351st Bomb Group

Polebrook, England

Group Mission #307

Credited Mission - No Credit

 
DATE: 2 Apr. 1945
Target: Airfield at Beldringe, Denmark
Mission Abandoned - Weather
 
BRIEFING OUTLINE

  1. Ask 508th, 509th and 510th Operations representatives if their crews are all present.

  2. Read Special briefing poop.

  3. TARGETS:
    1. The Visual Primary is: #1 Beldringe
    2. #2 Vandel
    3. #3 Grove
    4. #4 Tristrip
    5. #5 Alberg West
    6. #6 Any Visual Airfield

  4. S-2 [Intelligence] Information:

  5. Weather:

  6. Time Schedule:
    Zero Hour: - 14:30Stations: - 12:30
    Start Engines: - 12:40Taxi: - 12:55
    Take Off: - 13:10Last Take Off: - 14:12
    Intercept Group atCromerat 8,000 ft.at 14:44
    Target Time: - 16:37ETR [Estimated Time
       of Return]:

    - 20:52
    Depart English Coast at: ____at Cromer

    Time on oxygen: __ hours

    TIME TICK [Set your watches.]

  7. Loadings:
     Gasoline: 2,600 Gallons
     Bombs:Lead & Low 38 x 100# G.P. 1/10 Nose Only [Fuse]
    High Sqdn. 38 x 150# G.P. 1/10 Nose Only [Fuse]

  8. Intervalometer Settings: 50 feet

  9. Chaff: Commence discharge of chaff at - No Chaff
        Each A/C [Aircraft] will carry - _____ units.

  10. Disposition of Forces:

    3 Divisions will be dispatched. The 1st Air Division will depart England ___ preceded by ___ Division and followed by the ___ Division.
    1st Division will dispatch 2 CBW's of 3 Groups each.
    The order of attack in the 1st Division will be:
    Lead94thAttacking____
    2nd1stAttacking____
    3rd____Attacking____
    4th____Attacking____
    2nd Division targets areAirfields in same vicinity
    3rd Division targets areAirfields in same vicinity

  11. Fighter Cover: 8 Gps. of P-51's

  12. Assembly:
    Lead at8,000feet on Kings Cliffe BuncherRed-GreenFlares
    High at9,000feet onKings CliffeBuncherGreen-GreenFlares
    Low at7,000feet onKings CliffeBuncherRed-RedFlares
    401st at8,000feet onCottesmoreBuncherRed-YellowFlares
    457th at8,000feet onGlattonBuncherRed-YellowFlares
    Combat Wing Assembly Line: ____
    Division Assembly Line: ____
    2 minutes interval between Groups.
    Reference altitude: 12,000'
    Bombing altitude: 12,000'
    Point for instrument let-down Kings Cliffe magnetic heading of 30 degrees.

  13. Call Signs:
    351stWoodcraft Charlie
    401stWoodcraft Able
    457thWoodcraft Baker
    1st Div. Air CommanderLt. Col. Seawell
    94th CBW Air CommanderLt. Col. Seawell

  14. The following ships will monitor [Radio Channels]- "B" - L-955, A-465, Q-799; "C" - 8th A.F. - A-428; "C" - 67th Fighter Wing - Z-696.
    Other Communications information will be found on the flimsy.

  15. FLYING CONTROL: _____

  16. SPECIAL INSTRUCTIONS:
     a. Type of Bombing Formation - Normal - Visual Only
     b. Bombardier and Navigator of the #3 A/C of each sqdn. report to Photo Lab.
      The A/C are: M-964, U-813, V-705
     c. Ball Turret Gunners of the following A/C report to Photo Lab: A-428, B-349, C-020
     d. Camera A/C: R-156, O-277, H-280
      return at  4° East
     e. Spares to turn back at Go on in to target.
     f. PFF A/C fly as Lead & Deputy Lead - Lead of High & Low Sqdn.
     g. GH A/C fly as None
     h. REMARKS: _____

  17. You are reminded not to discuss the target. EXERCISE ALL SECURITY MEASURES.


  BRIEFING OFFICER: HAVE YOU READ SPECIAL BRIEFING POOP??


Operational Narrative.
  1. Date of Mission - 2 April, 1945.
    1. Target Attacked:  None.
    2. Force: 94th “C” Group. Thirty-eight aircraft, including four H2X ships and two flying spares, were dispatched.
    3. Position: The 94th "C" Group flew in its briefed position as the third group of the First Division Formation.
    4. Lead Teams
      Group Lead
      Air Commander: Lt. Col. James T. Stewart
      Pilot:Captain Duane S. Anderson
      Navigator:1st Lt. Milton J. Morrisette
      Bombardier:1st Lt. Gerald E. Traczwitz

      Low Squadron
      Leader: 1st Lt. Frederick F. Horns
      Pilot:2nd Lt. Carl L. Blackford
      Navigator:1st Lt. Frank D. Fuller
      Bombardier:2nd Lt. Salvatore R. Cacaco

      High Squadron
      Leader: 1st Lt. Morris G. Turner
      Pilot:2nd Lt. Beleslau Lipski
      Navigator:2nd Lt. John H. Brandon
      Bombardier:2nd Lt. Patrick J. Finnegan
  2. Narrative.
    1.  Squadron and Group Assembly: The assembly was carried out without difficulty over the King’s Cliffe buncher. It was necessary, however, to increase the assembly altitude to 9,000 feet, 1,000 feet above the briefed assembly height, in order to keep the Low Squadron out of the tops of the clouds, which were higher than had been anticipated.
    2.  Route Over England: Departure from the assembly area was made one minute early (1414) at an altitude of 9,000 feet. The briefed route was closely followed in the flight to Control Point #1. No difficulty was encountered in getting into position behind the 94th “A” and “B” Groups, and check points were reached with no more than one minute variance from the briefed times. It was necessary to remain 1,000 feet above the briefed height, and as a result, Control Point #1 was reached at an altitude of 9,000 feet one minute late (1445).
    3.  Division Assembly Line: Departure from the English coast was made on course and in the assigned slot in the Division Formation (third). The briefed Division Assembly Line was flown. The end of the line was reached (0300°E) one minute late (1505).
    4.  Flight to Target: The briefed route was followed closely on the flight to the Danish coast. No difficulty was encountered from weather, as the formation was flying above the cloud tops. A slow climb was made. Control Point #2 was reached one minute late (1557) at the briefed altitude of 12,000 feet. As the formation approached the Danish coast, a front was observed which appeared to have tops at 30,000 feet. It was at this time that the Division Air Commander announced over VHF that the mission would be abandoned. This information was received by the Group Air Commander at 1613 hours at 55°10’N - 07°35’E.
    5.  Flight From Target: The formation made a turn to the left and returned to the briefed course at Control Point #2. The preceding groups were followed on the flight to the English coast. The English coast was reached at the briefed point at an altitude of 9,000 feet. The flight from there to base was made on the briefed route. The High and Low Squadrons were sent to their respective stand-off areas before landing. A normal let-down procedure had been followed.
    6.  Fighter Support: Appeared as briefed. Excellent support.
    7.  Comments: No aircraft were lost. No enemy aircraft were encountered. No flak was encountered. The abandonment of the mission prevented making use of the information received from the Weather Scouting Force. All thirty-eight aircraft returned together.

  [Signed] Robert B. Stratton, Captain, Air Corps, Statistical Officer


STATISTICAL SUMMARY OF OPERATIONS
DIVISION FIELD ORDER NUMBER 676
351st Bombardment Group
Lead SquadronLow SquadronHigh SquadronTOTALS
Borrowed Aircraft0000
No. of Aircraft Failing to Take Off0000
No. of Aircraft Sorties13121338
No. of Aircraft Airborne Less Unused Spares13121338
No. of Aircraft Credit Sorties0000
No. of Effective Sorties0000
No. of Non-Effective Sorties13121338
Name of Primary TargetBELDRINGE, DENMARK
(A) No. of A/C Attacking Primary Target0000
(B) No., Size & Type Of Bombs _____  _____  _____  _____ 
Name of Secondary TargetMISSION ABANDONED ON ORDERS OF DIVISION AIR COMMANDER.
(A) No. of A/C Attacking Secondary TargetTIME OF TURNBACK - 1620
(B) No., Size & Type Of BombsPOINT OF TURNBACK - 55°10’N - 07°35’E
Name of Last Resort Target (LRT)
(A) No. of A/C Attacking LRT
(B) No., Size & Type Of Bombs
Name of Target of Opportunity (T.O.)
(A) No. of A/C Attacking T.O.FOLLOWING NUMBER OF PATHFINDER AIRCRAFT FLEW AS INDICATED.
(B) No., Size & Type Of Bombs2 B-17G SH12 B-17G SH1 B-17G SH4 B-17G SH
No. of A/C MIA - Total0000
No. of A/C MIA - Flak
No. of A/C MIA - Flak and E/A
No. of A/C MIA - Enemy Aircraft
No. of A/C MIA - Accident over Enemy Terr.
No. of A/C MIA - Other and Unknown
Time of Take Off130613081307
Time of Attack____________
Total Time for Mission73:5371:2575:08220:26
Altitude of Release (Indicated)____________
Visual, H2X, Gee-H, M-H, Eagle, or Combination____________
Enemy Resistance – AA Intensity & AccuracyNONE
Enemy Resistance – Fighter0000
Enemy Resistance – Bombers0000
U.S. A/C Engaged by Enemy Aircraft0000
Number of Passes made by Enemy Aircraft0000
Degree of SuccessBOMBS RETURNED TO BASE
Non-Effective Sorties
(A) Weather13121338
(B) Personnel
(C) Enemy Action
(D) Other Non-Mechanical
(E) Mechanical and Equipment
Incidents of Mechanical & Equipment Failure:
(A) Engine
(B) Oil System
(C) Fuel System
(D) Supercharger
(E) Propeller and Governor
(F) Communication System
(G) Guns and Turrets
(H) Bomb Release
(I) Bombay Doors
(J) Electric System
(K) Instruments
(L) Oxygen Equipment
(M) Bomb Sights
(N) A/C in General
Comments

0 A/C borrowed as follows: None
0 A/C loaned as follows: None


Narrative Teletype Report:
  1. No leaflets were carried by this Group.
  2. The three squadrons of this group formed the 94th “C” CBW and were dispatched to attack the A/F [Airfield] at Beldringe, Denmark. No bombs were dropped, however, because the mission was abandoned.
  3. No E/A [Enemy Aircraft] were encountered and no claims [of enemy aircraft being shot down] are being submitted.
  4. No flak was encountered or observed.
  5. Weather proved to be no hindrance for assembly and departure on route out, but just prior to reaching the Danish Peninsula a solid front of cumulus clouds with base at 4000 feet and tops at 7000 feet was observed extending over the entire Danish Peninsula and also covering the continent. As a result of these conditions the Division Air Commander ordered the abandonment of the mission. Our group turned back at 1620 hours at an approximate position of 55°10’N - 07°35’E.
  6. There were no observations of military importance.
  7. Four PFF A/C [Pathfinder Force Aircraft] were employed by this group and the equipment of each worked satisfactorily. The fighter escort appeared as briefed and gave excellent support. The abandonment of the mission prevented making use of the information received from the Scouting Force.
  8. Assembly was as per SOP [Standard Operating Procedure] but departure from Control Point No. 1 was one minute later than briefed. The leg from Control Point No. 1 to No. 2 was flown as briefed but this Group was still one minute late at Control Point No. 2. The briefed route was then flown until recall, and the return flight to the English Coast was made as per SOP except for a slight deviation to the South. Let-down was also SOP.


Track Chart:
Click on Chart to Enlarge



“J” Form:
  1. Last Four numbers and Call Letter of A/C in each Squadron:
    94th Combat Wing "A" Group
    1A - LEAD Squadron - 351st Group
     (A) Sqdn 508th A/C: None
     (B) Sqdn 509th A/C: A–8428, B–8592, G–8617, H–6952, L–2955, M–7964, R–6156, T–8666, U–8591, Z–7696, (F–6566 Spare)
     (C) Sqdn 510th A/C: None
     (D) Sqdn 511th A/C: (L–8045 PFF), (M–8846 PFF)

    1B - LOW Squadron - 351st Group
     (A) Sqdn 508th A/C: None
     (B) Sqdn 509th A/C: None
     (C) Sqdn 510th A/C: A–8465, C–9020, D–8694, G–7862, H–8280, K–7252, P–8038, Q–6565, S–7512, T–9156, V–7705
     (D) Sqdn 511th A/C: (Z–8774 PFF)

    1C - HIGH Squadron - 351st Group
     (A) Sqdn 508th A/C: A–8410, B–7349, C–8753, G–8954, H–8412, K–8130, O–8277, Q–8799, U–8813, X–6579, Y–6108,
     (B) Sqdn 509th A/C: None
     (C) Sqdn 510th A/C: (L–7515 Spare)
     (D) Sqdn 511th A/C: (V–8079 PFF)
  2. Target: SD-63
  3. W/T and R/T Operational Call Sign of each Squadron:
    Squadron508 [Call Sign]W/T WRU R/T CARLTONSquadron510 [Call Sign]W/T NUT R/T TIPSTAFF
    Squadron509 [Call Sign]W/T JMX R/T HOTMINTSquadron511 [Call Sign]W/T KML R/T PARTNERSHIP
  4. Taxi – 1255; Take-Off – 1310; E.T.D. Field – 1415
  5. Time:Height:Place of Crossing English Coast: (OUT)
    14448,000 FtCromer
  6. Time:Height:Place of Crossing Enemy Coast: (IN)
    162112,000 Ft55°20'N-08°40'E [3.75 miles WNW of Ribe, Denmark]
  7. Time:Height:Place of Crossing Enemy Coast: (Out)
    171712,000 Ft55°20'N-08°40'E [3.75 miles WNW of Ribe, Denmark]
  8. Time:Height:Place of Crossing English Coast: (IN)
    20112,000 FtCromer
  9. E.T.R.(Estimated Time of Return) Base: 2052 Hours
  10. MF/DF [Medium Frequency/Direction Finder] Section: "H"
  11. Bomb load of Each A/C: "A" Lead Box
    Lead Squadron: 13 A/C - 38 x 100 G.P. - 1/10 x No Tail [Fuses]
    Low Squadron: 12 A/C - 38 x 100 G.P. - 1/10 x No Tail [Fuses]
    High Squadron: 13 A/C - 38 x 100 G.P. - 1/10 x No Tail [Fuses]
    ___ Squadron:
  12. Fuel Load of each A/C: 2600 Gallons
  13. Leaders:
    Lead Sqdn: Rank & Name: Lt Col Stewart A/C No & Sqdn.M-8846 PFF (511)
    Low Sqdn: Rank & Name: Lt Horns A/C No & Sqdn. Z-8774 PFF (511)
    High Sqdn: Rank & Name: Lt Turner A/C No & Sqdn. V-8079 PFF (511)
  14. Passengers, if any: (Full Name, Rank, A/C and Squadron Passenger flying with)
    Howard B. Chapman Major U-8813 (508th) Edward Haldeman S/Sgt U-8813 (508th) Abe Robyn S/Sgt U-8813 (508th)

Report Compiled By L.A. Curley, T/Sgt.



Formation Chart:
94th "C" Combat Bomb Group - Lead Squadron Formation at Take–Off
509th Squadron
Col. Stewart–Anderson D.S.
A/C 44-8846 M PFF
Brennan
A/C 43-37964 M
Maish
A/C 44-8045 L PFF
Gattens–Sexton
A/C 43-38592 B
Hampton
A/C 43-38591 U
Thomson
A/C 42-102955 L
Weber
A/C 43-37696 Z
Garner
A/C 43-38666 T
Cole
A/C 44-8617 G
Workman
A/C 44-6952 H
Ware
A/C 44-6566 F Spare
Brereton
A/C 44-6156 R
Bird
A/C 43-38428 A


94th "C" Combat Bomb Group - High Squadron Formation at Take–Off
508th Squadron
Turner
A/C 44-8079 V PFF
Wisdom
A/C 43-38813 U
Sprecher
A/C 43-38130 K
Hansen
A/C 44-6108 Y
Sugg
A/C 42-97349 B
James
A/C 43-38954 G
Mordecai
A/C 44-6579 X
Hart, G.
A/C 43-38799 Q
Boucher
A/C 43-38753 C
Bennett–Barnard
A/C 44-8410 A
Fromme
A/C 43-37515 L Spare
Chapman
A/C 43-37277 O
Cook
A/C 44-8412 H


94th "C" Combat Bomb Group - Low Squadron Formation at Take–Off
510th Squadron
Horns
A/C 44-8774 Z PFF
Montross–Ranson
A/C 43-37705 V
Gottschalk
A/C 43-38694 D
Adams
A/C 43-39020 C
Haft–Grissom
A/C 43-39156 T
Phillips
A/C 43-37862 G
Dahlborg
A/C 43-38465 A
Bacon
A/C 43-37512 S
Northrup
A/C 42-38038 P
Rebo–Bone
A/C 44-6565 Q
Hollister
A/C 42-97252 K
Dantzler
A/C 44-8280 H


Time Schedule:
Zero Hour: 1430 DBST [Double British Standard Time]  Briefing: ____ Stations: 1230 Start Engines: 1240 Taxi: 1255 Take-Off: 1310

[Wounded On Mission: 0]
The above records were obtained at the National Archives Records Administration and have been declassified by authority NND 745005
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