BRIEFING OFFICER: HAVE YOU READ SPECIAL BRIEFING POOP??
Ask 508th, 509th and 510th Operations representatives if their crews are all present.
Read Special briefing poop.
- The Visual Primary for today is: #1 Oranienburg [Germany]
- PFF Primary: ____
- Visual Secondary: #2 Parchin
- Visual: #3 Schwerin
- PFF: #4 Schwerin
S-2 [Intelligence] Information:
|Zero Hour:|| - 1500||Stations:|| - 0935|
|Start Engines:|| - 0945||Taxi:|| - 1000|
|Take Off:|| - 1015||Last Take Off:|| - 1135|
|Intercept Group at||Southwold||at 8,000 Ft.|
|Target Time:|| - 1516||ETR [Estimated Time|
|Depart English Coast at:|| 8,000'||at Southwold|
Time on oxygen: 2½ hours
TIME TICK [Set your watches.]
| Gasoline:|| 2,780 Gallons|
| Bombs:||6 x 1000 G.P. 1/10 x 1/100 [Fuses] (Long Delay Fuses in A/C O-920)|
Intervalometer Settings: Minimum Setting
Chaff: Commence discharge of chaff at - 4 mins after IP [Initial Point of Bomb Run] - Continue for 15 minutes.
Each A/C [Aircraft] will carry - 360 units.
Disposition of Forces:
3 Divisions will be dispatched.
The 1st Air Division will depart England 2nd preceded by 2nd Division and followed by the 3rd Division.
1st Division will dispatch 4 CBW's of 3 Groups each.
The order of attack in the 1st Division will be:
|2nd Division targets are||Rechin - Parchin|
|3rd Division targets are||Brandenburg - Neuruppin - Zerbst|
Fighter Cover: 2 Gps. of P-51's Close Support - Area Support (Free Lance) 1 Gp P-47 and P-51
Combat Wing Assembly Line: Ludham to Southwoold
|Lead at||8,000||feet on|| Kings Cliffe ||Buncher||Red-Green||Flares|
|High at||9,000||feet on||Kings Cliffe||Buncher||Green-Green||Flares|
|Low at||7,000||feet on||Kings Cliffe||Buncher||Red-Red||Flares|
|401st at||8,000||feet on||Cottesmore||Buncher||Red-Yellow||Flares|
|457th at||8,000||feet on||Glatton||Buncher||Red-Yellow||Flares|
Division Assembly Line: Southwold to 51°33’N-03°26’E [Westkapelle, Netherlands]
2 minutes interval between Groups.
Reference altitude: 18,000'
Bombing altitude: 25,000'
Point for instrument let-down Kings Cliffe magnetic heading of 30 degrees.
|1st Div. Air Commander||Major Heller (Cowboy Able)|
|94th CBW Air Commander||Lt. Col. Francis|
The following ships will monitor [Radio Channels]- "B" - P-258, B-592, A-465; "C" - 8th A.F. - Q-799; "C" - 67th Fighter Wing - X-579.
Other Communications information will be found on the flimsy.
- FLYING CONTROL: _____
a. Type of Bombing Formation - Normal by Sqdns. if Visual
b. Bombardier and Navigator of the #3 A/C of each sqdn. report to Photo Lab.
The A/C are: G-954, V-705, G-617
c. Ball Turret Gunners of the following A/C report to Photo Lab: Lead - B-349, High - C-020, Low - B-592
d. Camera A/C: Lead - Q-799, Low O-920, High B-610
return at Continental Coast
e. Spares to turn back at Continental Coast
f. PFF A/C fly as Lead of each Sqdn. - Deputy Lead of Lead Sqdn.
g. GH A/C fly as ____
Diuer Area - Formation - Yesterday results - T.O. & Taxiing
You are reminded not to discuss the target. EXERCISE ALL SECURITY MEASURES.
Date of Mission - 10 April, 1945.
- Target Attacked: The No. 1 Target at Oranienburg, Germany, was attaacked visually.
- Force: 94th “C” Group. Thirty-eight aircraft, including three H2X aircraft, one combination H2X-GH ship, and two flying spares, were dispatched.
- Position: The 94th “C” Group flew in its briefed position as the ninth group in the First Division Formation.
|Task Force Lead |
|Air Commander: ||Captain lee H. Dennis|
|Pilot:||Captain Jay H. Maish|
|Navigator:||1st Lt Normal L. Gootee|
|Bombardier:||Captain John J. Schadegg|
|Leader: ||Captain Edwin L. Olson|
|Pilot:||1st Lt John H. Hart|
|Navigator:||F/O Harry C. Bliele|
|Bombardier:||1st Lt Leonard L. Schuler|
|Leader: ||1st Lt Lloyd L. Lewis|
|Pilot:||2nd Lt Autrey L. Lowe|
|Navigator:||F/O F/O Paul A. Walker|
|Bombardier:||2nd Lt. Allen G. McDonald|
Squadron and Group Assembly: The assembly was made over the Kings Cliffe buncher at an altitude of 7,000 feet, 1,000 feet below the briefed
height. The decrease in assembly altitude was necessary because of a haze at the briefed height. The decrease in altitude was in accordance with the
recommendations of the weather ship.
Route Over England: Departure from the assembly area was made on time (1124) on the briefed route. The planned course was followed to
Donnington, which was reached two minutes early (1132). At that point, the 94th “C” made a double drift in order to permit it to fall into position
behind the 94th “B” Group. It was necessary to make a second double drift a few minutes later in order to adjust the interval between the 94th “B”
and “C” Groups. After completing the second double drift, the formation took a heading directly to Point Z, which was reached at the briefed height
of 8,000 feet, five minutes late (1216).
Division Assembly Line: The preceding groups were followed on the flight across the channel. The 94th “C” Group flew in its briefed
position as the ninth group in the First Division Formation. The preceding groups had reached Point Z late also, so no difficulty was encountered
in getting into the proper position. The briefed Division Assembly Line was not followed, the formation being several miles to the left. The
Belgian coast was crossed to the left of course at an altitude of 8,000 feet, the briefed height, and seven minutes late (1252).
Flight to Target: The formation closed into the briefed route inside of the coast. Little variance was made from there to Control Point
#2, which was reached three minutes late (1401) at an altitude of 18,000 feet. The preceding formations were followed in going to the right of the
briefed course. This deviation from the briefed route took the formation near Hanover. It was necessary to swing to the left in order to permit
some Third Division groups to pass through the 1st Division Column from the south. From that point the formation gradually closed into the briefed
route, contacting it at the briefed IP [Initial Point of Bomb Run], which was reached ten minutes early (1452), because of a wind shift, and at an
altitude of 24,200 feet, 800 feet below the briefed altitude.
Description of Bombing Run: The No. 1 Target, hangers at Oranienburg, Germany, was attacked visually in squadron formation. The MPI
[Mean Point of Impact] was picked up without difficulty by the lead bombardiers of the Lead and High Squadrons. The lead bombardier of the Low
Squadron, however, had some difficulty in sighting due to the smoke of previous bombings. No interference was encountered on the bomb run. The
C-1 Pilot functioned satisfactorily in all cases. The briefed turn was made at the IP.
Flight From Target: The turn after the target was made outside of the briefed course. The rally was made without difficulty. The
formation flew to the inside of the briefed course in an attempt to close into the 94th “B” Group. The group stayed to the left of the briefed
course until the Hanover area was reached. The 94th “B”
was still seen several minutes ahead of the formation. As the Second Division was making a withdrawal to the north, the 94th “B” flew close to
it in order to have some protection in case of fighter attacks. The briefed route was contacted a short distance inside of the Belgian coast.
Departure from the Belgian coast was made to the north of the briefed point in Division Column. The formation was on time (1729) at that point
and at an altitude of 9,000 feet. The flight to the English coast was made to the right of the briefed course, which was crossed slightly to the
north of the briefed point at an altitude of 4,000 feet. The flight from there to base was made inside of the briefed course as several aircraft
had reported gasoline shortages. The High and Low Squadrons were sent to their respective stand-off areas and landings were carried out without
difficulty. A normal let-down procedure had been followed.
Fighter Support: As Briefed.
Comments: No aircraft were lost. No enemy aircraft were encountered. Flak in the target area was meager and inaccurate. On the route
out, meager to moderate flak, fair for accuracy, was encountered in the Perleburg area. The Weather Scouting Force was contacted and furnished
adequate weather information.
Aircraft Not Attacking: There were no failures to attack. The two flying spares returned as planned.
[Signed] Robert B. Stratton, Captain, Air Corps, Statistical Officer
STATISTICAL SUMMARY OF OPERATIONS
DIVISION FIELD ORDER NUMBER 683
|351st Bombardment Group|
|Lead Squadron||Low Squadron||High Squadron||TOTALS|
|No. of Aircraft Failing to Take Off||0||0||0||0|
|No. of Aircraft Sorties||13||12||13||38|
|No. of Aircraft Airborne Less Unused Spares||12||12||12||36|
|No. of Aircraft Credit Sorties||12||12||12||36|
|No. of Effective Sorties||12||12||12||36|
|No. of Non-Effective Sorties||0||0||0||0|
|Name of Primary Target||ORANIENBURG, GERMANY|
|(A) No. of A/C Attacking Primary Target||12||12||12||36|
|(B) No., Size & Type Of Bombs|| 72 x 1000# GP || 72 x 1000# GP || 72 x 1000# GP || 216 x 1000# GP |
|Name of Secondary Target|
|(A) No. of A/C Attacking Secondary Target|
|(B) No., Size & Type Of Bombs
|Name of Last Resort Target (LRT)||Following Pathfinder Aircraft were used:|
|(A) No. of A/C Attacking LRT||2 B-17G SH||1 B-17G HO||1 B-17G SH||3 B-17G SH|
1 B-17G HO
|(B) No., Size & Type Of Bombs|
|Name of Target of Opportunity (T.O.)|
|(A) No. of A/C Attacking T.O.|
|(B) No., Size & Type Of Bombs|
|No. of A/C MIA - Total||0||0||0||0|
|No. of A/C MIA - Flak|
|No. of A/C MIA - Flak and E/A|
|No. of A/C MIA - Enemy Aircraft|
|No. of A/C MIA - Accident over Enemy Terr.|
|No. of A/C MIA - Other and Unknown|
|Time of Take Off||1012||1014||1013|
|Time of Attack||1504½||1505½||1506|
|Total Time for Mission||105:09||100:48||103:47||309:44|
|Altitude of Release (Indicated)||25,000’||23,400’||25,600’|
|Visual, H2X, Gee-H, M-H, Eagle, or Combination||Visual||Visual||Visual|
|Enemy Resistance – AA Intensity & Accuracy||Meager to Moderate - Fair for Accuracy|
|Enemy Resistance – Fighter||0||0||0||0|
|Enemy Resistance – Bombers||0||0||0||0|
|U.S. A/C Engaged by Enemy Aircraft||0||0||0||0|
|Number of Passes made by Enemy Aircraft||0||0||0||0|
|Degree of Success||Good to Excellent|
____ A/C borrowed as follows: None
____ A/C loaned as follows: None
Lead Bombardier’s Narrative:
Date - 10 April, 1945
Field Order # 683
Squadron or Group - Lead Sqdn., 94th "A" Group
Target - Priiority #1, the hanger facilities at Oranienburg, Germany
Type of Bombing (Visual, PFF or Combined)? Visual
Did Squadron perform own sighting operation, bomb on smoke marker, or was bombing done in Group Formation? Squadron performed own sighting operation.
Was turn made at briefed I.P.? Yes
Cloud coverage and visibility. CAVU [Ceiling And Visibility Unlimited]
If Visual, when was MPI [Mean Point of Impact] identified? If not actually seen, how was it located? MPI identified while 12 miles away.
Any Interference on Bomb Run? None
Did C-1 [Autopilot] function satisfactory? Yes
Any other factors affecting accuracy? None
[Signed] John J. Schadegg, Captain, Air Corps, Lead Bombardier
Combat Bombing Flight Record:
I certify that this 12E form is complete and correct.
Warren C. Steitz, Captain, Air Corps, Group Bombardier.
Lead Squadron, 94th "C" Group
Bombardier - Capt. Schadegg, John J.
Pilot - Capt. maish, J.H. & Capt. Dennis, L.H.
Navigator - 1st Lt. Gootee, Norman L.
Aircraft B-17G D-664 Take-off - 10:15 Landed - 18:35
Objective - Priority #1, the hanger facilities at Oranienburg, Germany
Aiming Point (MPI) [Mean Point of Impact] - As Briefed
Initial Point - As Briefed
Method of Attack - Squadron
No. of Attacking A/C in Group: - 12 Composite Group - ____
Number A/C Dropping Bombs by own Sighting Operation: ____
Deflection and Range Sighting, Group: One Composite Group - ____
Range Sighting only, Group - __ Composite Group - ____
Bombs, Types and Sizes - 6 x 1000 Lb. AN-M44 G.P.[General Purpose] & Markers
Number of Bombs Loaded - As Above Released - Same
Fusing, Nose - 1/10 Tail - 1/100
Synchronization - On
Information at Release Point:
|Altitude of Target - 110||Magnetic Heading Ordered 117° Actual 121°|
|True Altitude Above Target - 25,470||True Heading 119°|
|Indicated Altitude - 25,000||Drift, Estimated 7° Right - Actual 5° Right|
|Pressure Altitude of Target -236||True Track 124°|
|Altimeter Setting 29.92||Actual Range 15,467'|
|Calculated Indicated Air Speed - 150K||Bomb Sight Type - Mercury|
|True Air Speed - 224K||Time of Release 15;04;05|
|Ground Speed Est. 240 Actual 254||Length of Bombing Run - 14 Min.|
|Wind Direction Metro - 360° Actual - 338°||Intervalometer Setting - Minimum|
|Wind Velocity Metro 30 Actual 30|| C-1 Pilot [Autopilot] - X [Used]|
|D.S. - 127 Trail - 44 ATF - 41.71||A-5 Pilot _____|
|Tan. D.A, Est. 52.9 Actual 61.2 ||Manual Pilot ____|
Preliminary Damage Assessment:
The three squadrons of this Group attacked as a priority 1 target the hanger facilities at Oranienburg, Germany. Photo over is complete for all squadrons.
The lead squadron bombs hit in a heavy concentration on the target. Damage to the repair hanger (MPI) [Mean Point of Impact] will result from a near miss at
the corner; there is a direct hit on a hanger (later photos show black smoke issuing) and direct hits on two small hangers. An area of small unidentified
buildings is covered by bursts. The pattern is 2450 feet by 1592 feet with the MPI as assigned. Percentage will be 92% for 1000 feet and 99% for 2000 feet.
The bombs of the low squadron fell to the right of the assigned MPI with the pattern partially obscured by smoke. Accurate assessment cannot be made; however,
approximate percentages are 0% for 1000 feet and 50% for 2000 feet.
The bombs of the high squadron fell in a rather loose pattern. The pattern crosses the assigned MPI with the main concentration slightly over the MPI. There
is a direct hit on the main repair hanger (MPI). Also a bomb that fell outside the main pattern scored a possible direct hit on a bridge that crosses the canal.
Percentages will be 95% for 1000 feet and 100% for 2000 feet.
[Signed:] Thomas L. Cooper, Captain, Air Corps, Asst. Group S-2 - P.I. [Photo Intelligence]
Narrative Teletype Report:
- This Group did not carry leaflets on today’s mission.
This Group flew as the 94th “C” CBW [Combat Wing] and bombed the A/F [Airfield] hangar area at Oranienburg, Germany, visually and by squadrons. Photos show
the bombing results to be good to excellent. The lead squadron bombs blanketed the MPI [Mean Point of Impact] with a heavy concentration, and the high squadron
pattern covered the NW portion of the target area. The low squadron bombs fell slightly to the right and over (SW) the assigned MPI, with some hits in the
No E/A [Enemy Aircraft] were encountered and no claims [of enemy aircraft being shot down] are being submitted.
Flak in the target area was meager and inaccurate. On the route out meager to moderate flak, fair for accuracy, was encountered on the Perleberg area. Meager
flak was observed from Schouwen Island on the route out.
Weather in the target area was CAVU [Ceiling And Visibility Unlimited] beneath 28,000 feet, and weather generally along the route proved no hinderance [sic] to
the flying of the mission as briefed.
A small A/F with three hangars and four A/C [Aircraft] visible on the field was observed at 5313-1231 just to the north of Wittstock. This observation was made
from 20,000 feet, and the field appeared to be in good condition. Although the A/F at Fassburg, Germany, appeared to be well bombed, one crew observed a small
runway intact and a considerable number of aircraft near the runway. This observation was made from 19,600 feet.
Of the four PFF sets dispatched all worked well with the exception of that in the lead A/C of the low squadron. PFF equipment was used for navigational purposes
only. Scouting Force furnished adequate weather information. Fighter support was as briefed. None of our A/C is missing.
Assembly was accomplished as briefed, except for the fact that this Group left the assembly point one-half minute early. On the leg after assembly a double drift
to the right was made to lose time and to allow the 94th “B” group to pull into column ahead. After leaving the English coast another similar maneuver was made
to obtain proper interval between groups, and as a consequence this Group was about four minutes late at Control Point 1. From the enemy coast to the Hannover
area this Group continued to be slightly late, but flew the course as briefed. Just north of Hannover another double drift, to the left of course, was flown to
enable this Group to get around a few Third Division groups flying a collision course from the north. A change of winds brought the Group to the IP [Initial Point
of Bomb Run] about ten minutes early. The IP was made good and the bomb run was flown in individual squadron formation with each squadron bombing the Oranienburg
airfield visually. The left turn off the target was flown as briefed as was the rest of the return route to a point at about 12 degrees East, where the Group cut
to the south of course in an attempt to close the interval between itself and the 94th “B” group. The rest of the return route was flown as briefed, and Let-down
was as per SOP [Standard Operating Procedure].
Click on Chart to Enlarge
Mission Summary Report:
- Airplane No. 44-8412, 508th Squadron returned early as planned.
- Airplane No. 43-37862, 510th Squadron returned early as planned.
[Signed:] John W. Freeman, Captain, Air Corps, Group Engineering Officer
Aircraft No. G-862 Squadron - 510 Date - 10 April, 1945
(Pilot's Signature) V.A. Phillips
Reason for abortive Spare
Place and altitude 52°43'N-3°41'E
Position in formation High Spare
Disposition of bombs Base
Remarks Formation Good
Time & Date dispatched 1107 - 4-10-45
Aircraft No. H-412 Squadron - 508 - Lead Date - 10 April 1945
(Pilot's Signature) Howard J. Marschak
Reason for abortive Flying Spare
Place and altitude 7,500 - Holland Coast
Position in formation Spare
Disposition of bombs Back to Base
Time & Date dispatched April 10, 1945
Last Four numbers and Call Letter of A/C in each Squadron:
|94th Combat Wing "A" Group|
|1A - LEAD Squadron - 351st Group|
(A) Sqdn 508th A/C: B–7349, G–8954, L–7956, O–8277,
P–7258, Q–8799, U–8813, X–6579, Y–6108, (H–8412 Spare)
| (B) Sqdn 509th A/C: None|
| (C) Sqdn 510th A/C: L–7515,|
| (D) Sqdn 511th A/C: (D–8664 PFF), (Z–8774 PFF)|
|1B - LOW Squadron - 351st Group|
| (A) Sqdn 508th A/C: None|
(B) Sqdn 509th A/C: B–8592, C–8640, F–6566, G–8617, L–2955, O–8920,
P–6907, R–6156, T–8666, V–8070, Z–7696
| (C) Sqdn 510th A/C: None|
| (D) Sqdn 511th A/C: (N–8842 PFF)|
|1C - HIGH Squadron - 351st Group|
| (A) Sqdn 508th A/C: None|
| (B) Sqdn 509th A/C: None|
(C) Sqdn 510th A/C: A–8465, B–6610, C–9020, D–8694, H–8280, K–7252, M–9001,
Q–6565, U–7216, V–7705, (G–7862 Spare)
| (D) Sqdn 511th A/C: (L–8045 PFF)|
- Target: GY-4799
W/T and R/T Operational Call Sign of each Squadron:
|Squadron||508 [Call Sign]||W/T UKU R/T CARLTON||Squadron||510 [Call Sign]||W/T KQB R/T TIPSTAFF|
|Squadron||509 [Call Sign]||W/T JLV R/T HOTMINT||Squadron||511 [Call Sign]||W/T RRW R/T PARTNERSHIP|
Taxi – 1000; Take-Off – 1015; E.T.D. Field – 1124
|Time:||Height:||Place of Crossing English Coast: (OUT)|
|Time:||Height:||Place of Crossing Enemy Coast: (IN)|
|1245||8,000 ft||51°33'N-03°26'E [Westkapelle, Netherlands]|
|Time:||Height:||Place of Crossing Enemy Coast: (Out)|
|1729||10,000 ft||51°33'N-03°26'E [Westkapelle, Netherlands]|
|Time:||Height:||Place of Crossing English Coast: (IN)|
- E.T.R.(Estimated Time of Return) Base: 1832 Hours
- MF/DF [Medium Frequency/Direction Finder] Section: "H"
Bomb load of Each A/C: "A" Lead Box
Lead Squadron: 13 A/C - 6 x 1000 G.P. - 1/10 x 1/100 [Fuses]
Low Squadron: 12 A/C - 6 x 1000 G.P. - 1/10 x 1/100
High Squadron: 13 A/C - 6 x 1000 G.P. - 1/10 x 1/100
Fuel Load of each A/C: 2780 Gallons
Lead Sqdn: Rank & Name: Captain Dennis A/C No & Sqdn. D-8664 PFF (511)
Low Sqdn: Rank & Name: Captain Olson A/C No & Sqdn. N-8862 PFF (511)
High Sqdn: Rank & Name: Lt. Lewis A/C No & Sqdn. L-8045 PFF (511)
Passengers, if any: (Full Name, Rank, A/C and Squadron Passenger flying with)
Report Compiled By Maksimik, John S/Sgt.
|94th "C" Combat Bomb Group - Lead Squadron Formation at Take–Off and Over Target|
Dennis–MaishA/C 44-8664 D PFF
MurrayA/C 43-38954 G
PetersonA/C 44-8774 Z PFF
HansenA/C 44-6108 Y
DroughtA/C 42-97349 B
JamesA/C 42-97258 P
SprecherA/C 43-38277 O
HartA/C 44-8410 A
SandelA/C 44-6579 X
Russell–BennettA/C 43-37956 L
MarschakA/C 44-8412 H Spare
WestercampA/C 43-38799 Q
CookA/C 43-38813 U
[Lt Marschak, the flying spare, returned as planned.]
|94th "C" Combat Bomb Group - Low Squadron Formation at Take–Off and Over Target|
Hart–OlsonA/C 44-8842 N PFF
QuinnA/C 44-8617 G
BreretonA/C 44-6566 F
SextonA/C 43-37696 Z
WorkmanA/C 44-6907 P
WeberA/C 43-38640 C
DayA/C 43-38666 T
PotterA/C 43-38592 B
ColeA/C 42-102955 L
WefelA/C 44-6156 R
WareA/C 43-38920 O
HauckA/C 43-38070 V
|94th "C" Combat Bomb Group - High Squadron Formation at Take–Off and Over Target|
LewisA/C 44-8045 L PFF
BenedictA/C 43-37705 V
OwreA/C 43-38694 D
Stamps–EdwardsA/C 43-39020 C
Grissom–DantzlerA/C 43-39001 M
KirklandA/C 44-6565 Q
DahlborgA/C 43-38465 A
OenA/C 44-8280 H
HollisterA/C 42-97252 K
Montross–NorthrupA/C 43-38872 G
PhillipsA/C 43-37862 G Spare
BrownA/C 44-6610 B
RansomA/C 42-97216 U
[Lt Phillips, the flying spare, returned as planned.]
1500 DBST [Double British Standard Time] Briefing:
Enlisted Men 0645; Officers 0715 Stations:
Enlisted Men 0545; Officers 0615]
[Wounded On Mission:
The above records were obtained at the National Archives Records Administration and have been
declassified by authority NND 745005