351st Bomb Group

Polebrook, England

Group Mission #264

Credited Mission #257

DATE: 29 Jan. 1945
Target: R.R. Marshalling Yard at Siegen, Germany

    1. TARGETS: 
    2. Visual Primary and GH target for today is: Siegen [Germany]
    3. PFF Primary: Siegen [Germany]
    4. Visual Secondary: ____
    5. PFF Secondary: ____
    6. Last Resort: Bingen, Limburg

    Zero Hour: - 0930Stations: - 0705
    Start Engines: - 0715Taxi: - 0735
    Take Off: - 0750Last Take Off: - 0845
    Target Time: - 1148ETR [Estimated Time
       of Return]:

    - 1432
    Depart English Coast at:0930at 12,000'; Felixstowe

     Gasoline:2,500 Gallons
     Bombs:All A/C: 12 x 500# Mark 12

  3. Intervalometer Settings: Visual – Salvo. H2X and Gee-H – 50 FT.

  4. Chaff: Commence discharge of chaff at - 3 min. before target for 6 min.; On withdrawal at 07°20'E for 12 min.
        Each A/C [Aircraft] will carry - 432 units.

  5. Disposition of Forces:

    3 Divisions will be dispatched. The 1st Air Division will depart England followed by 3rd Division and followed by the 2nd
    1st Division will dispatch 4 CBW's of 11 Groups each.
    The order of attack in the 1st Division will be:
    Lead94 A, B, CAttackingSiegen
    2nd41 A & BAttackingSiegen
    3rd1 A, B, CAttackingNiederhausen
    4th40 A, B, CAttackingLimberg
    2nd Division targets areBielefeld - 360 A/C
    3rd Division targets areKassel - 432 A/C

  6. Fighter Cover: 10 Gps. of P-51's - 4 A/C [Call Sign] Buckeye Red for weather.

  7. Assembly:
    Lead at8,000'feet on Kings Cliffe BuncherRed-GreenFlares
    High at9,000'feet onKings CliffeBuncher____Flares
    Low at7,000'feet onKings CliffeBuncher____Flares
    401st at8,000'feet onCottesmoreBuncherRed-YellowFlares
    457th at8,000'feet onGlattonBuncher____Flares

    Combat Wing Assembly Line: Old Buckenham to Felixstowe
    Division Assembly Line: Felixstowe on out
    2 minutes interval between Groups.
    Reference altitude: 22,000'

  8. Call Signs:
    351stWoodcraft Baker (Maj. Roper)
    401stWoodcraft Able
    457thWoodcraft Charlie
    1st Div. Air CommanderCol. Voorhees
    94th CBW Air CommanderCol. Voorhees

  9. Navigator - _____

  10. S-2 - _____

  11. Weather - _____

  12. Communications - _____

  13. Flying Control - _____

  14. Special Instructions:
     a. Type of Bombing Formation - Normal
     b. Bombardier and Navigator of the #3 A/C of each sqdn. report to Photo Lab.
     c. Camera A/C   M-964, A-410, F-124
      return at  Enemy Coast Out[bound]
     d. Spares to turn back at 03° East.
     e. PFF A/C fly as Lead Deputy & Hi Sqdn. Lead
     f. GH A/C fly as Lead
      g. REMARKS:  55 - 51 has to do with briefing Carraway as Potential Division Leader


Operational Narrative.
  1. Date of Mission - 29 January, 1945.
    1. Target Attacked:  The PFF Primary Target was attacked (Siegen, Germany) by instruments.
    2. Force: Thirty-nine aircraft, including two PFF ships and three flying spares, were dispatched.
    3. Position: The 94th "B" Group flew as the second group in the Division Formation, as briefed.
    4. Lead Teams
      Group Lead
      Air Commander: Lt Col John B. Carraway.
      Pilot:Captain Donald A. Gaylord
      Navigator:1st Lt. Milton J. Morrisette
      Bombardier:1st Lt. Jerald E. Traczewitz

      High Squadron
      Leader: 1st Lt. Robert L. Cutler
      Pilot:1st Lt. James L. Hickel
      Navigator:Captain John R. Gulnac
      Bombardier:2nd Lt. Malcolm S. Burr

      Low Squadron
      Leader: Captain Joseph S. Angelini
      Pilot:Captain Frederick R. Glazier
      Navigator:1st Lt Elmer T. Nelson, Jr
      Bombardier:1st Lt Harold E. Akers
  2. Narrative.
    1.  Squadron and Group Assembly: The assembly was carried out without difficulty at the Kings Cliffe buncher at the briefed altitude of 8,000 feet.
    2.  Route Over England: Departure from the assembly area was made on time (0850). The briefed route was followed to Holbrach. The 94th "B"" got into position behind the 94th "A" Group and an unidentified group, and followed them to the departure point. As indicated on the Track Chart, this took the formation far to the right of the briefed course, but no unusual difficulties were encountered in doing so. The departure point, Felixstowe, was reached six minutes late (0938) at an altitude of 11,000 feet, 1,000 feet below the briefed altitude. The unidentified group was still flying behind the 94th “A” Group and in the position to be flown by the 94th “B” Group.
    3.  Division Assembly Line: Shortly after departing from the English coast, the unidentified group made a 360° turn which permitted the 94th “B” Group to close up to the Division Lead Group and fly in its proper position. The briefed course in crossing the channel was followed to the left in keeping in position behind the Division Lead Group. The coast of Holland was reached at an altitude of 21,000 feet, 1,000 feet above the briefed altitude and one and one-half minutes early (1028½).
    4.  Flight to Target: The Division Lead Group was followed in the flight to the target. The only divergency from the briefed course was made in the vicinity of the Zuider Zee while keeping in the proper position in the Division Column. The briefed IP [Initial Point of Bomb Run] was reached sixteen minutes early (1122) at the briefed altitude of 25,000 feet.
    5.  Description of Bombing Run: It was apparent that instrument bombing would be necessary before the IP was reached. The Weather Scouting Force had been unable to forward the usual weather information before the formations reached the IP due to the fact that the Division was ahead of time. However, when the IP was reached, the recommendation for instrument bombing was received. The 94th “B” Group attacked the Primary target in group formation by PFF methods. The briefed turn was made at the IP. The target was completely overcast. No interference was encountered on the bob run. The C-1 Pilot [Autopilot] functioned satisfactorily. It is reported that the rugged country in the target area made the PFF returns inaccurate.
    6.  Flight From Target: After attacking the target, the 94th “B” Group followed the briefed route closely. The Division Lead Group was abreast of the 94th “B” Group on the withdrawal. At 49°42’N - 05°40’E, the formation made a divergency from the briefed route to the left when the mickey set [Radar] gave inaccurate returns. It was, however, possible to return to the briefed route at the departure point from the Belgian coast. This point was reached at an altitude of 9,500 feet, fourteen minutes early (1310). The briefed route was closely followed in crossing the channel. Felixstowe, the briefed point of entry at the English coast, was crossed at an altitude of 5,000 feet, ten minutes early (1342). In the flight over England, the 94th “B” Group flew directly to Wesbech, where the briefed route was contacted. The High and Low Squadrons went to their respective stand-off areas and landings were carried out without difficulty. A normal let-down procedure had been followed.
    7.  Fighter Support: Good
    8.  Comments: No aircraft were lost. No flak was observed. No enemy aircraft were encountered.
    9.  Aircraft Not Attacking: Three aircraft returned to base early. One flying spare returned as planned.

  [Signed] Carl C. Hinkle, Jr., Major, Air Corps, Operations Officer

Supplement to Operational Narrative of 30 January, 1945.
  1. The following information has been received from Capt. Donald A. Gaylord, pilot in the lead aircraft of the 94th “B” Group on the Mission of 29 January, 1945:
    1. It was found, during the assembly, that the winds aloft were not as briefed. Departure from the assembly point (Kings Cliffe) was made on course and on time.  The 94th “A” Group was observed departing from its assembly area on time also. It is believed that difficulty encountered from the unbriefed winds were responsible for the variance from the briefed route over England. The 94th “A” Group evidently had correct wind data and followed the briefed route to Control Point #1. After leaving Holbeach, however, the 94th “B” Group, mistaking the 379th Group formation for the 94th “A” Group, followed it over England. After leaving Control Point #1, the 379th Group made a dog-leg which permitted the 94th “B” Group to fall into its proper position behind the 94th “A” Group.
  2. The operational narrative submitted by the 379th Group has been checked by telephone conversation. No mention is made of the presence of the second group of the 41st Combat Wing being between the 94th “A” and “B” Groups. Further, Capt. Gaylord reports that there was but one group between the 94th “A” and “B” Groups.

  [Signed] Carl C. Hinkle, Jr., Major, Air Corps, Operations Officer

351st Bombardmant Group
Lead BoxHigh BoxLow BoxTOTAL
No. of A/C Failing to Take Off0000
No. of A/C Airborne13131339
No. of A/C Airborne Less Unused Spares13131238
No. of A/C Sorties13121035
No. of A/C Attacking13121035
No. of A/C Not Attacking0123
Name of Primary TargetSIEGEN, GERMANY
(A) No. of A/C Attacking Primary Target13121035
(B) No., Size & Type Of Bombs 153 x 500# MK12  143 x 500# MK12  115 x 500# MK12  411 x 500# MK12 
Name of Secondary Target
(A) No. of A/C Attacking Secondary Target
(B) No., Size & Type Of Bombs
Name of Last Resort Target (LRT)
(A) No. of A/C Attacking LRT
(B) No., Size & Type Of Bombs
Name of Target of Opportunity (T.O.)
(A) No. of A/C Attacking T.O.
(B) No., Size & Type Of Bombs
No. of A/C Lost - Total0000
No. of A/C Lost - Flak
No. of A/C Lost - Flak and E/A
No. of A/C Lost - Enemy Aircraft
No. of A/C Lost - Accident
No. of A/C Lost - Unknown
Time of Take Off074907500755
Time of Attack113311331133
Average Time of Flight6:326:386:40
Altitude of Release23,900’23,305’22,600’
Enemy Resistance – AA Intensity & AccuracyNONE
Enemy Resistance – Fighter0000
Enemy Resistance – Bombers0000
U.S. A/C Engaged by Enemy Aircraft0000

PFF A/C were borrowed from Groups as follows: None
PFF A/C were loaned to Groups as follows: None

PFF AircraftOF 351st BOMB GROUP
42-97701LEAD of HIGH SQDN

Lead Bombardier’s Narrative:
Date - 29 Jan. 1945
Field Order # 616
Squadron or Group - Lead Sqdn., 94th CBW "B" Group
Target - M/Y [RR Marshalling Yard] at Siegen, Germany
  1. Type of Bombing (Visual, PFF or Combined)?  PFF
  2. Did Squadron perform own sighting operation, bomb on smoke marker, or was bombing done in Group Formation? Lead made a PFF sighting with Low and High dropping on the Lead. High dropped at 1133 on Mag. [Magnetic Compass] heading of 209°. Low dropped at 1133 on a Mag. Heading of 206°.
  3. Was turn made at briefed I.P.? Yes
  4. Cloud coverage and visibility. 10/10
  5. If Visual, when was MPI identified? If not actually seen, how was it located? PFF
  6. Any Interference on Bomb Run? None
  7. Did C-1 [Autopilot] function satisfactory? Yes
  8. Any other factors affecting accuracy? Rugged country made PFF returns bad.
  [Signed] Jerald E. Traczewitz, 1st Lt., Air Corps, Lead Bombardier

Combat Bombing Flight Record:

I certify that this 12E Form is complete and accurate.
[Signed] William B. Lyttle, Captain, Air Corps, Group Bombardier.

Lead Squadron, 94th "B" Group Bombardier - 1st Lt. Traczewitz, Gerald E.
Pilot - Lt. Col. Carraway, J.B. Á Capt. Gaylord, D.A.
Navigator - 1st Lt. Morrisette, Milton J.

Aircraft B-17G   Z-376  Take-off - 0750 Landed - 1420
Objective - M/Y at Siegen, Germany
Aiming Point (MPI) [Mean Point of Impact] - As Briefed (PFF)
Initial Point - As Briefed
Method of Attack - Group
No. of Attacking A/C in Group: - 36   Composite Group - ____
Number A/C Dropping Bombs by own Sighting Operation: ____
Deflection and Range Sighting, Group: One   Composite Group - ____
Range Sighting only, Group - __   Composite Group - ____
Bombs, Types and Sizes - 11 x 500 Lb. MK12 G.P.[General Purpose]; Markers
Number of Bombs Loaded - As Above   Released - Same
Fusing, Nose - 1/100   Tail - 1/100
Synchronization - PFF On

Information at Release Point:

Altitude of Target - 800'Magnetic Heading Ordered 203° Actual 216°
True Altitude Above Target - 23,097True Heading 210°
Indicated Altitude - 25,000Drift, Estimated 3° Right - Actual 10° Left
Pressure Altitude of Target +400True Track 200°
Altimeter Setting 29.92Actual Range 14,600'
Calculated Indicated Air Speed - 150KBomb Sight Type - Norden
True Air Speed - 220KTime of Release 1133 Hours
Ground Speed Est. 273 Actual 276Length of Bombing Run - 11 min.
Wind Direction Metro - 030° Actual - 340°Intervalometer Setting - 50 feet
Wind Velocity Metro 50 Actual 70 C-1 Pilot [Autopilot] - X [Used]
D.S. - 132  Trail - 66   ATF - 40.18A-5 Pilot _____
Tan. D.A, Est. .633 Actual .63 Manual Pilot ____

Type of Release - Train
Point of Impact If Seen - Unobserved (10/10ths Clouds)
Mean Temp. Metro -25 Actual -22
Winds - Altitude - 24,000 Ft.  Direction - Metro 030°  Actual 340°  Velocity - Metro 50  Actual 70
Temp C. - Metro -56° C. Actual -42° C.

Narrative Teletype Report:
  1. No leaflets were carried on today's mission.
  2. The three squadrons of this Group formed the 94th “B” Combat Wing and bombed by PFF methods, off the smoke markers of the Lead Squadron, the M/Y [R.R. Marshalling Yard] at Siegen, Germany. Mickey Operators [Radar Operators] state that the run was good and estimate that the bombs struck south of the briefed MPI [Mean Point of Impact].
  3. No E/A [Enemy Aircraft] were encountered and no claims [of enemy aircraft being shot down] are being submitted.
  4. No flak was observed.
  5. 9 to 10/10 clouds existed en route and over the target. Contrails were moderate but non-persistent.
  6. A V-2 con-trail was observed at 5030N – 0800E [Dornburg, Germany].
  7. Two PFF A/C were employed by this group on today’s mission. The equipment in the Lead A/C worked well and all bombing was done off the smoke markers of this A/C as the PFF equipment in the Lead A/C of the High Squadron went out over the continent. Fighter support was good. The Scouting Force was contacted but the conditions relayed by the Scouting Force were not encountered. None of our A/C are missing.

Track Chart:
Click on Chart to Enlarge

Combat Crew Comments:

    510th Squadron:
A/C 862-G: Capt. Wilcox, lead of high element of high squadron, did a swell job. – Lt. Turner
A/C 640-C: There should be an extra flying helmet in the emergency bag. – Lt. Lubozynski.

    511th Squadron:
A/C 650-M: Lt. Taylor flew a good lead of low-low today. – F/O Clarac.

  [Signed:] Sidney B. Steiner, 1st Lt., Air Corps, Ass’t. S-2 [Intelligence] Officer.

Mission Summary Report:
  1. Abortives and Flying Spares:
    1. Airplane No. 43-38405, 508th Squadron returned early because of broken thrust bolts on #1 engine. The engine had failed internally.
    2. Airplane No. 43-37900, 508th Squadron returned early because #1 engine failed internally. Investigation revealed that either the piston or the rod of #4 cylinder of #1 engine had come loose.
    3. Airplane No. 44-6156, 509th Squadron returned early as planned.
    4. Airplane No. 42-107124, 510th Squadron returned early because of broken thrust bolts on #1 engine. The engine had failed internally.
  [Signed:] John W. Freeman, Captain, Air Corps, Group Engineering Officer

Abortive Report
Aircraft No. M-37900 Squadron - 508 Low  Date - 29 Jan. 1945
    1. Reason for abortive Engine failure #1
    2. Place and altitude 52°21'N - 02°54'E 14,000'
    3. Time 1005
    4. Position in formation #3 pos. Low Sqdn.
    5. Disposition of bombs Brought Back
    6. Remarks Internal Failure
      (Pilot's Signature) W.A. Wiese, 1st Lt. Air Corps

Abortive Report
Aircraft No. F-107124 Squadron - 510 - High  Date - 29 Jan. 1945
    1. Reason for abortive Prop. shaft broke.
    2. Place and altitude 15 miles N of Kings Cliffe 3,700 ft.
    3. Time 0900
    4. Position in formation #2 Low Low - High Sqdn.
    5. Disposition of bombs Landed with bomb load
    6. Remarks 
      (Pilot's Signature) Joseph P. Adams Jr.

Abortive Report
Aircraft No. R-6156 Squadron - 509 - Low Date - 29 Jan. 1945
    1. Reason for abortive: #4 Turbo went out at assembly altitude.
    2. Place and altitude: 52°28'N - 00°22'E 8,000'
    3. Time: 0916
    4. Position in formation: #2 in lead of low squadron.
    5. Disposition of bombs: Brought them back O.K.
    6. Remarks: We couldn't maintain position in climb. Maximum MP [Intake Manifold Pressure] obtainable - 30' Hg.
      (Pilot's Signature) V. Hansen, 2nd Lt. Air Corps

Abortive Report
Aircraft No. D-38405 Squadron - 508 - Low Date - 29 Jan. 1945
    1. Reason for abortive: Broken Crankshaft #1 engine.
    2. Place and altitude: K.C. [Kings Cliffe] Buncher 7,000'
    3. Time: 0900
    4. Position in formation: Low squadron deputy lead.
    5. Disposition of bombs: Landed with bombs
    6. Remarks: None
            (4 Hrs. on Eng) Sutton
      (Pilot's Signature) Geo. L. Sullivan Jr.

“J” Form:
  1. Last Four numbers and Call Letter of A/C in each Squadron:
    a. 94th Combat Wing "B" Group   Lead Squadron - 351st Group
    Sqdn 508th A/C: (Z–8376 PFF)
    Sqdn 509th A/C: M–7964, V–7854
    Sqdn 510th A/C: None
    Sqdn 511th A/C: A–8428, C–8694, F–7705, H–8435, M–8650, Q–8080, X–6802, J–6579, (N–8592 Spare)
    Sqdn 546th A/C: (Z–8007 GH) 384th Group

    b. 94th Combat Wing "B" Group   Low Squadron - 351st Group
    Sqdn 508th A/C: A–8410, B–7349, D–8405, G–8954, J–7978, K–8130, L–7956, M–7900, P–7258
    Sqdn 509th A/C: F–6566, O–7595, P–7843, (R–6156 Spare)
    Sqdn 510th A/C: None
    Sqdn 511th A/C: None

    c. 94th Combat Wing "B" Group   High Squadron - 351st Group
    Sqdn 508th A/C: None
    Sqdn 509th A/C: (B–7701 PFF), (D–8591 Spare)
    Sqdn 510th A/C: A–8465, B–6610, F–7124, G–7862, H–8280, K–7252, L–7515, M–9001, N–7665, P–8080, S–7512
    Sqdn 511th A/C: None
  2. Target: GZ-2973
  3. W/T and R/T Operational Call Sign of each Squadron:
    Squadron508 [Call Sign]W/T WHC R/T CARLTONSquadron510 [Call Sign]W/T JUN R/T TIPSTAFF
    Squadron509 [Call Sign]W/T PFA R/T HOTMINTSquadron511 [Call Sign]W/T LJD R/T PARTNERSHIP
  4. Taxi – 0735; Take-Off – 0750; E.T.D. Field – 0750
  5. Time:Height:  Place of Crossing English Coast: (OUT)
    093212,000 Ft Felixstowe
  6. Time:Height:  Place of Crossing Enemy Coast: (IN)
    103020,000 Ft 52°40'N-04°37'E [Bergen aan Zee, Netherlands]
  7. Time:Height:  Place of Crossing Enemy Coast: (Out)
    13247,500 Ft Ostende, Netherlands]
  8. Time:Height:  Place of Crossing English Coast: (IN)
    13525,000 Ft Felixstowe
  9. E.T.R.(Estimated Time of Return) Base: 1432 Hours
  10. MF/DF [Medium Frequency/Direction Finder] Section: "H"
  11. Bomb load of Each A/C: "A" Lead Box
    Lead Squadron: 12 x 500 Mark 12 (Navy Bomb) - 1/100 x 1/100
    Low Squadron: 12 x 500 Mark 12 (Navy Bomb) - 1/100 x 1/100
    High Squadron: 12 x 500 Mark 12 (Navy Bomb) - 1/100 x 1/100
    ___ Squadron:
  12. Fuel Load of each A/C: 2500 Gallons
  13. Leaders:
    Lead Sqdn: Rank & Name: Lt. Col. Carraway A/C No & Sqdn. Z-8007 (545)
    Low Sqdn: Rank & Name: Capt. Angelini A/C No & Sqdn. B-7349 (508)
    High Sqdn: Rank & Name: Lt. Cutler A/C No & Sqdn. B-7701 PFF (509)
  14. Passengers, if any: (Full Name, Rank, A/C and Squadron Passenger flying with)
    Howard L. Schnur 1st Lt. B-7701 510th

Report Compiled By I.C. Muesing, S/Sgt.

Formation Chart:
94th "B" Combat Bomb Group - Lead Squadron Formation at Take–Off & Over Target
511th Squadron
A/C 44-8376 Z PFF
A/C 44-6579 J
P.G. Anderson
A/C 44-8045 L
A/C 43-38435 H
Johnson, H.C.
A/C 43-38694 C
A/C 43-37854 V
A/C 44-6802 X
A/C 43-37705 F
A/C 43-38080 Q
A/C 43-38428 A
A/C 43-38592 N Spare
A/C 43-38650 M
A/C 43-37964 M

[Lt. Gattens, the flying spare, filled in Lt. Adams position in the High Squadron]

94th "B" Combat Bomb Group - High Squadron Formation at Take–Off
510th Squadron
A/C 42-97701 B PFF
A/C 42-97252 K
A/C 43-39001 M
A/C 44-6610 B
A/C 43-37512 S
A/C 43-37665 N
A/C 42-38038 P
A/C 43-38465 A
A/C 43-37862 G
A/C 44-8280 H
A/C 43-38591 U Spare
A/C 43-37515 L
A/C 42-107124 F

[Lt. Kirkland, the flying spare, filled in Lt. Wisdom's position in the Low Squadron]

94th "B" Group High Squadron Formation Over–Target
510th Squadron
A/C 42-97701 B PFF
A/C 42-97252 K
A/C 43-39001 M
A/C 44-6610
A/C 43-37512 S
A/C 43-37665 N
A/C 42-38038 P
A/C 43-38465 A
A/C 43-37862 G
A/C 44-8280 H
A/C 43-37515 L
A/C 43-38592 N

[Lt. Adams aborted the mission. His position was filled by Lt Gattens the flying spare from the lead squadron.]

94th "B" Combat Bomb Group - Low Squadron Formation at Take–Off
508th Squadron
A/C 43-38116 Q
A/C 43-37900 M
A/C 43-38405 D
A/C 43-37956 L
A/C 43-37595 O
A/C 42-97169 N
A/C 43-37978 J
A/C 42-97258 P
A/C 43-38130 K
A/C 43-38954 G
A/C 44-6156 R Spare
A/C 42-97843 P
A/C 44-8410 A

94th "B" Group Low Squadron Formation Over–Target
508th Squadron
A/C 43-38116 Q
A/C 42-97169 N
A/C 42-97258 P
A/C 43-37978 J
A/C 43-37595 O
A/C 43-38591 U
A/C 43-37956 L
A/C 43-38130 K
A/C 43-38954 G
A/C 42-97843 P
A/C 44-8410 A

[Lt. Sullivan aborted and was replaced by Lt. James.
Lt. Parnell filled in the position vacated by Lt. James.
Lt. Wisdom filled in the position vacated by Lt. Parnell.
Lt. Wiese aborted and was replaced by Lt. Beringer.
Lt. Hansen, the low squadron flying spare, aborted because of an engine problem.
Lt. Kirkland, the lead squadron flying spare, filled in the position vacated by Lt Wisdom.]

Time Schedule:
Zero Hour: 0930 BST [British Standard Time]  Briefing: Enlisted Men 0415; Officers 0445 Stations: 0705 Start Engines: 0715 Taxi: 0735 Take-Off: 0750  Leave Base: 0750 [Breakfast: Enlisted Men 0315; Officers 0345]

[Wounded On Mission: 0]
The above records were obtained at the National Archives Records Administration and have been declassified by authority NND 745005
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