BRIEFING OFFICER: HAVE YOU READ SPECIAL BRIEFING POOP??
Ask 508th, 509th and 510th Operations representatives if their crews are all present.
Read Special briefing poop.
- #1 & 2 - The Visual Primary for today is: Hagen [Germany] R/R
- # 3 - Visual Secondary: Dortmund R/R
- #4 - PFF Primary: Dortmund R/R
- #5 - Last Resort Target: Seigen R/R
S-2 [Intelligence] Information: ____
|Zero Hour:|| - 1100||Stations:|| - 0855|
|Start Engines:|| - 0905||Taxi:|| - 0925|
|Take Off:|| - 0940||Last Take Off:|| - 1045|
|Intercept Group at||Splasher #5||at||17,000 ft.|
|Target Time:|| - 1321||ETR [Estimated Time|
|Depart English Coast at:|| 1152||at Splasher #5|
Time on oxygen: 4.5 hours Total Time of Mission - 7 hours
TIME TICK [Set your watches.]
| Gasoline:|| 2,500 Gallons|
34 x 100 G.P. Plus 2 - M-17 IB [Incendiary Bomb]
Intervalometer Settings: Minimum
Chaff: Commence discharge of chaff at - Before Target for 15 minutes.
Each A/C [Aircraft] will carry - 360 units.
Disposition of Forces:
3 Divisions will be dispatched. The 1st Air Division will depart England ___ preceded by 2nd Division and followed by the 3rd Division.
1st Division will dispatch 4 CBW's of 3 Groups each.
The order of attack in the 1st Division will be:
|2nd Division targets are||Bielefeld M/Y [RR Marshalling Yard]|
|3rd Division targets are||Dortmund M/Y|
Fighter Cover: 6 Gps. of P-51's - 1 - Close Support; 5 - Area Support
Combat Wing Assembly Line: Deopham Green - Splasher #5
|Lead at||14,000||feet on|| Kings Cliffe ||Buncher||Red-Green||Flares|
|High at||15,000||feet on||Kings Cliffe||Buncher||Green-Green||Flares|
|Low at||13,000||feet on||Kings Cliffe||Buncher||Red-Red||Flares|
|401st at||14,000||feet on||Cottesmore||Buncher||Red-Yellow||Flares|
|457th at||14,000||feet on||Glatton||Buncher||Red-Yellow||Flares|
Division Assembly Line: Splasher #5 - Coast
2 minutes interval between Groups.
Reference altitude: 10,000'
Bombing altitude: 25,000'
Point for instrument let-down Kings Cliffe magnetic heading of 30 degrees.
|1st Div. Air Commander||Col. Ensign - Swordfish Able|
|94th CBW Air Commander||Maj. White - Woodcraft Able|
The following ships will monitor [Radio Channels]- "B" - C-753, M-964, A-465; "C" - 8th A.F. - O-277; "C" - 67th Fighter Wing - D-082.
Other Communications information will be found on the flimsy.
- FLYING CONTROL: _____
a. Type of Bombing Formation - GH or H2X - Group Formation; Visual - Squadron
b. Bombardier and Navigator of the #3 A/C of each sqdn. report to Photo Lab.
The A/C are: G-954, C-640, N-665
c. Ball Turret Gunners of the following A/C report to Photo Lab: B-349, A-428, B-592, C-020, H-412
d. Camera A/C: H-412, V-070, K-252
return at Beachy Head - Avoid Diver Area north to Brentwood
e. Spares to turn back at 04° East.
f. PFF A/C fly as Comb. GH & PFF Lead - Lo & High Lead
g. GH A/C fly as deputy lead
Bomb Bay doors closed immediately to prevent late releases. [RAF] Mosquito Screen Force
You are reminded not to discuss the target. EXERCISE ALL SECURITY MEASURES.
Date of Mission - 10 March, 1945
- Target Attacked: Hagen, Germany, the secondary target, (No. 2) was attacked by three aircraft of the formation using GH sighting methods. Dortmund, Germany,
(No. 4) was attacked by thirty-three aircraft as the result of an accidental release.
- Force: 94th “B” Group. Thirty-eight aircraft, including two GH ships borrowed from the 384th and 379th Groups, two PFF ships, and two flying spares, were dispatched.
- Position: The 94th “B” Group flew in its briefed position as the eleventh group in the First Division Formation.
|Group Lead |
|Air Commander: ||Lt Col James T. Stewart|
|Pilot:||1st Lt Robert L. Cutler|
|Navigator:||1st Lt. William H. Tabb|
|Bombardier:||2nd Lt Malcolm S. Burr|
|Leader: ||Captain Jay H. Maish|
|Pilot:||2nd Lt Paschel M. Huff|
|Navigator:||1st Lt Melvin L. Ouder|
|Bombardier:||1st Lt Mart G. Smith, Jr|
|Leader: ||1st Lt. Henry R. Rossen|
|Pilot:||2nd Lt Morris G. Turner|
|Navigator:||F/O Paul A. Walker|
|Bombardier:||2nd Lt. Allen G. McDonald|
Squadron and Group Assembly: The assembly was carried out without difficulty over the Kings Cliffe buncher at the briefed altitude of 14,000 feet. Departure
from the assembly point was made on time and on course.
Route Over England: The briefed route was followed before and after Point B. Shortly before the formation reached Point D, the 94th “A” was seen approaching
from the south. The turn at Point D was cut short in order for the 94th “B” to get into position. The 94th “A” however, continued on its northerly heading, turning into
Control Point #1 later on a southeast heading. In order to get into position, the 94th “B” cut short the turn at the departure point from the English coast. Departure
from the English coast was made one minute early (1151) at an altitude of 16,000 feet, 1,000 feet below the briefed height.
Division Assembly Line: The formation had been unable to get into position behind the 94th “A” by cutting corners, and so found it necessary to make two double
drifts to the left of course in order to get into position. In the meantime, the 94th “C” was making double drifts to the right of course. The formation was able to get
into position behind the 94th “A” before reaching the coast of Holland. It is believed that it was in its briefed position as the eleventh group in the First Division
Formation. The Dutch coast was crossed at the briefed point at the briefed time (1230). The briefed height of 25,000 feet, however, had not been reached due to a slow
climb. The formation was at 22,000 feet when the coast was crossed.
Flight to Target: The 94th “A” Group was followed in the flight to the target. This took the formation to the left of the briefed course to the IP [Initial
Point of Bomb Run], which was crossed on a southwesterly heading rather than on a southerly heading, as briefed. The IP was crossed two minutes late (1310) at the briefed
height of 25,000 feet.
Description of Bombing Run: The formation followed the GH curve to the left of the briefed course. It was the intention of the Group Leader to make a GH run
on Hagen, and bomb in group formation. Evidently several formations had found their GH equipment to be inoperative and had attacked Dortmund by PFF methods, for the
formation passed through several fresh smoke markers over that target. Due to an accidental release from the deputy aircraft, a GH ship borrowed from the 384th Bomb
Group, all but three aircraft of the 94th “B” dropped their bombs on Dortmund, the No 4 target. The Group Leader was unaware of this incident until after Hagen had been
attacked by the three aircraft which had not dropped on Dortmund.
The bombing run was made in group formation. The briefed turn was not made at the IP. The target area was completely overcast. No interference was encountered on the
bomb run. The C-1 Pilot [Autopilot] functioned satisfactorily. In accordance with the requirements of the GH navigator, the target was reached at an indicated altitude
of 24,840 feet.
A Mickey [Radar] fix of the release over Dortmund puts bombs away at 51°33’N - 07°27’E, on a track of 178 degrees, and the bombsight tangent angle for Hagen was 70 degrees
at this time. An estimation of the bomb-fall release places the pattern in the marshalling yards in the southern part of Dortmund. Smoke markers from groups bombing
Dortmund were also observed falling at this time.
Flight From Target: The formation followed the briefed route after leaving the target area. Divergency from the planned route was slight, and was not made
until the formation was over friendly territory. In the vicinity of 05°30’E the formation flew to the right of the briefed course in order to stay in the Division Column.
The Belgian coast was crossed to the right of the briefed point at an altitude of 10,000 feet. The briefed course was paralleled to the right while crossing the channel
and entry into England was made at the briefed point, Beachy Head, at an altitude of 10,000 feet. The briefed route was followed until the formation was north of London,
at which point a direct route was taken up, above the undercast, to the Kings Cliffe buncher. The formation carried out an instrument let-down from that point. Landings
were made without difficulty.
Fighter Support: Thin but adequate.
Comments: No aircraft were lost. No enemy aircraft were encountered. The only flak encountered was in the target area, where it was meager to moderate and
generally inaccurate. Ten-tenths clouds prevailed in the target area, with light, non-persistent contrails. The Weather scouting Force was contacted and furnished
adequate weather information.
Aircraft Not Attacking: There were no failures to attack. Two flying spares returned as planned.
[Signed] Carl C. Hinkle, Jr, Major, Air Corps, Operations Officer
STATISTICAL SUMMARY OF OPERATIONS
DIVISION FIELD ORDER NUMBER 653
|351st Bombardment Group|
|Lead Squadron||High Squadron||Low Squadron||TOTALS|
|No. of Aircraft Failing to Take Off||0||0||0||0|
|No. of Aircraft Sorties||13||12||13||38|
|No. of Aircraft Airborne Less Unused Spares||12||12||12||36|
|No. of Aircraft Credit Sorties||12||12||12||36|
|No. of Effective Sorties||12||12||12||36|
|No. of Non-Effective Sorties||0||0||0||0|
|Name of Primary Target||HAGEN, GERMANY|
|(A) No. of A/C Attacking Primary Target||3||3|
|(B) No., Size & Type Of Bombs|| 98 x 100 GP |
6 x 500 IB
| 98 x 100 GP |
6 x 500 IB
|Name of Secondary Target||DORTMUND, GERMANY|
|(A) No. of A/C Attacking Secondary Target||9||12||12||33|
|(B) No., Size & Type Of Bombs|| 304 x 100 GP |
18 x 500 IB
| 406 x 100 GP |
23 x 500 IB
| 406 x 100 GP |
24 x 500 IB
| 1116 x 100 GP |
65 x 500 IB
|Name of Last Resort Target (LRT)|
|(A) No. of A/C Attacking LRT|
|(B) No., Size & Type Of Bombs|
|Name of Target of Opportunity (T.O.)|
|(A) No. of A/C Attacking T.O.|
|(B) No., Size & Type Of Bombs|
|No. of A/C MIA - Total||0||0||0||0|
|No. of A/C MIA - Flak|
|No. of A/C MIA - Flak and E/A|
|No. of A/C MIA - Enemy Aircraft|
|No. of A/C MIA - Accident over Enemy Terr.|
|No. of A/C MIA - Other and Unknown|
|Time of Take Off||0935||0938||0936|
|Time of Attack||1321||1318||1318|
|Total Time for Mission||90:01||84:17||89:28||263:46|
|Altitude of Release (Indicated)||24,840’||24,300’||25,000’|
|Visual, H2X, Gee-H, M-H, Eagle, or Combination||GEE-H|
|Enemy Resistance – AA Intensity & Accuracy||MEAGER TO MODERATE AND INACCURATE|
|Enemy Resistance – Fighter||0||0||0||0|
|Enemy Resistance – Bombers||0||0||0||0|
|U.S. A/C Engaged by Enemy Aircraft||0||0||0||0|
|Number of Passes made by Enemy Aircraft||0||0||0||0|
|Degree of Success||RESULTS UNOBSERVED|
2 A/C borrowed as follows: Two GH Aircraft were borrowed from the 379th and 384th Bomb Groups. The 351st Group furnished the crews.
0 A/C loaned as follows: None
Lead Bombardier’s Narrative:
Date - 10 March, 1945
Field Order # 653
Squadron or Group - Lead Sqdn., 94th CBW "B" Group
Target - M/Y [RR Marshalling Yard] at Hagen, Germany
Type of Bombing (Visual, PFF or Combined)? "G.H."
Did Squadron perform own sighting operation, bomb on smoke marker, or was bombing done in Group Formation? See Reverse Side.
Was turn made at briefed I.P.? Yes
Cloud coverage and visibility. 10/10
If Visual, when was MPI identified? If not actually seen, how was it located? "G.H."
Any Interference on Bomb Run? See Reverse Side.
Did C-1 [Autopilot] function satisfactory? Yes
Any other factors affecting accuracy? See Reverse Side.
[Signed] Malcolm S. Burr, 2nd Lt., Air Corps, Lead Bombardier
[Cont. from front]
Bombing was to have been in group formation on the Lead A/C in the Lead Squadron, but on the bombing run, the Deputy A/C in the Lead Squadron had an accidental release.
All but two A/C in the Group Formation dropped on the Deputy A/C two minutes before the Lead A/C dropped.
[Signed] Warren C. Steitz, Captain, Air Corps, Group Bombardier
Combat Bombing Flight Record:
Lead Squadron, 94th "B" Group
Bombardier - 2nd Lt. Burr, Malcolm S.
Pilot - Lt. Col. Stewart, J.K. & 1st lt. Cutler, R.L.
Navigator - 1st Lt. Tabb, William H.
Aircraft B-17G J-369 Take-off - 0940 Landed - 1623
Objective - M/Y at Hagen, Germany
Aiming Point (MPI) [Mean Point of Impact] - As Briefed - G.H.
Initial Point - As Briefed
Method of Attack - See Bombardier's Narrative
No. of Attacking A/C in Group: - 36 Composite Group - ____
Number A/C Dropping Bombs by own Sighting Operation: ____
Deflection and Range Sighting, Group: One Composite Group - ____
Range Sighting only, Group - __ Composite Group - ____
Bombs, Types and Sizes - 34 x 100 Lb. G.P.[General Purpose] & 2 x M17 IB's [Incendiary Bomb]
Number of Bombs Loaded - As Above Released - Same
Fusing, Nose - ___ Tail - 1/40
Synchronization - On GH
Information at Release Point: See Bombardier's Narrative
|Altitude of Target - +330||Magnetic Heading Ordered 161° Actual 180°|
|True Altitude Above Target - 25,000||True Heading 173°|
|Indicated Altitude - 24,840||Drift, Estimated 5° Right - Actual 2° Right|
|Pressure Altitude of Target -230||True Track 175°|
|Altimeter Setting 29.92||Actual Range 14,928'|
|Calculated Indicated Air Speed - 150K||Bomb Sight Type - M-9|
|True Air Speed - 223K||Time of Release 1320|
|Ground Speed Est. 275 Actual 230||Length of Bombing Run - 52 miles|
|Wind Direction Metro - 360° Actual - 025°||Intervalometer Setting - Minimum|
|Wind Velocity Metro 50 Actual 42|| C-1 Pilot [Autopilot] - X [Used]|
|D.S. - 121 Trail - 116 ATF - 44.03||A-5 Pilot _____|
|Tan. D.A, Est. .59 Actual .58 ||Manual Pilot - ____|
Type of Release - Train
Point of Impact If Seen - No - G.H. Bombing
Mean Temp. Metro -10.5 Actual -10
Winds - Altitude - 26,000 Ft. Direction - Metro 360° Actual 025° Velocity - Metro 50K Actual 42K
Temp C. - Metro -36° C. Actual -24° C.
Narrative Teletype Report:
- This Group carried no leaflets.
The target for this Group was on over-pass in the M/Y [R.R. Marshalling Yard] at Hagen, Germany. The lead and two other aircraft of the lead squadron bombed this target
by GH methods with all equipment functioning properly. The rest of the formation dropped on an early release of the deputy lead aircraft, caused by what appears to be
a bomb release malfunction. A Mickey [Radar] fix of this release puts bombs away at 5133 N. – 0727 E., on a track of 178 degrees, and the bomb-sight tangent angle for
Hagen was 70 degrees at this time. An estimation of the bomb-fall places the pattern in the M/Y area in the southern part of Dortmund. Smoke markers from groups bombing
Dortmund were also observed falling at this time. Complete cloud cover prevented observation of any bomb bursts and prevented photo coverage of the bombing.
No E/A [Enemy Aircraft] were encountered and no claims [of enemy aircraft being shot down] are being submitted.
The only flak encountered was in the target area, where it was meager to moderate and generally inaccurate.
10/10ths clouds prevailed in the target area, with light, non-persistent contrails.
There were no military observations of importance.
PFF equipment was used as a navigational aid and all equipment functioned properly. Bombing of the primary target was done on GH equipment which also worked properly.
Scouting Force was contacted and furnished accurate weather information. Fighter support was thin but adequate. None of our aircraft is missing.
Mission Summary Report:
Abortives and Flying Spares:
- Airplane No. 43-37900, 508th Squadron, returned early as planned.
- Airplane No. 42-97216, 508th Squadron, returned early as planned.
[Signed:] John W. Freeman, Captain, Air Corps, Group Engineering Officer
Aircraft No. U-7216 Squadron - ____ Date - 10 Mar. 1945
(Pilot's Signature) R.E. Mahnke, 1st Lt.
Reason for abortive Flying Spare
Place and altitude 4° E. 20,000'
Position in formation F/S [Flying Spare]
Disposition of bombs BB [Brought Back]
Remarks Formation Full - Good
Time & Date dispatched ____
Last Four numbers and Call Letter of A/C in each Squadron:
|a. 94th Combat Wing "B" Group Lead Squadron - 351st Group|
Sqdn 508th A/C: A–8410, B–7349, C–8753, D–6082, G–8954, H–8412, L–7956, O–8277,
P–7258, Y–6108, (M–7900 Spare)
|Sqdn 509th A/C: None|
|Sqdn 510th A/C: None|
|Sqdn 511th A/C: None|
|Sqdn 526th A/C: (J–8369 GH) From 379th Bomb Group|
|Sqdn 544th A/C: (R–8016 GH) From 384th Bomb Group|
|b. 94th Combat Wing "B" Group Low Squadron - 351st Group|
|Sqdn 508th A/C: None|
Sqdn 509th A/C: A–8428, B–8592, C–8640, D–7193, G–8617, L–2955, M–7964,
O–8920, P–6907, U–8591, V–8070
|Sqdn 510th A/C: None|
|Sqdn 511th A/C: (B–7701 PFF)|
|c. 94th Combat Wing "B" Group High Squadron - 351st Group|
|Sqdn 508th A/C: U–8813|
|Sqdn 509th A/C: None|
Sqdn 510th A/C: A–8465, C–9020, H–8280, K–7252, L–7515, N–7665, O–8435, S–7512, T–9156, V–7705,
|Sqdn 511th A/C: (D–8664 PFF)|
- Target: GH-436
W/T and R/T Operational Call Sign of each Squadron:
|Squadron||508 [Call Sign]||W/T SGZ R/T CARLTON||Squadron||510 [Call Sign]||W/T PMC R/T TIPSTAFF|
|Squadron||509 [Call Sign]||W/T UPX R/T HOTMINT||Squadron||511 [Call Sign]||W/T JUF R/T PARTNERSHIP|
Taxi – 0925; Take-Off – 0940; E.T.D. Field – 1115
|Time:||Height: ||Place of Crossing English Coast: (OUT)|
|1152||17,000 Ft ||Splasher #5|
|Time:||Height: ||Place of Crossing Enemy Coast: (IN)|
|1230||25,000 Ft ||52°44'N-04°38'E [Camperduin, Netherlands]|
|Time:||Height: ||Place of Crossing Enemy Coast: (Out)|
|1505||10,000 Ft ||52°32'N-01°35'E [Thurlton, England]|
|Time:||Height: ||Place of Crossing English Coast: (IN)|
|1528||10,000 Ft ||Beachy Head|
- E.T.R.(Estimated Time of Return) Base: 1630 Hours
- MF/DF [Medium Frequency/Direction Finder] Section: "N"
Bomb load of Each A/C: "A" Lead Box
Lead Squadron: 34 x 100 G.P. - No Nose x 1/40 [Fuses] Plus 2 x M-17 IB's [Incendiary bomb]
Low Squadron: 34 x 100 G.P. - No Nose x 1/40 [Fuses] Plus 2 x M-17 IB's [Incendiary bomb]
High Squadron: 34 x 100 G.P. - No Nose x 1/40 [Fuses] Plus 2 x M-17 IB's [Incendiary bomb]
Fuel Load of each A/C: 2500 Gallons
Lead Sqdn: Rank & Name: Lt. Col. Stewart A/C No & Sqdn. J-8369 GH (526)
Low Sqdn: Rank & Name: Lt. Maish A/C No & Sqdn. B-7701 PFF (511)
High Sqdn: Rank & Name: Lt. Rossen A/C No & Sqdn. D-8664 PFF (511)
Passengers, if any: (Full Name, Rank, A/C and Squadron Passenger flying with)
Report Compiled By Shepard, M/Sgt.
|94th "B" Combat Bomb Group - Lead Squadron Formation at Take–Off and Over Target|
Stewart–CutlerA/C 44-8016 R GH & PFF
MurrayA/C 43-38954 G
DinningA/C 44-8369 J GH
MeadowsA/C 44-8410 A
BeringerA/C 42-97349 B
HartA/C 43-38277 O
BennettA/C 43-38753 C
WestercampA/C 44-6108 Y
SandelA/C 44-6082 D
Russell–DunnA/C 43-37956 L
DroughtA/C 43-37900 M Spare
SprecherA/C 42-97258 P
HarkinsA/C 44-8412 H
[Lt Drought, the Flying Spare, returned as planned.]
|94th "B" Combat Bomb Group - High Squadron Formation at Take–Off and Over Target|
RossenA/C 44-8664 D PFF
OenA/C 43-37665 N
BoneA/C 43-37515 L
BrooksA/C 43-39156 T
BlaneyA/C 43-39020 C
GonskeA/C 43-38465 A
HaskinsA/C 43-37512 S
DahlborgA/C 43-37705 V
KirklandA/C 43-38435 O
HaftA/C 44-8280 H
MahnkeA/C 42-97216 U Spare
SmithA/C 43-38813 U
StampsA/C 42-97252 K
[Lt Mahnke, the Flying Spare, returned as planned.]
|94th "B" Combat Bomb Group - Low Squadron Formation at Take–Off and Over Target|
MaishA/C 42-97701 B PFF
HammondA/C 43-38640 C
QuinnA/C 43-38920 O
PotterA/C 44-6907 P
WhittakerA/C 44-8617 G
DayA/C 43-38428 A
SmithA/C 43-37964 M
HamptonA/C 43-38591 U
ColeA/C 42-102955 L
FoxA/C 43-38592 B
ThomsonA/C 42-97193 D
WorkmanA/C 43-38070 V
1100 BST [British Standard Time] Briefing:
0855 Start Engines:
[Wounded On Mission:
The above records were obtained at the National Archives Records Administration and have been
declassified by authority NND 745005