351st Bomb Group

Polebrook, England

Group Mission #291

Credited Mission #284

 
DATE: 11 Mar. 1945
Target: Shipyard, Bremen, Germany
 
BRIEFING OUTLINE

  1. Ask 508th, 509th and 510th Operations representatives if their crews are all present.

  2. Read Special briefing poop.

  3. TARGETS:
    1. #1 Bremen [Germany] - Shipyard (Visual)
    2. #2 Bremen [Germany] - Shipyard (PFF)
    3. #3 Vechta - A/F [Airfield] (Visual Only)
    4. #4 Ahlhorn [Germany] A/F [Airfield]

  4. S-2 [Intelligence] Information: ____

  5. Weather: ____

  6. Time Schedule:
    Zero Hour: - 1100Stations: - 0910
    Start Engines: - 0920Taxi: - 0940
    Take Off: - 0955Last Take Off: - 1100
    Intercept Group atCromerat11,500 ft.
    Target Time: - 1330ETR [Estimated Time
       of Return]:

    - 1542
    Depart English Coast at: 1145at Cromer

    Time on oxygen: 2½ hours

    TIME TICK [Set your watches.]

  7. Loadings:
     Gasoline: 2,500 Gallons
     Bombs: 42 x M-17 IB's [Incendiary bombs] All Sqdns.

  8. Intervalometer Settings: Minimum - PFF; Visual - Salvo

  9. Chaff: Commence discharge of chaff at - 3 mins after IP [Initial Point of Bomb Run] - Continue for 12 minutes.
        Each A/C [Aircraft] will carry - 360 units.

  10. Disposition of Forces:

    3 Divisions will be dispatched. The 1st Air Division will depart England 3rd preceded by 2nd Division and followed by the ___ Division.
    1st Division will dispatch 4 CBW's of 3 Groups each. (Except 1 CBW - dispatch 2 groups.)
    The order of attack in the 1st Division will be:
    Lead40th AAttackingBremen
    2nd40th BAttackingBremen
    3rd40th CAttackingBremen
    4th1st AAttackingBremen
    5th1st BAttackingBremen
    2nd Division targets areKiel - Shipyards
    3rd Division targets areHamburg - A/C [Aircraft] Factories

  11. Fighter Cover: 5 Gps. of P-51's - Close Support (10 groups P-51's supporting 2nd and 3rd Division.)

  12. Assembly:
    Lead at9,000feet on Kings Cliffe BuncherRed-GreenFlares
    High at10,000feet onKings CliffeBuncherGreen-GreenFlares
    Low at8,000feet onKings CliffeBuncherRed-RedFlares
    401st at7,500feet onCottesmoreBuncherRed-YellowFlares
    457th at9,000feet onGlattonBuncherRed-YellowFlares
    Combat Wing Assembly Line: East Dereham to Cromer
    Division Assembly Line: Cromer to 5320 - 0300 [115 miles West of Leeuwarden, Netherlands]
    1 minutes interval between Groups.
    Reference altitude: 20,000'
    Bombing altitude: 26,500'
    Point for instrument let-down Kings Cliffe magnetic heading of 30 degrees.

  13. Call Signs:
    351stWoodcraft C - Charlie
    401stWoodcraft B - Baker
    457thWoodcraft A - Able
    1st Div. Air CommanderCol. Sutton - Foxhole Able
    94th CBW Air CommanderLt. Col. Francis

  14. The following ships will monitor [Radio Channels]- "B" - D-082, S-512, M-964; "C" - 8th A.F. - D-193; "C" - 67th Fighter Wing - G-617.
    Other Communications information will be found on the flimsy.

  15. FLYING CONTROL: _____

  16. SPECIAL INSTRUCTIONS:
     a. Type of Bombing Formation - Normal - Group if PFF, Sqdns. if Visual
     b. Bombardier and Navigator of the #3 A/C of each sqdn. report to Photo Lab.
      The A/C are: Lead - O-920, Low - N-169, High - U-813
     c. Ball Turret Gunners of the following A/C report to Photo Lab: Lead - F-566, High - M-900, Low - K-252
     d. Camera A/C: Lead - F-566, Low - K-252, High - M-900
      return at  Continental Coast Out [Bound]
     e. Spares to turn back at ____
     f. PFF A/C fly as Lead and deputy lead of Lead Sqdn., Lead of High and Low Sqdns.
     g. GH A/C fly as None
     h. REMARKS: 
       Scouting Force (Weather) - 8 P-51's Buckeye Red [Call Sign]
       If Targets listed can not be attacked bombs will be brought back or Jettisoned in the channel at proper place.
       The important submarine building yard produced 10.66% of total German production. Bremen is also an important Port of entry of food stuffs and war materials.

  17. You are reminded not to discuss the target. EXERCISE ALL SECURITY MEASURES.


  BRIEFING OFFICER: HAVE YOU READ SPECIAL BRIEFING POOP??


Operational Narrative.
  1. Date of Mission - 11 March, 1945.
    1. Target Attacked:  The formation attacked the secondary target at Bremen, Germany, by PFF methods.
    2. Force: 94th “C” Group. Thirty-eight aircraft, including four PFF ships and two flying spares, were dispatched.
    3. Position: The 94th "C" Group flew in its briefed position as the eighth group in the First Division Formation.
    4. Lead Teams
      Group Lead
      Air Commander: Major Mortimer L. Korges
      Pilot:Captain Evan A. Poston
      Navigator:1st Lt. William H. Tabb
      Bombardier:2nd Lt. Malcolm S. Burr

      Low Squadron
      Leader: 1st Lt. Robert S. Parnell
      Pilot:1st Lt. J.W. Anderson
      Navigator:F/O William L. Bateman
      Bombardier:2nd Lt. William P. Hearn

      High Squadron
      Leader: Captain. Benjamin F. Nay
      Pilot:1st Lt. George A. Patterson
      Navigator:F/O Leon R. Phelps
      Bombardier:F/O Leonard L. Lesch
  2. Narrative.
    1.  Squadron and Group Assembly: The assembly was carried out as planned over the Kings Cliffe buncher at the briefed altitude of 9,000 feet.
    2.  Route Over England: Departure from the assembly area was made on course and on time. The briefed route was closely flown to Point C. After reaching this point, however, the formation flew to the left of the briefed route, cutting off Point D in order to get into the proper position behind the 94th “B” Group. The briefed route was not again contacted until the departure point from the English coast, Cromer, was reached. This point was reached one minute early (1144) at an altitude of 11,000 feet, 500 feet below the briefed height.
    3.  Division Assembly Line: Departure from the English coast was made on the briefed route. It was necessary for the 94th “C” Group to make two double drifts to get into the proper position and take up the proper interval behind the 94th “B”. With this exception, the Division Assembly Line was flown as briefed.
    4.  Flight to Target: There were two variances from the briefed course in the remainder of the flight over the North Sea. Between four and five degrees East, the formation made a dog-leg to the right of the briefed course in staying in the Division Column. The briefed route was contacted at 05°00’E and followed until shortly before reaching the enemy coast. It was again necessary to fly to the right of the briefed course in order to stay in the Division Column, thus cutting off the last turn before the IP [Initial Point of Bomb Run]. As a result, the formation approached the IP from the north rather than on a Southeasterly heading, as planned. The IP was reached at 1322, the briefed time, at an altitude of 25,000 feet, 1,500 feet below the briefed height. The climb across the North Sea had been slower than planned, and when the 94th “C” attempted to increase in altitude before reaching the IP, the formation had become scattered.
    5.  Description of Bombing Run: The secondary target, Bremen, Germany, was attacked in group formation by PFF methods. The briefed turn was not made at the IP, but the briefed IP was crossed on the briefed heading for the target. The target was found to be completely overcast. Some interference was encountered from prop wash on the bomb run from a squadron which cut in front of the formation. The Low Squadron was forced to fly as a high-high squadron on the bomb run due to the presence of this squadron. The C-1 Pilot [Autopilot] functioned satisfactorily.
    6.  Flight From Target: After bombing, the formation followed the briefed route until 07°23’E was reached. In following the preceding formations it was necessary to fly to the right of course until the Dutch coast was reached. The coast of Holland was reached at an altitude of 22,500 feet. The flight from the Dutch coast to England was made with slight variance from the planned route. Cromer, the briefed point of entry, was reached six minutes early (1507) at an altitude of 10,000 feet. The formation followed the briefed route to base, staying above the undercast. An instrument let-down was followed, and the aircraft landed without difficulty.
    7.  Fighter Support: Good. Appeared as briefed.
    8.  Comments: No aircraft were lost. Moderate flak, fair for accuracy, was encountered in the target area. No enemy aircraft were encountered. Ten-tenths low clouds existed along the entire route and over the target area. The Weather Scouting Force was contacted and accurate reports of weather conditions over the secondary target were received.
    9.  Aircraft Not Attacking: One aircraft failed to bomb the target due to a bomb rack malfunction which caused it to jettison its bombs shortly before reaching the target and while on the bomb run. The flying spares remained with the formation.

  [Signed] Carl C. Hinkle, Jr, Major, Air Corps, Operations Officer


STATISTICAL SUMMARY OF OPERATIONS
DIVISION FIELD ORDER NUMBER 654
351st Bombardment Group
Lead SquadronHigh SquadronLow SquadronTOTALS
Borrowed Aircraft0000
No. of Aircraft Failing to Take Off0000
No. of Aircraft Sorties13121338
No. of Aircraft Airborne Less Unused Spares13121338
No. of Aircraft Credit Sorties13121338
No. of Effective Sorties12121337
No. of Non-Effective Sorties1001
Name of Primary TargetBREMEN, GERMANY
(A) No. of A/C Attacking Primary Target
(B) No., Size & Type Of Bombs
Name of Secondary TargetBREMEN, GERMANY
(A) No. of A/C Attacking Secondary Target12121337
(B) No., Size & Type Of Bombs 493 x M-47 IB  501 x M-47 IB  543 x M-47 IB  1537 x M-47 IB 
Name of Last Resort Target (LRT)
(A) No. of A/C Attacking LRT
(B) No., Size & Type Of Bombs
Name of Target of Opportunity (T.O.)
(A) No. of A/C Attacking T.O.
(B) No., Size & Type Of Bombs
No. of A/C MIA - Total0000
No. of A/C MIA - Flak
No. of A/C MIA - Flak and E/A
No. of A/C MIA - Enemy Aircraft
No. of A/C MIA - Accident over Enemy Terr.
No. of A/C MIA - Other and Unknown
Time of Take Off095109530952
Time of Attack13341333½1334½
Total Time for Mission75:1169:3776:43221:31
Altitude of Release (Indicated)25,000’25,000’25,200’
Visual, H2X, Gee-H, M-H, Eagle, or CombinationH2XH2XH2X
Enemy Resistance – AA Intensity & AccuracyMODERATE AND ACCURATE
Enemy Resistance – Fighter0000
Enemy Resistance – Bombers0000
U.S. A/C Engaged by Enemy Aircraft0000
Number of Passes made by Enemy Aircraft0000
Degree of SuccessRESULTS UNOBSERVED
Non-Effective Sorties1001
(A) Weather
(B) Personnel
(C) Enemy Action
(D) Other Non-Mechanical
(E) Mechanical and Equipment1001
Incidents of Mechanical & Equipment Failure:
(A) Engine
(B) Oil System
(C) Fuel System
(D) Supercharger
(E) Propeller and Governor
(F) Communication System
(G) Guns and Turrets
(H) Bomb Release 44-65661001
(I) Bombay Doors
(J) Electric System
(K) Instruments
(L) Oxygen Equipment
(M) Bomb Sights
(N) A/C in General
CommentsBombs jettisoned after Target due to armament failure.

0 A/C borrowed as follows: 
0 A/C loaned as follows: 




Lead Bombardier’s Narrative:
Date - 11 Mar. 1945
Field Order # 654
Squadron or Group - Lead Sqdn., 94th "C" Group
Target - Bremen, Germany
  1. Type of Bombing (Visual, PFF or Combined)?  PFF
  2. Did Squadron perform own sighting operation, bomb on smoke marker, or was bombing done in Group Formation? Bombing was in Group Formation on the Lead. Low's M.H. [Magnetic Compass Heading] was 203° and High's was 201°. Time of Release was 1334.
  3. Was turn made at briefed I.P.? Yes
  4. Cloud coverage and visibility. 10/10
  5. If Visual, when was MPI identified? If not actually seen, how was it located? PFF
  6. Any Interference on Bomb Run? Prop-wash from a squadron that cut across in front of us on the bombing run.
  7. Did C-1 [Autopilot] function satisfactory? Yes
  8. Any other factors affecting accuracy? None
  [Signed] Malcolm S. Burr, 2nd Lt., Air Corps, Lead Bombardier

Combat Bombing Flight Record:

Lead Squadron, 94th "C" Group
Bombardier - 2nd Lt. Burr, Malcolm S.
Pilot - Maj. Korges, M.L. & Capt. Poston, E.A.
Navigator - 1st Lt. Tabb, William H.

Aircraft B-17G   Z-774  Take-off - 1005 Landed - 1540
Objective - Bremen, Germany
Aiming Point (MPI) [Mean Point of Impact] - As Briefed - PFF
Initial Point - As Briefed
Method of Attack - Bombing was in Group Formation on the Lead Squadron
No. of Attacking A/C in Group: - 36   Composite Group - ____
Number A/C Dropping Bombs by own Sighting Operation: ____
Deflection and Range Sighting, Group: One   Composite Group - ____
Range Sighting only, Group - __   Composite Group - ____
Bombs, Types and Sizes - 42 x 100 Lb. M47 I.B.'s [Incendiary Bombs]
Number of Bombs Loaded - As Above   Released - Same
Fusing, Nose - __   Tail - 1/100
Synchronization - On

Information at Release Point:  Low's M.H. [Magnetic Compass Heading] was 203° and High's was 201°.

Altitude of Target - Sea LevelMagnetic Heading Ordered 202° Actual 201°
True Altitude Above Target - 25,340True Heading 196°
Indicated Altitude - 25,000Drift, Estimated 4° Left - Actual 2° Right
Pressure Altitude of Target -310True Track 198°
Altimeter Setting 29.92Actual Range 15,527'
Calculated Indicated Air Speed - 150KBomb Sight Type - M-9
True Air Speed - 229KTime of Release 1334
Ground Speed Est. 276 Actual 270Length of Bombing Run - 32 miles
Wind Direction Metro - 350° Actual - 008°Intervalometer Setting - Minimum
Wind Velocity Metro 45 Actual 32 C-1 Pilot [Autopilot] _____
D.S. - 116  Trail - 150   ATF - 48.02A-5 Pilot _____
Tan. D.A, Est. .57 Actual .55 Manual Pilot - X [Used]

Type of Release - Train
Point of Impact If Seen - Unobserved - PFF
Mean Temp. Metro -11.5 Actual -10
Winds - Altitude - 24,000 Ft.  Direction - Metro 350°  Actual 008°  Velocity - Metro 45  Actual 37
Temp C. - Metro -38° C. Actual -29° C.



Narrative Teletype Report:
  1. This Group did not carry leaflets.
  2. The three squadrons of this group formed the 94th “C” Combat Bomb Wing and bombed by PFF methods in group formation our secondary target, the shipyards in Bremen, Germany. Mickey [Radar] operators report picking up good scope returns of the target and estimate bomb impact to be slightly East of the briefed MPI [Mean Point of Impact]. 10/10ths cloud coverage in the target area prevented any opportunity for photo coverage.
  3. No E/A [Enemy Aircraft] were encountered and no claims [of enemy aircraft being shot down] are being submitted.
  4. Moderate flak, fair for accuracy, was encountered in the target area.
  5. 10/10ths low clouds existed along the entire route and over the target area.
  6. There are no observations of military importance to report.
  7. PFF units employed in the lead a/c of the lead, high, and low squadrons operated efficiently; while a mechanical failure occurred during the bomb run in the deputy lead a/c mickey equipment. Fighter support was good and appeared as briefed. The Scouting Force was contacted by this Group and accurately reported weather conditions prevailing over our secondary target. None of our a/c are missing.


Track Chart:
Click on Chart to Enlarge



“J” Form:
  1. Last Four numbers and Call Letter of A/C in each Squadron:
    a. 94th Combat Wing "B" Group   Lead Squadron - 351st Group
    Sqdn 508th A/C: None
    Sqdn 509th A/C: A–8428, B–8592, C–8640, F–6566, G–8617, M–7964, O–8920, P–6907, U–8591, V–8070, (R–6156 Spare)
    Sqdn 510th A/C: None
    Sqdn 511th A/C: (Z–8774 PFF), (H–8780 PFF),

    b. 94th Combat Wing "B" Group   Low Squadron - 351st Group
    Sqdn 508th A/C: None
    Sqdn 509th A/C: N–7169
    Sqdn 510th A/C: A–8465, C–9020, H–8280, K–7252, M–9001, N–7665, O–8435, S–7512, T–9156, U–7216
    Sqdn 511th A/C: (V–8079 PFF)

    c. 94th Combat Wing "B" Group   High Squadron - 351st Group
    Sqdn 508th A/C: A–8410, B–7349, D–6082, G–8954, H–8412, L–7956, M–7900, O–8277, P–7258, U–8813, Y–6108, (C–8753 Spare)
    Sqdn 509th A/C: None
    Sqdn 510th A/C: None
    Sqdn 511th A/C: (J–8468 PFF)
  2. Target: GR-3586
  3. W/T and R/T Operational Call Sign of each Squadron:
    Squadron508 [Call Sign]W/T SAG R/T CARLTONSquadron510 [Call Sign]W/T SNS R/T TIPSTAFF
    Squadron509 [Call Sign]W/T WMV R/T HOTMINTSquadron511 [Call Sign]W/T JOQ R/T PARTNERSHIP
  4. Taxi – 0940; Take-Off – 0955; E.T.D. Field – 1111
  5. Time:Height:  Place of Crossing English Coast: (OUT)
    114511,500 Ft Cromer
  6. Time:Height:  Place of Crossing Enemy Coast: (IN)
    131726,500 Ft 53°50'N-08°35'E [Arenschy, Germany 20 miles north of Bremerhaven]
  7. Time:Height:  Place of Crossing Enemy Coast: (Out)
    142821,500 Ft 52°45'N-04°37'E [Egmond aan Zee, Netherlands]
  8. Time:Height:  Place of Crossing English Coast: (IN)
    15138,000 Ft Cromer
  9. E.T.R.(Estimated Time of Return) Base: 1542 Hours
  10. MF/DF [Medium Frequency/Direction Finder] Section: "H"
  11. Bomb load of Each A/C: "A" Lead Box
    Lead Squadron: 42 x M47 IB's [Incendiary Bombs]
    Low Squadron: 42 x M47 IB's
    High Squadron: 42 x M47 IB's
    ___ Squadron:
  12. Fuel Load of each A/C: 2500 Gallons
  13. Leaders:
    Lead Sqdn: Rank & Name: Maj. Korges A/C No & Sqdn. Z-8774 PFF (511)
    Low Sqdn: Rank & Name: Lt. Parnell A/C No & Sqdn. V-8079 PFF (511)
    High Sqdn: Rank & Name: Lt. Patterson A/C No & Sqdn. J-8468 PFF (511)
  14. Passengers, if any: (Full Name, Rank, A/C and Squadron Passenger flying with)
    None

Report Compiled By Shepard, M/Sgt.



Formation Chart:
94th "C" Combat Bomb Group - Lead Squadron Formation at Take–Off and Over Target
509th Squadron
Korges–Poston
A/C 44-8774 Z PFF
Nowakowski
A/C 43-38920 O
Peterson–Creek
A/C 44-8780 H PFF
Gattens
A/C 44-6907 P
Quinn
A/C 44-8617 G
Brennan
A/C 43-38591 U
Drake
A/C 43-38640 C
Smith
A/C 43-37964 M
Wefel
A/C 42-97193 D
Fox
A/C 43-38592 B
Sexton
A/C 44-6156 R Spare
Workman
A/C 43-38428 A
Hampton
A/C 44-6566 F

[Lt Sexton, the Flying Spare, stayed with the formation.]

94th "C" Combat Bomb Group - High Squadron Formation at Take–Off and Over Target
508th Squadron
Patterson–Nay
A/C 44-8468 J PFF
Drought
A/C 43-38813 U
Murray
A/C 43-38954 G
Meadows
A/C 44-8410 A
Sugg–Beringer
A/C 42-97349 B
Spricher
A/C 44-8412 H
Westercamp
A/C 44-6108 Y
Hart
A/C 43-38277 O
Sandel
A/C 44-6082 D
Russell
A/C 43-37956 L
Barnard
A/C 43-38753 C Spare
Mordecai
A/C 43-37900 M
James
A/C 42-97258 P

[Lt Barnard, the Flying Spare, stayed with the formation.]

94th "C" Combat Bomb Group - Low Squadron Formation at Take–Off and Over Target
510th Squadron
Parnell–Anderson
A/C 44-8079 V PFF
Mahnke
A/C 42-97169 N
Gonske
A/C 43-38465 A
Brooks
A/C 43-39020 C
Blaney
A/C 43-39001 M
Gottschalk
A/C 42-97216 U
Haskins
A/C 43-37512 S
Kirkland
A/C 43-38435 O
Adams
A/C 44-8280 H
Haft–Smith
A/C 43-39156 T
Oen
A/C 43-37665 N
Bone
A/C 42-97252 K


Time Schedule:
Zero Hour: 1100 BST [British Standard Time]  Briefing: ___ Stations: 0910 Start Engines: 0920 Taxi: 0940 Take-Off: 0955  Leave Base: 0955 

[Wounded On Mission: 0]
The above records were obtained at the National Archives Records Administration and have been declassified by authority NND 745005
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