351st Bomb Group

Polebrook, England

Group Mission #313

Credited Mission #305

DATE: 10 Apr. 1945
Target: Airfield at Orienburg, Germany

  1. Ask 508th, 509th and 510th Operations representatives if their crews are all present.

  2. Read Special briefing poop.

    1. The Visual Primary for today is: #1 Oranienburg [Germany]
    2. PFF Primary: ____
    3. Visual Secondary: #2 Parchin
    4. Visual: #3 Schwerin
    5. PFF: #4 Schwerin

  4. S-2 [Intelligence] Information:

  5. Weather:

  6. Time Schedule:
    Zero Hour: - 1500Stations: - 0935
    Start Engines: - 0945Taxi: - 1000
    Take Off: - 1015Last Take Off: - 1135
    Intercept Group atSouthwoldat 8,000 Ft.
    Target Time: - 1516ETR [Estimated Time
       of Return]:

    - 1832
    Depart English Coast at: 8,000'at Southwold

    Time on oxygen: 2½ hours

    TIME TICK [Set your watches.]

  7. Loadings:
     Gasoline: 2,780 Gallons
     Bombs:6 x 1000 G.P. 1/10 x 1/100 [Fuses] (Long Delay Fuses in A/C O-920)

  8. Intervalometer Settings: Minimum Setting

  9. Chaff: Commence discharge of chaff at - 4 mins after IP [Initial Point of Bomb Run] - Continue for 15 minutes.
        Each A/C [Aircraft] will carry - 360 units.

  10. Disposition of Forces:

    3 Divisions will be dispatched.
    The 1st Air Division will depart England 2nd preceded by 2nd Division and followed by the 3rd Division.
    1st Division will dispatch 4 CBW's of 3 Groups each.
    The order of attack in the 1st Division will be:
    Lead41st AAttackingOranienburg
    2nd41st BAttackingOranienburg
    3rd41st CAttackingOranienburg
    4th1st AAttackingOranienburg
    3rd1st BAttackingOranienburg
    2nd Division targets areRechin - Parchin
    3rd Division targets areBrandenburg - Neuruppin - Zerbst

  11. Fighter Cover: 2 Gps. of P-51's Close Support - Area Support (Free Lance) 1 Gp P-47 and P-51

  12. Assembly:
    Lead at8,000feet on Kings Cliffe BuncherRed-GreenFlares
    High at9,000feet onKings CliffeBuncherGreen-GreenFlares
    Low at7,000feet onKings CliffeBuncherRed-RedFlares
    401st at8,000feet onCottesmoreBuncherRed-YellowFlares
    457th at8,000feet onGlattonBuncherRed-YellowFlares
    Combat Wing Assembly Line: Ludham to Southwoold
    Division Assembly Line: Southwold to 51°33’N-03°26’E [Westkapelle, Netherlands]
    2 minutes interval between Groups.
    Reference altitude: 18,000'
    Bombing altitude: 25,000'
    Point for instrument let-down Kings Cliffe magnetic heading of 30 degrees.

  13. Call Signs:
    351stWoodcraft Charlie
    401stWoodcraft Baker
    457thWoodcraft Able
    1st Div. Air CommanderMajor Heller (Cowboy Able)
    94th CBW Air CommanderLt. Col. Francis

  14. The following ships will monitor [Radio Channels]- "B" - P-258, B-592, A-465; "C" - 8th A.F. - Q-799; "C" - 67th Fighter Wing - X-579.
    Other Communications information will be found on the flimsy.

  15. FLYING CONTROL: _____

     a. Type of Bombing Formation - Normal by Sqdns. if Visual
     b. Bombardier and Navigator of the #3 A/C of each sqdn. report to Photo Lab.
      The A/C are: G-954, V-705, G-617
     c. Ball Turret Gunners of the following A/C report to Photo Lab: Lead - B-349, High - C-020, Low - B-592
     d. Camera A/C: Lead - Q-799, Low O-920, High B-610
      return at  Continental Coast
     e. Spares to turn back at Continental Coast
     f. PFF A/C fly as Lead of each Sqdn. - Deputy Lead of Lead Sqdn.
     g. GH A/C fly as ____
     h. REMARKS: 
       Diuer Area - Formation - Yesterday results - T.O. & Taxiing

  17. You are reminded not to discuss the target. EXERCISE ALL SECURITY MEASURES.


Operational Narrative.
  1. Date of Mission - 10 April, 1945.
    1. Target Attacked:  The No. 1 Target at Oranienburg, Germany, was attaacked visually.
    2. Force: 94th “C” Group. Thirty-eight aircraft, including three H2X aircraft, one combination H2X-GH ship, and two flying spares, were dispatched.
    3. Position: The 94th “C” Group flew in its briefed position as the ninth group in the First Division Formation.
    4. Lead Teams
      Task Force Lead
      Air Commander: Captain lee H. Dennis
      Pilot:Captain Jay H. Maish
      Navigator:1st Lt Normal L. Gootee
      Bombardier:Captain John J. Schadegg

      Low Squadron
      Leader: Captain Edwin L. Olson
      Pilot:1st Lt John H. Hart
      Navigator:F/O Harry C. Bliele
      Bombardier:1st Lt Leonard L. Schuler

      High Squadron
      Leader: 1st Lt Lloyd L. Lewis
      Pilot:2nd Lt Autrey L. Lowe
      Navigator:F/O F/O Paul A. Walker
      Bombardier:2nd Lt. Allen G. McDonald
  2. Narrative.
    1.  Squadron and Group Assembly: The assembly was made over the Kings Cliffe buncher at an altitude of 7,000 feet, 1,000 feet below the briefed height. The decrease in assembly altitude was necessary because of a haze at the briefed height. The decrease in altitude was in accordance with the recommendations of the weather ship.
    2.  Route Over England: Departure from the assembly area was made on time (1124) on the briefed route. The planned course was followed to Donnington, which was reached two minutes early (1132). At that point, the 94th “C” made a double drift in order to permit it to fall into position behind the 94th “B” Group. It was necessary to make a second double drift a few minutes later in order to adjust the interval between the 94th “B” and “C” Groups. After completing the second double drift, the formation took a heading directly to Point Z, which was reached at the briefed height of 8,000 feet, five minutes late (1216).
    3.  Division Assembly Line: The preceding groups were followed on the flight across the channel. The 94th “C” Group flew in its briefed position as the ninth group in the First Division Formation. The preceding groups had reached Point Z late also, so no difficulty was encountered in getting into the proper position. The briefed Division Assembly Line was not followed, the formation being several miles to the left. The Belgian coast was crossed to the left of course at an altitude of 8,000 feet, the briefed height, and seven minutes late (1252).
    4.  Flight to Target: The formation closed into the briefed route inside of the coast. Little variance was made from there to Control Point #2, which was reached three minutes late (1401) at an altitude of 18,000 feet. The preceding formations were followed in going to the right of the briefed course. This deviation from the briefed route took the formation near Hanover. It was necessary to swing to the left in order to permit some Third Division groups to pass through the 1st Division Column from the south. From that point the formation gradually closed into the briefed route, contacting it at the briefed IP [Initial Point of Bomb Run], which was reached ten minutes early (1452), because of a wind shift, and at an altitude of 24,200 feet, 800 feet below the briefed altitude.
    5.  Description of Bombing Run: The No. 1 Target, hangers at Oranienburg, Germany, was attacked visually in squadron formation. The MPI [Mean Point of Impact] was picked up without difficulty by the lead bombardiers of the Lead and High Squadrons. The lead bombardier of the Low Squadron, however, had some difficulty in sighting due to the smoke of previous bombings. No interference was encountered on the bomb run. The C-1 Pilot functioned satisfactorily in all cases. The briefed turn was made at the IP.
    6.  Flight From Target: The turn after the target was made outside of the briefed course. The rally was made without difficulty. The formation flew to the inside of the briefed course in an attempt to close into the 94th “B” Group. The group stayed to the left of the briefed course until the Hanover area was reached. The 94th “B” was still seen several minutes ahead of the formation. As the Second Division was making a withdrawal to the north, the 94th “B” flew close to it in order to have some protection in case of fighter attacks. The briefed route was contacted a short distance inside of the Belgian coast. Departure from the Belgian coast was made to the north of the briefed point in Division Column. The formation was on time (1729) at that point and at an altitude of 9,000 feet. The flight to the English coast was made to the right of the briefed course, which was crossed slightly to the north of the briefed point at an altitude of 4,000 feet. The flight from there to base was made inside of the briefed course as several aircraft had reported gasoline shortages. The High and Low Squadrons were sent to their respective stand-off areas and landings were carried out without difficulty. A normal let-down procedure had been followed.
    7.  Fighter Support: As Briefed.
    8.  Comments: No aircraft were lost. No enemy aircraft were encountered. Flak in the target area was meager and inaccurate. On the route out, meager to moderate flak, fair for accuracy, was encountered in the Perleburg area. The Weather Scouting Force was contacted and furnished adequate weather information.
    9.  Aircraft Not Attacking: There were no failures to attack. The two flying spares returned as planned.

  [Signed] Robert B. Stratton, Captain, Air Corps, Statistical Officer

351st Bombardment Group
Lead SquadronLow SquadronHigh SquadronTOTALS
Borrowed Aircraft0000
No. of Aircraft Failing to Take Off0000
No. of Aircraft Sorties13121338
No. of Aircraft Airborne Less Unused Spares12121236
No. of Aircraft Credit Sorties12121236
No. of Effective Sorties12121236
No. of Non-Effective Sorties0000
Name of Primary TargetORANIENBURG, GERMANY
(A) No. of A/C Attacking Primary Target12121236
(B) No., Size & Type Of Bombs 72 x 1000# GP  72 x 1000# GP  72 x 1000# GP  216 x 1000# GP 
Name of Secondary Target
(A) No. of A/C Attacking Secondary Target
(B) No., Size & Type Of Bombs
Name of Last Resort Target (LRT)Following Pathfinder Aircraft were used:
(A) No. of A/C Attacking LRT2 B-17G SH1 B-17G HO1 B-17G SH3 B-17G SH
1 B-17G HO
(B) No., Size & Type Of Bombs
Name of Target of Opportunity (T.O.)
(A) No. of A/C Attacking T.O.
(B) No., Size & Type Of Bombs
No. of A/C MIA - Total0000
No. of A/C MIA - Flak
No. of A/C MIA - Flak and E/A
No. of A/C MIA - Enemy Aircraft
No. of A/C MIA - Accident over Enemy Terr.
No. of A/C MIA - Other and Unknown
Time of Take Off101210141013
Time of Attack1504½1505½1506
Total Time for Mission105:09100:48103:47309:44
Altitude of Release (Indicated)25,000’23,400’25,600’
Visual, H2X, Gee-H, M-H, Eagle, or CombinationVisualVisualVisual
Enemy Resistance – AA Intensity & AccuracyMeager to Moderate - Fair for Accuracy
Enemy Resistance – Fighter0000
Enemy Resistance – Bombers0000
U.S. A/C Engaged by Enemy Aircraft0000
Number of Passes made by Enemy Aircraft0000
Degree of SuccessGood to Excellent

____ A/C borrowed as follows: None
____ A/C loaned as follows: None

Lead Bombardier’s Narrative:
Date - 10 April, 1945
Field Order # 683
Squadron or Group - Lead Sqdn., 94th "A" Group
Target - Priiority #1, the hanger facilities at Oranienburg, Germany
  1. Type of Bombing (Visual, PFF or Combined)?  Visual
  2. Did Squadron perform own sighting operation, bomb on smoke marker, or was bombing done in Group Formation? Squadron performed own sighting operation.
  3. Was turn made at briefed I.P.? Yes
  4. Cloud coverage and visibility. CAVU [Ceiling And Visibility Unlimited]
  5. If Visual, when was MPI [Mean Point of Impact] identified? If not actually seen, how was it located? MPI identified while 12 miles away.
  6. Any Interference on Bomb Run? None
  7. Did C-1 [Autopilot] function satisfactory? Yes
  8. Any other factors affecting accuracy? None
  [Signed] John J. Schadegg, Captain, Air Corps, Lead Bombardier

Combat Bombing Flight Record:

I certify that this 12E form is complete and correct.
Warren C. Steitz, Captain, Air Corps, Group Bombardier.
Lead Squadron, 94th "C" Group
Bombardier - Capt. Schadegg, John J.
Pilot - Capt. maish, J.H. & Capt. Dennis, L.H.
Navigator - 1st Lt. Gootee, Norman L.

Aircraft B-17G   D-664  Take-off - 10:15 Landed - 18:35
Objective - Priority #1, the hanger facilities at Oranienburg, Germany
Aiming Point (MPI) [Mean Point of Impact] - As Briefed
Initial Point - As Briefed
Method of Attack - Squadron
No. of Attacking A/C in Group: - 12   Composite Group - ____
Number A/C Dropping Bombs by own Sighting Operation: ____
Deflection and Range Sighting, Group: One   Composite Group - ____
Range Sighting only, Group - __   Composite Group - ____
Bombs, Types and Sizes - 6 x 1000 Lb. AN-M44 G.P.[General Purpose] & Markers
Number of Bombs Loaded - As Above   Released - Same
Fusing, Nose - 1/10   Tail - 1/100
Synchronization - On

Information at Release Point:  

Altitude of Target - 110Magnetic Heading Ordered 117° Actual 121°
True Altitude Above Target - 25,470True Heading 119°
Indicated Altitude - 25,000Drift, Estimated 7° Right - Actual 5° Right
Pressure Altitude of Target -236True Track 124°
Altimeter Setting 29.92Actual Range 15,467'
Calculated Indicated Air Speed - 150KBomb Sight Type - Mercury
True Air Speed - 224KTime of Release 15;04;05
Ground Speed Est. 240 Actual 254Length of Bombing Run - 14 Min.
Wind Direction Metro - 360° Actual - 338°Intervalometer Setting - Minimum
Wind Velocity Metro 30 Actual 30 C-1 Pilot [Autopilot] - X [Used]
D.S. - 127  Trail - 44   ATF - 41.71A-5 Pilot _____
Tan. D.A, Est. 52.9 Actual 61.2 Manual Pilot ____

Preliminary Damage Assessment:
  1. The three squadrons of this Group attacked as a priority 1 target the hanger facilities at Oranienburg, Germany. Photo over is complete for all squadrons.
  2. The lead squadron bombs hit in a heavy concentration on the target. Damage to the repair hanger (MPI) [Mean Point of Impact] will result from a near miss at the corner; there is a direct hit on a hanger (later photos show black smoke issuing) and direct hits on two small hangers. An area of small unidentified buildings is covered by bursts. The pattern is 2450 feet by 1592 feet with the MPI as assigned. Percentage will be 92% for 1000 feet and 99% for 2000 feet.
  3. The bombs of the low squadron fell to the right of the assigned MPI with the pattern partially obscured by smoke. Accurate assessment cannot be made; however, approximate percentages are 0% for 1000 feet and 50% for 2000 feet.
  4. The bombs of the high squadron fell in a rather loose pattern. The pattern crosses the assigned MPI with the main concentration slightly over the MPI. There is a direct hit on the main repair hanger (MPI). Also a bomb that fell outside the main pattern scored a possible direct hit on a bridge that crosses the canal. Percentages will be 95% for 1000 feet and 100% for 2000 feet.
  [Signed:] Thomas L. Cooper, Captain, Air Corps, Asst. Group S-2 - P.I. [Photo Intelligence]

Narrative Teletype Report:
  1. This Group did not carry leaflets on today’s mission.
  2. This Group flew as the 94th “C” CBW [Combat Wing] and bombed the A/F [Airfield] hangar area at Oranienburg, Germany, visually and by squadrons. Photos show the bombing results to be good to excellent. The lead squadron bombs blanketed the MPI [Mean Point of Impact] with a heavy concentration, and the high squadron pattern covered the NW portion of the target area. The low squadron bombs fell slightly to the right and over (SW) the assigned MPI, with some hits in the target area.
  3. No E/A [Enemy Aircraft] were encountered and no claims [of enemy aircraft being shot down] are being submitted.
  4. Flak in the target area was meager and inaccurate. On the route out meager to moderate flak, fair for accuracy, was encountered on the Perleberg area. Meager flak was observed from Schouwen Island on the route out.
  5. Weather in the target area was CAVU [Ceiling And Visibility Unlimited] beneath 28,000 feet, and weather generally along the route proved no hinderance [sic] to the flying of the mission as briefed.
  6. A small A/F with three hangars and four A/C [Aircraft] visible on the field was observed at 5313-1231 just to the north of Wittstock. This observation was made from 20,000 feet, and the field appeared to be in good condition. Although the A/F at Fassburg, Germany, appeared to be well bombed, one crew observed a small runway intact and a considerable number of aircraft near the runway. This observation was made from 19,600 feet.
  7. Of the four PFF sets dispatched all worked well with the exception of that in the lead A/C of the low squadron. PFF equipment was used for navigational purposes only. Scouting Force furnished adequate weather information. Fighter support was as briefed. None of our A/C is missing.
  8. Assembly was accomplished as briefed, except for the fact that this Group left the assembly point one-half minute early. On the leg after assembly a double drift to the right was made to lose time and to allow the 94th “B” group to pull into column ahead. After leaving the English coast another similar maneuver was made to obtain proper interval between groups, and as a consequence this Group was about four minutes late at Control Point 1. From the enemy coast to the Hannover area this Group continued to be slightly late, but flew the course as briefed. Just north of Hannover another double drift, to the left of course, was flown to enable this Group to get around a few Third Division groups flying a collision course from the north. A change of winds brought the Group to the IP [Initial Point of Bomb Run] about ten minutes early. The IP was made good and the bomb run was flown in individual squadron formation with each squadron bombing the Oranienburg airfield visually. The left turn off the target was flown as briefed as was the rest of the return route to a point at about 12 degrees East, where the Group cut to the south of course in an attempt to close the interval between itself and the 94th “B” group. The rest of the return route was flown as briefed, and Let-down was as per SOP [Standard Operating Procedure].

Track Chart:
Click on Chart to Enlarge

Mission Summary Report:
  1. Abortives:
    1. Airplane No. 44-8412, 508th Squadron returned early as planned.
    2. Airplane No. 43-37862, 510th Squadron returned early as planned.
  [Signed:] John W. Freeman, Captain, Air Corps, Group Engineering Officer

Abortive Report
Aircraft No. G-862 Squadron - 510  Date - 10 April, 1945
    1. Reason for abortive Spare
    2. Place and altitude 52°43'N-3°41'E
    3. Time 1301
    4. Position in formation High Spare
    5. Disposition of bombs Base
    6. Remarks Formation Good
    7. Time & Date dispatched 1107 - 4-10-45
      (Pilot's Signature) V.A. Phillips

Abortive Report
Aircraft No. H-412 Squadron - 508 - Lead  Date - 10 April 1945
    1. Reason for abortive Flying Spare
    2. Place and altitude 7,500 - Holland Coast
    3. Time 1253
    4. Position in formation Spare
    5. Disposition of bombs Back to Base
    6. Remarks None
    7. Time & Date dispatched April 10, 1945
      (Pilot's Signature) Howard J. Marschak

“J” Form:
  1. Last Four numbers and Call Letter of A/C in each Squadron:
    94th Combat Wing "A" Group
    1A - LEAD Squadron - 351st Group
     (A) Sqdn 508th A/C: B–7349, G–8954, L–7956, O–8277, P–7258, Q–8799, U–8813, X–6579, Y–6108, (H–8412 Spare)
     (B) Sqdn 509th A/C: None
     (C) Sqdn 510th A/C: L–7515,
     (D) Sqdn 511th A/C: (D–8664 PFF), (Z–8774 PFF)

    1B - LOW Squadron - 351st Group
     (A) Sqdn 508th A/C: None
     (B) Sqdn 509th A/C: B–8592, C–8640, F–6566, G–8617, L–2955, O–8920, P–6907, R–6156, T–8666, V–8070, Z–7696
     (C) Sqdn 510th A/C: None
     (D) Sqdn 511th A/C: (N–8842 PFF)

    1C - HIGH Squadron - 351st Group
     (A) Sqdn 508th A/C: None
     (B) Sqdn 509th A/C: None
     (C) Sqdn 510th A/C: A–8465, B–6610, C–9020, D–8694, H–8280, K–7252, M–9001, Q–6565, U–7216, V–7705, (G–7862 Spare)
     (D) Sqdn 511th A/C: (L–8045 PFF)
  2. Target: GY-4799
  3. W/T and R/T Operational Call Sign of each Squadron:
    Squadron508 [Call Sign]W/T UKU R/T CARLTONSquadron510 [Call Sign]W/T KQB R/T TIPSTAFF
    Squadron509 [Call Sign]W/T JLV R/T HOTMINTSquadron511 [Call Sign]W/T RRW R/T PARTNERSHIP
  4. Taxi – 1000; Take-Off – 1015; E.T.D. Field – 1124
  5. Time:Height:Place of Crossing English Coast: (OUT)
    12118,000 ftSouthwold
  6. Time:Height:Place of Crossing Enemy Coast: (IN)
    12458,000 ft51°33'N-03°26'E [Westkapelle, Netherlands]
  7. Time:Height:Place of Crossing Enemy Coast: (Out)
    172910,000 ft51°33'N-03°26'E [Westkapelle, Netherlands]
  8. Time:Height:Place of Crossing English Coast: (IN)
    17595,000 ftSouthwold
  9. E.T.R.(Estimated Time of Return) Base: 1832 Hours
  10. MF/DF [Medium Frequency/Direction Finder] Section: "H"
  11. Bomb load of Each A/C: "A" Lead Box
    Lead Squadron: 13 A/C - 6 x 1000 G.P. - 1/10 x 1/100 [Fuses]
    Low Squadron: 12 A/C - 6 x 1000 G.P. - 1/10 x 1/100
    High Squadron: 13 A/C - 6 x 1000 G.P. - 1/10 x 1/100
    ___ Squadron:
  12. Fuel Load of each A/C: 2780 Gallons
  13. Leaders:
    Lead Sqdn: Rank & Name: Captain Dennis A/C No & Sqdn. D-8664 PFF (511)
    Low Sqdn: Rank & Name: Captain Olson A/C No & Sqdn. N-8862 PFF (511)
    High Sqdn: Rank & Name: Lt. Lewis A/C No & Sqdn. L-8045 PFF (511)
  14. Passengers, if any: (Full Name, Rank, A/C and Squadron Passenger flying with)

Report Compiled By Maksimik, John S/Sgt.

Formation Chart:
94th "C" Combat Bomb Group - Lead Squadron Formation at Take–Off and Over Target
508th Squadron
A/C 44-8664 D PFF
A/C 43-38954 G
A/C 44-8774 Z PFF
A/C 44-6108 Y
A/C 42-97349 B
A/C 42-97258 P
A/C 43-38277 O
A/C 44-8410 A
A/C 44-6579 X
A/C 43-37956 L
A/C 44-8412 H Spare
A/C 43-38799 Q
A/C 43-38813 U

[Lt Marschak, the flying spare, returned as planned.]

94th "C" Combat Bomb Group - Low Squadron Formation at Take–Off and Over Target
509th Squadron
A/C 44-8842 N PFF
A/C 44-8617 G
A/C 44-6566 F
A/C 43-37696 Z
A/C 44-6907 P
A/C 43-38640 C
A/C 43-38666 T
A/C 43-38592 B
A/C 42-102955 L
A/C 44-6156 R
A/C 43-38920 O
A/C 43-38070 V

94th "C" Combat Bomb Group - High Squadron Formation at Take–Off and Over Target
510th Squadron
A/C 44-8045 L PFF
A/C 43-37705 V
A/C 43-38694 D
A/C 43-39020 C
A/C 43-39001 M
A/C 44-6565 Q
A/C 43-38465 A
A/C 44-8280 H
A/C 42-97252 K
A/C 43-38872 G
A/C 43-37862 G Spare
A/C 44-6610 B
A/C 42-97216 U

[Lt Phillips, the flying spare, returned as planned.]

Time Schedule:
Zero Hour: 1500 DBST [Double British Standard Time]  Briefing: Enlisted Men 0645; Officers 0715 Stations: 0935 
Start Engines: 0945 Taxi:1000 Take-Off: 1015 [Breakfast: Enlisted Men 0545; Officers 0615]

[Wounded On Mission: 0]
The above records were obtained at the National Archives Records Administration and have been declassified by authority NND 745005
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