20,000’ - meager, inaccurate (observed).
 Brussels, 0800, 20,000’ - Moderate, inaccurate (observed).
 Kaiserslautern, 0855, 22,000’ - Meager, height good, deflection poor.
 Mannheim, 0859, 22,000’ - moderate, fairly accurate.
 Karlsruhe, 0905, 22,600’ - Moderate, height good, deflection poor.
 Strasbourg, 1033, 22,000’ - Moderate, inaccurate. One crew reported that flak came from barges in the river at this point.
7. Was Chaff carried? - Yes How discharged? In target area
8. Position of Group - Lead and Low
9. Group – Lead A/C over enemy terr. – 18, A/C damaged – 0, A/C lost to flak – 0, Time over Target – ___, 
Time of bombs away – 1016, Height – 26,800’, Axis of attack – 255° Mag. Bomb run – 5 min.
Low A/C over enemy terr. – 18, A/C damaged – 3, A/C lost to flak – 0, Time over Target – ___, 
Time of bombs away – 1017, Height – 24,600’, Axis of attack – 267° Mag. Bomb run – 12 min.
10. Comments - Phenomena: None



Combat Crew Comments:

    508th Squadron
A/C 349-B: Deputy lead flew square assembly instead of circle; had trouble catching up in forming. Not enough flares. - Lt. Lord.
A/C 843-C: Waited half an hour for truck. - Entire Crew.
A/C 077-W: Navigation Room could make good use of a pencil sharpener. - F/O Isoardi.

    509th Squadron
A/C 595-O: Lead wasn’t steady on course; hard to follow. - Lt. Klaar.
A/C 676-L: High Squadron lead was very poor. - Lt. Sutton.
A/C 216-U: Flak map was accurate and helpful at Stuttgart. - Lt. Mendell.

    510th Squadron
A/C 576-C: This particular ship has had 4 malfunctions on 4 different occasions that the pilot or engineer know of; still it continues to happen on every mission. - Lt. Olson.
A/C 512-S: Low Squadron Leader flew a perfect formation. Several units used the same flares for assembly. - Lts. Chapman and Arthur.

    511th Squadron
A/C 216-Y: Formation still tends to straggle. - Lt. Myl.
  Too much talking about mission before take-off. - Lt. Bzoskia.
  You can cut out the dehydrated food but put in plenty of cookies and chocolate bars. - Whole Crew.

[Signed] Robert P. Ramsey, Major, Air Corps, Group S-2 [Intelligence]



Mission Summary Report:
  1. Abortives and Flying Spares:
    1. Airplane No. 42-31702, 508th Squadron, Lead Box, returned early. The Pilot became ill. (Reason: Personnel).
    2. Airplane No. 42-31192, 508th Squadron, Low Box, returned early. The Pilot stated that #3 engine was throwing excess oil from breather, and engine had to be feathered. Investigation revealed internal failure of #3 engine. (Reason: Mechanical Failure).
    3. Airplane No. 43-37727, 508th Squadron, Low Box, returned early as planned. (Reason: Flying Spare).
    4. Airplane No. 42-97492, 511th Squadron, Low Box, returned early. Pilot stated he was unable to locate formation. (Reason: Personnel Error).
  2. Battle Damage:
    1. Airplane No. 42-102949, 508th Squadron. Flak hole through left wing, outboard panel, skin damage only.
    2. Airplane No. 42-97701, 509th Squadron (PFF flew with 457th Bomb Group (H)). Flak hole through right elevator. Two flak holes right bomb bay door, damaging spar under walkway and salvo bar under right bomb rack. Two flak holes through left aileron. One flak hole left outboard wing panel, damaging Tokyo tank. One flak hole under right outboard wing panel, damaging Tokyo tank. One flak hole right inboard wing panel, damaging skin and gusset plate. One flak hole through left inboard wing panel, skin damage only.
    3. Airplane No. 42-97651, 510th Squadron (PFF flew with 457th Bomb Group (H)). Flak hole through right stabilizer. Flak hole through right inboard wing panel, damaging #3 main tank. Flak hole through left inboard wing panel, damaging skin and stringer. Skin and corrugation damage by flak to underside left inboard wing panel. Flak skin damage to underside of left outboard wing panel. Right aileron fabric torn by flak. Flak skin damage to top of fuselage near left wing, opposite escape hatch.
    4. Airplane No. 42-107046, 511th Squadron. Two inch flak hole in right wing outer panel topside. Skin and aileron fabric damaged.
    5. Airplane No. 43-37524, 511th Squadron. Small hole in leading edge of right wing outer panel near tip of wing. Damage caused by spent shell casing. Skin and corrugation damaged. Left side of fuselage at radio room was hit by a spent shell casing, it glanced off fuselage and went into wing. Skin, anti-icing line and one diagonal brace damaged.

    TOTAL A/C DAMAGEDMINOR DAMAGEDAMAGED BY FLAKBY FRIEND
    5541
[Signed:] Carl A. Ekblad, Captain, Air Corps, Group Engineering Officer


Armament Report:
  1. The following armament failure was reported on the Mission of 16 July, 1944.
    1. A/C 43-37705 – The bombardier could not release bombs on the bombing run, and so jettisoned them in the North Sea on the return trip. Olfactory test [Smell] revealed urine on the door solenoids. As this is an all electric ship, it is the opinion of the Group Armament Officer that this prevented the doors from being fully opened. Therefore bombs could not be released in any manner. (Crew Error).
[Signed:] Michael Steele, CWO, USA, Group Armament Officer


Aircraft Returning Early:

Aircraft No. 42-31192 Squadron - 508   Pilot - Wright, W. G.
Time of Abortive - 0857  Location when Aborted - 49°14’N-07°29’E [22 miles East of Saarbrücken, Germany]
Reason For Abortive - #3 engine developed internal failure and was throwing oil excessively. Salvoed bombs. Feathered engine. Boosted M.P. [Manifold Pressure] to 44” hg. on other three and 2400 RPM. Formation was starting climb and we were 5 miles behind and unable to catch up in 20 minutes. Called for fighter support and turned back.
Disposition of Bombs: Salvoed at 49°33’N-06°04’E [5 miles SW of Luxembourg City, Luxembourg
Altitude At Time of Aborting: 19,000’
Enemy Opposition Encountered - None
Remarks: ___
[Signed] William G. Wright



Aircraft No. 42-97492 Squadron - 511th   Pilot - Brackens
Time of Abortive - 0810 – 35 mi. past enemy coast.  Location when Aborted - 51°22’N-04°00’E [7.5 miles ENE of Terneuzen, Netherlands]
Reason For Abortive - Late take-off (Due to Arm.). Circled departure point until forms [formations] past [sic]. Followed one form. [formation] until past [sic] enemy coast. Circled back but couldn’t find form. [formation] Or a hole to fill in.
Disposition of Bombs: Back
Altitude At Time of Aborting: 17,000’
Enemy Opposition Encountered - None
Remarks: ____
[Signed] Ralph S. Brackens



Aircraft No. 727 Squadron - 508th   Pilot - Dreyer
Time of Abortive - Returned 0736  Location when Aborted - 51°37’N-02°45’E [Mid-Channel 28 miles North of Ostend, Belgium]
Reason For Abortive - Flying Spare
Disposition of Bombs: Brought Back
Altitude At Time of Aborting Return: 15,500’
Enemy Opposition Encountered - None
Remarks: ____
[Signed] E. J. Dreyer, 2nd Lt.



Aircraft No. 42-31702 Squadron - 508   Pilot - Ballard
Time of Abortive - 0637  Location when Aborted - Over Kings Cliffe marker.
Reason For Abortive - Pilot ill. Co-pilot hasn’t landed ship before and has about 4 hours formation time in B-17.
Disposition of Bombs: Brought Back
Altitude At Time of Aborting: 16,000’
Enemy Opposition Encountered - None
Remarks: Pilot had not been feeling well for past couple of days. Passed out yesterday.
[Signed] Ralph T. Ballard
[Handwritten on bottom] Called in to 94th. Lt. Holloway.
[Handwritten on side] Major Rowack called and said Lt. Ballard has the G.I.’s and is feeling sick. Excuse is legitimate.



“J” Form:
  1. Call Letter and Last Four numbers of A/C in each Squadron:
    a. 94th "B" Combat Wing   Lead Group
    Sqdn 508th A/C: Y–7600 Deputy PFF, K–7557, B–7349, A–1702, F–1711
    Sqdn 509th A/C: A–7687 Lead PFF, N–7169, Z–7696, R–6156, O–7595, L–7676*
    Sqdn 510th A/C: C–2576, T–7705, S–7512, M–7196, L–7515, D–7077
    Sqdn 511th A/C: F–8153, (X–7571 Flying Spare), (H–2952 Flying Spare)
    P.F.F. Sqdn ___ A/C: ___

    b. 94th "B" Combat Wing   Low Group
    Sqdn 508th A/C: C–7843, R–1192, (N–7727 Flying Spare), (G–2949 Flying Spare)
    Sqdn 509th A/C: G–6078, W–6077, X–7926, P–7193, U–7216
    Sqdn 510th A/C: V–1509, B–6082, F–7124, K–7252, A–1560
    Sqdn 511th A/C: K–6139, Z–7046, A–1238, Y–7216, B–7492, D–7524*
    * Delay Action Bombs
  2. Target: (GH-606 PFF) (GY-4662A Visual)
  3. W/T and R/T Operational Call Sign of each Squadron:
    Squadron508 [Call Sign]W/T PNS R/T CARLTONSquadron510 [Call Sign]W/T KBA R/T TIPSTAFF
    Squadron509 [Call Sign]W/T MXR R/T HOTMINTSquadron511 [Call Sign]W/T MFW R/T PARTNERSHIP
  4. a. Lead Box: Taxi – 0505; Take-Off – 0520; E.T.D. Field – 0520
    b. Low Box: Taxi – 0515; Take-Off – 0530; E.T.D. Field –0530
  5. Time:Height:  Place of Crossing English Coast: (OUT)
    071916,000 Ft Clacton
  6. Time:Height:  Place of Crossing Enemy Coast: (IN)
    074920,000 Ft 51°43'N-03°50'E [Elkerzee, Netherlands]
  7. Time:Height:  Place of Crossing Enemy Coast: (Out)
    124420,000 Ft 51°43'N-03°50'E [Elkerzee, Netherlands]
  8. Time:Height:  Place of Crossing English Coast: (IN)
    13275,000 Ft Clacton
  9. E.T.R.(Estimated Time of Return) Base: 1359 Hours
  10. MF/DF [Medium Frequency/Direction Finder] Section: "N"
  11. Bomb load of Each A/C: Lead Box
    508 Squadron: 10 x 500# GP [General Purpose] 1/10 x 1/100 [fuses]
    509 Squadron: 10 x 500# GP 1/10 x 1/100 (L-7676 Delay Action)
    510 Squadron: 10 x 500# GP 1/10 x 1/100
    511 Squadron: 10 x 500# GP 1/10 x 1/100


    Bomb load of Each A/C: "B" Hi Box
    508 Squadron: 10 x 500# GP 1/10 x 1/100
    509 Squadron: 10 x 500# GP 1/10 x 1/100
    510 Squadron: 10 x 500# GP 1/10 x 1/100
    511 Squadron: 10 x 500# GP 1/10 x 1/100 (D-7524 Delay Action)
  12. Fuel Load of each A/C: 2700 Gallons
  13. Group Leader:
    a. Lead Box: Name: Voorhees, B.K. Rank: Lt. Col. A/C: A-7687  Sqdn. 509th
    b. Low Box: Name: Garcia, R. Rank: 1st Lt. A/C: G-6078 Sqdn. 509th
  14. Passengers, if any: (Full Name, Rank, A/C and Squadron Passenger flying with)
    None
  15. PFF A/C: Y-7651 (510th) and B-7701 (509th) - Glatton [457th Bomb Group]
  16. Actual Times Off and Return by Squadrons and A/C Letters:

    Lead Box
    SquadronA/C No. & LetterA.T.O.A.T.R.SquadronA/C No. & LetterA.T.O.A.T.R.
    508Y–7600________509A–7687________
    K–7557________N–7169________
    B–7349________Z–7696________
    A–1702________R–6156________
    F–1711________O–7595________
    L–7676________
    510C–2576________511F–8153________
    T–7705________Flying SpareX–7571________
    S–7512________Flying SpareH–2952________
    M–7196________
    L–7515________
    D–7077________


    Low Box
    SquadronA/C No. & LetterA.T.O.A.T.R.SquadronA/C No. & LetterA.T.O.A.T.R.
    508C–7843________509G–6078________
    R–1192________W–6077________
    Flying SpareN–7727________X–7926________
    Flying SpareG–2949________P–7193________
    U–7216________
    510V–1509________511K–6139________
    B–6082________Z–7046________
    F–7124________A–1238________
    K–7252________Y–7216________
    A–1560________B–7492________
    D–7524________

    Report Compiled By John Maksimik, S/Sgt.



Formation Chart:
94th "B" Wing Lead Box Formation Take–Off
508th Squadron
Voorhees–Dennis
A/C 42-97687 Z PFF
Edwards
A/C 43-37557 K
Roehlk
A/C 42-97600 Y PFF
Lord
A/C 42-97349 B
Van Sandt
A/C 42-31711 F
Ballard
A/C 42-31702 A
510th Squadron509th Squadron
Olson–Hillebrand
A/C 42-102576 C
Downing
A/C 42-37169 N
Chapman
A/C 42-37512 S
Longa
A/C 43-37705 T
Newby–Stewart
A/C 44-6156 R
Johnston
A/C 43-37696 Z
Keller
A/C 42-97196 M
McAfee
A/C 43-37595 O
Matre
A/C 42-107077 D
Fultz
A/C 43-37515 L
Whitaker
A/C 42-38153 F
Sutton
A/C 43-37676 L*
Bjoring
A/C 42-102952 H
Hord
A/C 43-37571 X

[* Delay Action Bombs]

94th "B" Wing Lead Box Formation Over–Target
508th Squadron
Voorhees–Dennis
A/C 42-97687 Z PFF
Edwards
A/C 43-37557 K
Roehlk
A/C 42-97600 Y PFF
Lord
A/C 42-97349 B
Van Sandt
A/C 42-31711 F
Bjoring
A/C 42-102952 H
510th Squadron509th Squadron
Olson–Hillebrand
A/C 42-102576 C
Downing
A/C 42-37169 N
Chapman
A/C 42-37512 S
Longa
A/C 43-37705 T
Newby–Stewart
A/C 44-6156 R
Johnston
A/C 43-37696 Z
Keller
A/C 42-97196 M
McAfee
A/C 43-37595 O
Matre
A/C 42-107077 D
Fultz
A/C 43-37515 L
Whitaker
A/C 42-38153 F
Sutton
A/C 43-37676 L*

[* Delay Action Bombs]

94th "B" Wing Low Box Formation Take–Off
509th Squadron
Fowler–Garcia
A/C 44-6087 G
Underhill
A/C 42-97926 X
Condon
A/C 44-6077 W
Dawson
A/C 42-97193 P
Hibbard
A/C 42-97216 U
Walker, M.R.
A/C 42-31509 V
511th Squadron510th Squadron
Karagiannis
A/C 44-6139 K
McIntyre
A/C 44-6082 B
Strange
A/C 42-31238 A
Long
A/C 42-107046 Z
Walker, C.M.
A/C 42-97252 K
Neal
A/C 42-107124 F
Myl
A/C 42-107216 Y
Konecheck
A/C 42-31560 A
Uttley
A/C 43-37524 D*
Brackens
A/C 42-97492 B
Wright
A/C 42-31192 R
Jizmejian
A/C 42-97843 C
Leland
A/C 42-102949 G Spare
Dreyer
A/C 43-37727 N Spare

[* Delay Action Bombs]

94th "B" Wing Low Box Formation Over–Target
509th Squadron
Fowler–Garcia
A/C 44-6087 G
Underhill
A/C 42-97926 X
Condon
A/C 44-6077 W
Dawson
A/C 42-97193 P
Hibbard
A/C 42-97216 U
Walker, M.R.
A/C 42-31509 V
511th Squadron510th Squadron
Karagiannis
A/C 44-6139 K
McIntyre
A/C 44-6082 B
Strange
A/C 42-31238 A
Long
A/C 42-107046 Z
Walker, C.M.
A/C 42-97252 K
Neal
A/C 42-107124 F
Myl
A/C 42-107216 Y
Konecheck
A/C 42-31560 A
Uttley
A/C 43-37524 D*
Leland
A/C 42-102949 G
Jizmejian
A/C 42-97843 C

[* Delay Action Bombs]

Time Schedule:
Zero Hour: 0700 DBST [Double British Standard Time]  Briefing: Gunners 0145, Officers 0215 Stations: 0445
Start Engines: 0455  Taxi: 0505  Take-Off: 0520 Leave Base: 0520 [Breakfast: Gunners 0045, Officers 0115]

 [Wounded - 0]
The above records were obtained at the National Archives Records Administration and have been declassified by authority NND 745005
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