351st Bomb Group

Polebrook, England

Group Mission #279

Credited Mission #272

DATE: 22 Jan. 1945
Target: Screening Force for 1st Division Mission
 to Harburg Oil Refineries, Germany

    1. TARGETS: 
    2. Visual Primary and GH target for today is: Hamburg [Germany] (Oil)
    3. PFF Primary: Hamburg [Germany] (Oil)
    4. Visual Secondary: ____
    5. PFF Secondary: ____
    6. Last Resort: Celle [Germany] M/Y

    Zero Hour: - 0830Stations: - 0610
    Start Engines: - 0620Taxi: - 0640
    Take Off: - 0655Last Take Off: - ____
    Target Time: - ____ETR [Estimated Time
       of Return]:

    - ____
    Depart English Coast at: ____at ____

     Gasoline: 2,780 Gallons
     Bombs:All A/C: ____

  3. Intervalometer Settings: ____
  4. Chaff: Commence discharge of chaff at - 5330-0930E 1 unit/30 sec.
      Each A/C [Aircraft] will carry - 50 cartons.

  5. Disposition of Forces:

    3 Divisions will be dispatched. The 1st Air Division will depart England same time as 2nd Division and followed by the 3rd Division.
    1st Division will dispatch 4 CBW's 10 Groups total.
    The order of attack in the 1st Division will be:
    Lead94th A & BAttackingHamburg
    2nd40th A, B & CAttackingHamburg
    3rd41st A, B & CAttackingHamburg
    4th1st A & BAttackingHamburg
    2nd Division targets areNienburg - Luneburg - Hagenow - Schwerin
    3rd Division targets areBremen - Wesel

  6. Fighter Cover:  5 Gps. of P-51 (Balance 1-0 [Call Sign]) plus 1 group P-51 area coverage.

  7. Assembly:
    Lead at8,500'feet on Kings Cliffe BuncherRed-GreenFlares
    High at____feet on____Buncher____Flares
    Low at____feet on____Buncher____Flares
    401st at7,000'feet onCottesmoreBuncherRed-YellowFlares
    457th at8,500'feet onGlattonBuncherRed-YellowFlares
    Combat Wing Assembly Line: 
    Division Assembly Line: _____
    __ minutes interval between Groups.
    Reference altitude: 22,000'

  8. Call Signs:
    351stWoodcraft Charlie 
    401stWoodcraft Able
    457thWoodcraft Baker
    1st Div. Air CommanderCol. Seawell
    94th CBW Air CommanderCol. Seawell

  9. Navigator - _____

  10. S-2 - _____

  11. Weather - _____

  12. Communications - _____

  13. Flying Control - _____

  14. Special Instructions:
     a. Type of Bombing Formation - ___
     b. Bombardier and Navigator of the #3 A/C of each sqdn. report to Photo Lab.
     c. Camera A/C:  ____, ____, ____
      return at  
     d. Spares to turn back at 04° East.
     e. PFF A/C fly as Lead & Deputy
     f. GH A/C fly as ____
     g. REMARKS:  Send Control Point messages
       Circle at 5240-0600 - lose 8 min. & pick fighter escort
       At 5310-1000E Circle & join Main Force at 20,000'


Operational Narrative.
  1. Date of Mission - 24 February, 1945.
    1. Target Attacked:  None. The Screening Force was to discharge chaff on a northwest - southeast line between Hamburg and Bremen.
    2. Force: 94th “C” Group. Thirteen aircraft, including two PFF ships, and one flying spare, were airborne. In addition, three aircraft were provided for the 401st Group to use as flying spares.
    3. Position: The 94th "C" Group flew in its briefed position ahead of the First Division Formation.
    4. Lead Teams
      Group Lead
      Air Commander: Captain Duane S. Anderson
      Pilot:1st Lt George A. Patterson
      Navigator:1st Lt. Milton L. Morrisette
      Mickey [Radar] Operator:1st Lt. H. H. Trombly

  2. Narrative.
    1.  Assembly: The assembly was carried out very well at an altitude of 8,000 feet over the Kings Cliffe buncher. It was necessary to increase the assembly altitude by 1,000 feet in order to avoid weather at the briefed altitude.
    2.  Route Over England: Departure from the buncher was made on time (0931). It was apparent, however, that the formation was slightly ahead of time, and so a dog-leg to the right of the briefed course was made between Spaulding and East Deveham. The briefed route was closely followed from East Deveham to the departure point from the English coast. The briefed departure point from the English coast, Felixstowe, was reached on time and on course at the briefed altitude of 11,000 feet.
    3.  Division Assembly Line: The flight across the channel was made with only slight divergency from the briefed course. The Dutch coast was crossed at the briefed point three minutes late (1057) at an altitude of 22,000 feet, 2,000 feet above the briefed altitude.
    4.  Flight to Target: After crossing the Zuider Zee, the formation made its required 360° turn in order to contact the fight support and then continued on course. The briefed route was closely followed until just before reaching the briefed point for beginning the discharge of chaff. A wind shift made it necessary for the formation to swing to the left of the planned course, turn to the right, and made the chaff run to the right of course.
    5.  Description of Bombing Run: No difficulty was encountered in the release of chaff. The chaff release line was paralleled slightly to the right of the briefed course. The chaff was released from the briefed height of 25,000 feet. Half-way down the chaff run, the 94th “A” Group was heard announcing its arrival at the IP [Initial Point of Bomb Run].
    6.  Flight From Target: After releasing the chaff, the 94th “C” Group went to the east of the briefed course and in accordance with instructions, circled to wait for the rest of the Division Formation. Apparently the 94th “A” and “B” Groups closely followed the briefed route after bombing, for both were ahead of the 94th “C” when it joined the other groups of the Division Formation. The Division Column was followed on the withdrawal with little variance from the briefed route. The Dutch coast was crossed at the briefed point at an altitude of 22,000 feet. The formation went to the north of the briefed course in crossing the channel and crossed the English coast south of Cromer, the briefed point, at an altitude of 6,000 feet. The briefed route was followed to the left of course in the remainder of the flight to base. Landings were carried out without difficulty. A normal let-down procedure had been followed.
    7.  Fighter Support: As briefed
    8.  Comments: No aircraft were lost. No enemy aircraft were encountered. Moderate to intense flak was observed at Bremen, Hamburg and Osnabruck. Eight to ten-tenths cloud was encountered in the area where the chaff was released, but no difficult flying conditions were encountered. The flying spare scheduled for the screening force returned to base as planned. Of the three flying spares furnished to the 401st Group, two returned as planned and the third is reported as having landed on the continent after having attacked with the 401st Group.

  [Signed] Carl C. Hinkle, Jr, Major, Air Corps, Operations Officer

351st Bombardment Group
Screening ForceA/C Loaned to 401stTOTALS
Borrowed Aircraft000
No. of Aircraft Failing to Take Off000
No. of Aircraft Sorties13316
No. of Aircraft Airborne Less Unused Spares12113
No. of Aircraft Credit Sorties12113
No. of Effective Sorties121113
No. of Non-Effective Sorties000
Name of Primary TargetScreening Area Hamburg, Germany
(A) No. of A/C Attacking Primary Target12113
(B) No., Size & Type Of Bombs 233 Ctns Chaff  12 x 500# GP  233 Ctns Chaff
12 x 500# GP 
Name of Secondary Target
(A) No. of A/C Attacking Secondary Target
(B) No., Size & Type Of Bombs
Name of Last Resort Target (LRT)
(A) No. of A/C Attacking LRT
(B) No., Size & Type Of Bombs
Name of Target of Opportunity (T.O.)
(A) No. of A/C Attacking T.O.
(B) No., Size & Type Of Bombs
No. of A/C MIA - Total000
No. of A/C MIA - Flak
No. of A/C MIA - Flak and E/A
No. of A/C MIA - Enemy Aircraft
No. of A/C MIA - Accident over Enemy Terr.
No. of A/C MIA - Other and Unknown
Time of Take Off07550756
Time of Attack1200 - 1223
Total Time for Mission93:5516:12110:07
Altitude of Release (Indicated)25,000’
Visual, H2X, Gee-H, M-H, Eagle, or Combination
Enemy Resistance – AA Intensity & AccuracyNone Encountered
Enemy Resistance – Fighter0
Enemy Resistance – Bombers0
U.S. A/C Engaged by Enemy Aircraft0
Number of Passes made by Enemy Aircraft0
Degree of Success----
Non-Effective Sorties000
(A) Weather
(B) Personnel
(C) Enemy Action
(D) Other Non-Mechanical
(E) Mechanical and Equipment
Incidents of Mechanical & Equipment Failure:000
(A) Engine
(B) Oil System
(C) Fuel System
(D) Supercharger
(E) Propeller and Governor
(F) Communication System
(G) Guns and Turrets
(H) Bomb Release
(I) Bombay Doors
(J) Electric System
(K) Instruments
(L) Oxygen Equipment
(M) Bomb Sights
(N) A/C in General
0 A/C borrowed as follows:
3 A/C loaned as follows:
Three A/C and crews of the 351st Group were loaned to the 401st Group as flying spares.
Two returned as planned, while the third attacked with the 401st Group.
Due to the fact that this A/C landed on the continent, complete data is not yet available.
43-37900 (Returned as Planned)
43-38277 (Attacked)
44-6566 (Returned as Planned)

Narrative Teletype Report:
  1. No leaflets were carried by this Group.
  2. Twelve aircraft of this Group flew as a Screening Force for 1st Division groups bombing the Harburg oil refineries in the Hamburg area, dropping 233 cartons of chaff between 5330N. - 0930 E. and 5310 N. - 1000 E. Chaff was dropped between 1212 and 1225 hours. PFF equipment was used as a navigational aid for the dropping of chaff.
  3. No E/A [Enemy Aircraft] were encountered and no claims [of enemy aircraft being shot down] are being submitted.
  4. Moderate to intense flak was observed at Bremen, Hamburg, and Osnabruck.
  5. 8-10/10ths clouds were encountered in the area where chaff was discharged, but no difficult flying conditions were encountered.
  6. Nil. [No observations of Military importance were seen.]
  7. A lead and deputy lead PFF aircraft were employed as navigational aids for this squadron. The equipment worked well. Scouting Force furnished adequate weather information. Fighter escort was as briefed. None of our aircraft is missing.
[Signed] Robert P. Ramsey, Major, Air Corps, Group S-2 [Intelligence]

Track Chart:
Click on Chart to Enlarge

Mission Summary Report:
    1. Airplane No. 43-37900, 508th Squadron returned early as planned.
    2. Airplane No. 44-6566, 509th Squadron returned early as planned.
    3. Airplane No. 43-38813, 511th Squadron returned early as planned.
  [Signed:] John W. Freeman, Captain, Air Corps, Group Engineering Officer

Abortive Report
Aircraft No. M-813 Squadron - 511  Date - 24 Feb. 1945
    1. Reason for abortive Scheduled Flying Spare
    2. Place and altitude 5234N 0402E
    3. Time 1051
    4. Position in formation 7 Diamond in High Element
    5. Disposition of bombs No Bombs
    6. Remarks Formation Very Good
    7. Time & Date dispatched ____
      (Pilot's Signature) Richard F. Brennan

“J” Form:
  1. Last Four numbers and Call Letter of A/C in each Squadron:
    a. 94th Combat Wing "C" Group   Lead Squadron - 351st Group - (Screening Force)
    Sqdn 508th A/C: (X–8664 PFF)
    Sqdn 509th A/C: (A–8358 PFF), C–8640, R–6156
    Sqdn 510th A/C: S–7512, T–8461
    Sqdn 511th A/C: B–8691, C–8694, D–6082, H–8435, N–8592,P–2676, M–8813 Flying Spare

    b. 94th Combat Wing "C" Group   Low Squadron - 351st Group
    Sqdn 508th A/C: None
    Sqdn 509th A/C: None
    Sqdn 510th A/C: None
    Sqdn 511th A/C: None

    c. 94th Combat Wing "C" Group   High Squadron - 351st Group
    Sqdn 508th A/C: None
    Sqdn 509th A/C: None
    Sqdn 510th A/C: None
    Sqdn 511th A/C: None

    351st A/C Flying with other Groups
    (A) 508th A/C: M–7900 Flying Spare, O–8277 Flying Spare, Dispatched to 401st
    (B) 509th A/C: F–6566 Flying Spare, Dispatched to 401st
    (C) 510th A/C: None
    (D) 511th A/C: None
  2. Target: Screening Force
  3. W/T and R/T Operational Call Sign of each Squadron:
    Squadron508 [Call Sign]W/T LTD R/T CARLTONSquadron510 [Call Sign]W/T TWS R/T TIPSTAFF
    Squadron509 [Call Sign]W/T PUZ R/T HOTMINTSquadron511 [Call Sign]W/T WUW R/T PARTNERSHIP
  4. Taxi – 0740; Take-Off – 0755; E.T.D. Field – 0755
  5. Time:Height:  Place of Crossing English Coast: (OUT)
    101511,000 Ft Felixstowe
  6. Time:Height:  Place of Crossing Enemy Coast: (IN)
    105520,000 Ft 52°43'N-04°38'E [Hargen aan Zee, Netherlands]
  7. Time:Height:  Place of Crossing Enemy Coast: (Out)
    141320,000 Ft 52°43'N-04°38'E [Hargen aan Zee, Netherlands]
  8. Time:Height:  Place of Crossing English Coast: (IN)
    15026,000 Ft Cromer
  9. E.T.R.(Estimated Time of Return) Base: 1531 Hours
  10. MF/DF [Medium Frequency/Direction Finder] Section: "G"
  11. Bomb load of Each A/C: "A" Lead Box
    Lead Squadron: 50 Cartons - Chaff Per A/C
    Low Squadron: None
    High Squadron: None
    ___ Squadron: 351st A/C Flying with 401st - 12 x 500 G.P. 1/10 x 1/40 [Fuses]
  12. Fuel Load of each A/C: 2780 Gallons
  13. Leaders:
    Lead Sqdn: Rank & Name: Capt. D.S. Anderson A/C No & Sqdn. X-8664 PFF (508)
    Low Sqdn: Rank & Name:  None A/C No & Sqdn. ____
    High Sqdn: Rank & Name:  None A/C No & Sqdn. ____
  14. Passengers, if any: (Full Name, Rank, A/C and Squadron Passenger flying with)

Report Compiled By I.C. Muesing, S/Sgt.

Formation Chart:
94th CBW "C" Group (Screening Force)- Lead Squadron Formation at Take–Off
511th Squadron
Anderson, D.S.–Patterson
A/C 44-8664 X PFF
A/C 43-38592 N
Anderson P.G.
A/C 44-8358 A
A/C 43-38461 T
A/C 43-38694 C
A/C 43-37512 S
A/C 43-38435 H
A/C 42-102676 P
A/C 43-38691 B
A/C 43-38640 C
A/C 43-38813 M Flying Spare
A/C 44-6156 R
A/C 44-6082 D

Time Schedule:
Zero Hour: 0830 BST [British Standard Time]  Briefing: 0400 Stations: 0610 Start Engines: 0620 Taxi: 0640 Take-Off: 0655  Leave Base: 0655 [Breakfast: 0300]

[Wounded On Mission: 0]
The above records were obtained at the National Archives Records Administration and have been declassified by authority NND 745005
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