BRIEFING OFFICER: (IMPORTANT): READ SPECIAL BRIEFING POOP
- Visual Primary and GH target for today is: M/Y [R.R. Marshalling Yard] - Cologne [Germany]
- PFF Primary: Leipzig [Germany] RY [Rail Yard] Traffic Center
- Tertiary: Chemnitz [Germany] M/Y
- PFF Secondary: ____
- Last Resort: Any M.O. [Military Objective] identified east of Bomb Line.
|Zero Hour:|| - 1030||Stations:|| - 0900|
|Start Engines:|| - 0910||Taxi:|| - 0930|
|Take Off:|| - 0945||Last Take Off:|| - 1055|
|Target Time:|| - 1352||ETR [Estimated Time|
|Depart English Coast at:|| 1126||at Felixstowe|
| Gasoline:|| 2,780 Gallons|
| Bombs:||All A/C: 18 x 250 G.P. [General Purpose] & 2 M-17|
Intervalometer Settings: Visual – 30' – H2X - 130 FT.
Chaff: Commence discharge of chaff at - 10min. before target for 15 min.
Each A/C [Aircraft] will carry - 360 units.
Disposition of Forces:
3 Divisions will be dispatched. The 1st Air Division will depart England 3rd preceded by 2nd Division and followed by the 3rd Division.
1st Division will dispatch ____ CBW's of ____ Groups each.
The order of attack in the 1st Division will be:
|2nd Division targets are||____|
|3rd Division targets are||____|
Fighter Cover: 1 Gps. of P-51's Close support plus area support.
Combat Wing Assembly Line: Halesworth to Felixstowe
|Lead at||7,500'||feet on|| Kings Cliffe ||Buncher||Red-Green||Flares|
|High at||8,500'||feet on||Kings Cliffe||Buncher||Green-Green||Flares|
|Low at||6,500'||feet on||Kings Cliffe||Buncher||Red-Red||Flares|
|401st at||_____||feet on||_____||Buncher||_____||Flares|
|457th at||6,000'||feet on||Glatton||Buncher||Red-Yellow||Flares|
Division Assembly Line: Felixstowe to 51°20’N-01°50’E - 51°13’N-02°55’E
1 minutes interval between Groups.
Reference altitude: 24,000
|351st||Woodcraft Baker (Maj. Roper)|
|1st Div. Air Commander||Col. Daily|
|94th CBW Air Commander||Major Peresick|
- Navigator - _____
- S-2 - _____
- Weather - _____
- Communications - _____
- Flying Control - _____
a. Type of Bombing Formation - Group - PFF Sqdn. - Visual
b. Bombardier and Navigator of the #3 A/C of each sqdn. report to Photo Lab.
c. Camera A/C: M-964, G-954, C-753
return at Continental coast out[bound]
d. Spares to turn back at 05°00' East.
e. PFF A/C fly as Group Lead, Group Deputy Lead, High & Low Sqdn. Lead
f. GH A/C fly as None
Buckeye Red Scouting force to 06°00'
Buckeye Blue from 06°00' on.
Moderate to intense fighter opposition expected.
Deenethorp [401st Bomb Group] flying low section of high group for us - very good formation fliers.
BRIEFING OFFICER: HAVE YOU READ SPECIAL BRIEFING POOP??
[Extra Target Notes:]
The target constitutes one of the largest and most important R.R. Traffic Centers in Germany with extensive locomotive repair facilities, goods sidings, and warehouses.
Tertiary of Chemnitz contains large railway workshops facilities and machine tool plants has many direct lines running east and west.
Operational Narrative – 94th “C” CBW:
Date of Mission - 27 February, 1945.
- Target Attacked: The secondary target at Leipzig, Germany, was attacked by PFF methods.
Force: 94th “B” Group. Thirty aircraft, including four PFF Ships, were dispatched. The 401st Group supplied nine aircraft and crews, six of which attacked, and
three, scheduled as flying spares, returned as planned.
- Position: The 94th “B” Group flew in its briefed position as the eighth group in the Division Formation.
|Group Lead |
|Air Commander: ||Major Mortimer L. Korges|
|Pilot:||Captain Norman A. Trapp|
|Navigator:||1st Lt. John C. Talbott|
|Bombardier:||Captain Robert E. McFarlane|
|Leader: ||Captain Frank H. Wilcox|
|Pilot:||2nd Lt. Arthur R. Leibrock|
|Navigator:||2nd Lt. Rolland X. Madsen|
|Bombardier:||1st Lt. Jack P. Austin|
|Leader: ||Captain Jay H. Maish|
|Pilot:||2nd Lt. Paschel M. Huff|
|Navigator:||1st Lt. Melvin L. Ouder|
|Bombardier:||1st Lt. Mart G. Smith Jr.|
Squadron and Group Assembly: The assembly was carried out over the Kings Cliffe buncher at an altitude of 9,500 feet, 2,000 feet over the briefed height. The
weather ship had recommended 8,500 feet for the assembly altitude but the Group Leader found that the Low Squadron would encounter difficulty with clouds at that altitude
and so moved it up to 9,500 feet.
Route Over England: Departure from the assembly point was made 30 seconds late (1048½). The briefed route was followed with little divergency and no difficulty
was encountered in getting behind the 94th “A” Group. Felixstowe, the briefed departure point from the English coast, was reached at the briefed altitude of 11,500 feet
1½ minutes late (1127½).
Division Assembly Line: The Division Column was followed in crossing the channel. As the departure from the coast was made, the 379th Group swung ahead of the
94th “B” and got into the Division Column behind the 94th “A” Group. At mid-channel, the 379th Group pulled out of the Division Column on one side and the 94th “A” pulled
out on the other. The 379th Group then took up its proper position ahead of the 94th “A” in the Formation. This put the 94th “B” in its briefed position as the eighth
group in the Division Formation.
Flight to Target: The Belgian coast was crossed to the right of the briefed point at the briefed altitude of 11,500 feet. Variances from the briefed route,
which were slight, were necessary in order to stay in the Division Column. Before reaching the IP [Initial Point of Bomb Run], the 94th “B” flew inside of the briefed
route in order to decrease the interval between itself and the 94th “A”. The IP used was slightly to the south of the briefed point. It was reached at the briefed altitude
of 26,500 feet.
Description of Bombing Run: The secondary target was attacked at Leipzig, Germany. Bombing was done in group formation, all aircraft dropping on the lead ship.
The briefed turn was not made at the IP. The target was completely overcast. No interference was encountered on the bomb run. The C-1 Pilot [Autopilot] functioned
Flight From Target: After bombing, the 94th “B” followed the Division Column on the withdrawal. The sharp turn to the left was not made, as the preceding
groups were cutting it short. The formation was inside of the briefed turn after the target, but soon contacted it by following the preceding groups. The 94th “B”
flew to the right of the Division Column and of the briefed course in the area of Brussels. The intervals between groups at that point was small and hindered the let-down
procedure. The 94th “B” let-down to the right of the Division Column and departed from the Belgian coast left of the briefed point at an altitude of 10,000 feet. The
formation gradually closed in to the briefed route on the flight across the channel and crossed the English coast at the briefed point, Felixstowe, at an altitude of
10,000 feet. The formation followed the briefed route to base, which was reached at an altitude of 2,000 feet and 23 minutes early (1803). The High and Low Squadrons
went to their respective stand-off areas before landing. A normal let down procedure had been followed.
Fighter Support: Very good. Appeared as briefed.
Comments: No aircraft were lost. Flak at the target was meager and inaccurate. Ten-tenths clouds prevailed en route and over the target area. The Weather
Scouting Force was contacted and relayed a correct report of the weather conditions at the target.
The 401st Group furnished the 94th “B” with nine aircraft and crews. Six were scheduled to fly in the High Squadron, while three were dispatched as flying spares. One
of the six aircraft attacked with the 94th “A”, while the other five remained in formation with the 94th “B”. The three flying spares returned as planned.
Aircraft Not Attacking: Nil.
[Signed] Carl C. Hinkle, Jr, Major, Air Corps, Operations Officer
STATISTICAL SUMMARY OF OPERATIONS
DIVISION FIELD ORDER NUMBER 642
|351st Bombardment Group|
|Lead Squadron||High Squadron||Low Squadron||TOTALS|
|No. of Aircraft Failing to Take Off||0||0||0||0|
|No. of Aircraft Sorties||12||6||12||30|
|No. of Aircraft Airborne Less Unused Spares||12||6||12||30|
|No. of Aircraft Credit Sorties||12||6||12||30|
|No. of Effective Sorties||12||6||12||30|
|No. of Non-Effective Sorties||0||0||0||0|
|Name of Primary Target||LEIPZIG, GERMANY (Visual)|
|(A) No. of A/C Attacking Primary Target|
|(B) No., Size & Type Of Bombs|
|Name of Secondary Target||LEIPZIG, GERMANY (PFF)|
|(A) No. of A/C Attacking Secondary Target||12||6||12||30|
|(B) No., Size & Type Of Bombs|| 210 x 500# GP |
24 x 500# IB
| 106 x 500# GP |
12 x 500# IB
| 214 x 500# GP |
24 x 500# IB
| 530 x 500# GP |
60 x 500# IB
|Name of Last Resort Target (LRT)|
|(A) No. of A/C Attacking LRT|
|(B) No., Size & Type Of Bombs|
|Name of Target of Opportunity (T.O.)|
|(A) No. of A/C Attacking T.O.|
|(B) No., Size & Type Of Bombs|
|No. of A/C MIA - Total||0||0||0||0|
|No. of A/C MIA - Flak|
|No. of A/C MIA - Flak and E/A|
|No. of A/C MIA - Enemy Aircraft|
|No. of A/C MIA - Accident over Enemy Terr.|
|No. of A/C MIA - Other and Unknown|
|Time of Take Off||0942||0943||0944|
|Time of Attack||1359||1359||1359|
|Total Time for Mission||100:36||50:32||101:55||253:03|
|Altitude of Release (Indicated)||26,500’||27,000’||26,500’|
|Visual, H2X, Gee-H, M-H, Eagle, or Combination||H2X||H2X||H2X|
|Enemy Resistance – AA Intensity & Accuracy||MEAGER AND INACCURATE|
|Enemy Resistance – Fighter||0||0||0||0|
|Enemy Resistance – Bombers||0||0||0||0|
|U.S. A/C Engaged by Enemy Aircraft||0||0||0||0|
|Number of Passes made by Enemy Aircraft||0||0||0||0|
|Degree of Success||RESULTS UNOBSERVED|
|(C) Enemy Action||12||12||13||37|
|(D) Other Non-Mechanical||12||11||13||36|
|(E) Mechanical and Equipment||12||11||13||36|
|Incidents of Mechanical & Equipment Failure:||0||0||0||0|
|(B) Oil System|
|(C) Fuel System|
|(E) Propeller and Governor|
|(F) Communication System|
|(G) Guns and Turrets|
|(H) Bomb Release|
|(I) Bombay Doors|
|(J) Electric System|
|(L) Oxygen Equipment|
|(M) Bomb Sights|
|(N) A/C in General|
____ A/C borrowed as follows: None
____ A/C loaned as follows: None
Nine aircraft and crews were furnished by the 401st Group. Five attacked with the High Squadron as scheduled. One flew with the 457th Group, and the three flying spares
returned as planned.
Lead Bombardier’s Narrative:
Date - 27 Feb. 1945
Field Order # 642
Squadron or Group - Lead Sqdn., 94th CBW "A" Group
Target - M/Y [R.R. Marshalling Yard] at Leipzig, Germany
Type of Bombing (Visual, PFF or Combined)? PFF
Did Squadron perform own sighting operation, bomb on smoke marker, or was bombing done in Group Formation? Bombing was in Group Formation on the Lead; Low's M.H.
[Magnetic Compass Heading] was 127° and High's was 132°. Time of Release was 1359 hours.
Was turn made at briefed I.P.? Yes
Cloud coverage and visibility. 10/10
If Visual, when was MPI identified? If not actually seen, how was it located? PFF
Any Interference on Bomb Run? None
Did C-1 [Autopilot] function satisfactory? Yes
Any other factors affecting accuracy? No
[Signed] Robert E. McFarlane, Capt., Air Corps, Lead Bombardier
Combat Bombing Flight Record:
I certify that this 12E Form is complete and accurate.
[Signed] Warren C. Steitz, Captain, Air Corps, Group Bombardier.
Lead Squadron, 94th "A" Group
Bombardier - Capt. McFarlane, Robert E.
Pilot - Maj. Korges, M.L. & Capt. Trapp, N.A.
Navigator - 1st Lt. Talbott, John C.
Aircraft B-17G V-079 Take-off - 0739 Landed - 1800
Objective - Leipzig, Germany
Aiming Point (MPI) [Mean Point of Impact] - M/Y - PFF
Initial Point - As Briefed
Method of Attack - Bombing was in group formation on the lead sqdn.
No. of Attacking A/C in Group: - 36 Composite Group - ____
Number A/C Dropping Bombs by own Sighting Operation: ____
Deflection and Range Sighting, Group: One Composite Group - ____
Range Sighting only, Group - __ Composite Group - ____
Bombs, Types and Sizes - 14 x 250 Lb. G.P.[General Purpose] & 2 x 500 Lb. I.B.'s, Markers
Number of Bombs Loaded - As Above Released - Same
Fusing, Nose - 1/10 Tail - 1/40
Synchronization - On
Information at Release Point: Low's M.H. [Magnetic Heading] was 127° and High's was 132°
|Altitude of Target - ___||Magnetic Heading Ordered 119° Actual 131°|
|True Altitude Above Target - 26,710||True Heading 125°|
|Indicated Altitude - 26,500||Drift, Estimated 1° Right - Actual 2° Right|
|Pressure Altitude of Target -100||True Track 127°|
|Altimeter Setting 29.92||Actual Range 17,583'|
|Calculated Indicated Air Speed - 150K||Bomb Sight Type - M-9|
|True Air Speed - 234K||Time of Release 1359|
|Ground Speed Est. 310 Actual 244K||Length of Bombing Run - 41 N.M. [Nautical Miles]|
|Wind Direction Metro - 300° Actual - 291°||Intervalometer Setting - 30'|
|Wind Velocity Metro 65K Actual 32K|| C-1 Pilot [Autopilot] - X [Used]|
|D.S. - 119.5 Trail - 98 ATF - 44.33||A-5 Pilot _____|
|Tan. D.A, Est. .658 Actual .63 ||Manual Pilot - ____|
Type of Release - Train 30'
Point of Impact If Seen - Unobserved - PFF
Mean Temp. Metro -10 Actual -10
Winds - Altitude - 26,000 Ft. Direction - Metro 300° Actual 291° Velocity - Metro 65K Actual 32
Temp C. - Metro -31° C. Actual -37° C.
Tail Gunners Report:
Date - 27 Feb. 1945
Name - Belardine, M.J., 1st Lt.
Squadron - 509
Leave Buncher: No. of A/C [Aircraft] - Lead 13, High 13, Low ____.
A/C at Enemy Coast: Lead 13, High 13, Low 13.
Spares Returned - Lead 12:25, High 12:26, Low 12:27.
Abortives - None
Spares Filling In: No of A/C - ____ Position - None
Remarks: Formation after
Fighter Escort - Time Sighted: ____
Flak: Estimated No. of Guns - ____
Position from you - ____
Time - ____
Accuracy - ____
Remarks on Formation - ____
Bombs Away: A/C Releasing Late - ____
A/C Releasing Early - ____
Remarks - ____
A/C in trouble: ____
[Enemy] Fighter Tactics Report - Time of Attacks - ____
Number of E/A [Enemy Aircraft] - ____
Type of Attacks - ____
Number of Passes - ____
Type of E/A - ____
Remarks - ____
Turrets not searching - ____
Narrative Teletype Report:
- No leaflets were carried on today's mission.
The three squadrons of this group formed the 94th “B” CBW and bombed in group formation by PFF methods our Secondary target, the railway M/Y [Marshalling Yard] at
Leipzig, Germany. Continuous 10/10 clouds prevented any chance of photo coverage. Mickey Operators report that the city stood out as briefed on their scope returns
and they estimate bomb impact to be within the target area.
No E/A [Enemy Aircraft] were encountered and no claims [of enemy aircraft being shot down] are being submitted.
The only flak throughout the mission was in the target area, where it was meager, about 8,000 feet low and to the south of our formation.
10/10 clouds prevailed en route and over the target area.
There are no observations of military importance to report.
The PFF equipment employed in the lead A/C [Aircraft] of the three squadrons worked well, while the deputy lead of the lead squadron went out before the target. Fighter
support was very good and appeared as briefed. The Scouting Force was contacted and radioed a correct report of weather conditions in the target area. The B-24 aiding
in the special battery fire control mission was observed by this group but weather conditions prevented any opportunity of viewing front-line flak installations. None
of our A/C are missing.
Click on Chart to Enlarge
Last Four numbers and Call Letter of A/C in each Squadron:
|a. 94th Combat Wing "B" Group Lead Squadron - 351st Group|
|Sqdn 508th A/C: None|
Sqdn 509th A/C: C–8640, F–6566, G–8617, L–2955, M–7964, N–7169, O–8920, R–6156,
|Sqdn 510th A/C: None|
|Sqdn 511th A/C: (V–8079 PFF), (Z–8774 PFF)|
|b. 94th Combat Wing "B" Group Low Squadron - 351st Group|
|Sqdn 508th A/C: G–8954, K–8130|
|Sqdn 509th A/C: U–8591|
|Sqdn 510th A/C: |
|Sqdn 511th A/C: (O–8455 PFF)|
|c. 94th Combat Wing "B" Group High Squadron - 351st Group|
|Sqdn 508th A/C: B–7349, D–6082, P–7258, U–8813, Y–6108|
|Sqdn 509th A/C: None|
|Sqdn 510th A/C: None|
|Sqdn 511th A/C: (G–8374 PFF)|
- Target: GH-642
W/T and R/T Operational Call Sign of each Squadron:
|Squadron||508 [Call Sign]||W/T KRH R/T CARLTON||Squadron||510 [Call Sign]||W/T RPD R/T TIPSTAFF|
|Squadron||509 [Call Sign]||W/T LDA R/T HOTMINT||Squadron||511 [Call Sign]||W/T MVZ R/T PARTNERSHIP|
Taxi – 0930; Take-Off – 0945; E.T.D. Field – 0945
|Time:||Height: ||Place of Crossing English Coast: (OUT)|
|1126||11,500 Ft ||Felixstowe|
|Time:||Height: ||Place of Crossing Enemy Coast: (IN)|
|1154||15,500 Ft ||51°13'N-02°55'E [Ostend, Belgium]|
|Time:||Height: ||Place of Crossing Enemy Coast: (Out)|
|1710||10,000 Ft ||51°15'N-02°57'E [Bredene-aan-Zee, Belgium]|
|Time:||Height: ||Place of Crossing English Coast: (IN)|
|1746||5,000 Ft ||Felixstowe|
- E.T.R.(Estimated Time of Return) Base: 1826 Hours
- MF/DF [Medium Frequency/Direction Finder] Section: "G"
Bomb load of Each A/C: "A" Lead Box
Lead Squadron: 18 x 250 G.P. - 1/10 x 1/40 & 2 M-17 I.B.'s
Low Squadron: 18 x 250 G.P. - 1/10 x 1/40 & 2 M-17 I.B.'s)
High Squadron: 18 x 250 G.P. - 1/10 x 1/40 & 2 M-17 I.B.'s
Fuel Load of each A/C: 2780 Gallons
Lead Sqdn: Rank & Name: Major Korges A/C No & Sqdn. V-8079 PFF (511)
Low Sqdn: Rank & Name: Capt. Maish A/C No & Sqdn. O-8455 PFF (511)
High Sqdn: Rank & Name: Capt. Wilcox A/C No & Sqdn. G-8374 PFF (511)
Passengers, if any: (Full Name, Rank, A/C and Squadron Passenger flying with)
Report Compiled By I.C. Muesing, S/Sgt.
|94th "B" Combat Bomb Group - Lead Squadron Formation at Take–Off and Over Target|
Korges–TrappA/C 44-8079 V PFF
Johnson, E.G.A/C 43-38920 O
CoulamA/C 44-8774 Z PFF
Taylor-PotterA/C 43-38666 T
QuinnA/C 44-8617 G
RussellA/C 44-6156 R
WefelA/C 43-37696 Z
MadduxA/C 42-102955 L
MuellerA/C 44-6566 F
Gattens–MaggiardA/C 43-38640 C
Sorenson (401st BG)A/C 42-97395 F Spare
HamptonA/C 42-97169 N
ThompsonA/C 43-37964 M
[Lt Sorenson, the flying Spare from the 401st BG, returned as planned.]
|94th "B" Combat Bomb Group - High Squadron Formation at Take–Off and Over Target|
Wilcox–LebrockA/C 44-8374 U PFF
KaleA/C 44-6108 Y
WisdomA/C 43-38813 U
Steele (401st BG)A/C 44-6313 F
GlazierA/C 42-97349 B
May (401st BG)A/C 44-6156 R
Carey (401st BG)A/C 43-38862 N
DunnA/C 43-38753 C
RyanA/C 42-97258 P
Grimm (401st BG)A/C 44-6146 R
Ayre (401st BG)A/C 42-97931 A Spare
Berneburg (401st BG)A/C 42-102468 C
Moran (401st BG)A/C 42-107113 J
[Lt Ayre, the flying Spare from the 401st BG, returned as planned.]
|94th "B" Combat Bomb Group - Low Squadron Formation at Take–Off and Over Target|
Maish–HuffA/C 44-8455 O PFF
HaskinsA/C 42-38038 P
HaftA/C 42-97216 U
OakesA/C 44-6610 B
BlaneyA/C 43-39001 M
BoneA/C 43-38130 K
AdamsA/C 43-38591 U
GonskeA/C 43-38435 O
DahlbergA/C 43-37512 S
Brooks–ReboA/C 43-39020 C
James (401st BG)A/C 43-37602 O
OenA/C 43-38954 G
LawsonA/C 43-37665 N
[Lt James, the flying Spare from the 401st BG, returned as planned.]
1030 BST [British Standard Time] Briefing:
0900 Start Engines:
[Wounded On Mission:
The above records were obtained at the National Archives Records Administration and have been
declassified by authority NND 745005