Date of Mission - 7 April, 1945.
- Target Attacked: The No. 2 Target, Luneburg, Germany, was attacked by H2X methods with a visual assist.
- Force: 94th “B” Group. Thirty-eight aircraft, including two H2X ships, two combination H2X-GH aircraft, and two flying spares, were dispatched.
- Position: The 94th "B" Group flew in its briefed position as the second group in the First Division Formation on the flight to the target.
|Group Lead |
|Air Commander: ||Lt Col James T. Stewart|
|Pilot:||Captain Joseph C. Robinson|
|Navigator:||1st Lt. Albert W. Allen|
|Bombardier:||1st Lt. Raymond E. Hall|
|Leader: ||Captain Julian C. Meadows|
|Pilot:||Captain Edwin L. Olson|
|Navigator:||Major William F. Bounds|
|Bombardier:||1st Lt. Robert F. Schneider|
|Leader: ||1st Lt. Morris G. Turner|
|Pilot:||2nd Lt. Boleslau Lipski|
|Navigator:||2nd Lt. John H. Brandon|
|Bombardier:||2nd Lt. Patrick J. Finnegan|
Squadron and Group Assembly: The assembly was carried out at the briefed altitude of 15,000 feet over the Kings Cliffe buncher after
the take off had been delayed four hours. Slight difficulty was encountered when the deputy ship could not locate the lead aircraft and so began
to fire flares. The aircraft started forming on the deputy, and by the time the lead ship located it, the group was almost entirely formed. The
lead ship took its position and completed the assembly without further difficulty.
Route Over England: Departure from the assembly area was made two minutes late. The 94th “B” Leader decided to cut inside of the
briefed course in order to make up the lost time and also to gain on the 94th “A” Group which was ahead of it. As a result, the briefed route
was contacted for only a short while between points B and D. However, no difficulty was encountered, and the formation got into position behind
the 94th “A” Group, the Division Lead.
Division Assembly Line: Control Point #1 was reached one minute late at the briefed altitude of 15,000 feet. The briefed Division
Assembly Line was flown behind the 94th “A” Group. The end of the Division Assembly Line was reached at the briefed point, at the planned
altitude of 15,000 feet. The formation was nineteen minutes late at that point, however.
Flight to Target: The formation followed the Division Lead Group in the flight to the target. The route to the IP was flown
without divergency. The IP [Initial Point of Bomb Run] was reached forty minutes late (1457) at the briefed altitude of 15,000 feet. The
Weather Scouting Force had previously reported that there was a 50% chance of being able to bomb the No. 1 Target visually. The Division
Leader reported that he would split the 94th “A” Group into squadrons and start the run on the No. 1 target. If that target was not found
to be open, he would attack the No. 2 Target.
Description of Bombing Run: The run was made on the No. 1 Target after the formation took its interval. As the mickey set [Radar]
in the lead ship of the Low Squadron was out of commission, it followed closely behind the Lead Squadron. The Division Leader passed back the
information that the No. 1 Target could not be attacked visually. The 94th “B” Group passed over this target and used it as an IP for the run
on the No. 2 Target, Luneburg, Germany. The No. 1 Target was seen through a break in the cloud cover as the formation passed over it, but it
was then too late for the formation to make a sighting on it.
The Lead Squadron made its own H2X sighting. The No. 1 Target was used as an IP for the No. 2 target. It was possible for the bombardier to
make a visual assist a few seconds before the bombs were dropped. As the mickey set in the lead aircraft of the Low Squadron was inoperative,
it dropped on the bombs of the Lead Squadron.
The High Squadron made its own H2X sighting. It was possible to make a visual assist shortly before the BRL [Bomb Release Line] was reached.
The target area was identified, but the MPI [Mean Point of Impact] could not be seen.
No interference was encountered on the bomb run. The C-1 Pilot [Autopilot] was used and functioned satisfactorily in all cases. Bombing results
are believed to be good.
Flight From Target: After bombing the formation made a sharp turn in order to avoid any possible flak from the Hamburg area. The
briefed route was not followed immediately after leaving the target. The Group Leader chose a course to the right of the briefed course which
took the formation a safe distance from, and between, the Bremen and Hanover flak areas. The briefed route was contacted east of Osnabruck and
was followed to the Dutch coast. The 94th “B” Group followed a “Swordfish” group on the withdrawal, flying third in the Division Column. The
94th “C” followed the 94th “B” on the withdrawal, while the 94th “A” is reported as having been farther back in the Division Column. The
formation stayed above the clouds on the withdrawal. The Dutch coast was crossed at an altitude of 10,500 feet. The briefed route was followed
with little divergency in the flight across the channel. The English coast was crossed at an altitude of 8,000 feet. A direct heading to the
Kings Cliffe buncher was taken from the English coast. From that point an instrument let-down was made and the aircraft returned to base
Fighter Support: Good.
Comments: No aircraft were lost. No enemy aircraft were encountered. No flak was encountered. The Weather Scouting Force was heard,
and the information received was correct.
Aircraft Not Attacking: There were no failures to attack. The two flying spares remained with the group.
[Signed] Robert B. Stratton, Captain, Air Corps, Statistical Officer
[Signed] Raymond E. Hall, 1st Lt., Air Corps, Lead Bombardier
Combat Bombing Flight Record:
I certify that this 12E form is complete and correct.
Warren C. Steitz, Captain, Air Corps, Group Bombardier.
Lead Squadron, 94th "B" Group
Bombardier - 1st Lt. Hall, Raymond E.
Pilot - Lt. Col. Stewart, J.T. & Capt. Robinson, J.C.
Navigator - 1st Lt. Allen, Albert W.
Aircraft B-17G D-664 Take-off - 10:10 Landed - 18:10
Objective - Priority Target #2, M/Y at Luneburg, Germany
Aiming Point (MPI) [Mean Point of Impact] - PFF with visual assist.
Initial Point - As Briefed
Method of Attack - Low Squadron bombed on the Lead Squadron
No. of Attacking A/C in Group: - 12 & 12 Composite Group - ____
Number A/C Dropping Bombs by own Sighting Operation: ____
Deflection and Range Sighting, Group: One Composite Group - ____
Range Sighting only, Group - __ Composite Group - ____
Bombs, Types and Sizes - 38 x 150 Lb. G.P.[General Purpose] & Markers
Number of Bombs Loaded - As Above Released - Same
Fusing, Nose - 1/40 Tail - ____
Synchronization - On
Information at Release Point: Low's M.H. [Magnetic Compass Heading] was 085° at 15:23:30 Hours
|Altitude of Target - 165||Magnetic Heading Ordered __° Actual 084°|
|True Altitude Above Target - 14,900||True Heading 079°|
|Indicated Altitude - 15,000||Drift, Estimated 7° Right - Actual 7° Right|
|Pressure Altitude of Target -278||True Track 86°|
|Altimeter Setting 29.92||Actual Range 6,877'|
|Calculated Indicated Air Speed - 150K||Bomb Sight Type - M-9|
|True Air Speed - 188K||Time of Release 15:23:30|
|Ground Speed Est. 169 Actual 135K||Length of Bombing Run - 7 Minutes|
|Wind Direction Metro - 030° Actual - 060°||Intervalometer Setting - 100 feet|
|Wind Velocity Metro 25 Actual 30|| C-1 Pilot [Autopilot] - X [Used]|
|D.S. - 164 Trail - 85 ATF - 32.6||A-5 Pilot _____|
|Tan. D.A, Est. .46 Actual .451 ||Manual Pilot ____|
Preliminary Damage Assessment:
Three squadrons of the Group attacked as a priority 2 target the M/Y [R.R. Marshalling Yard] at Luneburg, Germany. The target area is covered by
clouds and photo cover shows no bursts on the ground.
Bomb away can be plotted for all squadrons, and using information furnished by the Group Bombardier an estimated point of impact can be made.
This would place the bombs of the lead and low squadrons on and around the assigned MPI [Mean Point of Impact], with the main concentration
slightly short. The bombs of the high squadron are plotted one and a quarter miles SW of the assigned MPI. This area is a slightly built-up section.
[Signed:] Thomas L. Cooper, Captain, Air Corps, Asst. Group S-2 P.I. [Photo Intelligence]
Narrative Teletype Report:
- No leaflets were carried by this Group.
The three Squadrons of this Group formed the 94th “B” CBW [Combat Wing] and was the first group to attack the No. 2 target, The M/Y [R.R.
Marshalling Yard] at Luneburg, Germany. Bombing was done by PFF methods with a visual assist; the low squadron, flying in close trail with
the lead, bombed at the same time, and the high attacked separately. Photos show the target area to be covered by clouds and no bursts are
seen. Ground detail seen after bombing identifies the target as Luneburg. Mickey operators believe the bomb run to be very good, and estimate
the bombs fell in the target area.
No E/A [Enemy Aircraft] were encountered and no claims [of enemy aircraft being shot down] are being submitted.
The only flak encountered or observed throughout the mission was approximately ten accurate bursts in the vicinity of Nienburg.
6-8/10ths cloud layers, with tops from 8 to 10,000 ft., obscured the No. 1 target, preventing visual bombing. Conditions remained the same at
No. 2 target, with slight openings just prior to bombs away.
6 to 10 enemy aircraft were observed at Weitzenbruck A/F [Airfield], 5235-1001. Photos show several aircraft parked on the landing ground one-half
mile SE of the Luneburg A/F.
Four PFF A/C were employed; three of the PFF sets worked well and were used for both bombing and navigational aid. The PFF set in the lead of the
low squadron went out somewhere over the continent, causing them to bomb on the smoke markers of the lead squadron. The Scouting Force was heard
and the information received was correct. Fighter support was good. None of our A/C is missing.
Failure to identify the lead A/C of this Group caused slight delay in the assembly over the buncher. Departure was made two minutes late, and the two points
before Control Point 1 were cut short in an endeavor to fall behind the Combat Wing leader. Clacton was reached one minute late and Wing assembly and departure
was as per SOP [Standard Operating Procedure]. The route over the continent was flown as briefed except for the delay caused by strong head winds, making this
Group 11 minutes late at Control Point #2. A visual run was attempted on the No. 1 target, but half-way down it was deemed advisable to bomb the No. 2 target
by PFF methods. An IP [Initial Point of Bomb Run] was established at Reinsehlen A/F and a Mag. [Magnetic Compass] heading of 84 degrees was flown to Luneburg,
where the M/Y, the No. 2 target, was bombed by PFF methods with visual assist. The low squadron dropped on the smoke markers of the lead squadron, the high
bombing alone. Bombing equipment worked well with the exception of the lead A/C of the low squadron. A sharp left turn was made to avoid flying close to
Hamburg. Course flown on return was as briefed. Control Point 3 was reached 37 minutes late, and let-down was as per SOP. Bombing was done from an altitude
of 15,000 feet.
Click on Chart to Enlarge
Mission Summary Report:
Abortives and Flying Spares:
[Signed:] John W. Freeman, Captain, Air Corps, Group Engineering Officer
Last Four numbers and Call Letter of A/C in each Squadron:
|94th Combat Wing "A" Group|
|1A - LEAD Squadron - 351st Group|
(A) Sqdn 508th A/C: A–8410, C–8753, D–6082, G–8954, H–8412, K–8130, L–7956, P–7258,
U–8813, Y–6108, (X–6579 Spare)|
| (B) Sqdn 509th A/C: None|
| (C) Sqdn 510th A/C: None|
| (D) Sqdn 511th A/C: (D–8664 PFF, F–8376 PFF)|
|1B - LOW Squadron - 351st Group|
| (A) Sqdn 508th A/C: None|
| (B) Sqdn 509th A/C: A–8428, B–8592, D–7193, F–6566, G–8617, M–7964, O–8920,
R–6156, T–8666, U–8591, Z–7696|
| (C) Sqdn 510th A/C: None|
| (D) Sqdn 511th A/C: (B–7701 PFF)|
|1C - HIGH Squadron - 351st Group|
| (A) Sqdn 508th A/C: None|
| (B) Sqdn 509th A/C: None|
| (C) Sqdn 510th A/C: A–8465, B–6610, C–9020, D–8694, G–7862, K–7252, M–9001,
Q–6565, S–7512, T–9156, V–7705, (H–8280 Spare)|
| (D) Sqdn 511th A/C: (A–8358 PFF)|
- Target: GU-4402
W/T and R/T Operational Call Sign of each Squadron:
|Squadron||508 [Call Sign]||W/T LSX R/T CARLTON||Squadron||510 [Call Sign]||W/T LGD R/T TIPSTAFF|
|Squadron||509 [Call Sign]||W/T SWN R/T HOTMINT||Squadron||511 [Call Sign]||W/T NSA R/T PARTNERSHIP|
0900 1000; Take-Off – 0915 1015; E.T.D. Field – 1037 1137
|Time:||Height:||Place of Crossing English Coast: (OUT)|
1112 1212 |15,000 Ft||Clacton|
|Time:||Height:||Place of Crossing Enemy Coast: (IN)|
1153 1253 |15,000 Ft||51°38'N-04°37'E [Zevenbergen, Netherlands]|
|Time:||Height:||Place of Crossing Enemy Coast: (Out)|
1509 1609 |10,000 Ft||51°38'N-04°37'E [Zevenbergen, Netherlands]|
|Time:||Height:||Place of Crossing English Coast: (IN)|
1609 1709 |8,000 Ft||Clacton|
- E.T.R.(Estimated Time of Return) Base:
1645 1745 Hours
- MF/DF [Medium Frequency/Direction Finder] Section: "H"
Bomb load of Each A/C: "A" Lead Box
Lead Squadron: 13 A/C - 38 x 150 G.P. 1/40 Nose [Fuse] x No Tail
Low Squadron: 12 A/C - 38 x 150 G.P. 1/40 Nose [Fuse] x No Tail
High Squadron: 13 A/C - 38 x 100 G.P. No Nose [Fuse] x 1/40 Tail
Fuel Load of each A/C: 2400 Gallons
Lead Sqdn: Rank & Name: Lt Col Stewart A/C No & Sqdn. A-8664 PFF (511)
Low Sqdn: Rank & Name: Capt. Meadows A/C No & Sqdn. B-7701 PFF (511)
High Sqdn: Rank & Name: Lt Turner A/C No & Sqdn. A-8358 PFF (511)
Passengers, if any: (Full Name, Rank, A/C and Squadron Passenger flying with)
Report Compiled By D.W. Grasmehr, Sgt.
|94th "A" Combat Bomb Group - Lead Squadron Formation at Take–Off and Over Target|
Col Stewart–RobinsonA/C 44-8664 D PFF
MurrayA/C 43-38954 G
PattersonA/C 44-8376 F PFF
HansenA/C 44-6108 Y
MordecaiA/C 44-8410 A
WestercampA/C 43-38130 K
HarkinsA/C 44-8412 H
MarschakA/C 43-38753 C
SandelA/C 44-6082 D
BarnardA/C 43-38813 U
ChapmanA/C 44-6579 X Spare
JamesA/C 42-97258 P
FrommeA/C 43-37956 L
[Lt Chapman, the flying spare, stayed with the formation.]
|94th "A" Combat Bomb Group - High Squadron Formation at Take–Off and Over Target|
TurnerA/C 44-8358 A PFF
Benedict–OwreA/C 43-37512 S
BromleyA/C 44-6610 B
Haft–StampsA/C 43-39020 C
PetersonA/C 43-39001 M
MontrossA/C 43-37705 V
DahlborgA/C 43-38465 A
NorthrupA/C 43-38694 D
KirklandA/C 44-6565 Q
BoneA/C 43-39156 T
DantzlerA/C 44-8280 H Spare
MorascaA/C 42-97252 K
EdwardsA/C 43-37862 G
[Lt Dantzler, the flying spare, stayed with the formation.]
|94th "A" Combat Bomb Group - Low Squadron Formation at Take–Off and Over Target|
MeadowsA/C 42-97701 B PFF
QuinnA/C 44-8617 G
ThomsonA/C 44-6156 R
SextonA/C 43-37696 Z
HamptonA/C 43-38591 U
DayA/C 43-38666 T
BrennanA/C 43-37964 M
GattensA/C 43-38592 B
ColeA/C 42-97193 D
BirdA/C 43-38428 A
WeberA/C 43-38920 O
WareA/C 44-6566 F
1030 DBST [Double British Standard Time] Briefing:
Enlisted Men 0230; Officers 0300 Stations:
Enlisted Men 0130; Officers 0200]
[Wounded On Mission:
The above records were obtained at the National Archives Records Administration and have been
declassified by authority NND 745005