351st Bomb Group

Polebrook, England

Group Mission #277

Credited Mission #270

 
DATE: 22 Feb. 1945
Target: Transportation Center, Salzwedel, Germany
 
BRIEFING OUTLINE
BRIEFING OFFICER: (IMPORTANT): READ SPECIAL BRIEFING POOP

    1. TARGETS: 
    2. Visual Primary and GH target for today is: Salzwedel, Germany (Transportation Center)
    3. PFF Primary: 52°38'N 10°04'E
    4. Visual Secondary: ____
    5. PFF Secondary: ____
    6. Last Resort: Nienburg [Germany] M/Y [RR Marshalling Yard]

  1. TIMINGS:
    Zero Hour: - 0900Stations: - 0735
    Start Engines: - 0745Taxi: - 0805
    Take Off: - 0820Last Take Off: - 0920
    Target Time: - 1015ETR [Estimated Time
       of Return]:

    - 1545
    Depart English Coast at: 1017at Lowestoft

  2. LOADINGS:
     Gasoline: 2,780 Gallons
     Bombs:12 x 500# G.P. [General Purpose] 1/10 x 1/40 [Fuses]

  3. Intervalometer Settings: Salvo 

  4. Chaff: Commence discharge of chaff at - 6" [minutes] before target & continue for 9."
      Also discharge of chaff between 0720 & 0820E on penetration and withdrawal.
      Each A/C [Aircraft] will carry - 576 units.

  5. Disposition of Forces:

    3 Divisions will be dispatched. The 1st Air Division will depart England 2nd preceded by 3rd Division and followed by the 2nd Division.
    1st Division will dispatch 4 CBW's of 3 Groups each.
    The order of attack in the 1st Division will be:
    Lead40thAttackingWittstock & Perleberg
    2nd1stAttackingStendal & Gardelegen
    3rd94thAttackingLudwigslust & Salzwedel
    4th41stAttackingLuneberg & Velzen
    450 A/C of 2nd Division targets are5220N-0930E; 5220N-1230E; 5100N-1230E; 5100N-0930E
    532 A/C of 3rd Division targets are5100N-0930E; 5100N-1230E; 4930N-0930E; 4930N-1230E

  6. Fighter Cover: 10 Gps. of P-51's; Two groups Close Support; Two Groups for Target Area & Withdrawal Support.

  7. Assembly:
    Lead at10,000'feet on Kings Cliffe BuncherRed-GreenFlares
    High at11,000'feet onKings CliffeBuncherGreen-GreenFlares
    Low at9,000'feet onKings CliffeBuncherRed-RedFlares
    401st at10,000'feet onCottesmoreBuncherRed-YellowFlares
    457th at10,000'feet onGlattonBuncherRed-YellowFlares
    Combat Wing Assembly Line: Swaffam to Lowestoft
    Division Assembly Line: Lowestoft to 52°44’N-04°30’E [Hargen aan Zee, Netherlands]
    2 minutes interval between Groups.
    Reference altitude: 10,000

  8. Call Signs:
    351stWoodcraft Baker
    401stWoodcraft Able
    457thWoodcraft Charlie
    1st Div. Air CommanderCol. Sutton
    94th CBW Air CommanderMajor Chapman

  9. Navigator - _____

  10. S-2 - _____

  11. Weather - _____

  12. Communications - _____

  13. Flying Control - _____

  14. Special Instructions:
     a. Type of Bombing Formation - By Group if PFF; By Squadron if Visual
     b. Bombardier and Navigator of the #3 A/C of each sqdn. report to Photo Lab.
     c. Camera A/C:  N-169, N-665, L-956
      return at  Continental Coast Out [Bound]
     d. Spares to turn back at 04°00' East.
     e. PFF A/C fly as Lead of each Sqdn. & also Deputy of Lead Sqdn.
     f. GH A/C fly as None
     g. REMARKS: 
       Under no circumstances will groups bomb below 10,000'.
       Russian Recognition signals are on the flimsies.

     BRIEFING OFFICER: HAVE YOU READ SPECIAL BRIEFING POOP??



Operational Narrative – 94th “C” CBW:
  1. Date of Mission - 22 February, 1945
    1. Target Attacked:  The primary target at Salzwedel, Germany was attacked visually.
    2. Force: 94th “B” Group. Thirty-nine aircraft, including four PFF ships and three flying spares, took off as planned.
    3. Position: The 94th “B” Group flew its briefed position as the eighth group in the Division Formation.
    4. Lead Teams
      Group Lead
      Air Commander: Major F.A. Richardson
      Pilot:Captain Vernon R. Weatherman
      Navigator:1st Lt. Thomas C. Kyser
      Bombardier:1st Lt. Arnold Schiffman

      High Squadron
      Group Leader: 1st Lt. Joseph C. Robinson
      Pilot:2nd Lt. Gustave A. Bochert
      Navigator:1st Lt. Albert W. Allen
      Bombardier:1st Lt. Raymond E. Hall

      Low Squadron
      Group Leader: Captain Frank H. Wilcox
      Pilot:1st Lt. Vincent R. Cramer
      Navigator:2nd Lt. Rolland X. Madsen
      Bombardier:1st Lt. Jack P. Austin
  2. Narrative.
    1.  Squadron and Group Assembly: The assembly was carried out satisfactorily over the Kings Cliffe buncher at the briefed altitude of 10,000 feet. The formation was completely formed before the briefed departure time from the buncher.
    2.  Route Over England: After leaving the assembly point on time and on course at an altitude of 10,000 feet, the 94th “B” increased its altitude to 12,000 feet in order to be at the same level as the 94th “A” and “C” Groups. The 94th “B” got into wing formation without difficulty at Swaffham. Shortly before reaching the departure point from the English coast, two groups of B-24’s we3re encountered. The result was a scattered formation, which, however, managed to reform before departing from England.
    3.  Division Assembly Line: Departure from the English coast was made from the briefed point, Lowestoft, at an altitude of 13,000 feet and one minute late (1018). The briefed Division Assembly Line was flown. The 94th “B” Group was in its proper position. A gradual climb was made, and when the formation was off the Dutch coast at an altitude of 16,000 feet, some weather difficulty was encountered. This, however, was only temporary. The Dutch coast was crossed at the briefed point three minutes late (1052) and at an altitude of 16,000 feet, 4,000 feet below the briefed altitude.
    4.  Flight to Target: The briefed route was followed with little variance in keeping in the Division Column. The briefed altitude of 20,000 feet was never reached on the flight to the target. The formation started letting down at approximately seven degrees east from its altitude of 16,000 feet. Due to the fact that both the gee and mickey [radar] equipment became inoperative, the Lead aircraft of the 94th “B” Group relinquished the lead to the deputy aircraft. This was done just after crossing over the Zuider Zee. As the bomb run was short, the formation swung to the south of the briefed course before reaching the IP [Initial Point of Bomb Run], and then crossed that point on the proper heading for the target. This permitted the bombardier to have more time to make his sighting.
    5.  Description of Bombing Run: The briefed IP was crossed at an altitude of 13,000 feet, 1,000 feet above the briefed altitude. This point was reached six minutes late (1204). Before reaching the target, the formation let-down to 12,000 feet, the briefed bombing altitude. The Primary target at Salzwedel, Germany, was attacked visually, by squadrons. Each squadron performed its own sighting operation. The Lead Squadron made a manual run, while the High and Low Squadrons used the C-1 Pilot [Autopilot]. No interference, other than haze, was encountered on the bomb run. Results are reported as good.
    6.  Flight From Target: After bombing, the 94th “B” Group rallied without difficulty and proceeded on the briefed route. It became necessary to climb to 20,000 feet in order to get above cloud cover on the briefed route. The formation was alone after the target. The 94th “A” Group was contacted over HF and informed of the location of the 94th “B” Group and of the weather condition at that altitude. The deputy aircraft remained in the lead position until the Dutch coast was crossed at an altitude of 20,000 feet eight minutes early (1402). At that point the gee equipment in the lead aircraft was found to be operative, and it resumed its former position. The briefed route was followed to the English coast, which was crossed at an altitude of 3,000 feet. The formation followed the briefed route to base, the High and Low Squadrons going to their respective stand-off areas before landing. A normal let-down procedure had been followed.
    7.  Fighter Support: Very Good
    8.  Comments: No aircraft were lost. No enemy aircraft or flak were encountered. The Weather Scouting Force furnished satisfactory information.
    9.  Aircraft Not Attacking: One aircraft returned to base early. Two flying spares returned as planned.

  [Signed] Carl C. Hinkle, Jr, Major, Air Corps, Operations Officer


STATISTICAL SUMMARY OF OPERATIONS
DIVISION FIELD ORDER NUMBER 637
351st Bombardmant Group
Lead BoxHigh BoxLow BoxTOTAL
No. of A/C Failing to Take Off0000
No. of A/C Airborne13131238
No. of A/C Airborne Less Unused Spares13121237
No. of A/C Sorties (effective)13121136
No. of A/C Attacking13121136
No. of A/C Not Attacking0011
Name of Primary TargetSALZWEDEL, GERMANY
(A) No. of A/C Attacking Primary Target13*121136
(B) No., Size & Type Of Bombs 153 x 500# GP  142 x 500# GP  131 x 500# GP  426 x 500# GP 
Name of Secondary Target
(A) No. of A/C Attacking Secondary Target
(B) No., Size & Type Of Bombs
Name of Last Resort Target (LRT)
(A) No. of A/C Attacking LRT
(B) No., Size & Type Of Bombs
Name of Target of Opportunity (T.O.)
(A) No. of A/C Attacking T.O.
(B) No., Size & Type Of Bombs
No. of A/C Lost - Total0000
No. of A/C Lost - Flak
No. of A/C Lost - Flak and E/A
No. of A/C Lost - Enemy Aircraft
No. of A/C Lost - Accident
No. of A/C Lost - Unknown
Time of Take Off081508160817
Time of Attack12201220½1220
Average Time of Flight7:087:247:13
Altitude of Release12,320’12,820’10,620’
Visual or PFFVisualVisualVisual
Enemy Resistance – AA Intensity & AccuracyNONE
Enemy Resistance – Fighter0000
Enemy Resistance – Bombers0000
U.S. A/C Engaged by Enemy Aircraft0000
Degree of SuccessGOOD RESULTS

* Includes one A/C [Aircraft] whiich flew with the Low Squadron

PFF A/C were borrowed from Groups as follows: None
PFF A/C were loaned to Groups as follows: None

PFF AIRCRAFT OF
351st BOMB GROUP
[POSITION]
44-8045LEAD
44-8374DEPUTY LEAD
44-8455HIGH SQDN LEAD
42-97701LOW SQDN LEAD








Lead Bombardier’s Narrative:
Date - 22 February, 1945
Field Order # 637
Squadron or Group - 351st Bomb Group, 509 Sqdn., Lead Sqdn.
Target - Salzwedel, Germany
  1. Type of Bombing (Visual, PFF or Combined)?  Visual
  2. Did Squadron perform own sighting operation, bomb on smoke marker, or was bombing done in Group Formation? Own Sighting Performed.
  3. Was turn made at briefed I.P.? Yes.
  4. Cloud coverage and visibility. Dense Haze.
  5. If Visual, when was MPI identified? If not actually seen, how was it located? 1½ minutes before bombs away.
  6. Any Interference on Bomb Run? None
  7. Did C-1 [Autopilot] function satisfactory? No. Manual run taken.
  8. Any other factors affecting accuracy? None
  [Signed] Donald H. Stump, 1st Lt., Air Corps, Lead Bombardier

Combat Bombing Flight Record:

I certify that this 12E Form is complete and accurate.
[Signed] Warren C. Steitz, Captain, Air Corps, Group Bombardier.

Bombardier - 1st Lt. Stump, Donald H.
Pilot - 1st Lt. Daugherty
Navigator - 1st Lt. Huntley

Aircraft B-17G   U-374  Take-off - 0815 Landed - 1520
Objective - Salzwedel, Germany
Aiming Point (MPI) [Mean Point of Impact] - Marshalling Yards
Initial Point - As Briefed
Method of Attack - Squadron
No. of Attacking A/C in Group: - 12   Composite Group - ____
Number A/C Dropping Bombs by own Sighting Operation: ____
Deflection and Range Sighting, Group: One   Composite Group - ____
Range Sighting only, Group - __   Composite Group - ____
Bombs, Types and Sizes - 12 x 500 G.P.[General Purpose] and Markers
Number of Bombs Loaded - As Above   Released - Same
Fusing, Nose - 1/10 sec.   Tail - 1/40 sec.
Synchronization - On (slightly right)

Information at Release Point:  Bombed in Squadron Formation

Altitude of Target - 157 FeetMagnetic Heading Ordered 051° Actual 046°
True Altitude Above Target - 12,320'True Heading 041°
Indicated Altitude - 12,100'Drift, Estimated 10° Right - Actual 9° Right
Pressure Altitude of Target -430True Track 050°
Altimeter Setting 29.92Actual Range 5,921.3'
Calculated Indicated Air Speed - 147 M.P.H.Bomb Sight Type - M-9
True Air Speed - 164KTime of Release 1220 Hours
Ground Speed Est. 158 Actual 147Length of Bombing Run - 22 Miles
Wind Direction Metro - 360° Actual - 300°Intervalometer Setting - Salvo
Wind Velocity Metro 35 Actual 25 C-1 Pilot [Autopilot] NO_
D.S. - 186.5  Trail - 39   ATF - 28.64A-5 Pilot NO
Tan. D.A, Est. .48 Actual .48 Manual Pilot - Yes

Type of Release - Salvo
Point of Impact If Seen - As Briefed
Mean Temp. Metro -10 Actual -11
Winds - Altitude - 10,000 Ft.  Direction - Metro 360°  Actual 300°  Velocity - Metro 35  Actual 25
Temp C. - Metro -10° C. Actual -11° C.



Lead Bombardier’s Narrative:
Date - 22 February, 1945
Field Order # 637
Squadron or Group - High Sqdn. 94th CBW "B" Group
Target - M/Y [RR Marshalling Yard] at Salzwedel, Germany
  1. Type of Bombing (Visual, PFF or Combined)?  Visual
  2. Did Squadron perform own sighting operation, bomb on smoke marker, or was bombing done in Group Formation? Own Sighting.
  3. Was turn made at briefed I.P.? Yes.
  4. Cloud coverage and visibility. Good
  5. If Visual, when was MPI identified? If not actually seen, how was it located? MPI [Mean Point of Impact] was located and identified ten miles before "Bombs Away".
  6. Any Interference on Bomb Run? None
  7. Did C-1 [Autopilot] function satisfactory? Yes
  8. Any other factors affecting accuracy? No
  [Signed] Raymond E. Hall, 1st Lt., Air Corps, Lead Bombardier

Combat Bombing Flight Record:

Bombardier - 1st Lt. Hall, Raymond E.
Pilot - 1st Lt. Robinson, Joseph C.
Navigator - 1st Lt. Allen, Albert W.

Aircraft B-17G   O-455  Take-off - 0815 Landed - 1540
Objective - M/Y at Salzwedel, Germany
Aiming Point (MPI) [Mean Point of Impact] - As Briefed
Initial Point - As Briefed
Method of Attack - Squadron
No. of Attacking A/C in Group: - 12   Composite Group - ____
Number A/C Dropping Bombs by own Sighting Operation: ____
Deflection and Range Sighting, Group: One   Composite Group - ____
Range Sighting only, Group - __   Composite Group - ____
Bombs, Types and Sizes - 12 x 500 G.P.[General Purpose] and Markers
Number of Bombs Loaded - As Above   Released - Same
Fusing, Nose - 1/10   Tail - 1/40
Synchronization - On 

Information at Release Point:  

Altitude of Target - 157 FeetMagnetic Heading Ordered 051° Actual 045°
True Altitude Above Target - 12,820'True Heading 040°
Indicated Altitude - 12,600'Drift, Estimated 10° Right - Actual 5° Right
Pressure Altitude of Target -430True Track 045°
Altimeter Setting 29.92Actual Range 6,020.9'
Calculated Indicated Air Speed - 150Bomb Sight Type - M-9
True Air Speed - 161KTime of Release 12:20:20 Hours
Ground Speed Est. 152 Actual 170Length of Bombing Run - 22 Miles
Wind Direction Metro - 270° Actual - 280°Intervalometer Setting - Salvo
Wind Velocity Metro 25 Actual 26 C-1 Pilot [Autopilot] - X [Used]
D.S. - 182  Trail - 37   ATF - 29.18A-5 Pilot - ____
Tan. D.A, Est. .47 Actual .52 Manual Pilot - ____

Type of Release - Salvo
Point of Impact If Seen - Western Choke Point
Mean Temp. Metro -1 Actual -2
Winds - Altitude - 12,600 Ft.  Direction - Metro 360°  Actual 25°  Velocity - Metro 35  Actual 26
Temp C. - Metro -10° C. Actual -11° C.



Lead Bombardier’s Narrative:
Date - 22 February, 1945
Field Order # 637
Squadron or Group - Low Sqdn., 94th CBW "B" Group
Target - M/Y at Salzwedel, Germany
  1. Type of Bombing (Visual, PFF or Combined)?  Visual
  2. Did Squadron perform own sighting operation, bomb on smoke marker, or was bombing done in Group Formation? Own Sighting
  3. Was turn made at briefed I.P.? Yes.
  4. Cloud coverage and visibility. Haze but fair visibility.
  5. If Visual, when was MPI identified? If not actually seen, how was it located? MPI [Mean Point of Impact] was seen 10 miles away before "bombs away".
  6. Any Interference on Bomb Run? None
  7. Did C-1 [Autopilot] function satisfactory? Yes
  8. Any other factors affecting accuracy? None
  [Signed] Jack P. Austin, 1st Lt., Air Corps, Lead Bombardier

Combat Bombing Flight Record:

I certify that this 12E Form is complete and accurate.
[Signed] Warren C. Steitz, Captain, Air Corps, Group Bombardier.

Bombardier - 1st Lt. Austin, Jack P.
Pilot - Capt. Wilcox, Frank H.
Navigator - 2nd Lt. Madsen, Roland X.

Aircraft B-17G   B-701  Take-off - 0815 Landed - 1545
Objective - M/Y at Salzwedel, Germany
Aiming Point (MPI) [Mean Point of Impact] - As Briefed
Initial Point - As Briefed
Method of Attack - Squadron
No. of Attacking A/C in Group: - 12   Composite Group - ____
Number A/C Dropping Bombs by own Sighting Operation: ____
Deflection and Range Sighting, Group: One   Composite Group - ____
Range Sighting only, Group - __   Composite Group - ____
Bombs, Types and Sizes - 12 x 500 G.P.[General Purpose] and Markers
Number of Bombs Loaded - As Above   Released - Same
Fusing, Nose - 1/10 sec.   Tail - 1/40 sec.
Synchronization - On

Information at Release Point:

Altitude of Target - 157 FeetMagnetic Heading Ordered 051° Actual 039°
True Altitude Above Target - 10,620'True Heading 034°
Indicated Altitude - 10,400'Drift, Estimated 10° Right - Actual 8° Left
Pressure Altitude of Target -430True Track 026°
Altimeter Setting 29.92Actual Range 5,747'
Calculated Indicated Air Speed - 150 M.P.H.Bomb Sight Type - M-9
True Air Speed - 178KTime of Release 1220 Hours
Ground Speed Est. 152 Actual 191Length of Bombing Run - 10 min.
Wind Direction Metro - 360° Actual - 280°Intervalometer Setting - Salvo
Wind Velocity Metro 35 Actual 26 C-1 Pilot [Autopilot] - X [Used]
D.S. - 200.3  Trail - 37.5   ATF - 27.72A-5 Pilot - ____
Tan. D.A, Est. .49 Actual .53 Manual Pilot - ____

Type of Release - Salvo
Point of Impact If Seen - M.P.I.
Mean Temp. Metro -0 Actual -0
Winds - Altitude - 10,000 Ft.  Direction - Metro 360°  Actual 280°  Velocity - Metro 35  Actual 26
Temp C. - Metro -10° C. Actual -11° C.



Preliminary Damage Assessment:
  1. The three squadrons of this Group attacked as a primary target the marshalling yards at Salzwedel, Germany. Bombing was done visually and photo cover is complete for all squadrons.
  2. The pattern of the lead squadron fell slightly right and short of the MPI [Mean Point of Impact]. The main concentration hit in the siding yards and the railroad junction leading to Rohrberg. At least three hits are seen on the main M/Y [Marshalling Yard], four hits on railroad junction, and a direct hit on a parked train, resulting in an explosion and fire. There will be damage to sidings and buildings. The pattern is 2,070 feet by 1,610 feet, with the center of the pattern 1,265 feet right of the MPI. Approximately 20% of the pattern fell within 1,000 feet and 100% within 2,000 feet of the MPI.
  3. The pattern of the low squadron fell on and around the briefed MPI. The main concentration hit the M/Y, and damage to the yards and buildings should be heavy. The pattern is 1,800 feet by 1,350 feet, with the center of the pattern 900 feet right of the briefed MPI. Approximately 60% of the bombs are within 1,000 feet and 100% within 2,000 feet of the MPI.
  4. The pattern of the high squadron fell into the smoke of the other two squadrons, and individual bursts cannot be plotted. The visible pattern indicates that the main concentration will fall into the yard sidings with some bombs on the M/Y.
  5. During the attack four explosions can be seen from rolling stock in the yards, and at the last a large cloud of smoke can be seen.
  [Signed:] Thomas L. Cooper, Captain, Air Corps, Asst. Group S-2 P.I. [Photo Intelligence]


Narrative Teletype Report:
  1. No leaflets were carried on today's mission.
  2. The three squadrons of this Group formed the 94th “B” CBW [Combat Bomb Wing] and bombed visually the primary target, which was the M/Y [RR Marshalling Yard] at Salzwedel, Germany. Photos show the bombing of the low squadron to be excellent and the lead and high squadrons good. There are approximately dine direct hits on the marshalling yard and three direct hits on the Rohrberg railroad junction. Other concentrations hit around the M/Y. A fire can be seen coming from the M/Y after bombing.
  3. Approximately 25 FW-190s and ME-109s were engaged in dog fights in the vicinity of the I.P. [Initial Point of Bomb Run.]. None of the enemy aircraft attacked, and no claims [of enemy aircraft being shot down] are being submitted.
  4. No flak was observed.
  5. 1/10th low cloud existed over the target area, with slight ground haze. Contrails were dense and persistent.
  6. In the Enkhuizen area, 5243-0513, rocket installations were observed at 1345 hours. A convoy of trucks consisting of approximately 15 or 20, heading northwest on road, at 5225-0645, was seen.
  7. The PFF equipment employed by this Group was used as navigational aid only, and it worked well. The PFF equipment in the lead ship went out on the route in, and the deputy lead took over and used his PFF equipment for navigational aid only. Fighter support was very good. Scouting Force furnished satisfactory information. One B-17 was seen to blow up out of the group ahead of our formation at approximately 5232-1033 at 1210 hours. None of our A/C is lost.


Track Chart:
Click on Chart to Enlarge



Combat Crew Comments:

    508th Squadron:
A/C N-665: Fighter support very, very good. - Crew.

    509th Squadron:
A/C Q-116: No more 12,000 ft. bomb runs! - Crew.
A/C C-640: Very bad lead for the Group. - Lt. Wick.

    510th Squadron:
A/C M-964: Interval between Groups was not great enough; there was too much prop-wash. Formation was fairly good over the
      target. - Lt. Blaney.

    511th Squadron:
A/C H-435: Good formation. - Lt. Edelman.
A/C D-082: Should have some way of getting flak suits for extra men on crew. - Lt. Ullim.

  [Signed:] Robert P. Ramsey, Major, Air Corps, Group S-2 [Intelligence].


Mission Summary Report:
  1. Abortives:
    1. Airplane No. 43-38130, 508th Squadron returned early as planned.
    2. Airplane No. 44-8280, 510th Squadron returned early because #4 engine was throwing oil out of the breather. Investigation revealed that the piston rings of the engine had given way causing the engine to fail internally.
    3. Airplane No. 42-97216, 511th Squadron returned early as planned.
  [Signed:] John W. Freeman, Captain, Air Corps, Group Engineering Officer


Abortive Report
Aircraft No. K-8130 Squadron - 508 - High  Date - 22 Feb. 1945
  1. PILOT'S STATEMENT:
    1. Reason for abortive ____
    2. Place and altitude ____
    3. Time ____
    4. Position in formation ____
    5. Disposition of bombs ____
    6. Remarks __Flying Spare
    7. Time & Date dispatched ____
      (Pilot's Signature) ____


Abortive Report
Aircraft No. H-8280 Squadron - 510 - Low  Date - 22 Feb. 1945
  1. PILOT'S STATEMENT:
    1. Reason for abortive Internal Failure #4 Engine
    2. Place and altitude 52°39'N 03°22'E 14,000'
    3. Time 1041
    4. Position in formation #3 Low Element, Low Box
    5. Disposition of bombs Returned
    6. Remarks Formation OK upon aborting. Bad prop wash broke up formation but soon reassembled
    7. Time & Date dispatched ____
      (Pilot's Signature) George Lawson, 1st Lt.


Abortive Report
Aircraft No. U-97216 Squadron - 511 - High Date - 22 Feb. 1945
  1. PILOT'S STATEMENT:
    1. Reason for abortive Flying Spare
    2. Place and altitude 54°40'N 04°00'E 15,000'
    3. Time 1043
    4. Position in formation Flying Spare
    5. Disposition of bombs Brought Back
    6. Remarks Formation Full - B-24 Group ran thru out formation - Good Formation
    7. Time & Date dispatched ____
      (Pilot's Signature) Donald B. Drought


“J” Form:
  1. Last Four numbers and Call Letter of A/C in each Squadron:
    a. 94th Combat Wing "B" Group   Lead Squadron - 351st Group
    Sqdn 508th A/C: (U–8374 PFF),
    Sqdn 509th A/C: C–8640, F–6566, G–8617, L–2955, M–7964, N–7169, O–8920, Q–8116, R–6156, T–8666, (Z–7696 Spare)
    Sqdn 510th A/C:None
    Sqdn 511th A/C: (L–8045 PFF)

    b. 94th Combat Wing "B" Group   Low Squadron - 351st Group
    Sqdn 508th A/C: Q–8799, Y–6108, (K–8130 Spare)
    Sqdn 509th A/C: (B–7701 PFF)
    Sqdn 510th A/C: C–9020, G–7862, H–8280, K–7252, L–7515, N–7665, S–7512, T–8461
    Sqdn 511th A/C: C–8694

    c. 94th Combat Wing "B" Group   High Squadron - 351st Group
    Sqdn 508th A/C: B–7349, L–7956
    Sqdn 509th A/C: None
    Sqdn 510th A/C: None
    Sqdn 511th A/C: (Z–8376 PFF), B–8691, D–6082, F–7705, G–8872, H–8435, J–6579, M–8813, N–8592, Q–6565, (L–7676 Spare)
  2. Target: GU-4229
  3. W/T and R/T Operational Call Sign of each Squadron:
    Squadron508 [Call Sign]W/T WMR R/T CARLTONSquadron510 [Call Sign]W/T MVC R/T TIPSTAFF
    Squadron509 [Call Sign]W/T PXQ R/T HOTMINTSquadron511 [Call Sign]W/T TAD R/T PARTNERSHIP
  4. Taxi – 0805; Take-Off – 0820; E.T.D. Field – 0820
  5. Time:Height:Place of Crossing English Coast: (OUT)
    0101713,000ftLowestoft
  6. Time:Height:Place of Crossing Enemy Coast: (IN)
    104916,000ft52°44'N-04°38'E [Camperduin, Netherlands]
  7. Time:Height:Place of Crossing Enemy Coast: (Out)
    141016,000ft52°44'N-04°38'E [Camperduin, Netherlands]]
  8. Time:Height:Place of Crossing English Coast: (IN)
    15005,000ftCromer
  9. E.T.R.(Estimated Time of Return) Base: 1534 Hours
  10. MF/DF [Medium Frequency/Direction Finder] Section: "G"
  11. Bomb load of Each A/C: "A" Lead Box
    Lead Squadron: 12 x 500 G.P. - 1/10 x 1/40
    Low Squadron: 12 x 500 G.P. - 1/10 x 1/40
    High Squadron: 12 x 500 G.P. - 1/10 x 1/40
    ___ Squadron:
  12. Fuel Load of each A/C: 2780 Gallons
  13. Leaders:
    Lead Sqdn: Rank & Name: Major Richardson A/C No & Sqdn. L-8045 PFF (511)
    Low Sqdn: Rank & Name: Captain Wilcox A/C No & Sqdn. B-7701 PFF (509)
    High Sqdn: Rank & Name: 1st Lt. Robinson A/C No & Sqdn. O-8455 PFF (511)
  14. Passengers, if any: (Full Name, Rank, A/C and Squadron Passenger flying with)
    William R. Laidlaw Lt. Col. O-8455 PFF 511th

Report Compiled By Maksimik, S/Sgt.



Formation Chart:
94th "A" Combat Bomb Group - Lead Squadron Formation at Take–Off and Over Target
509th Squadron
Richardson–Weatherman
A/C 44-8045 L PFF
Maddux
A/C 42-102955 L
Daugherty
A/C 44-8374 U PFF
Foreman
A/C 43-38666 T
Quinn
A/C 44-8617 G
Whittaker
A/C 43-38116 Q
Hammett
A/C 43-38640 C
Mueller
A/C 44-6566 F
Johnson, E.G.
A/C 43-38920 O
Blaney
A/C 43-37964 M
Wefel
A/C 43-37696 Z Spare
Smith
A/C 42-97169 N
Potter
A/C 44-6156 R

[Lt Wefel, the flying spare filled in Lt Lawson's position in Low Squadron]

94th "A" Combat Bomb Group - High Squadron Formation at Take–Off and Over Target
511th Squadron
Robertson–Buchert
A/C 44-8455 O PFF
Gattens
A/C 43-38592 N
Lowery
A/C 42-97349 B
Taylor
A/C 43-38872 G
Kasper
A/C 43-38691 B
Brennan
A/C 43-38813 M
Sandel
A/C 43-38435 H
Bone
A/C 44-6082 D
Horns
A/C 43-37705 F
Fox
A/C 44-6579 J
Drought
A/C 42-97216 U Spare
Dunn
A/C 43-37956 L
Oen
A/C 44-6565 Q

[Lt Drought, the flying spare, returned as planned.]

94th "A" Combat Bomb Group - Low Squadron Formation at Take–Off
510th Squadron
Wilcox–Cramer
A/C 42-97701 B PFF
Rebo
A/C 43-37515 L
Rossen
A/C 43-39020 C
Turner
A/C 43-38694 C
Oakes
A/C 42-97252 K
Lawson
A/C 44-8280 H
Gottschalk
A/C 43-38461 T
Peterson
A/C 43-38799 Q
Haskins
A/C 43-37512 S
Brooks
A/C 43-37862 G
Adams
A/C 43-38130 K Spare
James
A/C 43-37665 N
Gonske
A/C 44-6108 Y

[Lt Adams, the flying spare, returned as planned.]

94th "A" Group Low Squadron Formation Over–Target
510th Squadron
Wilcox–Cramer
A/C 42-97701 B PFF
Rebo
A/C 43-37515 L
Rossen
A/C 43-39020 C
Turner
A/C 43-38694 C
Oakes
A/C 42-97252 K
Wefel
A/C 43-37696 Z
Gottschalk
A/C 43-38461 T
Peterson
A/C 43-38799 Q
Haskins
A/C 43-37512 S
Brooks
A/C 43-37862 G
Adams
A/C 43-38130 K Spare
James
A/C 43-37665 N
Gonske
A/C 44-6108 Y

[Lt. Lawson aborted. Lt Wefel, the flying spare in Lead Squadron, filled in Lt Lawson's position in Low Squadron.]



Time Schedule:
Zero Hour: 0900 BST [British Standard Time]  Briefing: Enlisted Men 0430; Officers 0500 Stations: 0735 Start Engines: 0745 Taxi: 0805 Take-Off: 0820  Leave Base: 0820 [Breakfast: Enlisted Men 0330; Officers 0400]

[Wounded On Mission: 0]
The above records were obtained at the National Archives Records Administration and have been declassified by authority NND 745005
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