Date of Mission - 12 March, 1945.
- Target Attacked: The No. 2 Target at Swinemunde, Germany, was attacked by PFF methods.
- Force: 94th “A” Group. Thirty-eight aircraft, including four PFF ships and two aircraft scheduled as flying spares, were dispatched.
- Position: The 94th “A” Group flew in its briefed position as the Lead Group of the First Division Formation.
|Division Lead |
|Air Commander: ||Brigadier General Julius K. Lacey|
|Pilot:||Captain James M. Purcell|
|Navigator:||Major Nelson E. Matthews|
|Bombardier:||Captain Warren c. Steitz|
|Leader: ||1st Lt. Joseph C. Robinson|
|Pilot:||2nd Lt. Gustave A. Bochert|
|Navigator:||1st Lt. Albert W. Allen|
|Bombardier:||1st Lt. Raymond E. Hall|
|Leader: ||Captain Frank H. Wilcox|
|Pilot:||2nd Lt. Arthur R. Leibrock|
|Navigator:||2nd Lt. Roland X. Madsen|
|Bombardier:||1st Lt. Jack P. Austin|
Squadron and Group Assembly: The assembly was carried out without difficulty over the Kings Cliffe buncher at the briefed altitude of 7,000 feet. The
group formed quickly and was in formation twenty-five minutes before the briefed departure time.
Route Over England: Departure from the assembly area was made on time (0851). The formation overshot the turn at Donington in order to lose time. The
briefed course was followed to the left of the briefed course between Donington and Kings Lynn. By the time Point D (Kings Lynn) was reached, the 94th Combat Wing
had formed completely.
Division Assembly Line: The formation gradually returned to the briefed route while flying the last leg of the route over England. Cromer was reached at
an altitude of 7,000 feet, the briefed height, and 1½ minutes early (0924½). The formation followed the briefed route for the first part of the flight across the
channel. Shortly after passing 04°00’E, groups of the Third Division were observed ahead of the First Division flying at such a low airspeed that it was evident
that it would be necessary to deviate from the briefed route in order to avoid overrunning them. As a result, the formation performed a large double drift to the
north between that point and the Danish coast. Because of this maneuver, the last portion of the Division Assembly Line (from 04°26’E to 06°00’E) was not flown as
Flight to Target: After passing 06°00’E (the end of the Division Assembly Line) the formation gradually closed into the briefed route and crossed the coast
of Denmark slightly to the left of the briefed point at an altitude of 17,000 feet, 2,000 feet above the briefed height, and three minutes early (1120). It was thought
that sufficient time had been killed to permit the preceding groups to get out of the way, but they were encountered again and another double drift was necessary
before reaching the east coast of Denmark. This was completed and the formation returned to the briefed route at approximately 11°00’E. The preceding formations
were then observed going to the north of the briefed course. The Division Leader did not consider it advisable to attempt to cut inside of the preceding groups and
follow the briefed route because of fear of being cut off on the bomb run. As a result, the preceding Third Division groups were followed to the north. A double
drift was again performed with the hope that sufficient interval between the First Division and the lagging groups ahead could be made. But once again the preceding
formation went to the north and the Division Leader was forced to do likewise. The result of these necessary maneuvers put the Division Lead Group about twenty miles
to the north of the briefed route. A new IP [Initial Point of Bomb Run] was set up north of the briefed point at 54°54’N - 14°28’E. This point was reached at an
altitude of 22,000 feet, the briefed height, and four minutes early (1223) for the briefed time of the briefed IP.
Description of Bombing Run: The new IP was from 60 to 65 miles to the north of the target. Slight corrections were necessary in order to take up the proper
heading. The bomb bay doors were opened when the formation was about 40 miles from the target.
The squadrons took interval without difficulty. The secondary target (Swinemunde, Germany) was attacked by PFF methods. Each squadron made its own sighting
operation. The briefed turn was not made at the briefed IP. The target was found to be completely overcast, with tops at approximately 5,000 feet. In all cases
the C-1 Pilot [Autopilot] was used and was reported as having performed satisfactorily. No other factors affecting bombing accuracy were encountered.
After bombing, the smoke markers of the three squadrons were observed to have fallen close together, as did the smoke markers of the following groups. Results
are believed to have been good, for smoke was seen pushing through the cloud cover over the target.
Flight From Target: After bombing, the formation rallied [returned to formation] quickly and departed from the target on the briefed course. The straggling
groups of the Third Division which had caused so much difficulty before the IP had apparently increased their airspeed, for no further trouble was received from them.
Some evasive action was carried out after bombing. While crossing the Danish coast, the formation flew to the north of the briefed course in order to avoid flak from
the vicinity of Kiel. Departure from the Danish coast was made at an altitude of 18,000 feet from the briefed point. In flying across the North Sea, the formation
flew a gradually increasing divergency to the north of the briefed route to 05°00’E because of a wind shift. Adjustment in the heading was made and the formation
gradually returned to the planned course, crossing the English coast at the briefed point of entry (Cromer) at an altitude of 8,000 feet. The briefed route was followed
from Cromer to base. The High and Low Squadrons went to their respective stand-off areas before landing. A normal let-down procedure had been followed.
Fighter Support: Good.
Comments: No aircraft were lost. No enemy aircraft were encountered. Meager, inaccurate continuous following flak was encountered at the target. Weather
en route was clear of clouds over the North Sea, but clouds of eight to ten-tenths were encountered inland. PFF units were employed for navigational aid and bombing.
All sets worked well. The Weather Scouting Force was contacted and furnished accurate weather information.
Aircraft Not Attacking: There were no failures to attack. One flying spare returned early as planned.
[Signed] Carl C. Hinkle, Jr, Major, Air Corps, Operations Officer
STATISTICAL SUMMARY OF OPERATIONS
DIVISION FIELD ORDER NUMBER
|351st Bombardment Group|
|Lead Squadron||High Squadron||Low Squadron||TOTALS|
|No. of Aircraft Failing to Take Off||0||0||0||0|
|No. of Aircraft Sorties||13||12||13||38|
|No. of Aircraft Airborne Less Unused Spares||12||12||13||37|
|No. of Aircraft Credit Sorties||12||12||13||37|
|No. of Effective Sorties||12||12||13||37|
|No. of Non-Effective Sorties||0||0||0||0|
|Name of Primary Target||SWINEMUNDE, GERMANY|
|(A) No. of A/C Attacking Primary Target||12||12||13||37|
|(B) No., Size & Type Of Bombs|| 60 x 1000# GP || 60 x 1000# GP || 65 x 1000# GP || 185 x 1000# GP |
|Name of Secondary Target|
|(A) No. of A/C Attacking Secondary Target|
|(B) No., Size & Type Of Bombs|
|Name of Last Resort Target (LRT)|
|(A) No. of A/C Attacking LRT|
|(B) No., Size & Type Of Bombs|
|Name of Target of Opportunity (T.O.)|
|(A) No. of A/C Attacking T.O.|
|(B) No., Size & Type Of Bombs|
|No. of A/C MIA - Total||0||0||0||0|
|No. of A/C MIA - Flak|
|No. of A/C MIA - Flak and E/A|
|No. of A/C MIA - Enemy Aircraft|
|No. of A/C MIA - Accident over Enemy Terr.|
|No. of A/C MIA - Other and Unknown|
|Time of Take Off||0735||0738||0737|
|Time of Attack||1240||1240:20||1240:30|
|Total Time for Mission||111:21||106:54||114:11||332:26|
|Altitude of Release (Indicated)||22,000’||21,000’||22,600’|
|Visual, H2X, Gee-H, M-H, Eagle, or Combination||H2X||H2X||H2X|
|Enemy Resistance – AA Intensity & Accuracy<||MEAGER AND INACCURATE|
|Enemy Resistance – Fighter||0||0||0||0|
|Enemy Resistance – Bombers||0||0||0||0|
|U.S. A/C Engaged by Enemy Aircraft||0||0||0||0|
|Number of Passes made by Enemy Aircraft||0||0||0||0|
|Degree of Success||RESULTS UNOBSERVED|
____ A/C borrowed as follows: None
____ A/C loaned as follows: None
Narrative Teletype Report:
- No leaflets were carried by this Group.
The three squadrons of this Group bombed by squadron formation the No. 2 (PFF) target which was Swinemunde dock area. Photos show no ground detail because of the
10/10 cloud cover over the target; however, they do show a mushroom of black oily smoke rising about 1,000 feet above the cloud. All Mickey [Radar] Operators (4)
believe the bomb run to be very good and returns from the target were as briefed.
No E/A [Enemy Aircraft] were encountered and no claims [of enemy aircraft being shot down] are being submitted.
Meager, inaccurate continuous following flak was encountered at the target. On the way to the target, a few bursts of flak were observed in the distance over
Heligoland [an island 38 miles NW of Cuxhaven, Germany] and in the vicinity of Lutjenholm [Germany].
Weather en route was clear of clouds over the North Sea but clouds of 8-10/10 were encountered inland; over the target clouds were 10/10ths.
Much shipping activity was seen at Kiel Bay and the Fehnarn Belt. At 55 11N 11 00E saw two convoys of four large vessels and five small ones on a heading of 310
degrees. At 5433 N 1133 E there appeared to be a convoy forming with about 20 transports. At 5440N 1010 E seven transports and what appeared to be a cruiser heading
in a southeasterly direction. At 5430N 1020 E at 1335 hours saw a convoy of about 15 ships and what is believed to have been an aircraft carrier, one submarine and
the rest made up of tankers and freighters.
PFF units were employed for navigational aid and bombing. All sets worked well. Fighter support was good. The Scouting Force was contacted and was effective. None
of our a/c is missing.
Lead Bombardier’s Narrative:
Date - 12 March, 1945
Field Order # 655
Squadron or Group - Lead Sqdn., 94th CBW "A" Group
Target - Naval installations at Swinemunde, Germany
Type of Bombing (Visual, PFF or Combined)? PFF
Did Squadron perform own sighting operation, bomb on smoke marker, or was bombing done in Group Formation? Squadron made own PFF sighting operation.
Was turn made at briefed I.P.? No - 54°54'N 14°28'E
Cloud coverage and visibility. 10/10
If Visual, when was MPI identified? If not actually seen, how was it located? ____
Any Interference on Bomb Run? Two groups kept "S-ing" in front of us which made us miss the briefed I.P.
Did C-1 [Autopilot] function satisfactory? Yes
Any other factors affecting accuracy? None
[Signed] Warren C. Steitz, Captain, Air Corps, Lead Bombardier
Combat Bombing Flight Record:
Lead Squadron, 94th CBW "A" Group
Bombardier - Capt. Steitz, Warren C.
Pilot - B. Gen. Lacey, J.W. & Capt. Purcell. J.H.
Navigator - Maj. Matthews, Nelson E.
Aircraft B-17G D-468 Take-off - 0735 Landed - 1627
Objective - Swinemunde, Germany
Aiming Point (MPI) [Mean Point of Impact] - Naval Installations - PFF
Initial Point - 54°54'N 14°28'E
Method of Attack - Squadron
No. of Attacking A/C in Group: - 12 Composite Group - ____
Number A/C Dropping Bombs by own Sighting Operation: ____
Deflection and Range Sighting, Group: One Composite Group - ____
Range Sighting only, Group - __ Composite Group - ____
Bombs, Types and Sizes - 5 x 1000 Lb. G.P.[General Purpose] AN-M44 & Markers
Number of Bombs Loaded - As Above Released - Same
Fusing, Nose - 1/10 Tail - 1/40
Synchronization - On
Information at Release Point:
|Altitude of Target - 0||Magnetic Heading Ordered 188° Actual 209°|
|True Altitude Above Target - 22,189||True Heading 206°|
|Indicated Altitude - 22,000||Drift, Estimated 2° Left - Actual 4° Left|
|Pressure Altitude of Target -400||True Track 211°|
|Altimeter Setting 29.92||Actual Range 12,214.2'|
|Calculated Indicated Air Speed - 150K||Bomb Sight Type - Mercury-Agld|
|True Air Speed - 212K||Time of Release 1240|
|Ground Speed Est. 260 Actual 232||Length of Bombing Run - 59 miles|
|Wind Direction Metro - 355° Actual - 316°||Intervalometer Setting - Minimum|
|Wind Velocity Metro 48 Actual 22|| C-1 Pilot [Autopilot] - X [Used]|
|D.S. - 137.5 Trail - 38.6 ATF - 38.61||A-5 Pilot _____|
|Tan. D.A, Est. .62 Actual .57 ||Manual Pilot ____|
Type of Release - Train
Point of Impact If Seen - Unobserved - PFF
Mean Temp. Metro -9.5 Actual -9.8
Winds - Altitude - 20,000 Ft. Direction - Metro 355° Actual 316° Velocity - Metro 48 Actual 22
Temp C. - Metro -28° C. Actual -24° C.
Click on Chart to Enlarge
Mission Summary Report:
Abortives and Flying Spares:
- Airplane No. 42-97252, 510th Squadron, returned early as planned.
[Signed:] John W. Freeman, Captain, Air Corps, Group Engineering Officer
Aircraft No. K-252 Squadron - 510 Date - 12 Mar. 1945
(Pilot's Signature) George W. Stamps
Reason for abortive Flying Spare
Place and altitude Coast Denmark - 54°30'N 08°25'E at 15,000 Ft.
Position in formation #4 in Hi element of Lead [Squadron]
Disposition of bombs returned to base
Remarks Flak encountered at Denmark coast - V2 bomb observed 53°55'N 05°08'E - Formation perfect till started climb near Danish coast.
Time & Date dispatched ____
Last Four numbers and Call Letter of A/C in each Squadron:
|a. 94th Combat Wing "A" Group Lead Squadron - 351st Group|
|Sqdn 508th A/C: None|
|Sqdn 509th A/C: None|
Sqdn 510th A/C: A–8465, B–6610, C–9020, D–8694, H–8280, M–9001, N–7665, O–8435,
S–7512, T–9156, (F–7252 Spare)
|Sqdn 511th A/C: D–8664 PFF), (J–8468 PFF)|
|b. 94th Combat Wing "A" Group Low Squadron - 351st Group|
Sqdn 508th A/C: A–8410, B–7349, C–8753, D–6082, G–8954, H–8412, K–8130,
M–7900, P–7258, U–8813, Y–6108
|Sqdn 509th A/C: None|
|Sqdn 510th A/C: None|
|Sqdn 511th A/C: (V–8079 PFF)|
|c. 94th Combat Wing "A" Group High Squadron - 351st Group|
|Sqdn 508th A/C: None|
Sqdn 509th A/C: A–8428, B–8592, C–8640, G–8617, M–7964, O–8920, P–6907, R–6156, U–8591, V–8070,
Z–7696, (L–2955 Spare)
|Sqdn 510th A/C: None|
|Sqdn 511th A/C: (L–8045 PFF)|
- Target: GH-5485
W/T and R/T Operational Call Sign of each Squadron:
|Squadron||508 [Call Sign]||W/T UXF R/T CARLTON||Squadron||510 [Call Sign]||W/T TUM R/T TIPSTAFF|
|Squadron||509 [Call Sign]||W/T PPX R/T HOTMINT||Squadron||511 [Call Sign]||W/T WVD R/T PARTNERSHIP|
Taxi – 0725; Take-Off – 0740; E.T.D. Field – 0740
|Time:||Height:||Place of Crossing English Coast: (OUT)|
|Time:||Height:||Place of Crossing Enemy Coast: (IN)|
|1123||15,000 ft||54°30'N-09°00'E [Schobull, Germany]|
|Time:||Height:||Place of Crossing Enemy Coast: (Out)|
|1402||14,000 ft||54°30'N-09°00'E [Schobull, Germany]|
|Time:||Height:||Place of Crossing English Coast: (IN)|
- E.T.R.(Estimated Time of Return) Base: 1633 Hours
- MF/DF [Medium Frequency/Direction Finder] Section: "G"
Bomb load of Each A/C: "A" Lead Box
Lead Squadron: 5 x 1000 G.P. - 1/10 x 1/40
Low Squadron: 5 x 1000 G.P. - 1/10 x 1/40
High Squadron: 5 x 1000 G.P. - Inst. Nose x 1/40
Fuel Load of each A/C: 2780 Gallons
Lead Sqdn: Rank & Name: Brig. Gen. Lacey A/C No & Sqdn. D-8664 PFF (511)
Low Sqdn: Rank & Name: Lt. Robinson A/C No & Sqdn. V-8079 (511)
High Sqdn: Rank & Name: Capt. Wilcox A/C No & Sqdn. L-8045 (511)
Passengers, if any: (Full Name, Rank, A/C and Squadron Passenger flying with)
Joseph F. Capicotto S/Sgt M-9001 510th Sqdn.
Walter S. Lipinski S/Sgt G-8617 509th Sqdn.
Report Compiled By I.C. Muesing, S/Sgt.
|94th "A" Combat Bomb Group - Lead Squadron Formation at Take–Off and Over Target|
Gen. Lacey–PurcellA/C 44-8664 D PFF
KirklandA/C 43-38435 O
Maj. Gorham–MaishA/C 44-8468 J PFF
BrooksA/C 43-39020 C
BlaneyA/C 43-39001 M
BoneA/C 44-6610 B
OenA/C 44-8280 H
HaskinsA/C 43-37512 S
GottschalkA/C 43-38465 A
SmithA/C 43-39156 T
StampsA/C 42-97252 K Spare
MahnkeA/C 43-38694 D
AdamsA/C 43-37665 N
[Lt Stamps, the flying spare, returned as planned.]
|94th "A" Combat Bomb Group - High Squadron Formation at Take–Off and Over Target|
WilcoxA/C 44-8045 L PFF
NowakowskiA/C 43-38920 O
DayA/C 43-37696 Z
PotterA/C 44-6907 P
WhittakerA/C 44-8617 G
HamptonA/C 43-38070 V
DrakeA/C 43-38640 C
ThomsonA/C 44-6156 R
SmithA/C 43-37964 M
WefelA/C 43-38592 B
SextonA/C 42-102955 L Spare
WorkmanA/C 43-38428 A
ColeA/C 42-97193 D
[Lt Sexton, the flying spare, stayed with the formation.]
|94th "A" Combat Bomb Group - Low Squadron Formation at Take–Off and Over Target|
RobinsonA/C 44-8079 V PFF
MurrayA/C 43-38954 G
BennettA/C 42-38038 P
HansenA/C 44-8410 A
SuggA/C 42-97349 B
WestercampA/C 43-38130 K
HartA/C 42-97258 P
RyanA/C 43-38813 U
SandelA/C 44-6082 D
DunnA/C 44-6108 Y
SprecherA/C 44-8412 H
BarnardA/C 43-38753 C
0900 BST [British Standard Time] Briefing:
0655 Start Engines:
[Killed in Action:
[Wounded On Mission:
Killed in Action:
S/Sgt. Harry Charm, the Waist Gunner on Lt. Mahnke's crew, was killed on Mission 292, 12 March 1945
Buried: Long Island National Cemetery, East Farmingdale, Suffolk County, New York, Plot: H, 8003
Click on Photo to Enlarge
The above records were obtained at the National Archives Records Administration and have been
declassified by authority NND 745005