351st Bomb Group

Polebrook, England

Group Mission #282

Credited Mission #275

DATE: 27 Feb. 1945
Target: R.R. Marshalling Yard at Leipzig, Germany

    1. TARGETS: 
    2. Visual Primary and GH target for today is: M/Y [R.R. Marshalling Yard] - Cologne [Germany]
    3. PFF Primary: Leipzig [Germany] RY [Rail Yard] Traffic Center
    4. Tertiary: Chemnitz [Germany] M/Y
    5. PFF Secondary: ____
    6. Last Resort: Any M.O. [Military Objective] identified east of Bomb Line.

    Zero Hour: - 1030Stations: - 0900
    Start Engines: - 0910Taxi: - 0930
    Take Off: - 0945Last Take Off: - 1055
    Target Time: - 1352ETR [Estimated Time
       of Return]:

    - 1826
    Depart English Coast at: 1126at Felixstowe

     Gasoline: 2,780 Gallons
     Bombs:All A/C: 18 x 250 G.P. [General Purpose] & 2 M-17

  3. Intervalometer Settings: Visual – 30' – H2X - 130 FT.

  4. Chaff: Commence discharge of chaff at - 10min. before target for 15 min.
      Each A/C [Aircraft] will carry - 360 units.

  5. Disposition of Forces:

    3 Divisions will be dispatched. The 1st Air Division will depart England 3rd preceded by 2nd Division and followed by the 3rd Division.
    1st Division will dispatch ____ CBW's of ____ Groups each.
    The order of attack in the 1st Division will be:
    2nd Division targets are____
    3rd Division targets are____

  6. Fighter Cover: 1 Gps. of P-51's Close support plus area support.

  7. Assembly:
    Lead at7,500'feet on Kings Cliffe BuncherRed-GreenFlares
    High at8,500'feet onKings CliffeBuncherGreen-GreenFlares
    Low at6,500'feet onKings CliffeBuncherRed-RedFlares
    401st at_____feet on_____Buncher_____Flares
    457th at6,000'feet onGlattonBuncherRed-YellowFlares
    Combat Wing Assembly Line:  Halesworth to Felixstowe
    Division Assembly Line: Felixstowe to 51°20’N-01°50’E - 51°13’N-02°55’E
    1 minutes interval between Groups.
    Reference altitude: 24,000

  8. Call Signs:
    351stWoodcraft Baker (Maj. Roper)
    457thWoodcraft Able
    1st Div. Air CommanderCol. Daily
    94th CBW Air CommanderMajor Peresick

  9. Navigator - _____

  10. S-2 - _____

  11. Weather - _____

  12. Communications - _____

  13. Flying Control - _____

  14. Special Instructions:
     a. Type of Bombing Formation - Group - PFF Sqdn. - Visual
     b. Bombardier and Navigator of the #3 A/C of each sqdn. report to Photo Lab.
     c. Camera A/C:  M-964, G-954, C-753
      return at  Continental coast out[bound]
     d. Spares to turn back at 05°00' East.
     e. PFF A/C fly as Group Lead, Group Deputy Lead, High & Low Sqdn. Lead
     f. GH A/C fly as None
     g. REMARKS: 
      Buckeye Red Scouting force to 06°00'
      Buckeye Blue from 06°00' on.
      Moderate to intense fighter opposition expected.
      Deenethorp [401st Bomb Group] flying low section of high group for us - very good formation fliers.


    [Extra Target Notes:] The target constitutes one of the largest and most important R.R. Traffic Centers in Germany with extensive locomotive repair facilities, goods sidings, and warehouses.
    Tertiary of Chemnitz contains large railway workshops facilities and machine tool plants has many direct lines running east and west.

Operational Narrative – 94th “C” CBW:
  1. Date of Mission - 27 February, 1945.
    1. Target Attacked:  The secondary target at Leipzig, Germany, was attacked by PFF methods.
    2. Force: 94th “B” Group. Thirty aircraft, including four PFF Ships, were dispatched. The 401st Group supplied nine aircraft and crews, six of which attacked, and three, scheduled as flying spares, returned as planned.
    3. Position: The 94th “B” Group flew in its briefed position as the eighth group in the Division Formation.
    4. Lead Teams
      Group Lead
      Air Commander: Major Mortimer L. Korges
      Pilot:Captain Norman A. Trapp
      Navigator:1st Lt. John C. Talbott
      Bombardier:Captain Robert E. McFarlane

      High Squadron
      Leader: Captain Frank H. Wilcox
      Pilot:2nd Lt. Arthur R. Leibrock
      Navigator:2nd Lt. Rolland X. Madsen
      Bombardier:1st Lt. Jack P. Austin

      Low Squadron
      Leader: Captain Jay H. Maish
      Pilot:2nd Lt. Paschel M. Huff
      Navigator:1st Lt. Melvin L. Ouder
      Bombardier:1st Lt. Mart G. Smith Jr.
  2. Narrative.
    1.  Squadron and Group Assembly: The assembly was carried out over the Kings Cliffe buncher at an altitude of 9,500 feet, 2,000 feet over the briefed height. The weather ship had recommended 8,500 feet for the assembly altitude but the Group Leader found that the Low Squadron would encounter difficulty with clouds at that altitude and so moved it up to 9,500 feet.
    2.  Route Over England: Departure from the assembly point was made 30 seconds late (1048½). The briefed route was followed with little divergency and no difficulty was encountered in getting behind the 94th “A” Group. Felixstowe, the briefed departure point from the English coast, was reached at the briefed altitude of 11,500 feet 1½ minutes late (1127½).
    3.  Division Assembly Line: The Division Column was followed in crossing the channel. As the departure from the coast was made, the 379th Group swung ahead of the 94th “B” and got into the Division Column behind the 94th “A” Group. At mid-channel, the 379th Group pulled out of the Division Column on one side and the 94th “A” pulled out on the other. The 379th Group then took up its proper position ahead of the 94th “A” in the Formation. This put the 94th “B” in its briefed position as the eighth group in the Division Formation.
    4.  Flight to Target: The Belgian coast was crossed to the right of the briefed point at the briefed altitude of 11,500 feet. Variances from the briefed route, which were slight, were necessary in order to stay in the Division Column. Before reaching the IP [Initial Point of Bomb Run], the 94th “B” flew inside of the briefed route in order to decrease the interval between itself and the 94th “A”. The IP used was slightly to the south of the briefed point. It was reached at the briefed altitude of 26,500 feet.
    5.  Description of Bombing Run: The secondary target was attacked at Leipzig, Germany. Bombing was done in group formation, all aircraft dropping on the lead ship. The briefed turn was not made at the IP. The target was completely overcast. No interference was encountered on the bomb run. The C-1 Pilot [Autopilot] functioned satisfactorily.
    6.  Flight From Target: After bombing, the 94th “B” followed the Division Column on the withdrawal. The sharp turn to the left was not made, as the preceding groups were cutting it short. The formation was inside of the briefed turn after the target, but soon contacted it by following the preceding groups. The 94th “B” flew to the right of the Division Column and of the briefed course in the area of Brussels. The intervals between groups at that point was small and hindered the let-down procedure. The 94th “B” let-down to the right of the Division Column and departed from the Belgian coast left of the briefed point at an altitude of 10,000 feet. The formation gradually closed in to the briefed route on the flight across the channel and crossed the English coast at the briefed point, Felixstowe, at an altitude of 10,000 feet. The formation followed the briefed route to base, which was reached at an altitude of 2,000 feet and 23 minutes early (1803). The High and Low Squadrons went to their respective stand-off areas before landing. A normal let down procedure had been followed.
    7.  Fighter Support: Very good. Appeared as briefed.
    8.  Comments: No aircraft were lost. Flak at the target was meager and inaccurate. Ten-tenths clouds prevailed en route and over the target area. The Weather Scouting Force was contacted and relayed a correct report of the weather conditions at the target.

      The 401st Group furnished the 94th “B” with nine aircraft and crews. Six were scheduled to fly in the High Squadron, while three were dispatched as flying spares. One of the six aircraft attacked with the 94th “A”, while the other five remained in formation with the 94th “B”. The three flying spares returned as planned.
    9.  Aircraft Not Attacking: Nil.

  [Signed] Carl C. Hinkle, Jr, Major, Air Corps, Operations Officer

351st Bombardment Group
Lead SquadronHigh SquadronLow SquadronTOTALS
Borrowed Aircraft0000
No. of Aircraft Failing to Take Off0000
No. of Aircraft Sorties1261230
No. of Aircraft Airborne Less Unused Spares1261230
No. of Aircraft Credit Sorties1261230
No. of Effective Sorties1261230
No. of Non-Effective Sorties0000
Name of Primary TargetLEIPZIG, GERMANY (Visual)
(A) No. of A/C Attacking Primary Target
(B) No., Size & Type Of Bombs
Name of Secondary TargetLEIPZIG, GERMANY (PFF)
(A) No. of A/C Attacking Secondary Target1261230
(B) No., Size & Type Of Bombs 210 x 500# GP 
24 x 500# IB
 106 x 500# GP 
12 x 500# IB
 214 x 500# GP 
24 x 500# IB
 530 x 500# GP 
60 x 500# IB
Name of Last Resort Target (LRT)
(A) No. of A/C Attacking LRT
(B) No., Size & Type Of Bombs
Name of Target of Opportunity (T.O.)
(A) No. of A/C Attacking T.O.
(B) No., Size & Type Of Bombs
No. of A/C MIA - Total0000
No. of A/C MIA - Flak
No. of A/C MIA - Flak and E/A
No. of A/C MIA - Enemy Aircraft
No. of A/C MIA - Accident over Enemy Terr.
No. of A/C MIA - Other and Unknown
Time of Take Off094209430944
Time of Attack135913591359
Total Time for Mission100:3650:32101:55253:03
Altitude of Release (Indicated)26,500’27,000’26,500’
Visual, H2X, Gee-H, M-H, Eagle, or CombinationH2XH2XH2X
Enemy Resistance – AA Intensity & AccuracyMEAGER AND INACCURATE
Enemy Resistance – Fighter0000
Enemy Resistance – Bombers0000
U.S. A/C Engaged by Enemy Aircraft0000
Number of Passes made by Enemy Aircraft0000
Non-Effective Sorties0101
(A) Weather
(B) Personnel0101
(C) Enemy Action12121337
(D) Other Non-Mechanical12111336
(E) Mechanical and Equipment12111336
Incidents of Mechanical & Equipment Failure:0000
(A) Engine
(B) Oil System
(C) Fuel System
(D) Supercharger
(E) Propeller and Governor
(F) Communication System
(G) Guns and Turrets
(H) Bomb Release
(I) Bombay Doors
(J) Electric System
(K) Instruments
(L) Oxygen Equipment
(M) Bomb Sights
(N) A/C in General

____ A/C borrowed as follows: None
____ A/C loaned as follows: None
Nine aircraft and crews were furnished by the 401st Group. Five attacked with the High Squadron as scheduled. One flew with the 457th Group, and the three flying spares returned as planned.

Lead Bombardier’s Narrative:
Date - 27 Feb. 1945
Field Order # 642
Squadron or Group - Lead Sqdn., 94th CBW "A" Group
Target - M/Y [R.R. Marshalling Yard] at Leipzig, Germany
  1. Type of Bombing (Visual, PFF or Combined)?  PFF
  2. Did Squadron perform own sighting operation, bomb on smoke marker, or was bombing done in Group Formation? Bombing was in Group Formation on the Lead; Low's M.H. [Magnetic Compass Heading] was 127° and High's was 132°. Time of Release was 1359 hours.
  3. Was turn made at briefed I.P.? Yes
  4. Cloud coverage and visibility. 10/10
  5. If Visual, when was MPI identified? If not actually seen, how was it located? PFF
  6. Any Interference on Bomb Run? None
  7. Did C-1 [Autopilot] function satisfactory? Yes
  8. Any other factors affecting accuracy? No
  [Signed] Robert E. McFarlane, Capt., Air Corps, Lead Bombardier

Combat Bombing Flight Record:

I certify that this 12E Form is complete and accurate.
[Signed] Warren C. Steitz, Captain, Air Corps, Group Bombardier.

Lead Squadron, 94th "A" Group Bombardier - Capt. McFarlane, Robert E.
Pilot - Maj. Korges, M.L. & Capt. Trapp, N.A.
Navigator - 1st Lt. Talbott, John C.

Aircraft B-17G   V-079  Take-off - 0739 Landed - 1800
Objective - Leipzig, Germany
Aiming Point (MPI) [Mean Point of Impact] - M/Y - PFF
Initial Point - As Briefed
Method of Attack - Bombing was in group formation on the lead sqdn.
No. of Attacking A/C in Group: - 36   Composite Group - ____
Number A/C Dropping Bombs by own Sighting Operation: ____
Deflection and Range Sighting, Group: One   Composite Group - ____
Range Sighting only, Group - __   Composite Group - ____
Bombs, Types and Sizes - 14 x 250 Lb. G.P.[General Purpose] & 2 x 500 Lb. I.B.'s, Markers
Number of Bombs Loaded - As Above   Released - Same
Fusing, Nose - 1/10   Tail - 1/40
Synchronization - On

Information at Release Point:  Low's M.H. [Magnetic Heading] was 127° and High's was 132°

Altitude of Target - ___Magnetic Heading Ordered 119° Actual 131°
True Altitude Above Target - 26,710True Heading 125°
Indicated Altitude - 26,500Drift, Estimated 1° Right - Actual 2° Right
Pressure Altitude of Target -100True Track 127°
Altimeter Setting 29.92Actual Range 17,583'
Calculated Indicated Air Speed - 150KBomb Sight Type - M-9
True Air Speed - 234KTime of Release 1359
Ground Speed Est. 310 Actual 244KLength of Bombing Run - 41 N.M. [Nautical Miles]
Wind Direction Metro - 300° Actual - 291°Intervalometer Setting - 30'
Wind Velocity Metro 65K Actual 32K C-1 Pilot [Autopilot] - X [Used]
D.S. - 119.5  Trail - 98   ATF - 44.33A-5 Pilot _____
Tan. D.A, Est. .658 Actual .63 Manual Pilot - ____

Type of Release - Train 30'
Point of Impact If Seen - Unobserved - PFF
Mean Temp. Metro -10 Actual -10
Winds - Altitude - 26,000 Ft.  Direction - Metro 300°  Actual 291°  Velocity - Metro 65K  Actual 32
Temp C. - Metro -31° C. Actual -37° C.

Tail Gunners Report:
Date - 27 Feb. 1945
Name - Belardine, M.J., 1st Lt.
Squadron - 509

  1. Leave Buncher: No. of A/C [Aircraft] - Lead 13, High 13, Low ____.
  2. A/C at Enemy Coast: Lead 13, High 13, Low 13.
    Spares Returned - Lead 12:25, High 12:26, Low 12:27.
  3. Abortives - None
  4. Spares Filling In: No of A/C - ____  Position - None
  5. Remarks: Formation after
  6. Fighter Escort - Time Sighted: ____
  7. Flak: Estimated No. of Guns - ____
  8. Position from you - ____
  9. Time - ____
  10. Accuracy - ____
  11. Remarks on Formation - ____
  12. Bombs Away: A/C Releasing Late - ____
       A/C Releasing Early - ____
  13. Remarks - ____
  14. A/C in trouble: ____
  15. [Enemy] Fighter Tactics Report - Time of Attacks - ____
  16. Number of E/A [Enemy Aircraft] - ____
  17. Type of Attacks - ____
  18. Number of Passes - ____
  19. Type of E/A - ____
  20. Remarks - ____
  21. Turrets not searching - ____

Narrative Teletype Report:
  1. No leaflets were carried on today's mission.
  2. The three squadrons of this group formed the 94th “B” CBW and bombed in group formation by PFF methods our Secondary target, the railway M/Y [Marshalling Yard] at Leipzig, Germany. Continuous 10/10 clouds prevented any chance of photo coverage. Mickey Operators report that the city stood out as briefed on their scope returns and they estimate bomb impact to be within the target area.
  3. No E/A [Enemy Aircraft] were encountered and no claims [of enemy aircraft being shot down] are being submitted.
  4. The only flak throughout the mission was in the target area, where it was meager, about 8,000 feet low and to the south of our formation.
  5. 10/10 clouds prevailed en route and over the target area.
  6. There are no observations of military importance to report.
  7. The PFF equipment employed in the lead A/C [Aircraft] of the three squadrons worked well, while the deputy lead of the lead squadron went out before the target. Fighter support was very good and appeared as briefed. The Scouting Force was contacted and radioed a correct report of weather conditions in the target area. The B-24 aiding in the special battery fire control mission was observed by this group but weather conditions prevented any opportunity of viewing front-line flak installations. None of our A/C are missing.

Track Chart:
Click on Chart to Enlarge

“J” Form:
  1. Last Four numbers and Call Letter of A/C in each Squadron:
    a. 94th Combat Wing "B" Group   Lead Squadron - 351st Group
    Sqdn 508th A/C: None
    Sqdn 509th A/C: C–8640, F–6566, G–8617, L–2955, M–7964, N–7169, O–8920, R–6156, T–8666, Z–7696
    Sqdn 510th A/C: None
    Sqdn 511th A/C: (V–8079 PFF), (Z–8774 PFF)

    b. 94th Combat Wing "B" Group   Low Squadron - 351st Group
    Sqdn 508th A/C: G–8954, K–8130
    Sqdn 509th A/C: U–8591
    Sqdn 510th A/C:
    Sqdn 511th A/C: (O–8455 PFF)

    c. 94th Combat Wing "B" Group   High Squadron - 351st Group
    Sqdn 508th A/C: B–7349, D–6082, P–7258, U–8813, Y–6108
    Sqdn 509th A/C: None
    Sqdn 510th A/C: None
    Sqdn 511th A/C: (G–8374 PFF)
  2. Target: GH-642
  3. W/T and R/T Operational Call Sign of each Squadron:
    Squadron508 [Call Sign]W/T KRH R/T CARLTONSquadron510 [Call Sign]W/T RPD R/T TIPSTAFF
    Squadron509 [Call Sign]W/T LDA R/T HOTMINTSquadron511 [Call Sign]W/T MVZ R/T PARTNERSHIP
  4. Taxi – 0930; Take-Off – 0945; E.T.D. Field – 0945
  5. Time:Height:  Place of Crossing English Coast: (OUT)
    112611,500 Ft Felixstowe
  6. Time:Height:  Place of Crossing Enemy Coast: (IN)
    115415,500 Ft 51°13'N-02°55'E [Ostend, Belgium]
  7. Time:Height:  Place of Crossing Enemy Coast: (Out)
    171010,000 Ft 51°15'N-02°57'E [Bredene-aan-Zee, Belgium]
  8. Time:Height:  Place of Crossing English Coast: (IN)
    17465,000 Ft Felixstowe
  9. E.T.R.(Estimated Time of Return) Base: 1826 Hours
  10. MF/DF [Medium Frequency/Direction Finder] Section: "G"
  11. Bomb load of Each A/C: "A" Lead Box
    Lead Squadron: 18 x 250 G.P. - 1/10 x 1/40 & 2 M-17 I.B.'s
    Low Squadron: 18 x 250 G.P. - 1/10 x 1/40 & 2 M-17 I.B.'s)
    High Squadron: 18 x 250 G.P. - 1/10 x 1/40 & 2 M-17 I.B.'s
    ___ Squadron:
  12. Fuel Load of each A/C: 2780 Gallons
  13. Leaders:
    Lead Sqdn: Rank & Name: Major Korges A/C No & Sqdn. V-8079 PFF (511)
    Low Sqdn: Rank & Name: Capt. Maish A/C No & Sqdn. O-8455 PFF (511)
    High Sqdn: Rank & Name: Capt. Wilcox A/C No & Sqdn. G-8374 PFF (511)
  14. Passengers, if any: (Full Name, Rank, A/C and Squadron Passenger flying with)

Report Compiled By I.C. Muesing, S/Sgt.

Formation Chart:
94th "B" Combat Bomb Group - Lead Squadron Formation at Take–Off and Over Target
509th Squadron
A/C 44-8079 V PFF
Johnson, E.G.
A/C 43-38920 O
A/C 44-8774 Z PFF
A/C 43-38666 T
A/C 44-8617 G
A/C 44-6156 R
A/C 43-37696 Z
A/C 42-102955 L
A/C 44-6566 F
A/C 43-38640 C
Sorenson (401st BG)
A/C 42-97395 F Spare
A/C 42-97169 N
A/C 43-37964 M

[Lt Sorenson, the flying Spare from the 401st BG, returned as planned.]

94th "B" Combat Bomb Group - High Squadron Formation at Take–Off and Over Target
508th Squadron
A/C 44-8374 U PFF
A/C 44-6108 Y
A/C 43-38813 U
Steele (401st BG)
A/C 44-6313 F
A/C 42-97349 B
May (401st BG)
A/C 44-6156 R
Carey (401st BG)
A/C 43-38862 N
A/C 43-38753 C
A/C 42-97258 P
Grimm (401st BG)
A/C 44-6146 R
Ayre (401st BG)
A/C 42-97931 A Spare
Berneburg (401st BG)
A/C 42-102468 C
Moran (401st BG)
A/C 42-107113 J

[Lt Ayre, the flying Spare from the 401st BG, returned as planned.]

94th "B" Combat Bomb Group - Low Squadron Formation at Take–Off and Over Target
510th Squadron
A/C 44-8455 O PFF
A/C 42-38038 P
A/C 42-97216 U
A/C 44-6610 B
A/C 43-39001 M
A/C 43-38130 K
A/C 43-38591 U
A/C 43-38435 O
A/C 43-37512 S
A/C 43-39020 C
James (401st BG)
A/C 43-37602 O
A/C 43-38954 G
A/C 43-37665 N

[Lt James, the flying Spare from the 401st BG, returned as planned.]

Time Schedule:
Zero Hour: 1030 BST [British Standard Time]  Briefing: 0645 Stations: 0900 Start Engines: 0910 Taxi: 0930 Take-Off: 0945  Leave Base: 0945 [Breakfast: 0545]

[Wounded On Mission: 0]
The above records were obtained at the National Archives Records Administration and have been declassified by authority NND 745005
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