351st Bomb Group

Polebrook, England

Group Mission #290

Credited Mission #283

 
DATE: 10 Mar. 1945
Target: R.R. Marshalling Yard, Hagen, Germany
 
BRIEFING OUTLINE

  1. Ask 508th, 509th and 510th Operations representatives if their crews are all present.

  2. Read Special briefing poop.

  3. TARGETS:
    1. #1 & 2 - The Visual Primary for today is: Hagen [Germany] R/R
    2. # 3 - Visual Secondary: Dortmund R/R
    3. #4 - PFF Primary: Dortmund R/R
    4. #5 - Last Resort Target: Seigen R/R

  4. S-2 [Intelligence] Information: ____

  5. Weather:

  6. Time Schedule:
    Zero Hour: - 1100Stations: - 0855
    Start Engines: - 0905Taxi: - 0925
    Take Off: - 0940Last Take Off: - 1045
    Intercept Group atSplasher #5at17,000 ft.
    Target Time: - 1321ETR [Estimated Time
       of Return]:

    - 1630
    Depart English Coast at: 1152at Splasher #5

    Time on oxygen: 4.5 hours  Total Time of Mission - 7 hours

    TIME TICK [Set your watches.]

  7. Loadings:
     Gasoline: 2,500 Gallons
     Bombs: 34 x 100 G.P. Plus 2 - M-17 IB [Incendiary Bomb]

  8. Intervalometer Settings: Minimum

  9. Chaff: Commence discharge of chaff at - Before Target for 15 minutes.
      Each A/C [Aircraft] will carry - 360 units.

  10. Disposition of Forces:

    3 Divisions will be dispatched. The 1st Air Division will depart England ___ preceded by 2nd Division and followed by the 3rd Division.
    1st Division will dispatch 4 CBW's of 3 Groups each.
    The order of attack in the 1st Division will be:
    Lead1stAttackingR/R
    2nd40thAttackingR/R
    3rd41stAttackingR/R
    4th94thAttackingR/R
    2nd Division targets areBielefeld M/Y [RR Marshalling Yard]
    3rd Division targets areDortmund M/Y

  11. Fighter Cover: 6 Gps. of P-51's - 1 - Close Support; 5 - Area Support

  12. Assembly:
    Lead at14,000feet on Kings Cliffe BuncherRed-GreenFlares
    High at15,000feet onKings CliffeBuncherGreen-GreenFlares
    Low at13,000feet onKings CliffeBuncherRed-RedFlares
    401st at14,000feet onCottesmoreBuncherRed-YellowFlares
    457th at14,000feet onGlattonBuncherRed-YellowFlares
    Combat Wing Assembly Line: Deopham Green - Splasher #5
    Division Assembly Line: Splasher #5 - Coast
    2 minutes interval between Groups.
    Reference altitude: 10,000'
    Bombing altitude: 25,000'
    Point for instrument let-down Kings Cliffe magnetic heading of 30 degrees.

  13. Call Signs:
    351stWoodcraft Baker
    401stWoodcraft Able
    457thWoodcraft Charlie
    1st Div. Air CommanderCol. Ensign - Swordfish Able
    94th CBW Air CommanderMaj. White - Woodcraft Able

  14. The following ships will monitor [Radio Channels]- "B" - C-753, M-964, A-465; "C" - 8th A.F. - O-277; "C" - 67th Fighter Wing - D-082.
    Other Communications information will be found on the flimsy.

  15. FLYING CONTROL: _____

  16. SPECIAL INSTRUCTIONS:
     a. Type of Bombing Formation - GH or H2X - Group Formation; Visual - Squadron
     b. Bombardier and Navigator of the #3 A/C of each sqdn. report to Photo Lab.
      The A/C are: G-954, C-640, N-665
     c. Ball Turret Gunners of the following A/C report to Photo Lab: B-349, A-428, B-592, C-020, H-412
     d. Camera A/C: H-412, V-070, K-252
      return at  Beachy Head - Avoid Diver Area north to Brentwood
     e. Spares to turn back at 04° East.
     f. PFF A/C fly as Comb. GH & PFF Lead - Lo & High Lead
     g. GH A/C fly as deputy lead
     h. REMARKS: 
       Bomb Bay doors closed immediately to prevent late releases. [RAF] Mosquito Screen Force
  17. You are reminded not to discuss the target. EXERCISE ALL SECURITY MEASURES.

  BRIEFING OFFICER: HAVE YOU READ SPECIAL BRIEFING POOP??


Operational Narrative.
  1. Date of Mission - 10 March, 1945
    1. Target Attacked:  Hagen, Germany, the secondary target, (No. 2) was attacked by three aircraft of the formation using GH sighting methods. Dortmund, Germany, (No. 4) was attacked by thirty-three aircraft as the result of an accidental release.
    2. Force: 94th “B” Group. Thirty-eight aircraft, including two GH ships borrowed from the 384th and 379th Groups, two PFF ships, and two flying spares, were dispatched.
    3. Position: The 94th “B” Group flew in its briefed position as the eleventh group in the First Division Formation.
    4. Lead Teams
      Group Lead
      Air Commander: Lt Col James T. Stewart
      Pilot:1st Lt Robert L. Cutler
      Navigator:1st Lt. William H. Tabb
      Bombardier:2nd Lt Malcolm S. Burr

      High Squadron
      Leader: Captain Jay H. Maish
      Pilot:2nd Lt Paschel M. Huff
      Navigator:1st Lt Melvin L. Ouder
      Bombardier:1st Lt Mart G. Smith, Jr

      Low Squadron
      Leader: 1st Lt. Henry R. Rossen
      Pilot:2nd Lt Morris G. Turner
      Navigator:F/O Paul A. Walker
      Bombardier:2nd Lt. Allen G. McDonald
  2. Narrative.
    1.  Squadron and Group Assembly: The assembly was carried out without difficulty over the Kings Cliffe buncher at the briefed altitude of 14,000 feet. Departure from the assembly point was made on time and on course.
    2.  Route Over England: The briefed route was followed before and after Point B. Shortly before the formation reached Point D, the 94th “A” was seen approaching from the south. The turn at Point D was cut short in order for the 94th “B” to get into position. The 94th “A” however, continued on its northerly heading, turning into Control Point #1 later on a southeast heading. In order to get into position, the 94th “B” cut short the turn at the departure point from the English coast. Departure from the English coast was made one minute early (1151) at an altitude of 16,000 feet, 1,000 feet below the briefed height.
    3.  Division Assembly Line: The formation had been unable to get into position behind the 94th “A” by cutting corners, and so found it necessary to make two double drifts to the left of course in order to get into position. In the meantime, the 94th “C” was making double drifts to the right of course. The formation was able to get into position behind the 94th “A” before reaching the coast of Holland. It is believed that it was in its briefed position as the eleventh group in the First Division Formation. The Dutch coast was crossed at the briefed point at the briefed time (1230). The briefed height of 25,000 feet, however, had not been reached due to a slow climb. The formation was at 22,000 feet when the coast was crossed.
    4.  Flight to Target: The 94th “A” Group was followed in the flight to the target. This took the formation to the left of the briefed course to the IP [Initial Point of Bomb Run], which was crossed on a southwesterly heading rather than on a southerly heading, as briefed. The IP was crossed two minutes late (1310) at the briefed height of 25,000 feet.
    5.  Description of Bombing Run: The formation followed the GH curve to the left of the briefed course. It was the intention of the Group Leader to make a GH run on Hagen, and bomb in group formation. Evidently several formations had found their GH equipment to be inoperative and had attacked Dortmund by PFF methods, for the formation passed through several fresh smoke markers over that target. Due to an accidental release from the deputy aircraft, a GH ship borrowed from the 384th Bomb Group, all but three aircraft of the 94th “B” dropped their bombs on Dortmund, the No 4 target. The Group Leader was unaware of this incident until after Hagen had been attacked by the three aircraft which had not dropped on Dortmund.

      The bombing run was made in group formation. The briefed turn was not made at the IP. The target area was completely overcast. No interference was encountered on the bomb run. The C-1 Pilot [Autopilot] functioned satisfactorily. In accordance with the requirements of the GH navigator, the target was reached at an indicated altitude of 24,840 feet.

      A Mickey [Radar] fix of the release over Dortmund puts bombs away at 51°33’N - 07°27’E, on a track of 178 degrees, and the bombsight tangent angle for Hagen was 70 degrees at this time. An estimation of the bomb-fall release places the pattern in the marshalling yards in the southern part of Dortmund. Smoke markers from groups bombing Dortmund were also observed falling at this time.
    6.  Flight From Target: The formation followed the briefed route after leaving the target area. Divergency from the planned route was slight, and was not made until the formation was over friendly territory. In the vicinity of 05°30’E the formation flew to the right of the briefed course in order to stay in the Division Column. The Belgian coast was crossed to the right of the briefed point at an altitude of 10,000 feet. The briefed course was paralleled to the right while crossing the channel and entry into England was made at the briefed point, Beachy Head, at an altitude of 10,000 feet. The briefed route was followed until the formation was north of London, at which point a direct route was taken up, above the undercast, to the Kings Cliffe buncher. The formation carried out an instrument let-down from that point. Landings were made without difficulty.
    7.  Fighter Support: Thin but adequate.
    8.  Comments: No aircraft were lost. No enemy aircraft were encountered. The only flak encountered was in the target area, where it was meager to moderate and generally inaccurate. Ten-tenths clouds prevailed in the target area, with light, non-persistent contrails. The Weather scouting Force was contacted and furnished adequate weather information.
    9.  Aircraft Not Attacking: There were no failures to attack. Two flying spares returned as planned.

  [Signed] Carl C. Hinkle, Jr, Major, Air Corps, Operations Officer


STATISTICAL SUMMARY OF OPERATIONS
DIVISION FIELD ORDER NUMBER 653
351st Bombardment Group
Lead SquadronHigh SquadronLow SquadronTOTALS
Borrowed Aircraft0000
No. of Aircraft Failing to Take Off0000
No. of Aircraft Sorties13121338
No. of Aircraft Airborne Less Unused Spares12121236
No. of Aircraft Credit Sorties12121236
No. of Effective Sorties12121236
No. of Non-Effective Sorties0000
Name of Primary TargetHAGEN, GERMANY
(A) No. of A/C Attacking Primary Target33
(B) No., Size & Type Of Bombs 98 x 100 GP 
6 x 500 IB
 98 x 100 GP 
6 x 500 IB
Name of Secondary TargetDORTMUND, GERMANY
(A) No. of A/C Attacking Secondary Target9121233
(B) No., Size & Type Of Bombs 304 x 100 GP 
18 x 500 IB
 406 x 100 GP 
23 x 500 IB
 406 x 100 GP 
24 x 500 IB
 1116 x 100 GP 
65 x 500 IB
Name of Last Resort Target (LRT)
(A) No. of A/C Attacking LRT
(B) No., Size & Type Of Bombs
Name of Target of Opportunity (T.O.)
(A) No. of A/C Attacking T.O.
(B) No., Size & Type Of Bombs
No. of A/C MIA - Total0000
No. of A/C MIA - Flak
No. of A/C MIA - Flak and E/A
No. of A/C MIA - Enemy Aircraft
No. of A/C MIA - Accident over Enemy Terr.
No. of A/C MIA - Other and Unknown
Time of Take Off093509380936
Time of Attack132113181318
Total Time for Mission90:0184:1789:28263:46
Altitude of Release (Indicated)24,840’24,300’25,000’
Visual, H2X, Gee-H, M-H, Eagle, or CombinationGEE-H
Enemy Resistance – AA Intensity & AccuracyMEAGER TO MODERATE AND INACCURATE
Enemy Resistance – Fighter0000
Enemy Resistance – Bombers0000
U.S. A/C Engaged by Enemy Aircraft0000
Number of Passes made by Enemy Aircraft0000
Degree of SuccessRESULTS UNOBSERVED

2 A/C borrowed as follows: Two GH Aircraft were borrowed from the 379th and 384th Bomb Groups. The 351st Group furnished the crews.
0 A/C loaned as follows: None




Lead Bombardier’s Narrative:
Date - 10 March, 1945
Field Order # 653
Squadron or Group - Lead Sqdn., 94th CBW "B" Group
Target - M/Y [RR Marshalling Yard] at Hagen, Germany
  1. Type of Bombing (Visual, PFF or Combined)?  "G.H."
  2. Did Squadron perform own sighting operation, bomb on smoke marker, or was bombing done in Group Formation? See Reverse Side.
  3. Was turn made at briefed I.P.? Yes
  4. Cloud coverage and visibility. 10/10
  5. If Visual, when was MPI identified? If not actually seen, how was it located? "G.H."
  6. Any Interference on Bomb Run? See Reverse Side.
  7. Did C-1 [Autopilot] function satisfactory? Yes
  8. Any other factors affecting accuracy? See Reverse Side.
  [Signed] Malcolm S. Burr, 2nd Lt., Air Corps, Lead Bombardier

[Cont. from front]
 Bombing was to have been in group formation on the Lead A/C in the Lead Squadron, but on the bombing run, the Deputy A/C in the Lead Squadron had an accidental release. All but two A/C in the Group Formation dropped on the Deputy A/C two minutes before the Lead A/C dropped.
[Signed] Warren C. Steitz, Captain, Air Corps, Group Bombardier

Combat Bombing Flight Record:

Lead Squadron, 94th "B" Group Bombardier - 2nd Lt. Burr, Malcolm S.
Pilot - Lt. Col. Stewart, J.K. & 1st lt. Cutler, R.L.
Navigator - 1st Lt. Tabb, William H.

Aircraft B-17G   J-369  Take-off - 0940 Landed - 1623
Objective - M/Y at Hagen, Germany
Aiming Point (MPI) [Mean Point of Impact] - As Briefed - G.H.
Initial Point - As Briefed
Method of Attack - See Bombardier's Narrative
No. of Attacking A/C in Group: - 36   Composite Group - ____
Number A/C Dropping Bombs by own Sighting Operation: ____
Deflection and Range Sighting, Group: One   Composite Group - ____
Range Sighting only, Group - __   Composite Group - ____
Bombs, Types and Sizes - 34 x 100 Lb. G.P.[General Purpose] & 2 x M17 IB's [Incendiary Bomb]
Number of Bombs Loaded - As Above   Released - Same
Fusing, Nose - ___   Tail - 1/40
Synchronization - On GH

Information at Release Point:  See Bombardier's Narrative

Altitude of Target - +330Magnetic Heading Ordered 161° Actual 180°
True Altitude Above Target - 25,000True Heading 173°
Indicated Altitude - 24,840Drift, Estimated 5° Right - Actual 2° Right
Pressure Altitude of Target -230True Track 175°
Altimeter Setting 29.92Actual Range 14,928'
Calculated Indicated Air Speed - 150KBomb Sight Type - M-9
True Air Speed - 223KTime of Release 1320
Ground Speed Est. 275 Actual 230Length of Bombing Run - 52 miles
Wind Direction Metro - 360° Actual - 025°Intervalometer Setting - Minimum
Wind Velocity Metro 50 Actual 42 C-1 Pilot [Autopilot] - X [Used]
D.S. - 121  Trail - 116   ATF - 44.03A-5 Pilot _____
Tan. D.A, Est. .59 Actual .58 Manual Pilot - ____

Type of Release - Train
Point of Impact If Seen - No - G.H. Bombing
Mean Temp. Metro -10.5 Actual -10
Winds - Altitude - 26,000 Ft.  Direction - Metro 360°  Actual 025°  Velocity - Metro 50K  Actual 42K
Temp C. - Metro -36° C. Actual -24° C.



Narrative Teletype Report:
  1. This Group carried no leaflets.
  2. The target for this Group was on over-pass in the M/Y [R.R. Marshalling Yard] at Hagen, Germany. The lead and two other aircraft of the lead squadron bombed this target by GH methods with all equipment functioning properly. The rest of the formation dropped on an early release of the deputy lead aircraft, caused by what appears to be a bomb release malfunction. A Mickey [Radar] fix of this release puts bombs away at 5133 N. – 0727 E., on a track of 178 degrees, and the bomb-sight tangent angle for Hagen was 70 degrees at this time. An estimation of the bomb-fall places the pattern in the M/Y area in the southern part of Dortmund. Smoke markers from groups bombing Dortmund were also observed falling at this time. Complete cloud cover prevented observation of any bomb bursts and prevented photo coverage of the bombing.
  3. No E/A [Enemy Aircraft] were encountered and no claims [of enemy aircraft being shot down] are being submitted.
  4. The only flak encountered was in the target area, where it was meager to moderate and generally inaccurate.
  5. 10/10ths clouds prevailed in the target area, with light, non-persistent contrails.
  6. There were no military observations of importance.
  7. PFF equipment was used as a navigational aid and all equipment functioned properly. Bombing of the primary target was done on GH equipment which also worked properly. Scouting Force was contacted and furnished accurate weather information. Fighter support was thin but adequate. None of our aircraft is missing.


Mission Summary Report:
  1. Abortives and Flying Spares:
    1. Airplane No. 43-37900, 508th Squadron, returned early as planned.
    2. Airplane No. 42-97216, 508th Squadron, returned early as planned.
  [Signed:] John W. Freeman, Captain, Air Corps, Group Engineering Officer


Abortive Report
Aircraft No. U-7216 Squadron - ____  Date - 10 Mar. 1945
  1. PILOT'S STATEMENT:
    1. Reason for abortive Flying Spare
    2. Place and altitude 4° E. 20,000'
    3. Time 1220
    4. Position in formation F/S [Flying Spare]
    5. Disposition of bombs BB [Brought Back]
    6. Remarks Formation Full - Good
    7. Time & Date dispatched ____
      (Pilot's Signature) R.E. Mahnke, 1st Lt.


“J” Form:
  1. Last Four numbers and Call Letter of A/C in each Squadron:
    a. 94th Combat Wing "B" Group   Lead Squadron - 351st Group
    Sqdn 508th A/C: A–8410, B–7349, C–8753, D–6082, G–8954, H–8412, L–7956, O–8277, P–7258, Y–6108, (M–7900 Spare)
    Sqdn 509th A/C: None
    Sqdn 510th A/C: None
    Sqdn 511th A/C: None
    Sqdn 526th A/C: (J–8369 GH) From 379th Bomb Group
    Sqdn 544th A/C: (R–8016 GH) From 384th Bomb Group

    b. 94th Combat Wing "B" Group   Low Squadron - 351st Group
    Sqdn 508th A/C: None
    Sqdn 509th A/C: A–8428, B–8592, C–8640, D–7193, G–8617, L–2955, M–7964, O–8920, P–6907, U–8591, V–8070
    Sqdn 510th A/C: None
    Sqdn 511th A/C: (B–7701 PFF)

    c. 94th Combat Wing "B" Group   High Squadron - 351st Group
    Sqdn 508th A/C: U–8813
    Sqdn 509th A/C: None
    Sqdn 510th A/C: A–8465, C–9020, H–8280, K–7252, L–7515, N–7665, O–8435, S–7512, T–9156, V–7705, (U–7216 Spare)
    Sqdn 511th A/C: (D–8664 PFF)
  2. Target: GH-436
  3. W/T and R/T Operational Call Sign of each Squadron:
    Squadron508 [Call Sign]W/T SGZ R/T CARLTONSquadron510 [Call Sign]W/T PMC R/T TIPSTAFF
    Squadron509 [Call Sign]W/T UPX R/T HOTMINTSquadron511 [Call Sign]W/T JUF R/T PARTNERSHIP
  4. Taxi – 0925; Take-Off – 0940; E.T.D. Field – 1115
  5. Time:Height:  Place of Crossing English Coast: (OUT)
    115217,000 Ft Splasher #5
  6. Time:Height:  Place of Crossing Enemy Coast: (IN)
    123025,000 Ft 52°44'N-04°38'E [Camperduin, Netherlands]
  7. Time:Height:  Place of Crossing Enemy Coast: (Out)
    150510,000 Ft 52°32'N-01°35'E [Thurlton, England]
  8. Time:Height:  Place of Crossing English Coast: (IN)
    152810,000 Ft Beachy Head
  9. E.T.R.(Estimated Time of Return) Base: 1630 Hours
  10. MF/DF [Medium Frequency/Direction Finder] Section: "N"
  11. Bomb load of Each A/C: "A" Lead Box
    Lead Squadron: 34 x 100 G.P. - No Nose x 1/40 [Fuses] Plus 2 x M-17 IB's [Incendiary bomb]
    Low Squadron: 34 x 100 G.P. - No Nose x 1/40 [Fuses] Plus 2 x M-17 IB's [Incendiary bomb]
    High Squadron: 34 x 100 G.P. - No Nose x 1/40 [Fuses] Plus 2 x M-17 IB's [Incendiary bomb]
    ___ Squadron:
  12. Fuel Load of each A/C: 2500 Gallons
  13. Leaders:
    Lead Sqdn: Rank & Name: Lt. Col. Stewart A/C No & Sqdn. J-8369 GH (526)
    Low Sqdn: Rank & Name: Lt. Maish A/C No & Sqdn. B-7701 PFF (511)
    High Sqdn: Rank & Name: Lt. Rossen A/C No & Sqdn. D-8664 PFF (511)
  14. Passengers, if any: (Full Name, Rank, A/C and Squadron Passenger flying with)
    None

Report Compiled By Shepard, M/Sgt.



Formation Chart:
94th "B" Combat Bomb Group - Lead Squadron Formation at Take–Off and Over Target
508th Squadron
Stewart–Cutler
A/C 44-8016 R GH & PFF
Murray
A/C 43-38954 G
Dinning
A/C 44-8369 J GH
Meadows
A/C 44-8410 A
Beringer
A/C 42-97349 B
Hart
A/C 43-38277 O
Bennett
A/C 43-38753 C
Westercamp
A/C 44-6108 Y
Sandel
A/C 44-6082 D
Russell–Dunn
A/C 43-37956 L
Drought
A/C 43-37900 M Spare
Sprecher
A/C 42-97258 P
Harkins
A/C 44-8412 H

[Lt Drought, the Flying Spare, returned as planned.]

94th "B" Combat Bomb Group - High Squadron Formation at Take–Off and Over Target
510th Squadron
Rossen
A/C 44-8664 D PFF
Oen
A/C 43-37665 N
Bone
A/C 43-37515 L
Brooks
A/C 43-39156 T
Blaney
A/C 43-39020 C
Gonske
A/C 43-38465 A
Haskins
A/C 43-37512 S
Dahlborg
A/C 43-37705 V
Kirkland
A/C 43-38435 O
Haft
A/C 44-8280 H
Mahnke
A/C 42-97216 U Spare
Smith
A/C 43-38813 U
Stamps
A/C 42-97252 K

[Lt Mahnke, the Flying Spare, returned as planned.]

94th "B" Combat Bomb Group - Low Squadron Formation at Take–Off and Over Target
509th Squadron
Maish
A/C 42-97701 B PFF
Hammond
A/C 43-38640 C
Quinn
A/C 43-38920 O
Potter
A/C 44-6907 P
Whittaker
A/C 44-8617 G
Day
A/C 43-38428 A
Smith
A/C 43-37964 M
Hampton
A/C 43-38591 U
Cole
A/C 42-102955 L
Fox
A/C 43-38592 B
Thomson
A/C 42-97193 D
Workman
A/C 43-38070 V


Time Schedule:
Zero Hour: 1100 BST [British Standard Time]  Briefing: ____ Stations: 0855 Start Engines: 0905 Taxi: 0925 Take-Off: 0940  Leave Base: 0940 

[Wounded On Mission: 0]
The above records were obtained at the National Archives Records Administration and have been declassified by authority NND 745005
Please contact us with your comments and corrections.