351st Bomb Group

Polebrook, England

Group Mission #266

Credited Mission #259

 
DATE: 3 Feb. 1945
Target: Berlin, Germany
 
BRIEFING OUTLINE
BRIEFING OFFICER: (IMPORTANT): READ SPECIAL BRIEFING POOP

    1. TARGETS: 
    2. Visual Primary and GH target for today is: Berlin [Germany]
    3. PFF Primary: Berlin [Germany]
    4. Visual Secondary: Berlin [Germany]
    5. PFF Secondary: Berlin [Germany]
    6. Last Resort: Neuruppin [Germany]

  1. TIMINGS:
    Zero Hour: - 0900Stations: - 0625
    Start Engines: - 0635Taxi: - 0655
    Take Off: - 0710Last Take Off: - 0820
    Target Time: - 1106ETR [Estimated Time
       of Return]:

    - 1548
    Depart English Coast at:  0851at Felixstowe

  2. LOADINGS:
     Gasoline:  2,780 Gallons
     Bombs:All A/C: 10 x 500 G.P. [General Purpose] 1/10 x 1/40 [Fuses], N-592 will carry Delay Action Bombs

  3. Intervalometer Settings: Visual or PFF 150 FT. (Last Resort Salvo)

  4. Chaff: Commence discharge of chaff at - IP [Initial Point of Bomb Run] & Discharge for 15 min.
        Each A/C [Aircraft] will carry - 432 units.

  5. Disposition of Forces:

    3 Divisions will be dispatched. The 1st Air Division will depart England ____ preceded by 3[rd] Division and followed by the 2nd Division.
    1st Division will dispatch 4 CBW's of 3 Groups each.
    The order of attack in the 1st Division will be:
    Lead 41st Attacking Berlin
    2nd 40th Attacking Berlin
    3rd 94th Attacking Berlin
    4th 1st Attacking Berlin
    5th Attacking____
    2nd Division targets are Berlin - 42 Squadrons
    3rd Division targets are Berlin - 14 Groups

  6. Fighter Cover:  10 Gps. of P-51 for 1st Division, Close Support

  7. Assembly:
    Lead at8,000'feet on Kings Cliffe BuncherRed-GreenFlares
    High at9,000'feet onKings CliffeBuncherGreen-GreenFlares
    Low at7,000'feet onKings CliffeBuncherRed-RedFlares
    401st at9,500'feet onCottesmoreBuncherRed-YellowFlares
    457th at8,000'feet onGlattonBuncherRed-YellowFlares
    Combat Wing Assembly Line: 
    Division Assembly Line: Felixstowe to 51°40’N-02°00’E [37 miles ESE of Clacton-on-Sea, England] to 52°40’N-04°38’E [Bergen aan Zee, Netherlands]
    _1_ minute interval between Groups.
    Reference altitude: 24,000'

  8. Call Signs:
    351stWoodcraft "Charlie" 
    401stWoodcraft "Baker"
    457thWoodcraft "Able"
    1st Div. Air CommanderCol. Lyle - (cowboy Able Low)
    94th CBW Air CommanderCol Rogner - (Woodcraft Baker)

    Russian Recognizing - Day - 1. Dip right wing 2 or 3 times. 2. Rock wings 3 to 5 times.
       Night - Prolonged flashing of Navigation lights.

  9. Navigator - _____

  10. S-2 - _____

  11. Weather - _____

  12. Communications - _____

  13. Flying Control - _____

  14. Special Instructions:
     a. Type of Bombing Formation - Group unless otherwise specified.
     b. Bombardier and Navigator of the #3 A/C of each sqdn. report to Photo Lab.
     c. Camera A/C   Z-696 / P-038 / M-900? / Special Cameras T-666 / A-428 / M-001 / G-954
      return at   Continental Coast Coming Out
     d. Spares to turn back at 04° East.
     e. PFF A/C fly as Group & Deputy Lead, High & Low Lead
     f. GH A/C fly as None
     g. REMARKS:  Scouting Force - 2 - Buckeye Red to 0750° E
      8 - Buckeye Blue from 0750° E to arrive at target 20 min. Before Lo. Group.
      Special Attention to Oxygen.
      400 E/A [Enemy Aircraft] Target Area - Moderate to Intense Opposition
      Evasive Action Suggested After Bombs Away
      Strict Adherence To Briefed Route On Withdrawal

      BRIEFING OFFICER: HAVE YOU READ SPECIAL BRIEFING POOP??


Operational Narrative.
  1. Date of Mission - 3 February, 1945.
    1. Target Attacked:  The Primary target, Berlin, Germany was attacked by visual methods.
    2. Force: 94th “C” Group. Thirty-nine aircraft, including four PFF ships and three flying spares were dispatched.
    3. Position: Briefed and flew as the ninth group in the First Division Formation.
    4. Lead Teams
      Group Lead
      Air Commander: Major Leonard B. Roper
      Pilot:1st Lt. John R. Coulam
      Navigator:1st Lt. Thomas C. Kyser
      Bombardier:1st Lt. Arnold Schiffman

      High Squadron
      Group Leader: Captain Winfield F. Muffett
      Pilot:1st Lt. Thomas G. Peterson
      Navigator:1st Lt. Charles H. Hubbell
      Bombardier:1st Lt.. Frank H. Reising

      Low Squadron
      Group Leader: 1st Lt. Robert L. Cutler
      Pilot:1st Lt. James L. Hickel
      Navigator:1st Lt. William H. Tabb
      Bombardier:2nd Lt. Malcolm S. Burr
  2. Narrative.
    1.  Squadron and Group Assembly: The assembly was carried out very well at the briefed altitude of 8,000 feet over the King's Cliffe buncher.
    2.  Route Over England: Departure from the buncher was made at the briefed altitude of 8,000 feet and on time (0819). The 94th "B" Group was seen leaving its assembly point just before the 94th "C" started to follow the briefed route behind the 94th "B" Group, but seeing that the 94th "A" was making a variance from the prescribed course, it instead followed it. The variance from the briefed route was slight and caused no difficulty. It was necessary for the 94th "C" to "S" later in order to permit the 94th "B" to get into position ahead of it. Point "D" was reached at the briefed altitude of 9,000 feet and two minutes late. From that point the briefed route was closely followed to the departure point from the English coast.
    3.  Division Assembly Line: Departure from the English coast was made at the briefed point one minute early (0850) at an altitude of 10,800 feet, 800 feet above the briefed altitude. The briefed route was not followed in crossing the channel in order to keep in position behind the preceding groups. The actual route was flown to the right of the briefed course. The Dutch coast was reached slightly to the right of the briefed point at an altitude of 19,300 feet, 700 feet below the briefed altitude. The formation was six minutes late at that point. It had been necessary in crossing the channel to "S" in order to keep interval. This was also necessary for the first part of the route over the continent.
    4.  Flight to Target: The formation flew to the left and north of the briefed route for the majority of the flight to the IP as the formation was stacked to the left. Further divergency was made in the Dummer Lake [area] in order to avoid possible flak opposition. The IP [Initial Point of Bomb Run] used was slightly to the northwest of the briefed point. This point was reached nine minutes late (1105) at an altitude of 24,800 feet, 200 feet below the briefed altitude.
    5.  Description of Bombing Run: The Weather Scouting Force had been contacted and reported that visual bombing could be carried out. The Group Leader informed the squadrons of this and the interval for bombing was taken. The target was found to be completely open with good visibility. Smoke from the bombing of previous groups, however, caused some difficulty.
       The Lead Squadron located the MPI [Mean Point of Impact] three minutes before "bombs away". No interference was encountered on the bombing run. The C-1 Pilot [Autopilot] functioned satisfactorily.
       The Low Squadron performed its own sighting operation. The target was covered with smoke and triangulation was used. No interference was encountered on the bomb run. The C-1 Pilot was not used on the bomb run because a tube in the amplifier burned out.
       The High Squadron performed its own sighting operation. The target was completely covered with smoke. The lead aircraft of this squadron had difficulty in opening the bomb bay doors fully. The deputy aircraft took over the lead and a short run was made. The MPI was covered with smoke. Bombs hit in the [Railroad] marshalling yards in the target area. The C-1 Pilot was not used.
    6.  Flight From Target: Some evasive action was taken after leaving the target. The three squadrons formed quickly and without difficulty. The Division column was followed to the north of the briefed course and in a later variance to the south of the briefed course. Departure from the German coast was made at an altitude of 23,000 feet at 1256 hours. The Division Column flew a route parallel to and to the left of the briefed route in crossing the channel. The English coast was reached at the briefed point at an altitude of 7,000 feet and 31 minutes early (1439). From that point the flight to base was made without further incident. The High and Low Squadrons went to their respective stand-off areas before landing. A normal let-down procedure had been followed.
    7.  Fighter Support: Good.
    8.  Comments: No aircraft were lost. No enemy aircraft were encountered. Flak at the target was moderate for this group, and appeared to be more intense both ahead of and behind it. Ten-tents cloud coverage was encountered on the route in until 11 degrees East was reached, at which point the clouds broke. All PFF equipment operated efficiently and served as a navigational aid. The Weather Scouting Force furnished adequate weather information.
    9.  Aircraft Not Attacking: One aircraft returned to base early. The lead aircraft of the High Squadron could not attack the target because of bomb bay door difficulties and dropped its bombs eight minutes after the target. The three flying spares remained with the formation.

  [Signed] Carl C. Hinkle, Jr., Major, Air Corps, Operations Officer


STATISTICAL SUMMARY OF OPERATIONS:
DIVISION FIELD ORDER NUMBER 620
351st Bombardmant Group
Lead BoxHigh BoxLow BoxTOTAL
No. of A/C Failing to Take Off0000
No. of A/C Airborne13131339
No. of A/C Airborne Less Unused Spares13131339
No. of A/C Sorties12131338
No. of A/C Attacking12121337
No. of A/C Not Attacking1102
Name of Primary TargetBERLIN, GERMANY
(A) No. of A/C Attacking Primary Target12121337
(B) No., Size & Type Of Bombs 120 x 500# GP  120 x 500# GP  130 x 500# GP  370 x 500# GP 
Name of Secondary Target
(A) No. of A/C Attacking Secondary Target
(B) No., Size & Type Of Bombs
Name of Last Resort Target (LRT)
(A) No. of A/C Attacking LRT
(B) No., Size & Type Of Bombs
Name of Target of Opportunity (T.O.)
(A) No. of A/C Attacking T.O.
(B) No., Size & Type Of Bombs
No. of A/C Lost - Total0000
No. of A/C Lost - Flak
No. of A/C Lost - Flak and E/A
No. of A/C Lost - Enemy Aircraft
No. of A/C Lost - Accident
No. of A/C Lost - Unknown
Time of Take Off070807100712
Time of Attack11141114½1114
Average Time of Flight8:038:098:09
Altitude of Release24,130’25,200’23,700’
Visual or PFFVisualVisualVisual
Enemy Resistance – AA Intensity & AccuracyMODERATE AND INACCURATE
Enemy Resistance – Fighter0000
Enemy Resistance – Bombers0000
U.S. A/C Engaged by Enemy Aircraft0000
Degree of SuccessEXCELLENT

PFF A/C were borrowed from Groups as follows: None
PFF A/C were loaned to Groups as follows: None

PFF AIRCRAFT
351st BOMB GROUP
POSITION
44-8376GROUP LEAD
44-84685DEPUTY GROUP LEAD
44-8455LOW SQDN LEAD
42-97687HIGH SQDN LEAD








[Lead Sqdn.] Lead Bombardier’s Narrative:
Date - 3 Feb., 1945
Field Order # 620
Squadron or Group - Lead Sqdn., 94th CBW "C" Group
Target - Transportation Area Near The Center of Berlin, Germany
  1. Type of Bombing (Visual, PFF or Combined)?  Visual
  2. Did Squadron perform own sighting operation, bomb on smoke marker, or was bombing done in Group Formation? Squadron performed own sighting operation.
  3. Was turn made at briefed I.P.? Yes
  4. Cloud coverage and visibility. "CAVU" [Ceiling and Visability Unlimited]
  5. If Visual, when was MPI identified? If not actually seen, how was it located? MPI [Mean Point of Impact] located three minutes from "Bombs Away".
  6. Any Interference on Bomb Run? None
  7. Did C-1 [Autopilot] function satisfactory? Yes
  8. Any other factors affecting accuracy? None
  [Signed] Arnold Schiffman, 1st Lt., Air Corps, Lead Bombardier

Combat Bombing Flight Record:

I certify that this 12E Form is complete and accurate.
[Signed] Warren C. Steitz, Captain, Air Corps, Group Bombardier.

Lead Squadron, 94th CBW "C" Group Field Order #620
Bombardier - 1st Lt. Schiffman, Arnold
Pilot - Major Roper, L.B. & 1st Lt. Coulan, J.R.
Navigator - 1st Lt. Kyser, Thomas C.

Aircraft B-17G   Z-376  Take-off - 0750 Landed - 1510
Objective - Transportation Area near the center of Berlin, Germany
Aiming Point (MPI) [Mean Point of Impact] - As Briefed
Initial Point - As Briefed
Method of Attack - Squadron
No. of Attacking A/C in Group: - 12   Composite Group - ____
Number A/C Dropping Bombs by own Sighting Operation: ____
Deflection and Range Sighting, Group: One   Composite Group - ____
Range Sighting only, Group - ____   Composite Group - ____
Bombs, Types and Sizes - 10 x 500 Lb. AN-M43 G.P.[General Purpose] & Markers
Number of Bombs Loaded - As Above   Released - Same
Fusing, Nose - 1/10   Tail - 1/100
Synchronization - On

Information at Release Point:

Altitude of Target - 115Magnetic Heading Ordered 070° Actual 069°
True Altitude Above Target - 24,130True Heading 065°
Indicated Altitude - 24,800Drift, Estimated 1° Left - Actual 6° Right
Pressure Altitude of Target +258True Track 71°
Altimeter Setting 29.92Actual Range 17,000'
Calculated Indicated Air Speed - 150KBomb Sight Type - M-9
True Air Speed - 220KTime of Release 1114
Ground Speed Est. 308 Actual 306Length of Bombing Run - 6 minutes
Wind Direction Metro - 250° Actual - 223°Intervalometer Setting - 150'
Wind Velocity Metro 75 Actual 60 C-1 Pilot [Autopilot] - X [Used]
D.S. - 126  Trail - 56   ATF - 41.07A-5 Pilot _____
Tan. D.A, Est. .707 Actual .68 Manual Pilot ____

Type of Release - Train 150'
Point of Impact If Seen - As Briefed
Mean Temp. Metro -15 Actual -15
Winds - Altitude - 24,000 Ft.  Direction - Metro 250°  Actual 223°  Velocity - Metro 75  Actual 60
Temp C. - Metro -42° C. Actual -41° C.



[High Sqdn.] Lead Bombardier’s Narrative:
Date - 3 Feb., 1945
Field Order # 620
Squadron or Group - Lead Sqdn., 94th CBW "C" Group - High Sqdn.
Target - Transportation Area Near The Center of Berlin, Germany
  1. Type of Bombing (Visual, PFF or Combined)?  Visual
  2. Did Squadron perform own sighting operation, bomb on smoke marker, or was bombing done in Group Formation? Squadron performed own sighting operation.
  3. Was turn made at briefed I.P.? Yes
  4. Cloud coverage and visibility. Target covered by smoke
  5. If Visual, when was MPI identified? If not actually seen, how was it located? MPI [Mean Point of Impact] was not actually seen - Target Area was bombed.
  6. Any Interference on Bomb Run? A short run was made as the deputy had to take over from the lead ship.
  7. Did C-1 [Autopilot] function satisfactory? Was not used
  8. Any other factors affecting accuracy? None
  [Signed] William P. Hearn, 2nd Lt., Air Corps, Lead Bombardier

Combat Bombing Flight Record:

I certify that this 12E Form is complete and accurate.
[Signed] Warren C. Steitz, Captain, Air Corps, Group Bombardier.

High Squadron, 94th CBW "C" Group Field Order #620
Bombardier - 2nd Lt. Hearn, William P.
Pilot - 1st Lt. Sullivan, Jr., George L.
Navigator - 2nd Lt. Gardner, Richard H.

Aircraft B-17G   B-349  Take-off - 0710 Landed - 1530
Objective - Transportation Area near the center of Berlin, Germany
Aiming Point (MPI) [Mean Point of Impact] - Right of briefed MPI (Target Area)
Initial Point - As Briefed
Method of Attack - Squadron
No. of Attacking A/C in Group: - 12   Composite Group - ____
Number A/C Dropping Bombs by own Sighting Operation: ____
Deflection and Range Sighting, Group: One   Composite Group - ____
Range Sighting only, Group - ____   Composite Group - ____
Bombs, Types and Sizes - 10 x 500 Lb. AN-M43 G.P.[General Purpose] & Markers
Number of Bombs Loaded - As Above   Released - Same
Fusing, Nose - 1/10   Tail - 1/100
Synchronization - On

Information at Release Point:  M.P.I. [Mean Point of Impact] not actually identified

Altitude of Target - 115Magnetic Heading Ordered 070° Actual 066°
True Altitude Above Target - 24,530True Heading 063°
Indicated Altitude - 25,200Drift, Estimated 1° Left - Actual 2° Left
Pressure Altitude of Target +258True Track 061°
Altimeter Setting 29.92Actual Range 17,394.05'
Calculated Indicated Air Speed - 150KBomb Sight Type - M-9
True Air Speed - 198KTime of Release 1114½
Ground Speed Est. 308 Actual 227Length of Bombing Run - 6 minutes
Wind Direction Metro - 250° Actual - 226°Intervalometer Setting - 150'
Wind Velocity Metro 75 Actual 60K C-1 Pilot [Autopilot] - ____
D.S. - 128  Trail - 61   ATF - 41.54A-5 Pilot _____
Tan. D.A, Est. .70 Actual .72 Manual Pilot - X [Used]

Type of Release - Train 150'
Point of Impact If Seen - Right of briefed MPI
Mean Temp. Metro -15 Actual -17
Winds - Altitude - 24,000 Ft.  Direction - Metro 250°  Actual 226°  Velocity - Metro 75  Actual 60
Temp C. - Metro -42° C. Actual -38° C.



[Low Sqdn.] Lead Bombardier’s Narrative:
Date - 3 Feb., 1945
Field Order # 620
Squadron or Group - Lead Sqdn., 94th CBW "C" Group
Target - Transportation Area Near The Center of Berlin, Germany
  1. Type of Bombing (Visual, PFF or Combined)?  Visual
  2. Did Squadron perform own sighting operation, bomb on smoke marker, or was bombing done in Group Formation? Squadron performed own sighting operation.
  3. Was turn made at briefed I.P.? Yes
  4. Cloud coverage and visibility. Target covered in smoke
  5. If Visual, when was MPI identified? If not actually seen, how was it located? Triangulation
  6. Any Interference on Bomb Run? None
  7. Did C-1 [Autopilot] function satisfactory? Was not used
  8. Any other factors affecting accuracy? None
  [Signed] Malcolm S. Burr, 2nd Lt., Air Corps, Lead Bombardier

Combat Bombing Flight Record:

I certify that this 12E Form is complete and accurate.
[Signed] Warren C. Steitz, Captain, Air Corps, Group Bombardier.

Low Squadron, 94th CBW "C" Group Field Order #620
Bombardier - 2nd Lt. Burr, Malcolm S.
Pilot - 1st Lt. Cutler, Robert L.
Navigator - 1st Lt. Tabb, William H.

Aircraft B-17G   O-455  Take-off - 0712 Landed - 1540
Objective - Transportation Area near the center of Berlin, Germany
Aiming Point (MPI) [Mean Point of Impact] - As Briefed
Initial Point - As Briefed
Method of Attack - Squadron
No. of Attacking A/C in Group: - 12   Composite Group - ____
Number A/C Dropping Bombs by own Sighting Operation: ____
Deflection and Range Sighting, Group: One   Composite Group - ____
Range Sighting only, Group - ____   Composite Group - ____
Bombs, Types and Sizes - 10 x 500 Lb. AN-M43 G.P.[General Purpose] & Markers
Number of Bombs Loaded - As Above   Released - Same
Fusing, Nose - 1/10   Tail - 1/100
Synchronization - On

Information at Release Point:  Used Triangulation to locate MPI [Mean Point of Impact]

Altitude of Target - 115'Magnetic Heading Ordered 070° Actual 059°
True Altitude Above Target - 23,030True Heading 055°
Indicated Altitude - 23,700Drift, Estimated 1° Left - Actual 5° Left
Pressure Altitude of Target +258True Track 050°
Altimeter Setting 29.92Actual Range 17,025'
Calculated Indicated Air Speed - 150KBomb Sight Type - M-9
True Air Speed - 220KTime of Release 1114
Ground Speed Est. 308 Actual 300Length of Bombing Run - 6 minutes
Wind Direction Metro - 250° Actual - 265°Intervalometer Setting - 150'
Wind Velocity Metro 75 Actual 70 C-1 Pilot [Autopilot] ____
D.S. - 130.4  Trail - 56   ATF - 40.6A-5 Pilot _____
Tan. D.A, Est. .71 Actual .73 Manual Pilot - X [Used]

Type of Release - Train 150'
Point of Impact If Seen - Target covered by smoke
Mean Temp. Metro -15 Actual -17
Winds - Altitude - 24,000 Ft.  Direction - Metro 250°  Actual 268°  Velocity - Metro 75  Actual 70
Temp C. - Metro -43° C. Actual -38° C.



Preliminary Damage Assessment:
  1. The target for the three squadrons of this Group was a transportation area near the center of Berlin, Germany. The target area was obscured by smoke from previous bombing and accurate damage assessment is impossible.
  2. The bombs of the lead squadron fell into the target area on, or very near to, the briefed MPI. The smoke markers can be seen, but no definite pattern can be plotted.
  3. Photo evidence indicates that the bombs of the low squadron fell into the edge of the target area approximately one-half mile over (east) of the briefed MPI. The two smoke markers and the pattern of the 398th Group lead squadron can be seen on these photos. (Bombs away of the 398th Lead squadron - 1114 hrs.)
  4. The pattern of the high squadron fell 11,394 feet east of the target area and hit in and around the yards of the Gorlitzer passenger station. There are nine hits in the yards. The pattern measures 3,444 feet by 2,568 feet.
  [Signed:] Thomas L. Cooper, Captain, Air Corps, Asst. Group S-2, P.I. [Photo Intelligence]


Narrative Teletype Report:
  1. No leaflets were carried on today's mission.
  2. The three squadrons of this Group formed the 94th "C" Combat Wing and visually bombed the primary target, which was a transportation area in the vicinity of Berlin. Preliminary study of photos shows the target area to be well hit and covered with smoke from previous bombing. The lead squadron bombs fell into the edge of the smoke area and in the approximate area of the assigned MPI [Mean Point of Impact]. The bombs of the low squadron fell into the smoke around the MPI area, but no hits can be seen. The leader of the high squadron relinquished his lead to the deputy because of a bomb rack malfunction. The deputy made a very short PDI [Pilots Deviation Indicator] run and the bomb pattern fell across the Gorlitzer passenger station yards with heavy damage.
  3. No enemy aircraft were encountered and no claims [of enemy aircraft being shot down] are being submitted.
  4. Flak at the target was moderate for this Group, although it appeared to be more intense both ahead of us and behind us. It appeared to come up in the form of a barrage from several concentrations scattered over the target area; most of it was inaccurate for our formation. Meager inaccurate flak was encountered at Egmond [aan-Zee, Netherlands], and moderate flak was observed at Hamburg, Brandenburg, and Wesermunde.
  5. 10/10ths cloud coverage was encountered on the route in until this Group reached 11 degrees East, at which point the clouds broke. 1/10ths cloud coverage with slight ground haze existed in the target area.
  6. Smoke screens were observed at Magdeburg and at approx. 5213[N] - 1220[E], in the area of the IP [Initial Point of Bomb Run].
  7. All PFF equipment operated efficiently and served as a navigational aid. Scouting Force was contacted by this Group and furnished adequate weather reports. Fighter support was good. Two aircraft from group behind were observed to collide at 1045 hours at approximately 5235[N] - 1100E.[Near Brome, Germany]; three chutes were seen. One B-17 from group behind was hit by flak and seen to explode at 1116 hours in the target area. No chutes were seen. One B-17 from group ahead went down in flames over the target. Two chutes were observed. None of our aircraft is missing.


Track Chart:
Click on Chart to Enlarge



Combat Crew Comments:

    508th Squadron:
A/C M-900: Lead of the low flight of the high squadron was poor today. Too much chopping throttles. - Lt. Ash.

    510th Squadron:
A/C F-124: Good formation at target - less than 1,000 yards long. - Whole crew.

    511th Squadron:
A/C A-488: Good formation and excellent fighter support. - Crew

  [Signed:] Robert P. Ramsey, Major, Air Corps, Group S-2 [Intelligence].


Mission Summary Report:
  1. Abortives and Flying Spares:
    1. Airplane No. 43-37854, returned early. Pilot stated #1 propeller ran away. Investigation revealed that engine had failed internally.
  [Signed:] John W. Freeman, Captain, Air Corps, Group Engineering Officer


Abortive Report
Aircraft No. V-37854 Squadron - 509 Lead  Date - 3 Feb. 1945
  1. PILOT'S STATEMENT:
    1. Reason for abortive #1 prop ran away
    2. Place and altitude 18,000 at 52°30'[N] 4°20'[E] [10 miles WNW of IJmuiden, Netherlands]
    3. Time 0935
    4. Position in formation #2 Low
    5. Disposition of bombs Jettisoned in sea at 51°15'[N] 3°08'[E]
    6. Remarks 1001 time
      (Pilot's Signature) Chas. D. Hammett


“J” Form:
  1. Last Four numbers and Call Letter of A/C in each Squadron:
    a. 94th Combat Wing "C" Group   Lead Squadron - 351st Group
    Sqdn 508th A/C: (Z–8376 PFF),
    Sqdn 509th A/C:C–8640, F–6566, M–7964, O–7595, Q–8116, T–8666, V–7854, U–8591, Z–7696, (R–6156 Spare),
    Sqdn 510th A/C: (X–8468 PFF)
    Sqdn 511th A/C: A–8428

    b. 94th Combat Wing "A" Group   Low Squadron - 351st Group
    Sqdn 508th A/C: None
    Sqdn 509th A/C: None
    Sqdn 510th A/C: A–8465, F–7124, G–7862, H–8280, K–7252, L–7515, M–9001, P–8038, S–7512, T–8461
    Sqdn 511th A/C: (N–8592 DA), (H–8435 Spare), (O–8455 PFF)

    c. 94th Combat Wing "A" Group   High Squadron - 351st Group
    Sqdn 508th A/C: A–8410, B–7349, C–8753, D–8405, G–8954, L–7956, M–7900, O–8277, P–7258, Q–8799, Y–6108
    Sqdn 509th A/C: None
    Sqdn 510th A/C: None
    Sqdn 511th A/C: (Z–7687 PFF)
  2. [DA - Delayed Action fuses.]
  3. Target: GH-487
  4. W/T and R/T Operational Call Sign of each Squadron:
    Squadron508 [Call Sign]W/T MDM R/T CARLTONSquadron510 [Call Sign]W/T SDZ R/T TIPSTAFF
    Squadron509 [Call Sign]W/T RFW R/T HOTMINTSquadron511 [Call Sign]W/T NHU R/T PARTNERSHIP
  5. Taxi – 0655; Take-Off – 0710; E.T.D. Field – 0710
  6. Time:Height:  Place of Crossing English Coast: (OUT)
    085110,000 Ft Felixstowe
  7. Time:Height:  Place of Crossing Enemy Coast: (IN)
    093820,000 Ft 52°40'N-04°38'E [Bergen aan Zee, Netherlands]
  8. Time:Height:  Place of Crossing Enemy Coast: (Out)
    125723,000 Ft 53°44'N-08°30'E [14 miles north of Bremerhaven, Germany]
  9. Time:Height:  Place of Crossing English Coast: (IN)
    1510½5,000 Ft Cromer
  10. E.T.R.(Estimated Time of Return) Base: 1548 Hours
  11. MF/DF [Medium Frequency/Direction Finder] Section: "H"
  12. Bomb load of Each A/C: "A" Lead Box
    Lead Squadron: 10 x 500 G.P. - 1/10 x 1/40
    Low Squadron: 10 x 500 G.P. - 1/10 x 1/40
    High Squadron: 10 x 500 G.P. - 1/10 x 1/40
    ___ Squadron:
  13. Fuel Load of each A/C: 2780 Gallons
  14. Leaders:
    Lead Sqdn: Rank & Name: Maj. Roper A/C No & Sqdn. Z-8376 PFF (508)
    Low Sqdn: Rank & Name: Lt. Cutler A/C No & Sqdn. 0-8455 PFF (511)
    High Sqdn: Rank & Name: Capt. Muffett A/C No & Sqdn. Z-7687 PFF (511)
  15. Passengers, if any: (Full Name, Rank, A/C and Squadron Passenger flying with)
    None

Report Compiled By Shepard, M/Sgt.



Formation Chart:
94th "C" Combat Bomb Group - Lead Squadron Formation at Take–Off
509th Squadron
Roper–Coulam
A/C 44-8376 Z PFF
Claggett
A/C 43-38640 C
Powell–Logan
A/C 44-8468 X
Foreman
A/C 43-38666 T
Quinn
A/C 43-38116 Q
Gattens
A/C 43-37595 O
Hammett
A/C 43-37854 V
Wefel
A/C 43-38591 U
Smith
A/C 43-37964 M
Parker
A/C 44-6566 F
Vergen
A/C 44-6156 R Spare
Mahnke
A/C 43-38428 A
Potter
A/C 43-37696 Z


94th "C" Group - Lead Squadron Formation Over–Target
509th Squadron
Roper–Coulam
A/C 44-8376 PFF
Claggett
A/C 43-38640 C
Powell–Logan
A/C 44-8468 X
Foreman
A/C 43-38666 T
Quinn
A/C 43-38116 Q
Gattens
A/C 43-37595 O
Vergen
A/C 44-6156 R
Wefel
A/C 43-38591 U
Smith
A/C 43-37964 M
Parker
A/C 44-6566 F
Mahnke
A/C 43-38428 A
Potter
A/C 43-37696 Z

[Lt Hammett aborted. His position was filled by the flying spare, Lt Vergen.]

94th "C" Combat Bomb Group - High Squadron Formation at Take–Off
508th Squadron
Muffett–Peterson
A/C 42-97687 Z PFF
Beringer
A/C 43-38277 O
Sullivan
A/C 42-97349 B
Parnell
A/C 43-37956 L
Lowery
A/C 44-6579 J
Murray
A/C 44-6108 Y
Buttel
A/C 43-38954 G
James
A/C 42-97258 P
Purvis
A/C 43-38753 C
Sugg
A/C 44-8410 A
Wisdom
A/C 43-38130 K Spare
Hansen
A/C 43-38799 Q
Ash
A/C 43-37900 M


94th "C" Group - High Squadron Formation Over–Target
508th Squadron
Sullivan
A/C 42-97349 B PFF
Berringer
A/C 43-38277 O
Muffett–Peterson
A/C 42-97687 Z
Parnell
A/C 43-37956 L
Purvis
A/C 43-38753 C
Murray
A/C 44-6108 Y
Buttel
A/C 43-38954 G
James
A/C 42-97258 P
Wisdom
A/C 43-38130 K
Sugg
A/C 44-8410 A
Lowery
A/C 44-6579 J
Hansen
A/C 43-38799 Q
Ash
A/C 43-37900 M

[Lt Sullivan, the Deputy Lead, took over the lead and Lt Muffett dropped back into the Deputy Lead position.] [Lt Lowery dropped back and Lt Purvis filled in his position. Lt Wisdom, the flying spare, filled in Lt Purvis' position.]

94th "C" Combat Bomb Group - Low Squadron Formation at Take–Off and Over Target
510th Squadron
Cutler–Hickel
A/C 44-8455 O PFF
Lawson
A/C 44-8280 H
Rossen
A/C 43-39001 M
Wilcox
A/C 43-38592 N
Oakes
A/C 42-97252 K
Kirkland
A/C 43-37862 G
Miller
A/C 43-37515 L
Haskins
A/C 43-37512 S
Gonske
A/C 43-38465 A
Adams
A/C 43-38435 H
Turner
A/C 43-38461 T Spare
Blaney
A/C 42-107124 F
Rebo
A/C 42-38038 P


Time Schedule:
Zero Hour: 0900 BST [British Standard Time]  Briefing: Enlisted Men 0345; Officers 0415 Stations: 0625 Start Engines: 0635 Taxi: 06550 Take-Off: 0710  Leave Base: 0710 [Breakfast: Enlisted Men 0245; Officers 0315]

[Wounded On Mission: 0]
The above records were obtained at the National Archives Records Administration and have been declassified by authority NND 745005
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